First of all, the expectant mother must learn that pregnancy and childbirth are normal physiological processes. Therefore, during childbirth, the pain cannot be unbearable.
Such pain is a natural phenomenon that does not need to be feared. The intensity of pain depends on many circumstances: the individual characteristics of a woman, her state of health, her pain threshold and, which is very important, from the psychological attitude.
During childbirth, if everything goes as prescribed by nature, an anti-pain system is activated that blocks excessive pain impulses, natural painkillers, such as endorphins, are released into the blood. In addition, on the eve of labor, the sensitivity of the uterus is significantly reduced, the pain threshold increases.
Nevertheless, many women recall childbirth as a very painful process. Why? A huge role here is played by the fear of childbirth, the fear of obscurity, and the psychological mood for “death agony.”
Because of this, the expectant mother experiences severe stress during the birth of the baby, which leads to the release of stress hormones into the blood. These substances provoke spasm of blood vessels, muscle tension, lowering the pain threshold.
In other words, the expectation of pain leads to the fact that unpleasant sensations necessarily appear and become unbearable.
Hence the first conclusion: the expectant mother should tune in to the fact that giving birth is a definite work. Easy it can not be called, but also supernatural, too. You can read popular literature in advance to find out exactly what happens in each period of birth with the expectant mother and the child being born.
What feelings a woman feels, what is her child. The main thing is to understand that the baby is also not easy, and therefore a woman should facilitate his task of birth.
And for this you need to carefully listen to what the doctor, the leading childbirth, and the midwife say and do not panic in vain.
The system of physical exercises specifically designed for expectant mothers helps to get ready for childbirth and to properly prepare for it. They are designed to strengthen the muscles of the abdomen, hips, pelvis.
In addition, it is desirable to master the psychotherapeutic methods of dealing with fear. One of these methods is relaxation.
Choose a convenient moment, ventilate the room. Take a comfortable position and concentrate on your breathing.
To the beat of slow breaths and exhalations, take turns relaxing all parts of the body, rising from the feet to the neck and face. During childbirth, the possession of this technique will help to relax between contractions and not strain when the uterus is reduced.
A great way to pain relief during childbirth is a massage or self-massage. It stimulates the nerve endings that are located in the skin and send impulses to the cerebral cortex.
Spreading faster than pain signals, they compete with the latter and reduce pain.
It is recommended during painful contractions with palms or fists to massage the lumbosacral region – knead or press dimples over the buttocks. You can also massage the skin in this area with intense circular movements.
It is also recommended to stroke and rub the lower back in circular motions.
Another way of self-massage is to massage the point on the back of the hand where the bones of the thumb and index fingers converge.
If there are no contraindications and it is resolved by the doctor who is giving birth, the woman can choose the most convenient position for herself during labor, which will ease the pain. Now no one demands from the future mother during the contractions to lie down.
Many women in labor are standing, walking, leaning on the headboard and squatting during the next fight. Active behavior not only reduces pain, but also stimulates the promotion of the baby through the birth canal, improves uterine contractions.
If the future mother is more comfortable to lie, then it is best to turn on its side.
In some maternity hospitals offer women in labor to sit on a large inflatable ball.
In a word, do not hesitate and look for the most convenient position for you.
A distractive and analgesic effect can be achieved using a special breathing technique. At the very beginning of the contraction, take a full breath through the mouth, and then take a deep breath through the nose. The duration of inhalation and exhalation should be related as 1: 1.
This is “slow, economical” breathing. When the intensity of contractions increases, you can breathe “like a dog” – often and superficially.
But at the very beginning of the fight it is better to take a deep breath and exhale.
At the end of the first period of childbirth, when the head of the child goes down, there is a desire to push, but this is still impossible. To distract and overcome the urge to try, take a full breath and take a deep breath, and then breathe on the count – 3-4 short breaths, ending with a long breath through the lips stretched into the tube.
After a long exhalation, short exhalation breaths go again.
If everything goes according to plan, in the first stage of labor, you can take a warm bath or shower. Warm water reduces pain, relaxes muscles and helps to relax between contractions.
But the bath and shower can be taken only before the amniotic fluid is poured out, after it has happened, there is a risk of penetration of the infection.