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Adapted mixtures: breast milk substitutes

Adapted mixtures: breast milk substitutes

The basis of the adapted mixtures – cow, less goat, high quality milk. And all the components – proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins – in their composition are strictly regulated by specialists in nutrition and development of babies.

Subsequent mixtures (they are denoted by the number 2) are intended for children from 5 to 12 months. They are fresh and acidic, dry and liquid (ready to eat).

Their composition (compared with the initial – the first mixtures) is more different from the composition of breast milk. In accordance with the needs of the grown-up baby, the level of protein, minerals and vitamins is higher in them.

In addition, these compounds contain more iron to protect babies from the appearance of anemia possible at this age. In addition, some 2nd-level mixtures contain bifidobacteria and lactobacilli, which, as we know, are the basis of the intestinal flora of a child and protect it from dysbiosis.

Expert commentary: This means that the product is close to the composition of breast milk in the content of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, as well as vitamins and minerals. After all, cow’s milk in its pure form (like the milk of any other animal) does not correspond to the needs and possibilities of the body of babies. There are too many substances in it, others that are necessary for growth and development are too few.

Modern blends tend to repeat the biological properties of breast milk, for example, their ability to influence the functioning of the immune system (due to the incorporation of nucleotides and prebiotics into such products).

Contains demineralized whey.

Expert commentary: It helps to bring the amount of protein in the composition of the mixture to that of human milk, without overloading the composition of the product with minerals. The goal is to reduce the pressure on the enzyme systems and kidneys of babies in order to prevent metabolic disorders even in the distant future (we are talking about obesity and diabetes).

In addition, whey proteins form a gentle and easily digestible clot in the babies’ stomach (unlike casein proteins, which are initially abundant in cow’s milk).

Expert commentary: Modern dairy mixes are enriched with amino acids cystine and taurine, which babies need for brain formation, eye function, production of fatty acids, and better fat absorption. These amino acids are found in human milk.

In adults, the formation of taurine and cystine is established, and in the children’s body, this process is initially difficult.

In the composition – nucleotides.

Expert commentary: These are substances that affect the state of the intestines, the immune system and cell growth. And although they are produced in the body from proteins, in babies this process is not yet established.

Contains vegetable oils, skimmed milk.

Specialist’s comment: To adapt the fat components of the milk formulas to the needs of babies, they add a mixture of milk fat and vegetable oils to the composition of these products, or they completely replace the first one with a combination of the latter – then the milk is defatted. This step raises the level of essential fatty acids that are important for the development of babies, such as linoleic and linolenic (omega-3 and omega-6), for example.

Contains emulsifier, L-carnitine.

Expert commentary: In order to better assimilate the fat from the mixtures, an emulsifier is added to the products (often lecithin, which is very useful for children by itself). It helps the fat to “dissolve”.

A vitamin-like compound – carnitine – increases its absorption in the cells of the body of children.

Contains lactose, maltodextrin (dextrin-maltose), starch.

Expert commentary: These substances help to adapt to the needs of the child’s body carbohydrates from the composition of dairy formulas. With their help, the rate of passage of the mixture through the gastrointestinal tract of babies will not be excessive.

In addition, the mixture of carbohydrates, especially lactose, very well affect the absorption of valuable minerals and the state of the microflora of the children’s intestines.

In the composition – prebiotics oligosaccharides (galactooligosaccharides and fructooligosaccharides), lactulose, inulin.

Expert commentary: Oligosaccharides are found in human milk in large quantities, but in cow’s milk there are almost none, while they help to establish the composition of the intestinal microflora, protecting it from dysbiosis. All prebiotics help the growth of beneficial bifidobacteria, affect the work of the immune system, reduce the risk of allergies.

And in the therapeutic mixture can also include a prebiotic lactulose, which is not in human milk, but with whose help it is possible to resolve problems in the bowels (constipation).

Contains minerals.

Expert commentary: It was difficult to bring the mineral composition of the mixtures to the needs of the body of children. On the one hand, it is necessary to reduce the amount of those substances that are too much in cow’s milk (for example, potassium and sodium), on the other – add the missing, but important for the development of babies elements. In the first place – iron, zinc, iodine, fluorine.

They are administered in the form of various compounds that are well absorbed. For example, iron is in the form of sulphate or lactate; magnesium – sulphate, chloride, carbonate, citrate; copper, zinc and manganese sulphate; selenium – in the form of sodium selenite; iodine – potassium iodide.

Expert commentary: The list of these substances in the mixtures is fully consistent with the “original” – breast milk.

Bifidus 2, Semper

Adapted mixtures: breast milk substitutes

Subsequent milk formula for constipation, dysbacteriosis and for the normalization of intestinal microflora. Contains dry demineralized whey, skimmed milk powder.

In the composition – dextrin maltose, lactose. Added palm, sunflower, rapeseed oil, milk fat.

Contains prebiotic lactulose. Minerals – sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, zinc, iodine, copper, selenium and others. In the composition – an emulsifier (soy lecithin).

Vitamins – A, D, E, K, C, B3 (pantothenic acid), B6, folic acid, biotin and others. Added taurine.

Adapted mixtures: breast milk substitutes

Dry milk mixture. Contains skimmed milk, whey proteins, milk whey. As part of vegetable oils, fish oil.

Added maltodextrin, lactose. Contains emulsifier – soy lecithin. Minerals – salts of calcium, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, iodine, manganese, selenium, and others.

Composed of vitamins. Added culture of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli.

Friso 2, Frisolak, Friesland Nutrition

Adapted mixtures: breast milk substitutes

Subsequent dry milk mixture. Contains skimmed milk powder, demineralized whey, whey proteins.

Palm, rapeseed, sunflower oil. Added maltodextrin, lactose, galacto-oligosaccharides, fructooligosaccharides. Contains nucleotides.

Calcium, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, selenium, iodine and others are in the composition. Added taurine.

Vitamins – E, B1, B2, A, D, B12, P, B3, beta-carotene, B6, folic acid, biotin, choline.

Adapted mixtures: breast milk substitutes

Dry milk mixture. Contains skimmed milk (obtained from cows grown in environmentally friendly conditions and on natural feed without the addition of artificial fertilizers), partially demineralized whey.

In the composition – vegetable oils. Added potato starch. Minerals – calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, iodine.

Vitamins – C, B3 (calcium pantothenate), E, ​​A, B1, B6, B2, D, B12, K, folic acid, biotin and others. In the composition – taurine, L-carnitine.

“Baby 2”, “Nutricia”

Adapted mixtures: breast milk substitutes

Baby milk formula. Contains dry demineralized whey, skimmed milk powder.

In the composition – coconut, palm, sunflower, rapeseed oil. Added soy lecithin.

Contains vitamin C, E and other minerals. In the composition – maltodextrin.

Added taurine, L-carnitine. Contains prebiotic inulin.

Agusha Gold 2, Wimm-Bill-Dann

Adapted mixtures: breast milk substitutes

Dry milk mixture. Contains skimmed milk, whey protein concentrate. In the composition – lactose.

Palm, soybean, coconut, rapeseed oil, polyunsaturated fatty acids. Maltodextrin, galactooligosaccharides, fructooligosaccharides.

Calcium, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, iodine, manganese, selenium and others. In the composition – soy lecithin.

Vitamins C, A, E, D, P, K, B1, B3, B6, B2, B12, folic acid, biotin, choline and others. Added taurine, L-carnitine.

Probiotic cultures, nucleotides.

Humana 2, Humana

Adapted mixtures: breast milk substitutes

Subsequent dry milk mixture. Contains skimmed milk, demineralized whey.

In the composition – a mixture of vegetable oils. Lactose, glucose syrup, starch, galacto-oligosaccharides. Soy lecithin.

Calcium, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, iodine, manganese, selenium and others. Vitamins – C, E, A, B1, B2, B12, D3, K, folic acid, B5, PP, biotin and others.

Added taurine.

Nestogen 2, Nestle`

Adapted mixtures: breast milk substitutes

Dry milk formula with prebiotics. Contains skimmed milk, demineralized whey. In the composition of vegetable oils.

Added maltodextrin, lactose, galacto-oligosaccharides, fructooligosaccharides. Contains soy lecithin.

Minerals – salts of calcium, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, iodine, selenium, and others. Added vitamins.

Adapted mixtures: breast milk substitutes

Dry subsequent milk mixture. Contains skimmed milk, demineralized whey powder.

In the composition – a complex of vegetable oils. Added starch, galactooligosaccharides, lactose, glucose syrup. Contains emulsifier – soy lecithin.

The composition – calcium, potassium, sodium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, selenium, manganese, copper, iodine and others. Added taurine.

Vitamins – C, niacin, B3, E, A, B1, B6, B2, K, D3, B12, folic acid, biotin.

“Nutrilak 6–12 with prebiotics and nucleotides”, “Nutritek”

Adapted mixtures: breast milk substitutes

Dry subsequent adapted milk mixture. Contains skimmed milk, demineralized whey powder.

In the composition – coconut, palm, soybean, corn oil. Added maltodextrin, galactooligosaccharides, fructooligosaccharides.

Minerals – calcium, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, iodine, manganese, selenium, and others. Vitamins – C, E, P, B3, B2, B6, B1, B12, A, folic acid, biotin, D. Contains nucleotides. Added taurine, inositol, L-carnitine.

In the composition – emulsifier lecithin.

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