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White quartz sand for aquarium

For the successful formation of the ecosystem requires a properly selected soil. One of the most popular options for the aquarium is sand. In it live all sorts of microorganisms.

Outwardly, such a substrate looks quite impressive, and therefore improves the decorative characteristics of the reservoir. For maximum convenience in the care of the internal environment of the reservoir, it is recommended to use quartz sand for the aquarium.

Aquarium sand as a substrate has a large number of advantages. But in order to take full advantage of them, it is necessary to become familiar with its characteristics. The main are the following types of sand:

  1. River. It has long been used in aquariums. He is considered perhaps the best option. You can buy it in a specialty store or collect it yourself. In the latter case, two sieves will have to be used. They are required for screening out large particles and debris.
  2. Quartz. It can be obtained by crushing white quartz. Such a substrate has many advantages, in particular – resistance to external influences. This is a neutral material that does not make the water more rigid and neutralizes the harmful components that form in the aquarium. These include manganese and iron oxide.
  3. White aragonite. Formed from fragments of coral and mollusks. It is important to understand that white sand for an aquarium makes the water more rigid, therefore it is impossible to pick it up to fish living in ponds with soft water.
  4. The black. Includes particles of magnetite and hematite. It is the result of the washing out of light rocks. This soil does not change the hardness of the water, which is its advantage.

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A special category is sea sand. It is also called “alive.”

Mining it in the coastal zone, in close proximity to the coral reef.

Sea sand got its own name due to the special method of its extraction. It is immediately packaged, without pre-drying.

Due to this, the microflora is stored in it completely. This soil is best suited for an aquarium with marine inhabitants.

Sand provides natural conditions in the aquarium, does not allow to penetrate deep into the substrate of various kinds of toxins and dirt. It does not form a favorable environment that allows aquarium plants to grow. But still, in order for such a ground to cope with its own functions as much as possible, it is necessary:

  • Pick up the primer with particles having a diameter of one and a half millimeters and more. Smaller ones do not provide enough oxygen. Because of this, the waste is not recycled properly, and the aquarium is contaminated fairly quickly. The grains of sand must be the same in size, otherwise their tracking will begin. Accordingly, hydrogen sulfide and ammonia will form at the bottom.
  • Ground in the aquarium should not affect the liquid in the pond. White quartz sand for the aquarium in this regard is not suitable if the fish are not accustomed to living in water with low rigidity. This is due to the presence of lime in it. When mining sand with your own hands, preference should be given to clean water bodies, where waste and toxic components do not fall. In the sand should not be detected debris and debris.
  • Mined by its hands soil requires careful cleaning, otherwise it is not suitable for laying in a container. Colored sand looks beautiful, but do not get involved. Most of these materials are based on harmless materials, but the yellow and red varieties contain iron oxide. It can have a devastating effect on the fish.

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Sand must be prepared for laying in the aquarium. This is especially important if we are talking about the sea or river form of it, extracted by yourself.

With such a substrate, the likelihood of pathogens entering the fish tank increases.

Even if we are talking about quartz or white sand, bought in a specialized store, it is better to subject it to processing. For a start, take a plastic bucket and pour sand there in portions. The more carefully sand is washed, the better.

Stir it with a spatula or hands.

Continue the procedure until the water becomes transparent. Do not use household chemicals to clean the sand.

The soil is capable of absorbing the active components of such agents, which would make it difficult to get rid of them. If you leave them in the structure of the sand, they will be released over time into the water and harm the health of the fish.

The best way is boiling and roasting.

For the first method, the soil is placed in water and kept on the stove for 15 minutes from the moment of boiling. At the same time it is constantly stirred. For annealing, sand is distributed at the bottom of the dish and left for 30 minutes at a 100-degree temperature.

Then they fall asleep in several layers in the aquarium. The thickness of the sand should be no more than 5 cm.

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Even with the presence of ideal filters for water treatment, it is necessary from time to time to clean the aquarium. Some fish owners claim this is a rather complicated affair. For this purpose it is necessary to purchase a siphon.

It works on the principle of a vacuum cleaner – carries out the water pulling together with the dirt, without affecting the grains of sand.

To work with the siphon requires a bucket, where the liquid is drained. When the volume of the aquarium exceeds 100 liters, it is better to stock up with a long hose and take it directly to the bathroom.

So working with him will be much more comfortable. Algorithm of actions:

  1. In order to siphon sandy soil, pre-settled water is prepared.
  2. Next, connect the cylinder device to the substrate. On some models, you can find a pear that provides traction.
  3. Then they pass along the bottom of the aquarium with care and make sure that it does not take too much water. It is necessary to take so much liquid that it was necessary to change no more than 25% of its volume.
  4. As soon as the cleaning cycle is completed, add a new portion of water to the aquarium. It is not necessary to carry out the procedure around the roots of plants. The fact is that motley garbage is a nutritious feeding for them. In addition, the siphon can easily harm the roots.

Beginners may think that cleaning the soil every week is good, but if the aquarium has just been bought, you should wait a little. It is not necessary during the cleaning of the aquarium to leave the fish inside, besides, some individuals of miniature size can get inside the device.

When buying a siphon, you need to look at the dimensions of the hose. The bigger it is, the faster water will be absorbed.

For small aquariums, devices with high suction capacity will be superfluous. He will not have time to clear, as all the water will be in the bucket.

If the water pressure is excessive, you can adjust it yourself, slightly pressing it. It is enough to siphon sand one time in 2-4 weeks. This period depends on how many fish in the aquarium.

Substrate completely have to change 1 time in 3 years.

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