It seems there is nothing more natural than just getting up and going. This method of movement was originally recorded in human genes.
That is why, from birth and up to the first steps, the baby’s entire energy and all his efforts are directed upwards: each newly mastered movement becomes one more step on the way to the vertical position of the body.
The smallest begin to develop their muscles from the top down. First, they learn to hold the head, then, lying on the stomach, raise the upper body, and then, already sitting, strengthen the lower back.
Physiologically at this moment the child is almost ready to go. But walking is a complex combination of different movements, and for this, the child’s organism, from the point of view of neuroscience, needs such a degree of maturity that it will reach, as a rule, only by the end of its first year of life.
The little man does not have enough patience, an insatiable curiosity sends him on an expedition in order to master his home spaces. On the first trip he goes on all fours, or “on three points,” bending one leg under him.
Some kids skip the “four-legged” stage and immediately rise to their full height. Let the child act at his own discretion. Believe, his decision will be the best!
The way of walking on all fours is very useful: it gives the kid four support points and allows you to train the muscles of the thighs and improve the dorsal muscles without the risk that the force of gravity will unduly press on the bones of the skeleton. If the baby does not rise to its full height, it means that its muscles and joints are not strong enough to support the full weight of the body.
And if he is forced to stand up, the cartilaginous tissues of the feet can “sag.” Do not rush things.
Starting from the 9th and approximately the 11th month of life, the baby will mainly try to consolidate its new vertical position. Sit down – stand up, sit down – stand up.
Day after day he, like a real athlete, trains his thigh muscles. Little by little, he begins to get up, not clinging to something with his hands, but simply leaning on the wall. While standing, he can already let go of one pen to try to grab an item that is within reach.
And sometimes he lets go of both hands – just to try how he manages to keep his balance. He stands for a few moments, then lands again on the ass – and again he is ready to repeat the experiment!
At home it is best to give it a walk barefoot or in socks with a special non-slip sole. In the shoe, the foot moves little, and its muscles are not working enough. But the bare foot uses all its muscles and thus strengthens them.
In addition, the sensory points on the arch of the foot will give the baby additional information about the distribution of the load on both legs and how best to maintain balance.
On the street is perfect shoes with embossed insole, repeating the natural curve of the foot. At the same time, it should support the ankle well.
Go somewhere – it also means something to leave. Including from the joys of infancy and even from the reliable support of my mother’s hands. The little traveler sometimes prefers to go down on all fours.
This phenomenon goes beyond just walking. The child is not quite sure that he wants to become completely independent.
Of course, the environment of the baby can have a more or less motivating effect on him. If he goes to the nursery, an example of more active classmates can push him. In a family, looking at older children, he too may want to walk like them, or. stay “the smallest.”
Note that with each fall, he will certainly turn around to see the reaction of the parents: if they have a worried look, he will not immediately decide to repeat the risky experiment. If he sees an encouraging smile in their eyes, it will give him confidence for the next “shot.”
Some children continue to hold their parental hands for several weeks, while in fact they already know how to walk perfectly. The advice remains the same: trust the baby, he knows better. Even if it hurts you that he continues to sit in the sandbox, while his peers are already chasing “ghouls” along the paths of the public garden, you shouldn’t put pressure on him.
The main thing is to pay full attention to the rhythm of his individual development.
So, he made a few small steps, rewarded by a happy parental “cheers”. But do not rush to celebrate the final victory, do not rush to the phone to announce the sensational news to the whole family.
Because it is quite possible that after such a feat your little hero decides to take a short pause, and he will take the next independent steps only in a few days, or even in a couple of weeks.