Any aquarist sooner or later faces a problem when the water in the aquarium becomes cloudy, but not everyone knows how to get rid of this trouble. Moreover, there are many reasons for the appearance of this phenomenon – let’s dwell on this question in more detail.
Conventionally, the factors causing turbidity of water are divided into 2 groups:
An aquarium is an ecosystem in miniature, so if at least one indicator is too high, it is likely that sooner or later it will fail. Most often, newcomers who run an aquarium for the first time are faced with this: haste, unwashed soil or decor, improperly flooded water – all of these are potential causes of imbalance.
Also, water can become cloudy as a result of improper care: food remains, fish waste, dead leaves of plants – all this accumulates, decomposes and leads to a change in water quality. Be sure to pay attention to the choice of scenery and soil: they should not be painted with cheap dyes, sooner or later these substances will begin to leach out, which will lead not only to turbidity in the water, but also poisoning the inhabitants of the aquarium.
How to eliminate mechanical turbidity? – first of all, carry out a thorough cleaning: siphon the bottom, clean the walls of the tank, change the water regularly, replace the decorations if necessary, wash the filter.
Before cleaning, aeration and filtration are turned off for 2 hours so that the fine particles settle to the bottom, after which a siphon can be used. If the situation is not repeated the first time, pay attention to the filters: perhaps you need a more powerful one.
The following chemicals will help get rid of mechanical dust: Tetra Aqua Crystal Water, aquarium coal, Sera Aquaria Clear, API Accu Clear and others.
To begin with, different microorganisms live in any aquarium: bacteria process ammonia compounds, aquarium poisons, fungi participate in the decomposition of organic substances. So far, the balance has been maintained – all conditions have been created for the fish, but as soon as the process is disturbed, the water will cloud.
“DIRT AND TRASH”
(dead organics, fish food, feces, etc.)
decompose under the influence of bacteria in
AMMONIA / AMMONIUM
(poisonous compound for animals and plants)
under the influence of bacteria of another species is decomposed into
NITRITES, and then on NITRATES
(also poisonous compounds, but less dangerous)
they decompose to
and removed from water by filtering or replacing
If at least one of the components of the cycle does not work, the balance is disturbed. Simply put, poisons accumulate, fish and plants suffer, and harmful microorganisms simply form colonies on such fertile soil!
Excess phosphates and nitrates, which provoke unprecedented growth of harmful algae, improper use of chemicals (for example, non-compliance with the dosage), poorly washed soil (the color of the water becomes whitish or gray) can cause turbidity in the water. If you bought new snags or soil, and after them the water became brownish, you need to add a sorbent to it, and get the newly acquired accessories and soak well. And finally, feeding: if you are overfeeding your fish, be prepared for frequent general cleaning.
Try to reduce the portions, then the bottom of the smaller particles will settle.
How to deal with pollution? – above all, timely cleaning and water change.
Disrupted biological balance can be adjusted with the help of drugs: zeolite, Fluval Zeo-Carb, Aquael ZeoMax Plus, Seta Toxivec, Tetra Bactozym, Tetra Nitrate Minus, Tetra Nitran Minus Perls, Sera Bio Nitrivec and others are powerful sorbents and neutralizers.
Also, living aquarian plants, snails and “orderlies” fish (algae, thoracatum, ancistrus, corridor, hirinohelius, etc.) are partially absorbed by decaying organics.