maintenance, care, compatibility
Quite often, novice aquarists in the process of arranging an aquarium think about whether snails are needed in an aquarium. To address this issue, you need to know why they are allowed into the aquarium at all and what is the use of it.
These little inhabitants are able to bring both benefits and damage to your tank. Here, as in the case of drugs, it all depends on the dose.
Snails are natural orderlies. They eat all the remnants of food and dead plants.
In addition, the snails are used to clean the aquarium, they clean off the deposits from the walls and absorb the waste products of fish. There are some types of snails that you can safely use as indicators of the quality of water in an aquarium.
And small snails in the aquarium often serve as a decorative element.
But these creatures breed very quickly, so over time you will have to artificially regulate their population. If too many snails gather in the aquarium, this will lead to a lack of oxygen.
If there is a shortage of food, they will begin to eat the plants, and some species secrete mucus, which will lead to contamination of the aquarium.
To get rid of overgrown snails in several ways. It is enough to manually catch and remove unnecessary individuals. Experienced experts advise a simpler way.
At the bottom of the aquarium, place the saucer with the bait. When the snails gather in it, simply pull out the saucer from the aquarium.
In addition, the pet store will offer you special tools to deal with snails, which will greatly simplify the solution to the problem.
Under natural conditions, the snails eat algae and bacterial growths. In the aquarium snails can eat gray films on the glass, algae leaves. Snails ampullary perfectly scraped from the glasses and plants all plaque.
They can eat and young plants, but this happens very rarely and from lack of food.
As a rule, snails eat dead algae and this helps to maintain water quality at the right level. Ampullaria can eat almost anything that can grind and swallow. Here is the basic list of what snails eat in an aquarium: spinach, cucumbers, carrots, fish food.
Snails can also eat dead fish and their eggs. Food should be quite soft. You can offer them scalded meat or boiled lettuce.
Throw a few pieces of soaked white bread.
For the development and construction of the house snails need calcium. Make sure that the pH of the water does not fall below 7, if it is higher – this is only good. If the water in the aquarium is too soft, you should add crushed marble, limestone.
You can grind sea shells or buy specially designed preparations for this at the pet store. They increase the water hardness in the aquarium.
It happens that the snails in the aquarium appeared suddenly, when you absolutely did not plan to start them. A snail could get in with ground or plants.
If you did not boil the soil before pouring it into the aquarium, then there might well have been a shell with a snail. Often in the aquarium snails appear in the form of eggs on the leaves of algae.
The controlled population of snails does not harm the aquarium, on the contrary, the snails eat the remains of food, clean them of algae, and the ground snails mix and aerate the soil, preventing it from rotting. Many contain interesting snails – ampoules, which are not very demanding and not prone to rapid reproduction.
However, small snails, such as fizy and coils tend to multiply rapidly in favorable conditions, and quickly fill the aquarium, covering the glass, filters, plants.
Usually, snails enter a new aquarium in the form of caviar or adults, which are transferred along with the plants, decor, or when transplanting fish. Check all plants for snails or their calves, or dip plants in a solution that kills them (Hydra-Tox), even the most attentive aquarists live snails. For a balanced aquarium snails do not pose a threat.
Instead of struggling with their penetration into the aquarium, it is better to monitor their number, rapid reproduction means any problems in the aquarium.
The main reason for the excess number of snails in the aquarium is the abundant feeding of fish. Snails devour food debris and multiply in a square progression.
If snails began to disturb you, or rather their number in the aquarium, check if you are overfeeding fish?
Usually the waste accumulates in the ground and serves as a warehouse for snails, so the second task is to siphon the soil and remove the remnants of food. Also, the snails devour algae, and if you do not have antsistrus or similar catfish, you should add them to the jar, creating food competition.
In addition, catfish devour the eggs of snails.
How to get rid of snails in an aquarium: all working methods
Any aquarist with experience over time acquires a twofold attitude to the snails living in his glass houses. On the one hand, they seem to be useful – they eat up the remnants of food, the attackers on the bottom, and (some) clean the glass from aquariums. On the other hand, most types of these glasses get dirty, and sometimes clams multiply so “over and over” that they destroy green plantings, turning a cozy oasis into some kind of watery desert.
The snail melania enjoys a special dislike for fish owners. How to get rid of a creature that breeds with cosmic speed? Moreover, she is also viviparous, so that her young immediately fill up the enemy ranks.
Other species do not differ in such fertility and give time to find a way to get rid of snails in an aquarium. But to deal with this problem has, probably, all owners of the “pools”.
With too much “clogging” of the reservoir will have to find drastic methods, how to get rid of snails in the aquarium. All of them are associated with the risk of losing all the animals in the pool, so that when they are used they will have to plant both fish and animals in another temporary dwelling. The use of electricity seems to be the fastest and without further consequences.
In the settled aquarium, where only snails and water remained, two multi-strand copper wires descend for three minutes from different sides, each of which is connected by a second end to batteries (even 9-volt power is enough). Parasites are dying, and you will only have to wash the aquarium according to plan and return its inhabitants to it.
It is resorted to in many areas of human life – in plant growing, and in cattle breeding, and in everyday life. But you should always remember that the fruits of this science can be dangerous.
There are no objections: chemical methods, how to get rid of snails in an aquarium, are quick and effective, but they can also harm other living organisms that live in it. In particular, most zoos for the destruction of snails contain copper. The labels say that it is harmless to all the other “neighbors”.
However, the same shrimp such means kill no worse than snails. Yes, and they are not useful for fish, so all the living creatures will have to be removed, and the aquarium after treatment should be boiled.
Many fish holders are advised to use saline solutions. They are really intolerable to snails.
But many plants and fish also react badly to salt – you will again have to face the restart of the aquarium.
Of all the existing methods, the launch into the habitat of parasites of their natural enemies remains the most effective, humane and safe. It may take a little longer, but you will not have to either restart the aquarium or risk the health of your pets.
If you are too worried about snails in an aquarium, the fight with snails should be entrusted to those for whom they are prey. Among the fish, the most famous winners of this scourge are macropods – cleaning the aquarium of one hundred liters of snails will take less than a week. Tetradonts will be strong competitors to macropods; however, due to their variety it is better to launch dwarf ones, since the breed is characterized by increased aggressiveness.
Many gourami, cichlids and fighters are also suitable for fighting snails. In order to prevent the excessive population of mollusks from recovering, catfish anticyrus are launched into the glass house: along with the algae growing on the glasses, they eat up snail caviar.
Certain problems arise if you have small and peace-loving pets in an aquarium. The fishes that destroy mollusks are naturally predators.
It often becomes impossible to use them, because getting rid of aquarium snails with the help of natural killers means risking the life (at least health) of the precious fish stock. The same tetradons are aggressive even within their own species.
Yes, and cichlids may well enjoy small neighbors. In this case, the snails with the gentle name Helene will be very helpful.
The main ration of their diet is made up of fellow species. Given that they are moving much faster than usual – after all, hunters – they do not have problems with catching prey. Yes, and lie in wait “in ambush” they also know how.
Having caught the victim, Helena pushes it into the soft part, under the armor, the proboscis with the “mouth” and sucks it out like a cocktail through a straw – only an empty shell remains.
There are restrictions on the activities of these predatory snails. First of all, they do not touch too large individuals (which, on the other hand, is great – ampulyarias will remain intact).
Every little thing they also “too tough” – Helens simply can not stick in their mouthparts. And most importantly – are worth Helena snails expensive.
We’ll have to straighten in the budget to buy yourself a couple.
So, we told how to get rid of snails in an aquarium, all working methods listed and pointed out their advantages and disadvantages. How to choose – you decide!