After the first birthday was left behind, some parents remove strict restrictions from the children’s menu in order to teach the child to adult dishes as soon as possible. The first from the menu of the child, as a rule, milk mixes disappear. Instead, parents offer crumbs of cow or goat milk from the store.
However, according to nutritionists, this is not the best option for replacement. Up to 1.5 years, children should not give this product at all.
After all, special enzymes that promote the digestion and assimilation of whole milk, the body begins to produce only by 1.5 years.
The second common mistake is that parents continue to feed their one-year-old baby with a mixture of the second stage. But the infant formula after 6 months (grade 2) is designed for ages 6-12 months.
After a year, they can no longer fully satisfy the need of the child for nutrients. Only infant formulas after 12 months (level 3) meet these requirements.
Some manufacturers also produce infant formula after 18 months, on their packaging is the figure “4”. But most firms artificial milk formula, which is recommended to give after 1 year, designed for ages from one to three years.
Parents should be aware that after a year the daily rate of dairy products is 400-600 ml. This includes not only milk mixture, but also cottage cheese, kefir or yogurt.
It is better not to exceed the recommended doses, since the digestion and digestion of dairy products gives a rather serious load on the excretory and digestive systems.
According to statistics, children after the year often suffer from anemia. 30% of them reveal a deficiency of iron and calcium.
The iodine required for the formation of the thyroid gland and the nervous system, depending on the region of residence, is less than 20–75%. Almost 50% of children lack polyunsaturated fatty acids that affect the development of the brain and sensory organs, as well as vitamins B1, B6, C and D – active participants in all metabolic processes in the body.
Considering that during this period the child begins to talk and walk and he actively develops memory and coordination of movements, such an imbalance is capable of delivering a lot of health problems. Why is the picture so sad? Requirements for valuable substances in babies aged from one to three years are not met for several reasons.
First, in this period the appetite of children is very unstable, and the appearance of taste preferences and “food” vagaries only aggravates the situation. Secondly, many unadapted “adult” products, which are sold in supermarkets and in the markets, initially contain an insufficient amount of vitamins and mineral salts.
This is due to the intensive technologies used in modern agriculture: they lead to a decrease in the nutritional value of vegetables, fruits and cereals.
However, there is a way out: a mixture of the “third formula” (or “third grade”), designed for children aged 1 to 3 years, is intended to remedy the situation. They perform the same function as vitamin and mineral supplements, but this is not their only advantage.
The second and no less important mission of the “third formula” is to partially replace the milk in the baby’s diet. Recent studies have shown that this product should be entered into the children’s menu with great care. Everyone knows that up to 1.5 years, the child is not recommended to give the usual packaged and the more whole milk.
However, at an older age, his dose must be strictly controlled. Moreover, the restriction should be imposed both on cow and goat’s milk. The main reason: in fact, and in the other contains few vitamins and minerals.
In addition, there is an excess amount of protein in cow’s milk. It takes a lot of liquid to process it, which is why the load on the kidneys is greatly increased.
There is less protein in goat’s milk, but there are still not enough nutrients in it. Products marked “Baby” are not able to solve the problem. Even though some manufacturers enrich the composition of such milk with vitamins A, C and lactulose (a synthetic analogue of milk sugar), these measures are clearly not enough.
The advantage of the “third formulas” is that they are balanced both in the amount of valuable substances and in the amount of protein.
From infant formulas of the 3rd stage, the baby receives a significant part of the daily norm of nutrients.
|Mineral / Vitamin||% of daily dose|
And yet, it is not necessary to refuse conventional milk. According to nutritionists, in the diet of babies up to 3 years should be 500-600 ml of liquid dairy products.
Experts advise that this volume be distributed in such a way: 1/3 of the volume should fall on the finished milk from the store. It is better to use it for cooking (soups, cereals, cocktails), and not to give in the form of a drink. A similar volume is reserved for children’s yogurt or yogurt.
Ideally, the rest should be replenished with the help of the “third formula”. The range of “continuing” mixes is quite wide: for sale there are drinks for children from a year to a year and a half and older. Ideally, the pediatrician should prompt the specific name of the infant formula suitable for your child after 1 year.
But usually doctors recommend not experimenting and, if the baby responded well to the second-rate milk formula, choose the same product, only the next, already third stage. The name can be replaced if this company does not produce infant formula after a year.
And all the same, even buying a product recommended by a doctor, carefully read the label.
In most mixtures, the basic composition looks approximately the same, the percentage of substances, the composition of vitamins and minerals differ. A specific infant formula is always selected individually, since it is impossible to predict whether the child will like its taste, whether it will cause, for example, an allergic reaction.
The composition of infant formula after 1 year may include the following components:
Taurine or tryptophan – these biologically active substances are necessary for the normal development of the central nervous system and liver. These nutrients help the body to develop the correct rhythm of sleep and wakefulness.
An example of a mixture of third stage with taurine and tryptophan: Friso Frisolak Junior 3 from 12 months.
Nucleotides are complex biological substances that play a key role in many biological processes. They have a beneficial effect on the intestinal microflora.
In adults, this substance is produced a lot, but in kids – not enough. And it is possible to replenish stocks with the help of special food.
Bits that are often sick, nucleotides are especially necessary, because they strengthen the overall immunity.
An example of a mixture of the third step with nucleotides: Substitute Humana Expert (Humana Expert) 3 from 12 months.
Omega-3 and omega-6 are unsaturated fatty acids that support the brain and nervous system, improve metabolism and help fight allergic and inflammatory reactions. The former are rich not only in fish oil, but also in rapeseed and soybean oil, while the latter are contained mainly in sunflower and corn oil. Omega-3 fatty acids include linolenic, eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acids.
Omega-6 fatty acids – linoleic acid. Docosahexaenoic acid (labeled with the abbreviation DHA) is actively involved in the formation of the brain and organs of vision, has a positive effect on the immune system.
Eicosapentaenoic acid (labeled with an EPA abbreviation) ensures the normal functioning of the cardiovascular and immune systems, regulates blood cholesterol.
An example of a mixture of third stage with omega-3 and omega-6: Frisolak DHA + prebiotics
Palm oil is included in infant formula, as it contains palmitic acid. In human milk, it accounts for up to 25% of all lipids (fats).
Palmitic acid is an antioxidant and helps the absorption of certain vitamins, and therefore, in a limited amount, its inclusion in the mixture is justified. In no country in the world is there a question of excluding palm oil from infant formula.
In addition, it also serves as a source of a number of saturated fatty acids. Saturated fatty acids are needed by the child’s body as an energy source for the construction of hormones and cell membranes.
It is worth talking about the dangers of palm oil only if it replaces other fats in “adult” products.
An example of a third stage blend with vegetable oils: Hipp Combiotic 3.
Lecithin is a biological cholesterol antagonist, it facilitates the absorption of fats in the intestine, with its help they dissolve faster, do not settle on the walls of blood vessels and are promptly removed from the body. In addition, lecithin has a good effect on the work of the liver and nervous system.
An example of a mixture of third stage with lecithin: Milk Nutrilon 3 from 12 months
Lactose (milk sugar) and maltodextrin are often used together: they give a lot of energy and avoid painful gas and stool disorders. In addition, these ingredients give the mixture a sweet taste.
An example of a mixture of third stage with maltodextrin: Dry milk drink Nutrilak Premium (Nutrilak Premium) 3 from 12 months.
Probiotics are living microorganisms that improve the composition of the microflora of the digestive tract: they resist representatives of pathogenic flora, regulate stool, and participate in the assimilation of important microelements.
Inulin, galacto-and fructo-oligosaccharides are introduced into the mixture as prebiotics, promoting the growth of bifidus and lactobacilli, regulating stool and helping the absorption of calcium and magnesium. Even these elements reduce the risk of allergic reactions and strengthen the immune system.
Promote the formation of immunity, increase resistance to infections.
An example of a mixture of third stage with prebiotics: Baby 3 new formula
Zinc, selenium, manganese, carotinoids, vitamins C and E are antioxidants that protect the children’s body from infections and external adverse factors. Zinc is responsible for maintaining and improving memory, the transparency of the lens of the eye and for the development and operation of the genitals.
Selenium, protecting cell membranes, prevents their deformation and disturbances in the structure of DNA, restores damaged cells and promotes the formation and growth of new, healthy and intact. Manganese depends on the normal functioning of the central nervous system, the body’s metabolism and digestion process. Also from it, as well as from calcium, durability of bones depends.
Caratinoids are precursors of vitamin A. This vitamin ensures the normal functioning of the eyes, immune system, skin and mucous membranes. In humans, this necessary vitamin is formed only from carotenoids.
Vitamin C is involved in the synthesis of hormones, regulates blood clotting, increases the body’s resistance to infections. Vitamin E protects the cell membrane, strengthens the walls of blood vessels, increases their elasticity.
An example of a mixture of third stage with vitamins and minerals: Nestogen 3
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