According to a recent study by the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, potentially allergenic foods, such as nuts, are safe for children after 6 months if they are already familiar with cereals, fruits and vegetables. Nuts – a mine of microelements. Peanuts, cashews, almonds contain a lot of protein, beneficial fatty acids, vitamin E and such minerals as manganese, potassium and iron.
At the age of one year, toddlers, of course, cannot eat such solid food. A worthy alternative to nuts in this case is nut paste.
Begin to introduce it into the baby’s diet gradually: try adding a small amount to porridge or mashed potatoes.
Pasta can be bought in large supermarkets or online stores, but you can cook it yourself. To do this, you do not need anything but nuts. Fry them in the oven.
To do this, pour them in an even layer on a baking sheet and put them at 180 degrees for 25 minutes. Then remove the husk, if you took peanuts.
The final, and most important stage – chopping nuts in a blender. At some point, they will begin to secrete butter — this will turn the nut crumb into a paste. This may take 6-15 minutes, depending on the blender capacity.
If desired, you can add honey. The finished paste can be stored for a couple of weeks in a closed jar.
This is almost the perfect meal for a child. They are easily digested and contain folic acid, iron and choline, protein, vitamins A, D and E. Cook a soft-boiled egg, mash the yolk and mix with breast milk or infant formula to a consistency that a child can cope with at his age.
For months from 8-9 a kid can be given hard-boiled protein and scrambled eggs, cut into small pieces.
Do not be afraid of fat: their role in the development of the child’s brain and nervous system has been proven for a long time. Saturated fats and cholesterol should not be completely excluded from the diet of children under 2 years. In addition, fats contribute to satiety, help better absorb fat-soluble vitamins and make food tastier.
Therefore, some time after the child has tried a one-component mashed potatoes, start adding a little butter in it. Choose organic to reduce the effects of pesticides on the baby’s body.
A little later, do not forget to include in the diet of the child other sources of fat: avocado, olive oil, yogurt and cheese.
These legumes are rich in protein, iron, and contain folic acid, zinc, and manganese. Soak the beans for several hours or overnight in water. Strain and cook to a very soft state.
Red lentils do not require soaking, as it is cooked very quickly. Furry the finished beans or leave whole, if the child is over a year old.
Add them to soups, vegetable mixes and stews as soon as your baby is ready for more complex dishes.
Include salmon, tuna, herring, and sardines in the baby’s diet: they are indispensable sources of polyunsaturated fatty acids, which play an important role in the normal functioning of the retina and brain development. Especially these acids are important for children during the first two years of life.
For very small ones, you can cook the fish as follows: just bake it, separate it from the bones, skin and puree. Then mix with breast milk or infant formula. For older babies, simply cut the fillets into small pieces or cook salmon patties:
Mash the fillet with a fork. Add 2 tablespoons of breadcrumbs, an egg and ground pepper, mix thoroughly. Form the patties and roll in the remaining breadcrumbs.
Fry over medium heat for 3-4 minutes on each side until golden brown.
After you teach your baby to solid food, gradually begin to feed him meals that the whole family eats. To prevent such a transition from being sharp, add different seasonings to baby food: this will help your child to get used to the future diet.
But do not overdo it, and, of course, avoid such hot spices as chili: the children’s stomach is still too weak, and it can not cope with such a load.
Here are a few combinations that you can offer a little gourmet: apple sauce with cinnamon, cauliflower with nutmeg, meat gravy with cumin or oregano, vegetables or chicken with thyme, avocado with cilantro, fish with parsley or lemon.
Doctors recommend introducing tofu into the baby’s diet after a year of life, despite the fact that it is a potentially allergenic product. Tofu contains iron, zinc and a lot of protein.
No wonder he is the basis of nutrition for vegetarians and vegans.
Tofu can be fried, baked, boiled and used in the preparation of both main dishes and desserts. It is very soft and easy to chew, so your child will surely like dishes with it.
Some parents restrict babies to gluten-free foods. They hope, therefore, to further reduce the risk of developing celiac disease. But, despite many studies proving the harm of gluten, there are also studies suggesting that its complete absence in the diet of children may even increase the risk of developing this autoimmune disease.
Therefore, it is so helpful for young children to give cereals, whole-grain wheat breads or biscuits for breakfast.
To choose such a product, when the supermarket shelves are full of dairy products with all kinds of tastes, it seems contrary to common sense. But the fact is that yogurts with flavors and flavors can contain up to 3 teaspoons of sugar in one small jar. The child easily gets used to the sweet taste, and no longer wants to eat regular yogurt.
Therefore, up to one and a half years, let their baby only without additives: at this age, children are less picky about food. But do not forget to choose a product with a fat content of at least 2%, as young children should gain half the daily value of calories from fat.
Traditionally it is believed that the first “adult” food for children should be porridge. But research by the American Academy of Pediatrics has shown that red meat can and should be added to the baby’s diet. The iron and zinc contained in it are absorbed much better than from cereals.
In order to improve the absorption of these elements, combine meat with fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C. No wonder meatballs are served with tomato sauce!
Video recipe: peanut butter at home