The sooner you begin to harden your crumbs, the healthier he will be. Hardening strengthens the body’s defenses, cares about the nervous system, improves blood circulation and metabolism, but in order to achieve the desired effect, parents should heed the advice of doctors. Any deviation from the recommendations of experts may have unpleasant consequences.
What are the most common mistakes made by adults in their desire to strengthen the immunity of the child?
1. Violation of the procedure sequence and hardening too active.
When it comes to the smallest, it is best to start with the softest procedure – air baths. When dressing your baby, leave him naked for a while.
At the same time, the room should be well ventilated, and the temperature there should not be lower than 23–24 ° C. Such “activities” can be carried out 2-3 times a day already from 2 weeks of age.
And only when the baby is 2–3 months old, you can proceed to the rubdowns and water procedures. First, in the first 1.5-2 weeks, the skin is rubbed 2 times a day with a dry flannel or a piece of soft wool fabric until reddening. Having mastered the dry rubbing, go to wet.
To do this, a terry cloth mitten needs to be moistened in water, wring out and rub the child’s arms, legs, chest, abdomen and back, moving from the bottom up. While you are engaged in any one part of the body of the crumbs, keep the rest under the covers.
2. A sharp change in the intensity or duration of tempering procedures.
Sometimes parents do not have enough patience: striving to achieve tangible results as quickly as possible, they too quickly reduce the temperature of the water or increase the duration of the air baths and water procedures. But the thermoregulation in babies is just getting better, the body does not have time to adapt to the rapid change of conditions and is easily supercooled.
The defenses weaken and the baby falls ill.
To avoid this, reduce the temperature of the water and increase the time of exposure should be smooth. For example, the duration of taking air baths from one month to six months is 2–5 minutes, from 6 to 12 months – 10 minutes.
Increasing the time you need to gradually and never bring the case to the appearance of “goose bumps”. So that during the procedure the child does not overcool, warm him with a massage or do gymnastics with him.
With wet wiping off, the starting water temperature is 35–36 ° С; in a week it can be lowered to 32–33 ° С and then every month reduced by 1 ° С. The limit is 30 ° C.
The duration of the procedure is 2–4 minutes. As for bathing, you should start with a water temperature of 37 ° C, then every month it is recommended to lower it by 1 ° C and stop at 34 ° C.
Starting from 5 minutes to 6 months, you can splash with the baby up to a quarter of an hour.
3. Irregular conduct tempering procedures.
Why do we temper the baby? So that his immune system can quickly react to changed conditions.
For this, it is necessary to form adaptation mechanisms and constantly keep them in good shape. Too long intervals between procedures will lead to a weakening of the mechanisms that regulate heat transfer.
In children in the first year of life, the effect of getting used to the effects of cold disappears already 5–7 days after the air baths or wiping cease.
- Turn the little one over on his tummy, supporting him from below: in this position he will bend his back, trying to raise his head, and begin to move his arms and legs as if he is swimming.
- Put the baby upright, holding the arms under his arms, and “walk around” with him along the bottom of the bath – the pussy will begin to energetically touch the legs.
- In order for your swimmer to take a breath, from time to time, turn him backwards – let him lie in a “star” position on your arm, and you support his head.
4. Refusal of tempering procedures with the onset of cold weather.
In fact, autumn or winter is not a reason to abandon the strengthening of immunity through hardening. It is only necessary to skillfully vary the procedures depending on the time of year. If in the summer it will be a cool shower and walking barefoot on the grass or warm sand, in the winter it is pouring cool water and walking.
Stay in the fresh air, and even more so – active games on the street supply the baby with oxygen and help the respiratory system to work more actively. Try to catch every minute and spend with your child on the air at least an hour and a half a day.
Walking, be sure to expose the child’s face to the sun – vitamin D, which is formed in the skin under the action of ultraviolet radiation, is very important for the health of the baby.
5. Refusal to harden after a child’s illness.
The child is hardened to make it less likely to catch a cold. But such procedures do not guarantee that the baby will stop hurting.
But a hardened baby will have any acute respiratory infections or acute respiratory viral infections more easily, and he will recover faster than his unhardened peers, and, most likely, will do without complications. It should be remembered that tempering is a preventive measure.
As soon as the child is sick, all procedures really need to be stopped. But when the crumb fully recovers, the recovery must be resumed. Doctors recommend starting from the beginning, just move forward a little faster.
If the temperature was kept for 1–2 days, it is possible to return to tempering procedures within 7–10 days after its normalization. If the temperature was elevated for longer than 3 days, start repeating the “passed” after 2 weeks, and after pneumonia and sore throat – in a month.
Remember that each case is unique. Because without the advice of the attending physician can not do.
6. Hardening of the baby despite his resistance.
Before you begin to harden the baby, create a positive attitude. If the child is crying, worried, afraid, the procedure is better to be postponed or canceled.
Take a closer look, as the crumb takes a rubbing, air baths, bathing and choose what gives him pleasure. When the procedure does not like the baby, it is unlikely to benefit from it.
If the peanut is not happy, try a softer procedure or reduce the duration of exposure.