Under a big secret, let us say: doctors advise it is better to be outrun than to miss the alarming symptoms. According to pediatricians, parents should always doubt that they have full control of the situation.
See a specialist – the first thing to do when you have concerns about your baby’s health. And yet, in order not to worry in vain and feel a little more confident when talking with a pediatrician, pay attention to the 12 symptoms that require urgent medical intervention.
1. Temperature above 38 ° С in a child under 3 months. Temperatures above 38.3 ° C for a child aged 3-6 months.
Temperatures above 38.5 ° C in a child aged 6 months to 2 years.
Pediatricians emphasize: in the case when the child has a high temperature, not only the readings of the thermometer are important, but also the baby’s well-being. There is one exception to this rule – children who are not yet 3 months old. If their temperature jumps above 38 ° C, you need to call a doctor.
And although it usually turns out that the baby has a normal viral infection, it will not hurt to play it safe. Parents do not interfere with remembering that only a doctor can make an accurate diagnosis, and only after interviewing the parents and carefully examining the crumbs. And only a doctor can determine if a bacterial or viral infection is.
In the first case, the infant will have to be given antibiotics, in the second case they will be useless.
It is for this reason that it is important to call a doctor as soon as possible. And in the case of infants should immediately call an ambulance. For children older than 2 years, the heat is not so dangerous, especially if the child is cheerful, does not scream in pain and maintains good spirits.
But in any case, even such a resilient toddler must call the district pediatrician.
2. The temperature that does not decrease, despite the antipyretic drugs and treatment, and lasts longer than 5 days.
If after you give your baby a fever-reducing, for example, “Nurofen”, the temperature does not start to decrease after 4-6 hours, call a pediatrician or an “emergency room”. This is a sign that the infection is very strong and the child’s body may not cope with it.
To establish the cause, the doctor must appoint an additional examination. The temperature caused by an ordinary virus, as a rule, passes for 4-5 days.
If it lasts longer, it may be one of the symptoms of an ongoing complication, for example, a bacterial infection. And this already requires treatment with antibiotics.
3. Increased temperature, accompanied by excessive tension of the neck muscles or headaches, a rash in the form of bruises or red spots.
Call the ambulance urgently – it can be a symptom of meningitis!
4. Rash in the form of a ring with a pale point in the center or in the form of small red dots that do not disappear when you press on the skin, or intense bruises.
A ring rash with a pale dot in the center can be one of the symptoms of Lyme disease (Lyme, or tick-borne borreliosis). A causeless spread of bruises through the body may indicate a possible circulatory disorder. In addition, any blemishes on the body can be a sign of an allergic reaction.
All these conditions require quick medical intervention, especially if the baby has difficulty breathing, he is too agitated or, on the contrary, unusually apathetic and inhibited.
5. The appearance of a new mole or a change in the old one.
Always carefully watch the moles on the body of the child. The baby may have new moles or change old ones, the main thing is that these changes take place gradually, the mole does not darken sharply or dramatically increase in size.
Adult moles should be buried with rough edges, black, rapidly growing or heterogeneous in color or structure. Such symptoms may indicate a risk of melanoma, a malignant skin disease. If you notice something similar on the skin of a baby, immediately show it to a dermatologist and do not be intimidated when he recommends visiting an oncologist.
This is a common preventative measure. Nevertheless, show the crumbs oncologist necessary.
6. Pain in jaw below right. An unexpected sharp toothache, especially when it is accompanied by cramps or lasts a very long time.
If the child complains of pain in the lower right part of the jaw, ask him to jump. If he cannot fulfill the request because of the pain, it may be a symptom of appendicitis.
Although the appendix is located in the lower right part of the abdomen, the pain caused by its inflammation can be found around the navel and spread throughout the right side of the body. For these symptoms, call an ambulance or an ambulance – appendicitis progresses rapidly and goes into peritonitis – inflammation of the entire abdominal cavity.
To prevent this, treatment must begin in the early stages.
7. A headache that occurred in the early morning or in the middle of the night, as well as a headache accompanied by vomiting.
Similar symptoms are characteristic of migraine. Treatment after the examination can be prescribed only by a doctor.
In childhood, migraines are not dangerous, they are often inherited. But at the same time, such headaches can be a symptom and more serious violations. So without consulting a pediatrician can not do.
If necessary, he will recommend a visit to a neurologist or another narrow specialist.
8. Parched mouth and lips, rare urination, retracted fontanel (in infants), very dry skin, and there may be severe vomiting or diarrhea.
All these signs signal dehydration. It should be noted that rapid dehydration (loss of fluid) can lead to a shock.
Give the baby plenty of fluids and immediately go to the hospital or call an ambulance.
9. Blue or pallor around the mouth, difficult or heavy breathing – the child breathes in the stomach or chest. Dyspnea, grunting, whistling sounds accompanying inhale.
In children younger than 2 years old, this may be a symptom of laryngospasm – a sudden involuntary contraction of the muscles of the larynx. As a result, the child may develop suffocation. There are several reasons for this condition, among them – an asthma attack, allergies, pneumonia, whooping cough and croup.
Urgently call an ambulance. While the doctors are driving, take the baby in your arms, calm down, open hot water in the bathroom and let in steam. Enter the bathroom with the baby and ask him to inhale and exhale.
In a few minutes, relief should come. The arrived doctors will examine the baby and determine if hospitalization is necessary.
If breathing problems are not so obvious, check your baby’s breathing rate. Within 30 seconds, count the number of breaths and exits.
Multiply by 2. Normal respiratory rate for newborns – 40-60 times, for children up to a year – 35-40 times, for children from 1 to 3 years old – 28-35 times, for children from 4 to 10 years old – 23-24 times .
10. Swollen tongue, lips, eyes. In this case, the child has vomiting or severe itching.
Often these are symptoms of a severe allergic reaction – anaphylaxis, or anaphylactic shock. Immediately call an ambulance and while the doctors are waiting, give your child a dose of an antihistamine. If it did not come down to a strong reaction and everything was limited to a rash, consult an allergist.
The doctor will select antihistamines to suppress unwanted symptoms and recommend preventive measures.
11. Falling if the child is less than 6 months old and it has caused obvious neurological changes: excessive agitation, loss of orientation, or loss of consciousness, or vomiting.
Call an ambulance or go to the nearest hospital. Falls of children older than 6 months usually do not cause serious health problems if they fell from a low height and were not injured by anything acute or severe.
12. So deep or wide cut that you can shove a cotton swab into it. A cut that was accompanied by incessant bleeding for several minutes, despite the fact that a pressure bandage was applied to it or it was strongly pressed.
In this case, need the help of a surgeon. It will stop the bleeding, stitches or clamps. Depending on the state of the child, you need to either call an ambulance or go to the nearest emergency room yourself.
Be sure to go to the emergency room, if a child has bitten by any animal, because there is a danger of contracting rabies.