maintenance, care, compatibility
Many people who decide to start an aquarium want to know all the details about keeping fish, choosing plants and caring for water. But the first dilemma faced by an inexperienced aquarist is how much water should be poured into the aquarium?
There are a number of requirements for water quality and several ways to clean it, which will help to achieve the desired consistency.
There is no absolutely pure water in the world, it is mined in laboratories using step-by-step distillation. Water from a water supply system or natural source always contains impurities of various substances that play an important role in the ecosystem. Considering that many modern people keep fish at home, everyone wants to use the highest quality water for them.
But what should be the water so that it can fill the home aquarium?
Since the springs have increased hardness, can it be better to pour soft water into the tank – rainwater or distilled water? Again, not always – just mixing it with the plumbing. There are fish that love the environment with softened water, but many freshwater species still prefer medium, neutral water.
Such water flows in domestic rivers and lakes – you can pour it purified into the aquarium, filling it with not all the space.
Watch the video on how to change the water in the aquarium.
What habitat most love aquarium fish
Water that must be prepared for not very capricious ornamental fish requires preliminary preparation. In the general aquarium it is necessary to fill in soft (sometimes medium hard) pH-neutral water. This can be plain tap water.
In it, live-off and viviparous fish, which perfectly adapt to different conditions, take root well.
See how to change the water and care for the aquarium.
The degree of hardness can be measured using litmus paper, the temperature of the water – with a thermometer. Water of high degree of hardness is recommended to be mixed with soft rainwater (filtered) or distilled.
Also, water from clean, melting snow or ice. The listed types of water can be collected in a clean container only after prolonged precipitation; it is enough to pour 30% soft water into infused water from the tap.
Water from the tap can not be poured immediately. It is better to pour it into a glass, and see if the glass is covered with bubbles, whether a strong smell will emanate.
Such water is saturated with compounds of gases that fell into it during filtration at the treatment plant. Having let the fish in such a liquid, the pet’s body will instantly become covered with bubbles, which will penetrate into the gills and internal organs. As a result, the fish will die.
In addition to gas, chlorine is added to water for disinfection, it will also poison living beings.
To get rid of gases, tap water can be poured into glass containers, and let it settle there for several days (2-3 days). There is another quick way: pour water into enameled ware, bring it to the stove to 60 or 80 degrees, set aside and cool.
Boiled water is harmful – it leaves on the walls of dishes scale calcium carbonate and magnesium. Boiled water can be poured into spawning, but in extreme cases.
To fill the entire area of the aquarium with boiled water will take a long time. Another nuance – boiled water kills all the useful microflora.
If you do not have water supply (this occurs in our time), you should go to a clean river or lake (where there are no signs “No swimming!”, Etc.), and take water from there. If it is clean, river fishes (perch, bream, roach) really live and flourish in it, there is a water grid plant, which is a good sign.
To destroy parasites, such water is heated in an enamel pot to 80-90 degrees, but not to make boiled water out of it. The parameters it will be different from the liquid from the tap, so think about whether to take such a risk.
You can go to another house, and get running water there.
In addition to thawed, spring, rain and distilled water, it is advisable to pour 30% of the water from the old aquarium to the infused liquid from the tap. If he was kept safely, the fish and plants did not hurt there, the water in him was not muddy – this is a find.
In the old (residential) aquarium water, whether it has been poured from a tap for a long time, there are many useful microbacteria that will create in the new dwelling the natural biological environment. In a residential aquarium environment contains a number of organic impurities that are very useful for the aquatic environment.
They make the water more acidic, do not allow the putrefactive and pathogenic bacteria to multiply. If high-quality and proven water is poured into the tank, all its inhabitants can be healthy.
Normal tap water for aquarium is not suitable. It needs to be prepared. Thus, the preparation of water begins with a banal sedimentation.
To begin with, it is necessary to pour water into any container with the help of a shower. In this case, the shower will help get rid of a certain amount of harmful substances that are contained in tap water, and may not have the best effect on the health of the fish. Using a shower also makes it possible to understand whether it is worthwhile to use tap water on a certain day to fill the aquarium, or it is better to postpone this event to another time.
The fact is that with the use of the shower, it is possible to determine whether the chlorine content in the water is exceeded on any given day. It is no secret that every day in tap water contains a completely different amount of impurities. As a rule, it depends on the season, weather conditions, etc.
If you feel a strong smell of chlorine, then this water for the aquarium is better not to use or use after treatment with special dechlorinating agents. AQUAYER AntiToxin Vita makes water safe for fish by eliminating chlorine even in high concentrations.
The use of tap water to fill the aquarium is also due to the fact that it has the acidity necessary for the normal development of fish and plants (PH = 7). This is an active reaction characterizing the alkaline and acidic environment of water.
This reaction is determined using paper indicators that can be purchased at any pet store.
If the PH level is lowered, you can use regular soda to increase it. To lower the PH used peat, not collected on a hill.
Distilled water can be used to fill the aquarium. You can buy it in an ordinary pharmacy. However, this method of filling the aquarium is suitable only if the aquarium is small.
Many experts still do not recommend the use of distilled water, because it lacks minerals that are useful for the abodes of the aquarium.
There is also an option to use water from another aquarium (if there is one), in which biological balance has already been established for the favorable living of the fish.
Water temperature for the aquarium plays a crucial role. It depends on the health and ability of fish to breed. For each species of fish, a completely different water temperature is suitable.
Conventionally, all the inhabitants of the aquarium can be divided into heat-loving and cold-loving.
By heat-loving include fish living in the water, the temperature of which is not below 18 degrees. Cold fishes are individuals that easily adapt to low temperatures.
They can safely live in the aquarium, the temperature in which, will not exceed 14 degrees. The maintenance of cold-loving fish is possible only in large and spacious aquariums.
It is noteworthy that if the heat-loving fish are planted in cold water, then they practically stop swimming. This suggests that significant damage has been done to their health.
Preparing water for the aquarium, you should use the tips for beginners, which can be found in the special literature. So, it is possible to choose the optimum temperature for water only after it becomes known exactly which species of fish will live in it. The thing is that in the literature for each type of fish is given the permissible threshold of the highest and lowest temperatures at which the fish will feel comfortable.
In accordance with these parameters, you can choose the future inhabitants of the aquarium so that they all feel comfortable in the same temperature conditions. This will avoid a huge number of problems associated with the maintenance and care of the fish.
How to make the water prepared for the aquarium was not too hard?
When preparing the water for the aquarium, you need to ensure that it is not too hard. There are various ways to reduce stiffness.
So, before you prepare the water, it can be filtered, and only then can it be defended. Defend water for about two days. Also, the settled tap water can be mixed with distilled before adding to the aquarium.
Sometimes it is recommended to add thawed or rainwater to the aquarium.
Stiffness can be reduced with the help of plants. For example, this effect has a rodent leaf and elagia.
Reduce stiffness can be using the procedure of freezing. So, preparing the water for the aquarium, you first need to freeze it, and then thawed and settled can be poured into the tank.
Make water softer can be using ordinary boiling. For an aquarium, water is boiled only in an enamel pot.
After boiling, you need to pour out the top layer of water (1/3).
Some aquarists are interested in the question of how to prepare the water, which, on the contrary, is too soft. In this case, water can be mixed with tougher. In this case, suitable ordinary water from the tap.
You can also add a few pieces of chalk or limestone to the aquarium. If rapans are added to the aquarium, the rigidity will also increase. You can also use coral chips for this purpose.
However, it must be boiled beforehand (the cooking time is at least 2 hours).
After the water has passed all the stages of preparation, it can be poured into the aquarium. However, the fish can run into it only the next day.
The temperature of the water in the aquarium and the vessel in which the fish stayed, should be the same.
Preparation of water for the aquarium is an important step in creating comfortable conditions for the life and reproduction of fish. Therefore, to neglect this stage is not worth it.
Otherwise, the fish simply will not take root and will die in the first few days after settling in the aquarium.