maintenance, care, compatibility
This parameter depends on the temperature, plants and fish. Aeration allows you to control oxygen in the house of marine or freshwater inhabitants who fall into the conditions of the apartment.
Manufacturers offer special devices, pleasing efficiency with respect to the flow of oxygen into the aquarium.
In addition, cleaning filters with pre-installed compressors can be used. Being engaged in the full control of water, there is an opportunity to guarantee the successful livelihoods of fish.
Without fail, any indicator related to water should change gradually and without abrupt changes. Responsible approach and taking into account the numerous nuances allows you to bring the conditions in the aquarium to the natural environment.
What kind of water to pour into the aquarium. What water is needed for an aquarium
Novice aquarists do not always understand what kind of water to pour into the aquarium. Let’s understand the composition of the water.
Water varies in acid content in it. PH is an indicator of the level of acid.
Acidity has a significant effect on biological processes in the aquarium. Water consists of acid and alkaline ions, the number of which determines the measure of acidity.
If they are in equal shares, then the water is considered neutral. In this case, the pH equals 7. If the figure is lower, this is evidence of acidic water, if higher – alkaline.
For the successful development of fish and plants in the aquarium should be normal water.
One of the parameters of water is its hardness, which affects the possibility of keeping fish in water and depending on the amount of calcium in it. Stiffness can be temporary and permanent.
Constant hardness is observed in water after boiling. The rigidity value for aquatic inhabitants may differ from the value in natural water bodies.
For the maintenance of fish, it is important to maintain a certain rigidity in the aquarium and take into account the fact that calcium is gradually absorbed by plants and fish, while the rigidity decreases. You can increase it by adding chalk, shells, limestone, as well as soda and magnesium chloride to the aquarium.
In the development of fish plays no small role light exposure. Duration of daylight hours is necessary for them from 8 to 10 hours a day. Light can be natural, artificial and mixed.
Near the window the aquarium will receive natural light. In the fall and winter, it is desirable to use mixed lighting.
Artificial lighting is used to a greater extent when breeding fish.
Also on the body of aquatic inhabitants affects the water temperature. Moreover, each type of fish requires a certain temperature limit for normal life.
Therefore, acquiring this or that fish, it is necessary to find out at what temperature it lived in the same place.
After the first aquarium has been bought, the question arises: what kind of water can be poured into it so that its inhabitants feel comfortable? People who have never had an aquarium might think that the best option is a well, lake or river, but this is far from being the case.
Experienced aquarists know that the water in such bodies of water is complex in its composition, both chemical and bacteriological. To clean it of all harmful substances, you will have to understand its composition for a long time, clean it, and when changing water every time they analyze it.
If you decide to fill the aquarium with well water – it means that you do not know that it has a low pH, so it is not suitable for the life of fish and plants in the aquarium. Thus, there is only one way out – use running water.
Where to get water for the aquarium? All aquarists use water from the water supply, that is, from the tap. But in order not to risk, its composition can be clarified in the information department of the water supply station.
They will provide information on pH, hardness, chlorine and nitrate levels. High concentrations of chlorine in water (more than 1 mg / l) can lead to fish death, and a dose of 0.25 mg / l is considered to be the limit.
In not settled flow water of chlorine is not more than 0.3 mg / l.
However, to avoid problems, before you pour running water into the aquarium, you must first clean it. In no case do not pour water from the tap into the aquarium without preliminary treatment in the spring, during the flood period – at this time the amount of chlorine increases significantly.
If you need to quickly get rid of chlorine in water, use a dechlorinator, a chemical that reacts with chlorine when it enters the water, resulting in a slightly toxic substance. What water to pour into the aquarium?
Any aquarist will tell you that it should be running water from the tap, pre-purified from chlorine.
If you do not want to use chemicals, then tap water from the tap into a container with a wide neck – it is better if it is a basin or a small bath. Leave it to stand for a few days. For a new aquarium, water should be prepared in a few weeks.
As soon as this time has passed, and the chlorine has eroded, it is poured into the aquarium, plants are planted after three days, and a week later the fish are fired.
Before you pour water into the aquarium, make sure that it does not contain harmful substances!
When the aquarium is already installed, it is filled with water and fish are running into it, it is very difficult and problematic to rearrange it. Therefore, it must be properly installed from the start. Make sure that the place and stand where you are going to put it – will hold the weight of the aquarium, do not forget, the mass can reach large values.
Be sure to check the distortions using the level, even if you think that everything is smooth. Do not place the aquarium so that the edges hang from the stand. It is fraught with the fact that it just crumbles.
The aquarium should stand on a stand all the bottom surface.
Glue the background before installing the aquarium; the easiest way to do this is to put a thin layer of glycerin on the background. Glycerin is sold in a pharmacy.
Do not forget that the aquarium should be free space for maintenance and pipe filter. Finally, when the place is chosen and it is reliable, do not forget the substrate under the aquarium, which will smooth out the irregularities and help to more evenly distribute the load on the bottom of the aquarium.
As a rule, it comes complete with an aquarium, do not forget to check with the seller.
Running aquarium – a detailed video in several parts:
All soils, except the original in the package, must be thoroughly cleaned before they sleep in the aquarium. A large amount of fine dirt and debris is present in all soils, and if you do not rinse it, you will seriously clog the water. The process of washing the soil is long and dirty, but extremely necessary.
The easiest method is to wash a small amount of soil under running water. Strong water pressure will wash all the light elements and leave the ground almost intact. You can also just pour a small amount of soil into a bucket and put it under the tap, while forgetting about it for a while.
When you return it will be clean.
Laying the soil can be uneven, it is best to place the soil at an angle. The front window has a smaller layer, the rear one has a larger one.
This creates a better look at the review and makes it easier to clean up the garbage that accumulates near the front glass.
Soil thickness is important if you are going to plant live plants, and should be at least 5-8 cm.
Before pouring water in, check if the aquarium is level. This can be done with a building level.
Distortion can increase the wrong load on the walls, and it just does not look aesthetically pleasing
The second part of the launch:
Then it’s time to fill the jar, usually with tap water. Just let it drip slightly to avoid debris and stagnant water.
If possible, fill slowly, trying not to blur the soil, it is better to use a hose for this. Even well washed soil will give dregs the first time. You can simply put a plate on the bottom and direct the flow of water to it, the water will not erode the soil and the turbidity will be minimal.
Filling the aquarium should be to the top, but leave a few centimeters underfilling. Do not forget, the plants and scenery will take the same place.
After the aquarium is filled, add a special conditioner to the water, it will help to quickly remove chlorine and other elements from the water.
You can add water from the old aquarium (if you already have one), but only after the fresh water in the aquarium warms up. You can also put a filter from the old aquarium.
The third video about the launch:
After the aquarium is full, you can proceed to the installation and testing of equipment. The heater should be installed in a place with a good flow, for example, near the filter. So the water will warm up more evenly.
Do not forget that the heater must be completely submerged under water! Modern heaters are sealed, they work completely under water.
Do not try to bury it in the ground, or the heater will break or the bottom of the aquarium will crack! Set the temperature to about 24-25 ° C, as it warms up, check with a thermometer. Unfortunately, heaters can give a difference of 2-3 degrees.
Most of them have a light bulb that lights up in the process of work, you can understand from it when it is on.
Internal filter – if the filter does not need aeration (for example, there is a compressor), then it should be placed on the very bottom, since all the dirt accumulates there. If you sculpt it in 10-20 cm above the ground, then there will be no sense from it, and the whole bottom will be littered with garbage. The closer to the surface, the better the aeration, if needed.
So the filter mounting is the choice of the optimal depth – it is necessary that it be as low as possible, but at the same time, aeration works … And this is already determined by experience. But it is better to read the instructions for the model that you purchased.
When you turn on the filter for the first time, air will come out of it, perhaps even more than once. Do not worry, it will take several hours before all the air is cleaned with water.
External filter is a little more difficult to connect, but again – read the instructions. Be sure to place the pipes for intake and discharge of water in different ends of the aquarium.
This will eliminate dead spots, places where the water in the aquarium stagnates. It is better to place water intake near the bottom, and do not forget to put a protection on it – a prefilter, so that fish or large debris do not accidentally suck in. External filter must be filled before work.
That is, before being included in the network, it is filled with water using a manual pump. I’ll tell you that on some models it is not so easy, I had to suffer. As in the internal filter, in the external one there is air that will be released with time.
But at first, the filter can work quite loudly, do not be afraid. If you want to speed up the process, gently tilt the filter at different angles or shake slightly.
When can I run the fish in a new aquarium? After the water is filled, the décor is installed, and the equipment is connected, wait 2-3 days (4-5 is even better) before planting the fish.
During this time, the water warms up, cleared. You make sure that the equipment works as it should, the temperature is stable and what you need, the dangerous elements (chlorine) have evaporated.
AquaSafe for water.
At this time, it is good to add special preparations to facilitate the establishment of balance in the aquarium. These are liquids or powders that contain beneficial bacteria that live in the soil and filter, and purify water from harmful substances.
Plants can be planted a little faster, before planting the fish, but not before the water warms up to 24 C. Plant the plants, wait a couple of days until the raised dregs settle and launch your new pets.