maintenance, care, compatibility
Aquarium breeding is not difficult, if you do not take very demanding types of fish. There are many nuances that need to know an experienced aquarist, but you still get to them.
And what should a beginner do? You say to yourself: I want an aquarium! Where to begin?
We have prepared for you 10 golden rules that will help you to do everything right in the aquarium from the very beginning. The main thing is not to overfeed the fish. In the new aquarium it is better to feed the fish once a day, but after a while you can increase the quantity, following the rule – a little and often.
Maintaining order in the aquarium seems like a no-brainer. For some reason it is considered that you need to change all the water in the aquarium. But the main things are a partial replacement of water, removing dirt from the ground, removing algae, and cleaning the filter.
All this is enough to do once a week. And for the new aquarium water replacement is not needed!
Only after a few months you need to start regularly changing up to 30% of water.
What to do to breed fish? Where to begin? How to make the first launch of the aquarium at home?
What are the most unpretentious fish? Do I need seashells in the aquarium? What kind of ground to choose?
These and many other questions arise for beginning aquarists when they decide to buy a home aquarium and breed fish. Of course, experienced aquarists already know many secrets and nuances in this difficult hobby of fish. And what should newcomers do in this case?
And in today’s article we will dwell in detail not only on what aquarium for beginners is, but also on what to do in order to create a real work of art at home.
Aquaria – a very delicate matter. If you buy aquariums for beginners, it is best to focus on their equipment and only then think about starting.
After all, everything requires maintenance and care, and the aquarium is no exception to the rules. In the new aquarium, the water needs to be changed not immediately, but only after several months.
And the basic rules for the care of an artificial reservoir – is the replacement of water, but partial. You also need to look for algae.
Do not forget to change the filter, clean the soil. Do not forget to also check the readings of the thermometer.
And remember, you need to disturb the aquatic inhabitants as little as possible. Fish do not like it.
The third rule – conditions for fish: what should they be?
The fourth condition is the right equipment.
The fifth rule – the filter must be washed in the aquarium water
The seventh rule – the launch of a new fish spend slowly!
The tenth rule – aquarism is my hobby!
Basic rules for the selection and arrangement of aquarium for beginners
Starting an aquarium for beginners is always difficult. More precisely, this case seems simple enough. However, mistakes are often made, which then lead to the fact that plants and fish die.
To prevent this, you need to take a responsible approach to launching the aquarium. It is not enough to be guided only by “I want”, you also need to be confident in your “know how”.
In this article we will look at the main stages of creating a proper, beautiful and harmonious underwater world of the house, and also point out useful tips.
Where to begin? Of course, it is important to determine the aquarium. And here you cannot just say: “I want this one”.
The choice must be conscious. Often the rule about the connection of the aquarium and fish for beginners becomes fundamental.
And this rule consists in the following: one centimeter of fish length should account for one liter of water. At first glance it seems that the rule is quite simple.
But an experienced aquarist knows that this rule is not bad for calculating the optimal size of the aquarium, but without reservation it cannot be applied. What are these reservations?
First, the length of an aquarium fish is an indicator by which it is impossible to assess and determine the effect of a fish on a closed aquarium system. For example, some have a round body and, consequently, a greater mass, while having the same length as others, smaller in mass.
So it turns out that a home aquarium can comply with the stated principle, but in fact be overpopulated.
Secondly, the rule does not take into account such a characteristic as the surface area of the water in the aquarium. But it is the square that is the real deterrent.
Aquarium residents need oxygen, they emit carbon dioxide while breathing. The amount of oxygen dissolved in water largely determines how many fish can live in it, fully developing. Oxygen comes from the air, carbon dioxide, on the contrary, goes into the air.
From this we can conclude: the larger the surface area of the aquarium, the more intense the replacement of carbon dioxide with oxygen.
Thus, to choose the size of the aquarium, you need to pay attention not only to the length of the body of the fish, but also their weight, the surface area of the aquarium. The following rule is taken into account: one centimeter of the body of a fish, not taking into account the tail, must have at least 12 square centimeters of area.
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Once we have indicated that the most important thing to start with is an aquarium, then we will determine its shape in order to make the choice easier. What are the forms? So:
- usual sizes – used for various small fishes;
- elongated in height – designed to observe the inhabitants of the aquarium. They have a large height, which provides a fairly large area of the front glass. At the same time, such aquariums have a small width.
- elongated – perfect for small schooling fish.
In turn, elongated aquariums or elongated in length can be, for example, hexagonal or even octagonal. If you are going to choose an aquarium of a specific shape, you need to remember that a hexagonal aquarium has a smaller surface area than a regular one.
In general, you should not stop the choice on too wide or narrow aquariums. This ratio does not fit any fish for a comfortable stay.
The choice between beauty and convenience for fish, of course, is yours.
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Another component that is needed to provide proper care. There is no error here; not only oxygen is important, but also a certain amount of carbon dioxide. It is needed for plant growth in the daytime.
Particularly, the role of carbon dioxide saturation systems increases in those aquariums where few fish live. However, novice aquarists do not need to install this system, and if installed, after the biological balance is formed in the aquarium, the plants will start to grow gradually.
It should consist of small pebbles, whose diameter ranges from 0.5 to 0.8 centimeters. But this is a very general rule: this kind of soil will suit most, but not all plants will accept it. Before you put the purchased soil in the home aquarium, you need to boil it.
Such care for the soil will exclude the possibility of harmful microorganisms and bacteria entering the aquarium.
Soil needs to be mixed with starting fertilizer in the ratio 2/3. The procedure is as follows: the ground is laid on the bottom of the aquarium, then the fertilizer is placed.
The soil layer can and should even be made uneven: the front glass is smaller – 4 cm, the rear glass – 8 cm.
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Deciding what kind of fish to start first in your tank can be sudden, and can be thought out. Unfortunately, novice aquarists are often guided by the very first impulse, completely without understanding the fish. And then, instead of joy and pleasure, they get a headache and problems.
You need to choose the fish wisely, because their life and your comfort depend on your choice. Before you go to the store or to the market, study all the available information about the fish that you liked.
What kind of fish is not worth buying for beginners, we have considered here. And the top 10 unusual fish here.
And in order to make it easier for you to navigate, we have compiled a list of the best aquarium fish for beginners and briefly described them. All of them are distinguished by unpretentiousness, tolerance to conditions in an aquarium, peaceful nature, livableness and modest size.
We hope that it will help make your choice easier!
Of course, this is an incomplete list, and after thinking it can be increased significantly. But the task was to acquaint beginner aquarists.
Beginners, I recommend first to learn all about the fish that you liked, and choose first of all hardy, easy-care, and peaceful fish that get along well with others in the general aquarium.
And experienced ask for your thoughts about the fish, which they consider simple, in the comments below. I am sure many beginners will thank you for it.
This is one of the most unusual fish that even an inexperienced aquarist can see.
Related to the vines, it resembles a small snake. But it is completely harmless, and quite durable.
Acantoftalmus often hides during the day, and in order for him to feel comfortable he needs shelter and soft soil in which he likes to dig. In soft ground, he is able to find and dig a buried moth, not to mention other feed.
If there is sand in the aquarium, it will be buried in it with pleasure. So it helps to keep the aquarium clean, eating everything that falls to the bottom.
You can feed him with any sinking feed, but additionally pour feed for catfish, better at night. Can escape from the aquarium, you need to cover it.
The readers said that in the sand they could dig in stones, but I had never met with such a thing, mine definitely did not undermine anything.
1. aquarium + pedestal 600l, with a convex front glass (color of wenge) 700 cu
2. Delivery 30 cu
3. Filter JBL Crystal Profi 1501e $ 250
4. Compressor Sera Air 550r plus 42 USD
5. Spray Tablet (10cm) * 2 pcs. = 20u.e.
6. Sprayer flexible (100cm) 14 USD
7. Internal volumetric background (50 * 65) * 3 pcs. = 142 USD
8. Ground of different fraction (black) * 60 kg. = 100 cu
9. Bottom soil Tetra Plant Complete Substrate (100 -120l bucket) * 5 pcs. = 73 cu
10. Soil top dressing for plants Tetra Plant Intial Sticks (300ml. Jar) * 2 = 14 cu
11. Means for reducing nitrates Tetra nitrat minus pearl (90 l. Jar) * 7 = 32 cu
12. Aqua safe water conditioner (500ml) – 6 cu
13. Snag XL – 60 USD
14. Snag XXL – 84 USD
15. Stone (decor) from 8 to 23 USD * 14pcs. = 150-200 cu
(I already had them, I bought a couple of pieces and that’s it)
16. Siphon for soil cleaning 45 cu
17. Thermometer 8 cu
Plants in the range (about 15 positions) about 70 USD
TOTAL: 1890 USD
Do not rush to immediately plant the fish, let the aquarium “insist”, and
plants to take root. It is best to run the fish, somewhere on the 4-9 day.
Do not plant a lot of fish at once, it is better to run them in batches with a break
between replanting 4-5 days.
Home for your fish is ready. If you do everything right, measured and with the soul,
then in the future the aquarium will bring you only a lot of pleasant
Good luck and success!
the author of the article – Jan Terekhov,
for the provided material and cooperation! Video on the launch of the aquarium
What you need for the aquarium, what to consider when choosing it and what kind of fish to have?
WHAT IS NECESSARY FOR THE AQUARIUM,
What to consider when choosing an aquarium and what kind of fish to have?
Tips for novice aquarists
A well-kept and beautiful aquarium is not only beautiful, but also cozy. Colored fish, which are measured in it swim, fascinate the eye and calm.
But before you choose an aquarium, be sure to calculate its size and choose the fish that live without problems together.
Now aquariums sell for every taste: square, rectangular, round. Volumes are also different – from 10 liters to one and a half tons.
The most popular – from 30 to 100 liters. They are not only convenient, they can be placed anywhere in an apartment or house, they do not require thorough care and expensive equipment.
What you need to consider when choosing an aquarium?
– In large aquariums, water is less often polluted than in small ones.
– Its size should correspond to the size of the fish and their number. The more fish there will inhabit the aquarium, the greater the aquarium should be.
– The shape of the aquarium should be convenient for you, so that it is easy to care for (change water, clean). Therefore, from the bizarre forms of the aquarium is better to refuse.
What should I think about when buying an aquarium?
Most aquarists do not just launch fish into an aquarium, but decorate it with algae, sculptures, grottoes, stones and aquarium soil. The latter is not mandatory if there are no live plants in the aquarium.
Aquarium soil is gravel, marble crumb, sea pebbles, laterite, clay mixed with sand and gravel, etc. When buying soil, please note that the soil layer must be at least 5 centimeters in order for the roots of aquarium plants to gain a foothold.
It is desirable that the soil was without sharp edges.
For most fish, it is imperative to install a filter and aeration in the aquarium, which will pump the air and clean it.
Who gets along with whom, and who should not be settled together?
Aquarium fish, as in nature, are divided into peaceful and predators. Therefore, before the acquisition must take into account this nuance. For example, cichlids, African, piranhas are predatory fish.
But nevertheless the majority of fresh-water aquarium fishes are peaceful, they perfectly coexist in one aquarium. Only some of them require individual space.
In particular, the bar of Sumatra can not be kept together with guppies or cockerels. They barb can nibble on the fins.
It is also very important to consider the size of the fish. Even a peaceful, but big-sized fish can eat its little neighbor.
So do goldfish, which eat everything that they put in their mouths.
Aquarium fish are divided into viviparous and those that lay eggs.
Viviparsing fish breed in an artificial reservoir much faster and easier. For example, guppies, swordtails, ameca, petsilia often give birth to many fry.
But the female should be removed from other fish in time, or the young fish should be quickly removed from the aquarium until other fish have eaten them.
In fish that lay their eggs, everything is much more complicated. For this process, they require a special temperature and power. Most often, if people are engaged in fish unprofessionally, the latter do not lay eggs in the aquarium.
In general, each fish lays its eggs in different ways and cares for its offspring. Some females, such as cichlids, carry eggs in their mouths.
In nature, during this period (2-3 weeks) they do not eat anything. If the female is fertilized in an aquarium, then it is better to pull the eggs out of her mouth and put them into another container, otherwise the fish will die of starvation.
Some fish lay their eggs on the surface of the water, making a nest of foam.
With that said, answering the question of what kind of fish to start with, for starters, start my advice with a viviparous, and then we’ll see. Of course, this advice is not a dogma, but in any case, before you buy fish, study all the information about it – conditions of detention, water parameters, and compatibility.
And then you start and buy.
How to care for the aquarium?
Caring for an aquarium is not only its timely cleaning, but also the use of the correct feed.
one. It is advisable not to feed the fish with live moths, as it is possible to bring an infection into the aquarium.
The alternative is frozen bloodworm or dry. It is better to feed the fish twice a day and in any case not to overfeed.
Excess feed decomposes and quickly spoils the water.
2 It is necessary to clean the aquarium once in 7-10 days.
The frequency of cleaning depends on the size of the aquarium, the number of fish, plants, equipment, etc.
3 During cleaning, clean the filters.
four. In no case do not drain all the aquarium water. It is worth pouring only 1/3 of the liquid.
If you drain all the water, the biobalance that exists in the aquarium will be disturbed.
five. Wipe bloom from the walls of the aquarium, and then add fresh water.
If necessary, add preparations to soften and purify water.
Tap water for aquarium is better not to use. It contains chlorine and heavy metals, which can be deadly to fish.
Therefore, you need to clean the impurities with special conditioners.
Diseases of aquarium fish.
The most common disease among fish is ichthyoftoriosis. People call this disease “semolina”. The body of the fish is covered with white small grains.
The fish can be cured, the main thing is to do it in time. There are special preparations for ichthyoftoriosis, which are poured into the aquarium.
At the same time it is necessary to remove filters from the aquarium.
TIP: Do not breed fish with frogs and turtles in the same aquarium. The latter are predators, so they can eat fish. In addition, the conditions of detention are different.
So, for most fish a comfortable temperature of 24-26 degrees. For turtles – 28.
Prices for the most common types of fish (young):