maintenance, care, compatibility
The raid in the aquarium, on the walls and stones: green, brown, brown, white, mucus in the aquarium!
All types of aquarium plaque.
Green scurf in aquarium,
white bloom in the aquarium
mucus in the aquarium.
This article is devoted to such a problem of “aquarium hygiene,” as plaque on the walls of the aquarium. So:
First of all, Plaque on the aquarium walls or glass is not formed from the good life of the aquarium world – in other words, in your aquarium, something is wrong. And to eliminate any plaque on the walls of the aquarium, you first need to restore balance of aquarium environment. This is achieved by proper and regular cleaning of the aquarium, as well as the use of necessary drugs in case of deviation from the norm.
It should be noted that excessive care: cleaning and changing aquarium water can also lead to adverse consequences. Accurate recommendations regarding this issue are difficult to give, because it all depends on: the volume of your aquarium, the types of fish, plants, the location of the aquarium, etc.
In general, you should follow general guidelines – i.e. recommendations on weekly cleaning of the aquarium and cleaning equipment. I would also recommend you to remember that old aquarium water is always better than fresh water – do not overdo it with cleaning and changing water. Remember the balance of plants and fish, never overload the aquarium, do not make him a hostel.
In your arsenal should always be the primary means of response: aquarium coal, methylene blue or malachite green.
Secondly, all types of raids – “clouding of the aquarium walls”, are caused by various factors or pests. Actually, therefore, all the attacks can be divided into color: on green raids in an aquarium (green-brown), white raids in an aquarium (whitish) or aquarium mucus.
How to deal with them. Simple enough!
Relative to green scale on the walls of the aquarium, which can also be formed and the decorations of the aquarium (artificial plants, stone). This plaque is caused by excessive “water blooming” – the formation of an uncontrolled amount of algae.
This plaque is caused by the lack of care for the aquarium and as a result of an excess of organic matter (ammonia decomposition products).
Remedy: clean the aquarium, replace the aquarium water with fresh water, turn off (do not turn on the backlight), increase the filtration and aeration of the aquarium; in the pet store you can buy tablets from flowering – from algae. I will cite as an example, one of them – TETRA tablets for algae control.
TetraAqua AlgoStop depo – These are soluble pills for controlling algae development. Effectively destroys various algae in freshwater aquariums, including black beard ” and blue-green algae, and also prevents their further growth.
Mode of application: Tablets are placed on the ground in the free flow area. The drug lasts for 6 weeks, after which the tablets are removed from the water.
Tablets contain a complex of substances that are gradually released into the water. The tablet does not dissolve completely, but retains its original shape. After 6 weeks, it ceases to release the active substances and must be removed from the water.
The slow dissolution of the drug in water allows you to use the active substances AlgoStop depot, for a long period of time. With proper use of the drug does not harm aquarium fish and plants.
Dosage:For prevention: 1 tab. on 50 l. water. For the destruction of filamentous algae: 1 tablet per 25 liters of water.
The article on other Tetra algae tablets is here!
The above preparations also cope with other types of algae with brown patina (diatoms), filament (green threads), black villi (black beard).
Aquarium: walls, decorations or equipment covered with white bloom – whitish mucus, what to do?
Quite often, even with proper care of the fish, there is a raid on the walls of the aquarium. There are various reasons causing this phenomenon.
In addition to the fact that the aquarium itself will have to be washed, it will be necessary to try to get rid of the problem causing the plaque itself. Much can be determined by the color of the plaque itself, as well as by the place of its localization.
Important! The appearance of plaque on plants and the walls of the aquarium always indicates a clear disruption of the natural balance in an artificial ecosystem.
To eliminate any type of plaque, it is necessary to return the balance of the aquarium environment.
Such plaque can be formed not only on the walls, but also on plants and stones. Most often it appears due to the fact that water actively blooms, that is, a large amount of algae appears in it.
Most often, the green plaque appears due to the lack of proper regular care of the aquarium.
How to fix: Cleaning is carried out, water is replaced, the backlight is turned off. You can buy in the store special pills from flowering.
This is the kind of bloom in the aquarium that appears exactly on the walls. All because of excessive activity and activity of small parasites: crustaceans, hydras and others.
How to eliminate: Clean the aquarium and change the water. In the store to buy a special drug of small parasites.
Important! White plaque some confused with just clouding.
It is often associated with frequent water changes, and such a plaque itself passes after only a few days, which is not the case with the white formation due to the activity of the parasites.
If you increase the white plaque, you can see a cluster of shapeless lumps resembling worms or slugs. This is a collection of bacteria that eat organic matter, which is always in the ecosystem of the aquarium.
Often, this type of education, if left unchecked for a long time, becomes even black. The appearance of such a plaque indicates too strong or weak lighting, it is likely that the fish were overfed.
It will be problematic to find out a specific problem, but there are ways to get rid of it.
How to fix: Buy cleaner fish. For example, perfectly suited all the fish “suckers” (Antsistrus and others).
They eat such a raid, especially when they are hungry. After a couple of days from the brown formation will not remain a trace.
Get rid of education will help and various means.
Black bloom appears in the form of mucus, often not only on the walls, but also on artificial or living plants. Most often, the mucus says that someone in the aquarium died in a secluded place and the owner did not notice.
It is possible that the plants began to rot.
How to eliminate: Find dead fish and remove it, replace the water, add a little methylene blue.
Important! Exceptionally black bloom often occurs because of the black beard, which could be brought into the aquarium with a live ball or new plants. To eliminate the need to pull out all the decorations, and damaged live plants to throw.
Then in two dozen liters of water to dissolve the pill of the drug “Tetra Algizid.” Put next to the filter.
After a month, repeat the cleaning procedure.
If there is a black or green, white bloom on the walls of the aquarium or on plants, the phenomenon can be eliminated with ordinary cleaning and water replacement. It is also important to buy special preparations and carry out prophylaxis so that in the future the aquarium will be pleased with its purity and freshness.
How to get rid of plaque in the aquarium :: aquarium green raid :: Equipment and accessories
The beautiful water world in your home relaxes, brings variety to the familiar interior of an apartment or office. However, you need to be able to properly care for the aquarium, otherwise the raid can not be avoided.
1. Any plaque on the walls of the aquarium is not just formed. This is a signal to the owner, and not only that the aquarium should be cleaned. This is also an indication that something is wrong in the aquarium.
Perhaps the aquarium is overloaded: there are too many fish and plants of different types. Maybe some residents do not suit the temperature of the environment or they do not get along with their neighbors.
There is an option that the inhabitants of the aquarium simply do not have enough air, therefore decomposition begins somewhere.
2. However, in no case should you overload the aquarium. The fact is that during the habitat of fish and plants in the old water a certain community develops.
Disruption of life in this community leads to stress, and too frequent changes of water and the impact of cleaning products on the aquarium negatively affect its inhabitants. Therefore, it is better to get rid of plaque in the aquarium with additional funds.
3. Carefully check the compatibility and a reasonable amount of aquarium fish and plants. They must have enough food and space to live, otherwise the animals begin to fight for their habitat or food, which can disrupt the atmosphere of their abode.
Be sure to maintain the correct ratio of oxygen, light and heat in the aquarium. For this, it is worthwhile to study separately what fish and what conditions and plants are suitable.
Keep in your aquarium special fish that feed on the remains of vital activity and parasites on the walls.
4. Different means help against a different type of raid. Examine the color of aquarium plaque.
If it is green – it is likely that it is caused by the bloom of water. This could be due to elevated water temperatures or due to the fact that an external infection and parasitic plants are brought into the aquarium.
In this case, it is enough to purchase pills against algae, which cause the flowering of the aquarium, at the pet store.
5. Parasites are not only among plants, but also among animals. Hydra, small crustaceans, evidence, planarian – typical representatives of unwanted aquarium living creatures. They cause white bloom on the walls of the aquarium and on the rocks.
Removed is also quite simple, as are parasitic plants – with the help of the drug, it is usually sold in the form of drops. Before getting rid of any kind of parasites, you must first clean the aquarium and add fresh water to it, and then the preparation. Carefully read the instructions before use.
Anti-parasite products do not harm ordinary fish and plants.
6. If mucus forms in the aquarium, which fish has died and decomposed. It may be a plant. You need to find and pull the source of mucus, and then replace the water.
If you cannot find the source of mucus and pollution of your aquarium, you can take radical measures: to settle the fish and plants, thoroughly dry the aquarium, boil all the ornamental stones and only after a while again try to populate the aquarium with tenants.
Why does white plaque appear on fish and how to treat it
White plaque on the body of the fish most often signals a malfunction of the body. If white plaque is a symptom of a disease, then the fish should be treated immediately.
In no case should you confuse white bloom on the body with the clouding of the body of the fish. Turbidity can be a signal that the fish is in poor quality water, it is not necessarily a sign of infection.
With alkalosis, the skin becomes dull, the fish rush around the reservoir, and mucus is formed on the fish. Appears in pets who are accustomed to water with an acidic environment. Ailment is eliminated by bringing the pH to the required level.
At the pet store you can buy a pH buffer, which will give indicators.
Also, body color may fade from inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. A large amount of mucus appears in the feces, with bloody discharge, the fish loses appetite.
One week the fish are not fed, later transferred to a variety of feeding.
A well-kept aquarium is a true pride of the aquarist and an excellent addition to the interior solution of the room. However, it happens that the aquarium almost captures green plaque.
How to clean the aquarium from this scourge?
The emergence of a similar problem signals an imbalance of the ecosystem. At the same time, plaque can occur in different shades, and have a diverse dislocation.
Before you decide to fight it, it is important to determine the true causes of the settlement of the disease algae in the depths of an artificial reservoir.
If you find a patina of green color in an aquarium, then first of all you should pay attention to caring for it. If you do not clean and change water in time, then sooner or later you will definitely encounter a green tint of water and walls.
This state of affairs can be deadly for the inhabitants.
Measures to clean the aquarium from green algae:
- Reduce the light intensity. Green algae grow favorably with excessive light, so limit the backlight time to 10 hours per day. Avoid direct sunlight, from which the water becomes even greener.
- Daily replacement of 15% water. Of course, this process will take a lot of time, but it is necessary to do so in order to preserve the ecosystem in a neglected aquarium. Water suited for this purpose is suitable for this.
After the algae visually disappeared, it is necessary to take measures to eliminate the source of water infection. The presence of plants will help you protect your body of water from uninvited “guests.” It has been proven that the presence of flora favorably affects the cleanliness of the aquarium and the algae do not settle on the walls, decor, plants and soil.
From this it follows that it is necessary to settle as many plants as possible, which will protect aqua.
It happens that algae go into the active phase even with a large number of plants. This suggests that the flora is in a disgusting state. Most often this means that the plants do not receive the necessary trace elements.
The first nutrient deficiency causes insufficient nutrition. That is why experienced aquarists know how important it is to apply fertilizer to the soil.
Be careful when choosing a fertilizer. Since in the struggle for the popularity of zoological fish, many manufacturers proudly declare the absence of nitrates and phosphates in their products.
Thus, they are trying to convey that they have excluded those products that cause the growth of algae. But, on the other hand, these macronutrients are incredibly important for maintaining harmony in the ecosystem.
Most novice breeders diligently choose phosphate-free products and only make things worse, without knowing it. In fact, nitrates and phosphates are the main food for plants.
If you believe the statistics, then more than 80% of the problems associated with the lack of these elements. Unfortunately, this can only be learned in a critical situation, when plants stop growing, and algae overwhelm all the space, walls, soil and scenery begin to sink in a green patina.
Green plaque that forms on the walls is called xenokakus. Because of it, the walls and decorations are covered with an unpleasant shade.
Xenokocus multiplies under the influence of excess light, so most often this problem occurs in aquariums with excessive lighting. Limit light output to 5 watts per liter of water.
The second most important reason can be considered a lack of oxygen or more jumps in performance during the day. If this is not your first time encountering this problem, then consider buying an H type controller.
However, it is hardly possible to protect oneself from this phenomenon forever, but it is quite realistic to slow down.
Prevention in the appearance of green plaque:
- Oxygen regulation;
- Lighting limit up to 8 hours;
- Decrease light intensity;
- Establishment of snails of theodox, fiz, coils, antsistrusov and otozinclyus
To resort to chemical means to clean the aquarium is not recommended only if the situation becomes threatening to all inhabitants.
Algae in an aquarium, how to get rid of and fight with all their species
An algal flash is a visual indication of a violation (absence) of a biobalance in an aquarium. This is the loss of any link in the balance!
Already with this alga faced all and beginners and pros. It appears from the excess light or the wrong daylight mode. At the same time, plant biomass does not play a role.
It appears in aquariums with lush vegetation, and in the aquarium with “three rastyuchkami.”
Recommendations for combating xenococcus (the correct name is colekheta) are general: reduce, adjust daylight hours, algaecide, mechanical cleaning, fish and shellfish helpers, frequent water changes.
Why do plants in an aquarium acquire an unnatural appearance? If you notice a black or brown-brown coating on them, this is a signal that processes in the reservoir are undermining the ecosystem.
When the plants are covered with black bloom – immediately resort to decisive action to eliminate it.
Black scurf on plants can appear as a result of infection with the so-called “black beard”. This is a dark brown alga, which covers the leaf plates of plants, soil, glass and decorations.
Thin threads of dark shade on plants does not look aesthetically pleasing. Blackbeard can damage the plant, causing it to fade quickly.
The alga is rapidly spreading, and it is hard to fight it. Some chemical means and dimming of the light can give a partial result, but do not eliminate the root of the problem. For the destruction of the beard need to include comprehensive measures.
The first thing to do is regularly update the water, from 10 to 25% of the total volume of the aquarium. There should be no nitrates and phosphates in the water; make measurements with indicators before pouring into the aquarium.
The second procedure, which will help to eliminate black scurf in the aquarium, is to clean the soil from the remnants of food, to clean the dead leaves of plants. Next, you should increase the power of lighting up to 1 W per liter of water, turn on the light for 12 hours.
Additional help will be provided by some species of snails and fish that can clean the aquarium from algae and their livelihoods.
It is important to control the proportions of the feed: if you give the fish more food, then the non-eaten remains will dissolve, the level of ammonia in the water will increase. You can plant in the ground fast-growing plant species that absorb nutrients well.
The first sign that the alga dies off – changing its color to faded. Over time, the affected beard will disappear.
The universal remedy for aquarium black beard is on sale – it is JBL Algol. It in a few days will destroy fouling that formed on the surfaces.
To make the drug in the tank according to the instructions.
It is considered to be completely impossible to remove from the aquarium a dark bloom in the form of a black beard, but there are a number of additional measures that will help reduce its growth. The main thing is not to settle a lot of fish in a close tank. To oppress the beard, you can use the supply of CO2 (carbon dioxide).
In order to avoid infection by this pest, when buying a plant, carefully inspect its stalks and leaves. The slightest swaying of black beard hairs and brushes when moving or submerging in water indicates that it is impossible to buy a plant.
If conservative methods of dealing with black bloom do not help, then serious measures should be taken:
- Transfer the fish to another, previously prepared aquarium.
- Pull out all the plants along with the ground.
- Rinse the soil thoroughly under water, then boil it or calcined in an oven at 300 degrees Celsius.
- The aquarium walls should be washed and wiped with cotton wool dipped in potassium permanganate solution, then washed several times with glass.
- Start the aquarium again, having examined all the plants. Affected areas of the plant can be removed. Or take their uninfected shoots, re-plant in a separate container and grow.
- It is better to plant new and healthy plants in the newly launched aquarium.
See how to get rid of black beard.
There are so-called “biological” ways of dealing with harmful algae.
- Reduce the number of fish in the tank, you can distribute them to different aquariums.
- Turn off filtration and aeration. After that, the remaining organic matter in the water gets on the black beard tassels.
- If snails live in the aquarium, they should be removed immediately. The fact is that on their shells a beard feels fine. Reinfestation of the aquarium may occur. You need to take melang from the aquarium at night, when the snails crawl and sit on the aquarium walls.
- Temporarily do not feed fish with dry feed. During the fight against parasitic alga, do not give your pets even branded feed in the form of flakes or tablets. It is advisable at this time to feed them with live, washed food (bloodworms, pipeworm, pipe worker), or frozen daphnia. Portions should be such that the fish eat them in 3-5 minutes.
Dark bloom on plants and aquarium decorations may appear as a result of the development of brown diatoms. They settle on the walls of the reservoir, on the soil and leaves of plants. Brown algae are harmful because they shade the leaves, as a result of which the nutrition of the plants is disturbed, they do not receive enough light and nutrients.
Brown plaque is embedded in the structure of the plant, which is why it is not so easy to get rid of. Often it is formed in the first months after the launch of a new aquarium, and after a few months it disappears by itself.
There are a number of methods that help in the fight against dark patina.
Watch the video how to deal with brown algae.
- When there is insufficient light, brown algae rapidly multiply. If you pick up the lamp of the correct lighting power (0.5-1 W per liter of water), then they will disappear. Fluorescent and LED lamps can stop the growth of brown plaque. The recommended duration of daylight hours: from 8 to 10 hours, no more. It is better to use lamps with red spectral light.
- Take care of aquarium vegetation. If it is enough in the reservoir, then brown algae will not multiply so rapidly. Higher plants absorb all the organics, and parasitic formations simply do not leave feed. Mangrove plants and kaulepra perfectly cope with this task.
- Proper feeding of fish and clean water affect the growth of brown plaque. Since the brown algae feeds on organic matter, water must be passed through a filter and 10% should be replaced with fresh water during the week. A large amount of organic compounds appears as a result of over-feeding of pets who do not have time to eat portions. Reduce the amount of feed, and clean the soil with a siphon.
- The temperature of the water in the aquarium should be 22-28 ° C, because brown diatoms like cool.