In the first six months or a year of life, the baby just needs to suck something. Thus, the children satisfy the natural primitive sucking reflex, which is dominant during the first months of life. Holding something in the mouth and sucking, the child calms down, feels safe.
As a rule, during the first month, the children successfully find that, in addition to the maternal breast, they can be used for sucking, and if the parents do not offer them a nipple, babies use their own thumb. Or constantly require a breast – just to satisfy the instinct, and not for food.
It is ugly, not aesthetically pleasing, unpleasant. And, yes, there is a lot of negative in this habit.
Finger sucking is bad for biting, on the growth and shape of teeth, even on speech. The fact is that the thumb in the mouth is positioned in such a way that it puts pressure on the upper jaw.
Under the influence of constant pressure, the jaw is gradually modified, becoming more rounded, a similarity of the gap between the upper and lower jaw is formed. Lispous adults are obtained precisely from children who suck long fingers.
The problem with sucking a finger is related to the problem of the psychological comfort of a child. If after a year he continues to keep his finger in his mouth, then the reflex has become a bad habit.
It is not so easy to get rid of her, because the process of sucking helps the child, as in early childhood, to calm down and overcome stress. On the one hand, this is not bad – he relaxes, on the other – wrong, because it is time for him to learn to overcome difficulties in a different way, more actively, even with a cry, for example, or the easiest and most natural way – by constraint, hiding behind his mother.
And yet, with constant sucking of the finger, the skin on it is damaged, a callus is formed, its configuration changes. In addition, there is a constant risk of infection, because the finger, of course, does not wash every time before sending it to the mouth.
In order for the newborn to fully satisfy his sucking reflex and not to suck a finger, he needs a nipple, therefore, until he physiologically learned to lift the handle and look for his finger, parents should give him a pacifier. During the first six months of life, the baby’s dummy is quite normal, and by the year the sucking reflex disappears.
If a child sucks a finger even after a year, it is quite possible to use the traditional method of smearing a finger with mustard or a special medical varnish, which leaves an unpleasant taste in the mouth. Also, it is not forbidden to attach the thumb to the index patch, while the big one can not be taken in the mouth.
Attention! Such measures should be carried out only after talking with the child, explaining to him why this is being done. Having told, for example, in paints a fairy tale about harmful microbes that live on an unwashed finger, they penetrate through his mouth into his stomach and he begins to ache.
Or to motivate girls with aesthetics – how can you apply a manicure on such an ugly finger? It is very important not to blame the child: here, you suck a finger, and therefore the children do not play with you.
There should be no causal connection in which the baby would feel guilty, defective, not like everyone else. Moreover, it is quite possible for parents to wean the child from this bad habit.