maintenance, care, compatibility
In addition to external beauty, for certain species of fish, stones for an aquarium are an indispensable element of the surrounding world and the ecosystem, contributing to their survival and reproduction. They are also needed to regulate water quality.
Having a minimum set of knowledge about aquarium stones will allow you to choose the right stones for the aquarium.
Find stones for aquariums can be anywhere. In general, this is not such a difficult task, but whether they suit you or not, this is perhaps the most difficult question. Under current conditions, they can be bought at a pet store, which is not difficult, but this method is often ignored by experienced aquarists.
Independent search for fillers for an aquarium brings much more positive emotions and allows you to abandon the established design stereotypes, adding something special, unusual and unique to the design.
When self-searching for stones for aquariums, it is advisable to pay attention to the following places:
- sea and river bank;
- quarries for the extraction of building stone, such as marble, granite and their varieties;
- surroundings of volcanoes.
For ease of understanding, stones for an aquarium are conventionally divided into two types – artificial and natural. Natural stones, in addition, are also divided into several types – of natural origin and processed.
Consider each view separately, as well as their main advantages and disadvantages.
Artificial stones for an aquarium can generally be used to impart a complete aesthetic appearance and are usually made of safe, non-toxic plastics. The external form of such stones is very diverse, from ordinary glass of various shapes and colors to night-glowing stones and fanciful elements of rocks. The price of such stones varies depending on the complexity of manufacturing and similarity with natural stones.
Despite the safety of the material, the instruction on the rules of handling and their preparation before installation goes to artificial stones, as a rule.
Natural processed stones for aquariums are found mainly as finished compositions of natural stones in the form of underwater caves, rocks, or as a finished stone appliqué. As an element of design, in addition to stone processing, it is often found that it is painted and glued. Despite its visual appeal, being made not from suitable materials, such stones in the aquarium can quickly fall apart and harm the fish.
High-quality machined stones will cost accordingly.
Natural stones are the most practical and cheap material for decoration of aquariums. However, not all stones can approach your fish, due to the fact that some of them can release certain substances into the water that change the level of hardness and alkalinity of the water.
They are neutral to water (they do not emit any substances in water) and can safely apply stones such as:
- gray sandstone (not to be confused with porous white sandstone);
- quartz and quartenites.
Increase water hardness stones from:
- some types of tuff;
- seashells and coquina;
Increase the alkalinity of water stones from:
- calcareous tuff;
- porous white sandstone (increases water hardness).
In addition to the above, pebbles are often found on sale. These are natural round stones, the edges of which are ground by water.
They come from completely different materials and, as a result, can have different effects on water.
Lava is also neutral with respect to water. Compared to other stones, it is significantly lighter, and its bizarre forms will undoubtedly add originality to the water landscape.
However, it is not very popular mainly due to its high cost.
Sea stones look the most interesting, however, you can only put them in the inside after special treatment.
A separate type of stones for decoration of aquariums emit live stones. They represent a small part of coral, obtained as a result of collecting in the sea.
In most cases, they are suitable only for marine fish, as they are part of the marine ecosystem.
Despite the relatively high price, the presence of live stones in the aquarium justifies itself with interest. Being beautiful and safe for the inhabitants of the aquarium, they contain plankton and produce special nutrients.
Coral can also be used as a living natural filter for an aquarium, which constantly pumping water through it will purify it.
When choosing a living stone, it is better to give preference to stones with a developed relief, a large number of dimples and cavities. Such specimens will not only look profitable, but also give the fish additional shelter.
How to choose and check the stones before putting them in the aquarium?
It is difficult to imagine the beautiful, rich underwater world of an aquarium without the presence of stones in it. This decor item not only serves as an ornament, but is also an excellent shelter for fishes and a place for their spawning.
Also stones for an aquarium serve as fastening for different types of plants, hide technical devices, hold additional elements of a decor – terraces, towers, etc. There are a lot of types of decorative stones for an aquarium, but not every cobblestone can be put into your home pond.
Stones from granite, basalt, gneiss, porphyry, granite, quartzite and other primary rocks are suitable for decoration. Sedimentary rocks, such as shell rock, limestone, are very soluble in water and increase its rigidity, thereby causing harm to aquatic inhabitants.
Natural stones for aquarium, as a rule, have a flat shape, it is not recommended to use polished, processed stones, they look unnatural in the aquarium, and it is also not advisable to put shale – they have sharp edges, which fish can injure.
Well suited and sea stones for the aquarium, such as: sea pebbles, cave sandstone. Very useful are “live stones”, harvested on coral reefs. Thanks to them, biological filtration in the aquarium is accelerated, the fish color improves, the mortality of organisms decreases.
And this is a very original piece.
Quite often, artificial stones for an aquarium are used as a decor. They are completely safe and have a wide variety of colors, shapes, properties, and perfectly imitate natural ones.
For best effect, large stones should be placed in the background, medium ones in the center, and small ones in front. Putting stones should be close to the walls so that the fish are not stuck in the openings.
All large stone structures are placed on the very bottom of the aquarium, so that they do not fall under the ground. The stones that make up the caves set on each other, providing them with stability.
Putting stones in an aquarium is necessary before water is poured into it. So you can avoid the displacement of the soil and, consequently, the devastation of the whole structure.
If the stones are small, for example: glowing stones for an aquarium, pebbles, gneiss, they can be put directly on the ground, however, in an aquarium where fish like to create shelters under the stones, this is not recommended.
Making an aquarium with different types of stones is always beautiful, natural and as close as possible to nature.
Stones in the design and design of an aquarium with a photo arrangement example
As a rule, in pet stores there are no necessary, worthy stones, there is no necessary amount. Selling stones through online shopping is also not an option, as the weight of the stones makes the parcel priceless, and a cat in a bag can come.
Therefore, almost always, aquarium stones are located independently: in forests, mountains, on old volcanoes or at a rocky seashore. For example, in my aquarium composition, I used the Crimean diabase, which I collected near Alupka.
Collect stones, you need to wisely! No need to take everything, always in your head you need to submit your stone hardscape and starting from this, take, examine and collect the most appropriate stones.
At the same time, you need to collect stones in reserve, as not all the collected stones fit perfectly into the composition. For example, I collected a Kamenuk twice as much as I needed … at the same time, then when building an aquarium composition I suffered from a lack of a “stone palette”.
So, we collected a heap of stones, brought them home, checked them for vinegar, what next? And then wash them!
We take a brush, and if the stone is not porous, then any detergent … and begin to wash them under running water. After, once again everything is thoroughly washed off. The stone is ready for laying in the aquarium.
Additionally, for safety, you can boil the stone for 30 minutes.
Basics of building aquarium composition with stones
Video: Takashi Amano’s material class on decorating an aquarium with stones
BLITZ ANSWERS TO ALL QUESTIONS:
“IT IS POSSIBLE AQUARIUM”
one. Where can I buy an aquarium? It is recommended to buy aquariums exclusively at pet stores in your city (no one has yet canceled taxation, checks and guarantees), in other words, you will have someone to make a complaint in case of anything. Aquariums can also be purchased online and in bird markets.
With this option, you will save, but you risk getting low-quality, defective goods, think and weigh everything well – is it worth the risk?
2 What can be done from the aquarium? How can I use an aquarium? In fact, the direct purpose of an aquarium is “a house for fish”, so that in the logic of things you can only do this from it.
BUT, in aquariums also contain all sorts of reptiles: turtles (red-eared), newts, iguanas, chameleons, hecons, crocodiles, frogs and other vermin. Also, the aquarium can be adapted for hamsters, mice, rats and other jerboas (the main thing is to make holes in the lid so that the latter do not suffocate).
Another aquarium can be used as a greenhouse – plants will grow and multiply well in it.
3. Who can be kept, made, settled, maintained, planted in an aquarium?
Actually in the previous answer this secret was revealed;) It can be added that for snakes and other “reptiles” special equipment is sold for their heating, as those are cold-blooded.
4. How can I wash the aquarium? How can I clean the aquarium?
Can I wash aquarium soda? You can wash and clean the aquarium to everyone! Although bleach.
The main thing is all well and thoroughly rinse several times. Once I spoke at a pet store with one seller, so he was categorically against him. tools for cleaning the aquarium (and began to send me some kind of special figure) Do not go on about! I have cleaned aquariums with a housetostos for a dozen years and all of O. Keu!
By the way about soda – baking soda is a great option for cleaning and disinfecting an aquarium! I repeat, the main thing is to thoroughly wash everything several times and make sure that there is no chemistry left. All of the above naturally applies to washing an empty aquarium.
If we are talking about cleaning a fish tank, then here is another story. Such cleaning excludes any chemistry. Aquarium only siphon, clean the walls with glass beakers and wipe with a clean cloth.
By the way, the aquarium walls are perfectly cleaned with an ordinary dishwashing sponge, I advise you!
5. What are the stones in the aquarium?
What snags can be in the aquarium? What can be put in the aquarium? Actually in the aquarium as a decor you can cram anything, the main thing is to think about the consequences.
I hope you understand that decorating an aquarium with rubber, plastic, metal products, etc. – ABSOLUTELY FORBIDDEN! Some put silver in the aquarium, they say it kills bacteria.
Nonsense and nonsense. If the aquarium starts, what kind of infection, then believe the silver ring inherited from the grandmother will not help you. Viruses and diseases should be treated with medical preparations (in this case aquarium chemistry), and not with grandmother’s plots.
As for the stones, I’ll come up with stones from the “street”, except for limestone and the like, i.e. which crumble and dissolve. Before you lower the stone into the aquarium, I boil it for at least an hour. It is better to throw seashells or large shells into the aquarium (note that they increase the rigidity of the aquarium water) but look aesthetic than stones.
As for the snags. Here I will not tell you much, because this is a separate topic for conversation.
In general: snags should be hardwood trees, initially dry, then boiled and dried. Keep in mind that even properly boiled and dried snags will still tint aquarium water in the beginning.
What can be put in the aquarium – at least that mirror as a background. The main thing is to check that it is not sharp, does not oxidize, does not dissolve and does not emit other filth in the aquarium.
6. How can I decorate an aquarium? How can I arrange an aquarium?
This is a question of your financial capabilities. In general, most aquarists, tend to the natural – the natural design of the aquarium: without locks, ships and other divers.
But this is a matter of taste! The most important role in the design of the aquarium is played by the colors and tones, so imagine first of all what “mood” your aquarium will have.
And then, based on this, select the ground, background, lighting and scenery.
7. How can I glue, glue up the aquarium? Aquarium silicone sealant to help you.
This sealant is sold in any pet store (it is black, white and transparent color). Do not use a construction sealant-silicone in it a lot of chemistry, which later gets into the water.
8. Where can I put the aquarium? Where can I put an aquarium?
There are unshakable rules for installing and placing an aquarium. Do not believe newspaper sites and fiction – they say an aquarium in the bedroom, and even a child is a miracle!
The baby is supposed to sleep better. Nothing like this. From the “working” aquarium at night you can go nuts – aeration, filtration, fish gurgle and flop.
A nervous tick will be in a child, not a dream in a month. There is a way out of this situation – to turn off the aquarium every night or to get labyrinth fish, but I think this is not the best option.
Do not believe those who say that the aquarium should be put on the window or opposite it. First, in a week your aquarium will turn green from the growth of uncontrolled algae, and secondly from the sunlight on the aquarium glass will be glare and in the afternoon it will be difficult to see. The best place for an aquarium is the living room (a frequently visited room not designed for sleeping).
You can also place the aquarium in the kitchen or in the hallway. Aquarium is usually tried to put in a corner, rather than in the middle of the room.
The aquarium can be built into the furniture, but the surface on which the aquarium will stand must be durable and withstand the weight of the aquarium with water.