The period from the beginning of labor and until the clamping of the umbilical cord is the shortest stage in a person’s life, it lasts from 2 to 18 hours, and, perhaps, one of the most responsible. I must say that it starts at the signal of the very baby.
It is believed that he gives it when he feels the lack of oxygen, because by the end of pregnancy, the mother’s body becomes difficult to provide it with necessary nutrition.
Contractions are known to mark the first stage of labor. With their beginning, the uterus, in which the baby grew serenely for nine months, is set in motion. This habitual and safe house suddenly becomes not too reliable: its walls are taken to compress the small, trying to push it away.
Moreover, it becomes difficult to breathe, because, due to the contractions of the uterus, the blood circulation in it and the placenta slows down and the umbilical cord receives less blood, and with it, oxygen. In order to somehow cope with its deficiency, the child’s heart begins to beat more often. Now it is very important that the process does not become complicated by any additional difficulties, such as squeezing or twisting the umbilical cord around the baby’s neck or body, because then the access of oxygen to it will be even less.
It must be said that children experience a period of contractions in different ways: someone is looking for a way out and subordinates all of his condition to this search, someone shrinks, trying to regain the feeling of former peace, and someone, being surprised, is inactive. At this moment it is very important for the baby to feel the support of the mother: whether she thinks about him or focuses on her feelings, whether her voice is addressed to him.
Opening the cervix for the baby – the light at the end of the tunnel. Now, no matter what, there is only one way out – to move forward.
And he begins his way along a not too cozy corridor, which is also stifling.
The second period of labor – attempts. Here the baby has to really work: he has to slowly climb through the bone tunnel of his mother’s pelvis. Fortunately, the head of the child can adapt to any size of the outlet.
But, before you start moving out, the baby needs to get to this hole, then turn or straighten to adapt to it. Passing the bone corridor, the head of the baby, his shoulders, and then the whole body, are outside.
Now it is important not to pinch his umbilical cord while she pulses, while her mother’s blood is still moving along it to the baby, delivering the necessary oxygen. It will be very useful: the child is just preparing to start breathing on his own and he will need strength to open his lungs with the first cry.
From the very first minutes after birth, the baby feels that the environment in which he finds himself is completely different from the one where he grew up. Instead of the usual water it is now surrounded by air, instead of half-gloom – a bright light, it is colder here and much more spacious. It is not surprising that in these moments the child feels uncomfortable.
But if mother takes him in her arms and applies it to her breast, then the first and strongest impression of a baby from a new life will be wonderful. She will also need her support in the first 7 days after birth – during this time the child’s body adapts to life among people: the composition of the blood changes, adapting to breathing through the lungs, its volume increases, the gastrointestinal tract is included in the “work”, because from now on the child will receive food not from the mother’s blood through the umbilical cord, but through the mouth.
Getting out during childbirth, the child really hears the voice of the mother, his sound and intonation mean a lot to him. Under their influence, he calms down or, on the contrary, is frightened, moves out at a pace set by nature or “stumbles” at every step.