maintenance, care, compatibility
Unpleasant smell from the aquarium – the problem of many fish owners. Basically, beginner aquarists suffer from this.
As a result, the fish get sick and die, the aquarium deteriorates, and in the apartment there is a disgusting smell of rotten water.
In order to avoid these sad consequences, you need to monitor the condition of the water, and in case of an unpleasant smell, find the cause and eliminate it.
The first cause of smell is water spoilage from time to time. Aquarium should be periodically cleaned, change the water, wash the soil and plants.
The smaller the volume, the more frequently the water should be renewed.
The second reason why the water in the aquarium smells is food. Poor quality food leads to the deterioration of water.
Therefore, when a rapid odor is detected, you should try to buy food elsewhere or purchase other types of food for fish.
If, after changing the feed, the water still continues to quickly grow turbid and smell, then it is worth reducing the amount of food. After all, as you know, it is better not to feed, than to feed the aquatic inhabitants.
Excess feed settles to the bottom and causes microorganisms to appear, which spread the smell.
The next reason is overpopulation of the aquarium. This is a problem for beginners who want to place various kinds of fish in a small container, and then begin to wonder why the aquarium smells.
Each fish needs its own space, which it loses with the appearance of new inhabitants. In addition, every living thing releases feces, which leads to water pollution.
The reason for the smell of water can be some types of plants. This point should be clarified when buying in the store.
Certain herbs are able to release a certain amount of a substance that causes water to rot. It happens in small aquariums.
In containers, however, large volumes of grass exposure are not noticeable.
The lack of oxygen in the water also leads to odor. Therefore it is worth buying a special compressor or filter with air circulation function.
A sufficient amount of oxygen in the water will keep it clean for a long time.
Wrong settlement of fish as a reason for the rapid turbidity of water
Full replacement of water is required only in the rarest cases, for example, with general quarantine or water poisoning. Why not do this procedure often? Because the day after the complete substitution, you will notice how the water turned cloudy again.
A significant loss of its volume is stress for all inhabitants of the reservoir. Even during the death of some fish do not replace the water.
But there are a number of recommendations, after studying which it is possible to understand why substitutions are necessary.
- Substitutions are necessary after the introduction of pathogenic microorganisms;
- Replacements are required after visible flowering of the reservoir;
- Urgent water changes are necessary when a fungal mucus is detected;
- Refresh water is required due to severe soil contamination.
You can add water to the tank as it evaporates, but not more than 20-30% of the total volume. It is best to update 1/5 of the aquarium once a week. After the procedure, the biocenosis will recover in 2 days.
With the replacement of water cleaned the glass from plaque, remove debris from the bottom, clean snags and decorations.
It is better to plan a water change for both small and large reservoirs in advance. Type in a glass tank water from the tap, and leave it for a few days, covered with gauze. Chlorine and gas will evaporate, the liquid will be safe for fish.
And it should be remembered that in the first week of operation of the aquarium the water is not changed until an ecosystem is formed in it.
Muddy water in the aquarium This is one of the most common problems that even experienced aquarists face. The reason for the violation of biological equilibrium can be a bacterial outbreak, improper feeding of fish, replacement of water in the aquarium and other factors. In some cases, it is enough to eliminate the cause, and after a few days the balance will be restored.
But sometimes the turbidity of the water in the aquarium can lead to the death of fish and plants. In any case, first of all it is necessary to establish why water grows turbid or blooms in the aquarium.
And, only on the basis of the causes of violations, will it be possible to take any action.
Why does the water grow turbid in the aquarium?
When starting the aquarium for several days, there is a bacterial outbreak caused by excessive multiplication of single-celled organisms. Therefore, it is not recommended to colonize the fish immediately after launch.
It is necessary to wait until the balance is established and the water becomes transparent. At the same time, changing water is also not worth it. A change of water will only cause it to become cloudy again.
Usually, fish are settled in 5-7 days, and in order to speed up the process of restoring biological balance, it is recommended to add water from an old aquarium.
Turbid water in the aquarium can be the result of overfeeding the fish. If the food is not eaten completely, and settles at the bottom, the water will quickly deteriorate.
Also, muddy water in the aquarium may indicate poor filtration. With a large number of fish, you need to think very well about the water purification system, otherwise very soon the fish will start poisoning with decay products, which can cause the death of the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Why is the water in the aquarium green?
The flowering of water is due to the rapid growth of microscopic algae. This may be caused by an excess of light or accumulation of organic matter at the bottom. With a lack of lighting algae begin to rot and turn brown.
If the water in the aquarium is clouded and smells, then the cause may be the reproduction of blue-green algae.
What to do if in the aquarium muddy water?
First of all, of course, you need to eliminate the cause of turbidity. If the problem lies in overpopulation of the aquarium, then you need to either increase water filtration or reduce the number of fish. If at the bottom of accumulated remnants of food, you need to reduce portions, and you can also settle the bottom fish that eat food settled on the ground.
When flowering you need to darken the aquarium, if there is an excess of lighting, or vice versa – to establish a more powerful lighting system with a lack of light. To prevent excessive algae growth, it is recommended to make fish or snails that eat excess vegetation.
It is also worth paying attention to the filtering system. The presence of good filters is a prerequisite for the maintenance of the aquarium and the preservation of biological equilibrium. Sometimes it is recommended to add special additives to the water, but most aquarists do not support this method of restoring balance.
In any case, it is necessary to understand that the living water in an aquarium is the result of the interaction of many living beings, therefore, time and certain conditions are necessary to restore balance. Incorrect actions can lead to even greater disruption, so the main task is to create conditions for stabilizing the balance.
How often do I need to change the water in the aquarium?
Proper replacement of water in an aquarium plays an important role in maintaining balance. A common mistake is to replace too often or replace large amounts of water. With a small litrazh such errors can result in the death of the fish.
Before you change the water in the aquarium, you need to check the water quality, acidity and temperature. With a large volume, it will take about 2 days to restore balance; with a small volume, water needs change very carefully. After the launch of the aquarium water can not be changed for 2-3 months, until equilibrium is established.
Subsequently, every 15-30 days replace up to 1/5 of the total volume. With a good filtration system and a small amount of fish, water is changed less frequently and to a lesser extent.
If you replace more than half of the water in the aquarium, then the whole formed environment, including fish, may die.
In order to avoid problems, it is worth taking care of the proper equipment, starting and settling the aquarium from the very beginning. If you follow all the rules, it will not be difficult to achieve and maintain biological balance, and caring for an aquarium will not cause problems.