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Why in the aquarium

maintenance, care, compatibility

Why does the water in the aquarium grow muddy?: Start the aquarium; muddy water :: Aquarium fish.

Why does the water in the aquarium with fish quickly become turbid :: should the auto-oil in the frost grow turbid :: Aquarium fish

Wrong settlement of fish as a reason for the rapid turbidity of water

How to get rid of the formation of film in the home tank with fish

There is no unequivocal opinion whether a biological film affects the health of living organisms. Unlike the chemical layer, a film of cyanobacteria can serve as feed for some species of fish. However, an unnatural formation on the surface of the water carries the main danger – it prevents the penetration of light rays into the aquarium, which spoils the water quality.

What you need to do to get rid of it?


  1. Adjust filtration and aeration – mixing water will remove all bacteria and dirt, preventing the formation of a film.
  2. Take a sheet of blank paper (office napkin) and use it to remove the formation from the surface of the water. Put the paper on the water, hold it for a few minutes, then remove it with the sticky ball. The procedure can be repeated 2-3 times.
  3. Well cope with the film aquarium snails. They remove the organic layer, algae. Run into the tank a few snails (fizy, coils). They will attach to the glass walls, and quickly eat microscopic algae, the remnants of food, waste products of fish. After 2-3 days the film will completely disappear. After that, the mollusks can be removed – they multiply rapidly.
  4. Technical devices also serve as assistants for removing the organic, chemical or bacterial layer. There is a VUPPA-1 extractor available. The principle of its operation is as follows: the mechanism is attached to the vertical glass of the aquarium, and within a few hours it will remove all contaminants. The device looks like a glass; it sucks the top ball of water, which passes through three stages of cleaning inside the structure itself. The filtered water runs back into the tank. The device is perfect for large aquariums.

Watch a video on how to get rid of aquarium film.

  • Antibiotic and ultraviolet drugs are radical means for removing the film from the surface of the water in the aquarium. Intense UV irradiation kills harmful bacteria. Antibiotics will also help to remove the layer, however water will be unsuitable for fish habitat. Dissolve 1 tablet of Biomitsin in water in 10 liters of water, and pour the drug into the tank. Before the procedure, it is necessary to remove all fish and plants from the nursery by transplanting them into a previously prepared “otsadnik”.
  • To prevent the film from appearing, close the aquarium cover so that there is a gap between it and the water. Sometimes a sticky formation may appear due to room dust, which from dirt and microbes enters the pond.
  • Preventive procedures from the appearance of the film – new decorations, process the plants purchased in water and special solutions to remove contaminants and microbes from them. Make timely water changes in the aquarium, adjust the length of daylight, monitor the cleanliness of the soil, do not overfeed your pets.

  • What to do if you find a dead fish in the walls of the aquarium?

    1. Look at the number of fish in the tank. Recount them in the morning and in the hours of feeding. What is their condition, do they take food well? Are there fish that refuse food? Is it possible bloating in one of the fish? If you have not found any fish, check all the corners in the aquarium by lifting the lid. Inspect the plants, caverns and all the scenery. If after a few days the dead fish did not float to the surface, it may have suffered from a neighbor in the aquarium, and you can hardly find it. Sometimes the fish fall into an unprotected filter, and die there. In any case, keep searching until you find the visible reasons for the disappearance.

  • Fish that have died in an aquarium should be removed from it. Tropical species of fish quickly rot because of high water temperature. Under conditions of such an environment, bacteria multiply rapidly, water grows turbid, and an unpleasant odor appears, which can cause infection of other pets.
  • It is necessary to do inspection of the dead fish. You must understand why she died in an aquarium. Wear medical gloves. If the body is not completely decomposed, look at the condition of the fins, scales, and condition of the abdominal cavity. Perhaps there are wounds on the body or signs that she has suffered from unproductive neighbors. If the stomach is strongly swollen, eyes bulging, the scales are covered with bloom or stains – it means that the pet has suffered from illness or poisoning. After inspection, gloves should be discarded.
  • Check the water parameters. Water is often the main cause of poor health.

    Take tests with indicators, and make the necessary measurements. The increased content of ammonia and nitrates in water, heavy metals leads to the fact that pets die quickly. If the aquarium has a decorative element made of iron, zinc, copper – this is another pointer.

    Some fish do not tolerate metal, and suddenly die.

    Watch a video on why water tests are needed and how to use them.

    After the test results, draw conclusions. The test will show two results – either you have everything in order in the aquarium, or the water is dirty and there is an overabundance of toxic substances in it. In the second case, you need to enable powerful filtering, and make a replacement of 25% of the aquarium water for clean and infused.

    Dramatically change the parameters of the water is not necessary, it can harm living fish.

  • But if the water is in proper condition, there may be a number of other reasons why the fish died. Sometimes aquarium pets die of hunger, overeating, illness, severe stress, bruises after attacking other fish, age. If the fish die suddenly, you need to do everything necessary to keep others alive. Contact your veterinarian if you do not find obvious causes of death of the pet.
  • In an ordinary freshwater aquarium, it so happens that live plants die. Why it happens? In the aquarium should not be a large number of fish.

    The products of their vital activity in large quantities are harmful to plants. If you decide to add neighbors to the fish, consider whether this is the right decision.

    It may be better to purchase another tank, and move some of the fish there.

    The amount of light also affects the life of water seedlings. Natural light or artificial lighting should be scattered around the area of ​​the aquarium. The length of daylight for most plants is 10-12 hours.

    Lighting is best done using fluorescent lamps with a power of 0.4-0.5 watts. Set the light intensity yourself, but it is better to start from dim, and ending with a brighter one.

    But as a result of intensive lighting in water, algae can rapidly multiply, which will also hinder the growth of plants.


    Feed the fish should be in small portions, it is better to give 2 times a day as much feed as they eat in 2-5 minutes. It is important not to overfeed, otherwise the remnants of the feed will be oxidized, as a result of toxic ammonia, which also algae.

    Remove residual food with a siphon with a hose; resort to this procedure as often as possible. Do not forget to clean the water with a filter, do a weekly replacement of water with fresh.

    Plants in the aquarium prefer pure, infused water.

    Why aren’t the plants in the aquarium even more luxuriant and taller? It is necessary to find out the parameters of the aquatic environment in which the fish and plants live. Water is crucial in the well-being of all living organisms.

    The composition of water depends on the appearance of vegetation, its growth, reproduction. The less heavy metal salts in water, the better the plants will feel.

    It is also recommended to make periodic measurements of water for toxic substances, acidity, hardness, oxygen and carbon dioxide levels. Many plant species develop well in a pH-neutral medium, in water of medium hardness.

    The hardness range is 4-15 dH, and the acidity pH 5.5-6.5 is suitable for many aquarium plants.

    See how to make a test of aquarium water for hardness.

    In addition to salts, which affect the hardness of water, there are also metal salts (lead, tin, copper, zinc), which can affect the functioning of seedlings. In certain quantities, they are useful, but exceeding the permissible rate is fraught with the death of the seedling. In salts, there are residues of acids (nitrous, nitrate), the concentration of which in water can be several times higher than the permissible threshold.

    Plants are not easy to process them, so they grow poorly or die.

    Saplings can grow poorly due to a close aquarium and poor soil. Tropical species like silted soil saturated with humus.

    If the roots do not get enough nutrients, they die off. Try using fertilizers to help restore the root structure. A close aquarium also causes poor growth.

    A stalk will never grow to the desired height if there is not enough room for it.

    The temperature of the water below the norm also provokes slow growth. Some plants of temperate latitudes easily tolerate a wide range of temperature conditions (from 14 to 27 ° C). Plants native to tropical latitudes can only live in warm water (22-26 ° C).

    Lowering the recommended temperature threatens extinction. It is believed that algae are harmful, but Kladofor algae is a very hardy species that withstands moderately cool and warm water.

    Also hardy are aquarium mosses and ferns.

    What needs to be done to improve the growth of aquatic plants?

    How green algae appear in water – additional reasons

    The motive for writing this article was the communication on the form Fanfishka.ru with a certain citizen who wrote in the section on helping to determine the disease of fish.

    “Please help me with a telescope at the age of 6 months. I have not eaten anything for three days. Swims on the surface with difficulty, enough air. External damage and tumors are not observed.

    Help if you can still, it’s a pity to lose a fish. ”

    Being a conscientious and sensitive person, I gave her a plan of action and events according to the full scheme, advised the preparations. And then, when I wrote everything, I thought – why should I treat it so radically, maybe the reason for the poor health of the fish lies on the surface? 🙂

    In this connection, I asked a citizen: “Tell me, what is the volume of your aquarium, who lives there besides the telescope, etc.”.

    When I got the answer, I just went nuts! I am trying to get along with treatment and help, but it turns out that … read the answer: “Aquarium 80 l. 1 gourami, 2 thorns, 2 gold, 2 telescopes (1 patient, another healthy, but for some reason it does not grow), 2 zebrafish, 2 small antsistrus, 2 speckled catfish, 1 scalar, 2 ampouleries … ”.

    The reason that the telescope was bad – was disclosed.

    Imagine if 16 people planted in an eight-meter hut, how much would they stretch. Whatever the conditions in this hut, the sea would start in a month.

    Vendors of pet stores are putting fish to beginner aquarists using their insatiable, desirable “I want this fish, this one and that one and those catfish”. At the same time, neither of them think about the further fate of the fish.

    Sad! But for some reason, this is exactly the fate of “cramming in untill” that only aquarium inhabitants comprehend. Imagine, mother and daughter come to the pet store and say: “Give us 15 cats, 3 Yorkshire terriers, 5 chinchillas and one sheep-dog and 2 more parrots do not forget.”

    Unfortunately, with aquarium fish this is exactly what happens.

    And then, after a while, a convulsive scripture begins and the search for an answer to the questions: why the fish die and die, why do the fish lie at the bottom, float or swim on the surface, do not grow and do not eat!

    HERE’S OWN, WHAT HAS BEEN AWARDED ME WRITE THIS ARTICLE!
    This is some kind of attempt to stop the mockery of fish! An article for future similar questions.

    An article that will somehow help newcomers and people who are going to buy an aquarium to understand that the fish are the same living things as we do – they grow, require certain conditions of detention, have their own characteristics, etc.

    Very clearly, this problem is visible in Goldfish (pearls, comets, telescopes, veils, shubunkin, oranda, ranch, koi carps, etc.). People either do not know or do not understand that this family of fish belongs to large species.

    In fact, they need to be kept in ponds (as it was in Dr. China) or in large aquariums.

    But it was not there! People for some reason have developed a Hollywood stereotype that Goldfish looks beautiful in a round small aquarium.

    HOWEVER, THIS IS NOT THE CASE. The minimum volume of an aquarium for a pair of goldfish should be from 100 liters.

    This is the minimum in which they can live normally, and it’s not a fact that they will grow “to their full height”.

    Therefore, recalling the above example of a citizen who has an 80-liter aquarium in which: 4th scrofula, scalar, gourami and others … it is not surprising to hear “My golden fish does not eat anything, lies at the bottom or swims the belly to the top.” And it touches the question, why do they not grow?))) But how can you grow here, you wouldn’t die!

    In addition, in this example, there is a relative compatibility of fish. We must not forget that Scalaria is a peaceful, but still South American cichlid, and somehow it’s not a friend with goldfish.

    The same goes for the gourami – they are peaceful, but snooty individuals come across.

    Summarizing what has been said, I earnestly ask everyone not to violate the norms and conditions of keeping the fish.
    Do not be greedy!
    And then your fish will grow beautiful and big.

    Somewhere I read that for 1 cm. The body of a fish without a tail should have 2-3 liters of water in an aquarium. Who cares here is a link to the compilation – How much can the fish in an aquarium X liters (at the end of the article, select the aquarium of the desired volume).

    Now I would like to talk about other reasons that lead to poor health of fish, without any visible reason (signs of the disease are not visually visible).

    If the norms of the volume of the aquarium are not violated, the compatibility of the fish and their number are not violated, and the fish still float or vice versa lie at the bottom and swallow air, then the reason may be:

    Poisoning fish with nitrogen, ammonia,
    and more simply poop

    We live in the air, and the fish in the water. Parameters of aquarium water directly affect the health of the fish.

    In the process of life, aquarium fish and other inhabitants defecate, another organic matter dies, the remains of food decompose, which leads to excessive saturation of water with nitrogenous compounds that are detrimental to all living things.

    Thus, the cause of poor health or a pestilence in fish may be:

    – lack of care for the aquarium (cleaning, cleaning, siphon, no filter or replacement of aquarium water).

    – overfeeding fish (the presence in the aquarium is not eaten feed).

    – late utilization of dead fish and others (some newbies watch snails burst dead fish, this is absolutely impossible).

    What to do in this case? It is necessary to eliminate the sources of nitrogen excretion:

    – urgently transplant fish into another aquarium with clean water;

    – enhance aeration and filtration;

    – clean the aquarium, and then replace it? aquarium water to fresh;

    – fill in the filter aquarium coal;

    It should always be remembered that Aquarium water needs to be replaced weekly. However, this is not always good – old water is better than fresh, especially for young aquariums, in which the biobalance is not yet tuned.

    So this should also be done with the mind and as needed. If you see that the water in your “young aquarium” is not green, not muddy, etc. Replace at the beginning of 1 / 5-1 / 10 of the volume of aquarium water.

    However, one should always keep in mind that clear water is not an indicator of its purity. With that said, it is necessary to develop your own “tactics” of water changes based on the volume of the aquarium, its age and the preferences of the fish, etc.

    Emergency fish transplant – This is a temporary measure, if the fish is very profitable. As a rule, when a fish is not feeling well (lying on the bottom, swallowing air, swimming on its side, etc.), such an action brings it to life and after 2-3 hours it is cheerful and cheerful.

    It should be remembered that such a transplant should be done in the water at about the same temperature as in the aquarium, the water should be separated (preferably), do not forget to provide aeration. And yet, if there is no other aquarium, an emergency temporary transfer can be carried out in a basin or other vessel.

    About coal. Aquarium coal is sold in any pet store.

    It is not very expensive, so I recommend to buy it in reserve. Coal is a great additional measure in the fight against “poop and other evil spirits.”

    If it is not at hand, you can temporarily take human activated carbon, wrap it in gauze or bandage and put it in the filter.

    There are also so-called ion-exchange resins, for example, zeolite, they also refer to absorbents as coal, but they work, if you can say so at a more subtle level — removing nitrites and nitrates from the aquarium — decomposition products of ammonia, which in turn is formed from dead organics and waste products of hydrobionts.

    Water filtration. Everything is simple.

    The aquarium filter must be suitable for the volume of aquarium water. Additional helpers: aquarium plants, as well as snails, shrimps and crustaceans.

    In the end, we can advise the drug for quick cleaning of the aquarium from sewage – TetraAqua Biocoryn.

    Another reason that the fish die can be the wrong adaptation of newly purchased fish.

    Well, firstly, you should not release new fish immediately into the aquarium. Everyone knows that.

    Let them acclimatize: Therefore, see the article All about Purchasing Transplant Fish Shipping!

    Secondly, the fish that lived in the pet store or grew up in another pond got used to certain water parameters (pH, hD, temperature) and if you transplant them into water with radically opposite parameters, this can lead to their death in a day or a week.

    Actually therefore for the correct adaptation there are so-called quarantine aquariums. You kill two birds with one stone: check whether new fish are contagious and adapt them to new conditions.

    The quarantine principle is simple – it is a small aquarium (another reservoir) into which new aquarium inhabitants are launched and within a week they are checked for lice, as well as they gradually add aquarium water from the aquarium in which they will live.

    You can do without quarantine, but it is a risk! As a rule, it carries in 80% of cases, but 20% still remain. To neutralize these 20% I recommend to transfer fish with the drug company Tetra AquaSave (Tetra AquaSafe), read here DRUGS AND TETRA AIR CONDITIONERS.

    This preparation “improves” aquarium water and reduces the stress of fish during transplantation.

    The third reason that the fish is bad is asphyxia, caused by the lack of sufficient aeration of aquarium water.

    The obvious signs of asphyxiation (suffocation) in fish are: frequent opening of the mouth, heavy breathing, wide opening of the mouth – as if yawning, the fish swims near the surface and there is enough oxygen.

    You should know that the fish breathe oxygen dissolved in aquarium water, which they pass through the gills with water and if it is not enough of the fish simply suffocate.

    Enhanced aeration and bringing it back to normal will correct the situation!


    Another – the fourth reason for the ascent of the fish with a belly to the top can be the use of tap water

    Opinions on this are different. While talking and debating on this topic, some comrades say: “Yes, all this is fihgnya, I fill in unperturbed tap water in the aquarium and everything is fine – the fish will not die”.

    However, it is worth noting that tap water in many regions of the CIS is simply terrible! It contains so much bleach and other impurities that it is scary to use it.

    Somewhere, of course, the water is better here and “carries” – the fish do not die. In the Czech Republic, for example, tap water is generally spring water from the Karlovy Vary sources, but alas, where is the Czech Republic, and where are we ?!

    Therefore it is very important to use only separated water for the aquarium. In addition to the fact that chlorine will evaporate from the water and heavy impurities will settle, excess oxygen will also be released, which are no less destructive for fish.

    What to do if you poured tap water and fish from this poplohelo? Ideally transplanted into separated water. However, if you originally poured water, then you probably do not have separated water.

    One way out is to add aquarium chemistry that stabilizes the aquarium water. For example, the aforementioned Tetra AquaSafe or TetraAqua CrystalWater.

    The fifth reason for the death of fish – a violation of the temperature

    The generally accepted temperature measure of aquarium water for many fish is 25 degrees Celsius. But too cold water or too warm leads to all the same symptoms: the ascent of the fish, lying on the bottom, etc.

    With cold water, everything is clear – you need to buy a thermostat and bring the reduced temperature to the desired one. But with too warm water is much more complicated.

    Usually aquarists encounter this problem in the summer, when the water in the aquarium boils and rolls over 30 degrees, from which the fish become lethargic and “faint”.

    There are three ways out of this situation:

    – to cool the aquarium water handicraft: using frozen 2n. bottles from the fridge. But – this is not very convenient, because frozen water quickly gives off cold and you need to constantly change the bottle.

    In addition, jumps and temperature fluctuations – there, no less harmful than just elevated water temperature.

    – Special aquarium cooling installations are sold, but alas, they are expensive.

    – buy an air conditioner and install it in a room with an aquarium, in addition to room stuffiness, the air conditioner will also beat down the aquarium heat. The last option in my opinion the most acceptable.

    The sixth and seventh reason

    Sometimes the cause of bloating the fish and swimming a belly or side to the top is overfeeding. Again, this reason is largely related to goldfish, because they suffer from gluttony, overeating and begging.

    Do not enter them on occasion. Feed them exactly as much as it should be.

    Otherwise, your gluttons will earn inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract or, more simply, they will suffer from constipation!

    Another reason for which the fish can lie down for no apparent reason is stress. Well, do not like her neighbors and that’s it.

    Or it often happens that they take young fish, and all the boys and one female grow out of it, and as a result “the boys start a showdown” – who is in charge. The weak begin to chase and tyrannize, with the result that they are hammered into a corner, lie on the bottom, well, and die.

    There is only one way out, to resettle everyone, give them to friends or back to the pet shop.

    What else can affect the health of fish:

    – excess lighting or stress from it;

    – decorating an aquarium with chemically dangerous decorations (metal, rubber, plastic);

    Summing up, it is possible to make an unequivocal conclusion that the correct maintenance of fish is a panacea for many aquarium ills. If you are attentive to your aquarium dwellers, they will thank you too.
    beauty and longevity!

    We also recommend that you read the brochure Navigator 3: an interview with an ichthyopathologist. Below is a link to the pdf-version, which you can download, as well as its test version.

    To read and / or download the Navigator

    click on the picture below

    If you do not have a PDF reader installed, we recommend that you use AdobeReader by downloading it from the official site.

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