In the middle of the 20th century in sunny Italy a new method of education appeared, alternative to the traditional one. And since the town of Reggio Emilia became the birthplace of the new pedagogical system, the methodology was given the name Reggio Pedagogy.
It is often called optimistic pedagogy.
And this is not even so much a technique as experience in relation to childhood and parenting. The child with his fantasy, with his curiosity and energy is the creator of himself.
An adult only needs to help the child with this, directing his energy in the right direction. Let’s get acquainted with the basic rules of Reggio-pedagogy, which can be successfully used in your normal communication with the baby.
It is very important for a child to feel truly valuable in any team. And among other children, and among adults, and in the family.
And no less valuable than others, whether children or adults. Do not stoop to the child, and rise up to him!
After all, children are often intuitively wiser than adults.
It is important for an adult to be on the same level with the child. And not only in the figurative sense. Have you ever thought about how a baby with its tiny growth sees the world and ourselves?
Most often when talking, the baby looks up to us. And he sees anything, but not our eyes.
And the “eye to eye” look is incredibly important! It enables the child to feel that he is valuable to us, that we are on the same level with him.
Therefore, whenever you play with a child, study, do some important work, sit next to him – on the sofa, on the chair, on the floor.
Have you ever thought about why a child sometimes does not do too good things and does not behave the way you expect? Maybe you did not explain to him the rules?
The child can not guess what you want from him. Because of his age and inexperience, he is not familiar with many things that seem obvious to us as adults.
Therefore, it is very important from early childhood to explain to the baby that there are rules. And in each space they are their own.
For example, in the forest you can run and scream. But in the museum – no. Because the rules are different there.
In addition, it is important to explain to the child why these rules are being introduced. For example, you can not feed animals in the zoo, because of improper food, they can die.
Or you can walk through the puddles only in rubber boots, because in ordinary shoes your feet get wet, and from this you can get sick, and your shoes will deteriorate.
What are the explanations for? Why can not just something to ban without explanation?
Speaking about the consequences, we give the child a choice of what to do. He can do it his way. But he will also be responsible for the consequences …
This is a very important rule, one of the main ones. A child should always have a choice: what to wear, what to eat, what to do.
What is it for? So, from early childhood, a child learns to make decisions independently and take responsibility for it.
Parents can be difficult to accept this rule. After all, it is much easier to impose your opinion on the child (“wear this jacket”, “eat what was put on the plate”) than to give the baby the opportunity to decide for himself.
Independent choice takes time, but we usually don’t have it, we are always in a hurry somewhere.
Let’s start small: we will offer the kid a choice of tea with lemon or without, put a dish with salad on the table, and let him put as much on his plate as he sees fit (and not as much as his mother decided). Allow the child to choose their own clothes.
He wants to wear a light shirt, is it cool outside? Try to explain this to him.
Did not help? Suggest to put a windbreaker in a backpack.
You show the kid that there are different ways to solve the issue.
What words do you use most often when the baby, in your opinion, did something wrong? For example, painted the sky in the picture is not blue, but red? “You drew wrong, the sky does not happen like this!” And this is a mistake. Do not tell the child that something is “wrong”.
Better ask him why he made the sky so? And then think together when the sky can be red? During sunrise or sunset.
Or maybe a fire somewhere nearby? Or is it generally not the earth’s sky, and the Martian. Saying “not right”, we just cut off all manifestations of creativity, fantasy, and identity in one word.
And trying to understand how this can be, we give impetus to research, expand knowledge, develop the thinking of the baby.
A child does not have to think like you. He has the right to think differently.
It is very important for him to understand that there is no one correct answer. What is not “right” and “not right.”
And there is a “different”, “otherwise.”
Any situation in your life with your baby can be developing. An ordinary event – a simple walk, breakfast, a trip to the store or, say, a visit to the doctor – easily turns into a developmental activity. For example, you cook dinner, and the kid is spinning nearby.
You can talk with him about everything: about food, vegetables and fruits, cooking, and what comes out of it. For example, juice – what is it from?
From fruit. What fruit can you make juice from and how will it be called? How do fruits grow?
In what countries? Come, find these countries on the map. And with what household appliance can you squeeze juice at home?
And in your free time, try to do it together. You can also watch the educational film on the topic, search for interesting information about fruits and juices. Do they make juice from fruit?
As a result, you can get a big project called “Juice”.
Many modern parents seek to teach a child to read and count as soon as possible. However, regio-teachers are confident that the ability to argue, reflect, invent some projects and create new concepts is much more important. There is not a single adult who cannot read.
But people who are completely devoid of creative thinking, without ideas that excite – as much as you want! At preschool age, it is necessary to develop creativity, curiosity, research skills, to stimulate imagination. And if we do not help the child in this, support him, guide, over time, the child’s figurative thinking (which is given to him by nature) will be crushed by logic.
And – ready, we get another non-creative adult who is unlikely to be able to invent something brilliant. Therefore, let us treat our kids with understanding and respect, develop creativity and imagination in them. After all, the world waited for new Einsteins and Jobs …