On July 18, 2017, a meeting of popular mothers-bloggers with R.O.C.S. brand experts, who shared the rules of dental care for children of different ages, advice on how to teach children to daily oral hygiene, took place.
A specially invited pediatric dentist answered the many questions asked at the event, as well as the questions asked by the readers of “Happy Parents” on the official page of the magazine on Facebook.
At what age should you start brushing your child’s teeth and how to do it correctly? How to teach a child to brush teeth regularly? How does breastfeeding affect the dental health of a child?
R.O.C.S. experts answered these and other questions, and collected the answers into a single digest. Revision parents.ru shares it with readers
How can the oral cavity be treated to a child under one year old?
Before the appearance of teeth, the main attribute of oral hygiene is a bottle with boiled water after feeding and cloth napkins with xylitol or moistened with water. With the advent of the first tooth, the child should already have the first toothpaste and brush.
How to properly monitor the oral hygiene of children who are breastfed? Can tooth cleaning wipes be replaced with a brush?
Breastfeeding is optimal for up to 1.5 years. It promotes the growth of the jaws, the formation of immunity in children of the first year of life.
However, the older a child becomes, the more teeth in his mouth and food needs change. If it is difficult to part with breastfeeding, try to observe the oral hygiene of the child: use sanitary napkins, toothpaste, brush and refuse night feeding in children older than 1.5 years.
At what age should you start brushing your child’s teeth with a brush and toothpaste?
Brushing your child’s teeth with a toothbrush and toothpaste is strictly necessary from the appearance of the first tooth. Paste and brush should be specially created taking into account the physiological features of this age.
What should be toothpaste for a child aged 0 to 3 years?
Toothpaste for children aged 0 to 3 years should provide delicate care, active prevention, and for the treatment of initial forms of caries. The paste should be hypoallergenic, safe to swallow, and contain beneficial ingredients for the teeth and gums.
How often do children need to brush their teeth and use oral hygiene products?
Oral hygiene should be regular, the number of cleansing – 2 times a day, in the morning – after breakfast and in the evening – before bedtime. Such hygiene products as rinses, floss, sanitary napkins, can be used as an additional, in that case, if there is a need.
Such recommendations can give a pediatric dentist, taking into account the individual characteristics of the physiology of the oral cavity of the child, and the nature of his diet.
Can children brush their teeth, because baby teeth are so fragile?
Toothbrush – a mandatory attribute of cleaning teeth. Without it, good oral hygiene is impossible.
Moreover, fragile milk teeth are very quickly affected by caries, which can be prevented only by good hygiene and timely planned visits to the dentist. In addition, toothbrushes for the smallest have very soft bristles, and do not hurt either the child’s teeth or gums.
How to teach a child to brush their teeth, and how often it should be done?
You can start schooling in the form of a game, for example, to tell a child a fairy tale about harmful caries that break teeth. It is not necessary to immediately achieve the proper cleaning time in 2-3 minutes – you can gradually increase this time. Sometimes it helps to change the scene: perhaps the bathroom is associated with a child with other unpleasant procedures.
You can buy another toothbrush with which he can play and brush his teeth himself.
How to quickly teach a child the correct technique of cleaning teeth?
Oral hygiene should be regular, the number of cleansing – 2 times a day, in the morning – after breakfast and in the evening – before bedtime. Detailed recommendations on the technique of cleaning teeth and the rules of care can give a pediatric dentist at the reception, where on a special model (toy with teeth) the doctor will show the correct movements with a toothbrush and the sequence of cleaning various surfaces of teeth. Hygienic cleaning of the oral cavity in babies is, above all, the formation of the habit of caring for teeth from an early age.
The main recommendation is to make hygiene a game that is pleasant for the baby.
To what age should a mother herself brush her child’s teeth, and when can she start doing this on her own?
At the age of up to 3 years, mothers brush their teeth for children themselves, and from the age of 3 they actively help, and they are sure to clean after the child has brushed his teeth himself. It should be noted that at the age of 6-7 years old, the child’s manual skills are not enough for good oral hygiene.
Therefore, brushing your teeth is carried out in two stages: first, the child brushes his teeth under the supervision of the parent, then the parent cleans the teeth. Only after 7 years old the child is able to clean the teeth on his own, however at this age it is necessary to control the regularity and quality of the hygienic care of the teeth.
At what age is the child able to fully brush his teeth himself?
C 9 – 10 years when fine motor skills are fully formed.
How much toothpaste should I put on a toothbrush for children?
The amount of paste applied to the brush should not exceed the size of the pea. Before cleaning, peas can be well smeared on the brush, then the paste is evenly distributed throughout the oral cavity, and not just on the front teeth.
At what age can a baby use an electric toothbrush?
The use of an electric brush is possible not earlier than 3 years of age. The use of an electric brush has one important plus – it allows the child to adapt to dental manipulations with humming and noisy devices, which will help reduce the child’s stress when visiting the dentist.
How many minutes should a child brush their teeth?
The necessary time for brushing your teeth is 2-3 minutes.
How to choose a paste for an allergic child?
For allergy sufferers, you should choose hypoallergenic toothpastes, taking into account age indications and restrictions. These pastes can be enriched with active anticaries agents (fluorides, calcium compounds and / or xylitol), safe and gentle cleansing properties, and also contain minimal concentrations of dyes and fragrances.
As a rule, allergies are found on bright food colors and flavorings, so try to avoid pastes that have similar characteristics.
Is it true that the right choice of a toothbrush and the right paste for a child will help avoid such sores as stomatitis?
Stomatitis is a disease of the oral mucosa. The reasons for its occurrence are many: viruses (airborne transmission) bacteria (dirty hands), as well as some diseases of the digestive system (gastritis, infectious diseases).
The correct choice of toothpaste and brush will not be able to protect against the occurrence of stomatitis, but will allow you to quickly cope with it if it appears.
Adults clean the interdental spaces with dental floss. With children, this is problematic.
How to make it non-traumatic and correct?
Cleaning of interdental spaces in children is carried out on the same principle as in adults. However, for cleaning you should use waxed (waxed and, as a result, less traumatic) dental floss.
Cleansing is done by the parent. You can also use baby rinse, in children over 5 years old used irrigators with minimal water pressure.
Do I need to store a baby toothbrush in a special case or a case to protect against bacteria?
Cases for storing toothbrushes are used only when traveling and, if necessary, transporting the brush on a trip. At home, the brush should be stored in a cup or a special pencil case (in the case of using different electric toothbrush attachments)
When in terms of dentistry, a child needs to be transferred to solid food?
Transfer to an adult table should be carried out with the appearance of chewing teeth. Need to move gradually.
By 1-1.5 years old, the child can already chew well the food, cut into small pieces.
Is there a genetic predisposition for caries?
Fully hereditary aspect can not be deleted. It is also worth remembering that caries is an infectious disease.
When licking spoons and pacifiers by parents, grandmothers, nannies, etc. child caries infection occurs.
What is the effect of fluoride toothpastes on the child’s body. From what age they can be applied.
Fluoride in toothpaste for children in tooth decay can be effective, but when using it, it is important to know when to stop. Increased fluoride content in toothpaste prevents tooth decay, but provokes the development of such a disease as fluorosis (dark streaks and spots on the enamel are fluoride deposits), especially children are susceptible to this disease.
To avoid negative consequences, when using a paste with fluorine, one should control the amount of paste on the brush, and also remember that fluoride enters our body also from water and food. In addition, today there is an alternative to fluoride – mineralizing toothpastes.
The use of fluoride toothpastes is possible from the age of 4, but this is not recommended if the child has not learned to spit, since ingesting the fluoride paste can cause loose stools (diarrhea).
How effective is the method of silvering the teeth of a child?
Silvering is a palliative (symptomatic) method for stabilizing caries, one of the main negative consequences of this technique is blackening of the teeth and low efficiency. Today, there are many alternative and more effective methods of treating the initial forms of caries, for example, remineralizing therapy using gels to strengthen tooth enamel.
How effective is it to cover the teeth with fluoride and seal the fissures?
Fluoro lacquer and fissure sealing cannot replace regular oral hygiene. Rational cleaning of teeth cannot be replaced by preventive dental procedures, as they (coating and sealing) are additional and auxiliary methods for preventing caries in children.
Only systematic oral hygiene is the main means of combating caries, along with a balanced diet and restriction of the use of sweets.
How else to strengthen children’s enamel, except for pastes and gels, with the help of any products, vitamins?
In addition to high-quality and regular hygienic care, the child should develop a habit of proper and rational nutrition. Such products include fruits and vegetables that require active chewing, as the process of chewing food itself contributes to self-cleaning of the oral cavity.
It is also recommended to give preference to water over other drinks and instead of sugar-containing products to offer dried fruit to children.
What are the causes of white spots on the child’s teeth?
There may be several reasons for the appearance of white spots on the child’s teeth:
- The initial form of caries
- Plaque on the surface of the teeth
- Disturbance of the mineralization of the rudiments
To find out the cause of white spots, you need to visit the pediatric dentist and get individual recommendations for the care and protection of teeth.
When is the first time to show the child to the dentist? How often do you need to repeat these visits, and how to prepare a child for them?
For the first time, a child should be shown to a pediatric dentist annually. And then visit him according to the recommendations of the doctor.
As a rule, it is 2-3 visits per year if there are no individual recommendations. You can only prepare talking about the importance of dental health!
As primary information, you can use tales and cartoons and special books.
How to treat teeth to small children? And how to keep the child during treatment at the dentist?
For the treatment of young children used various methods. This may be sedation with nitrous oxide for the simultaneous treatment of 1-2 teeth. Anesthesia or drug sleep has its strict indications, for example, the need for simultaneous treatment of 4-5 or more teeth, panic fear and already existing negative experience of dental intervention, some somatic diseases and conditions.
Retention is the use of force, which is child abuse and may not be acceptable to provide quality dental care!