maintenance, care, compatibility
Snag in the aquarium – answers to questions, photos and video
It not only looks great, but also stimulates and maintains a healthy ecosystem inside the aquarium. Just like the soil and the contents of the filters, the snag serves as a medium for the development of beneficial bacteria.
These bacteria are very important for balance in an aquarium, they help decompose harmful substances into safe ingredients.
Snags help to strengthen the immunity of your fish. Submerged snags slowly excrete tannins, which create a weakly acidic environment in which harmful bacteria and viruses develop much worse.
Fallen leaves act in the same way, they are often added to the bottom of the aquarium, and which make the water in natural ponds the color of strong brewed tea.
If you have alkaline water, the addition of driftwood helps lower the pH. Most of the fish in nature live just in the water slightly acidic, and driftwood with fallen leaves in the aquarium, perfectly help to recreate such an environment.
Snags recreate the natural conditions for fish. Practically in any reservoir, as if a lake or river, you can always find a sunken snag.
Fish use them as shelters, for spawning or even for feeding. For example, antsistrusam, it is necessary for normal digestion, scraping layers from it, they stimulate the work of your stomach.
On the bark appeared white bloom and it was covered with mold or mucus? What to do?
Dimmed water and hydrogen sulfide stinks after adding driftwood?
Very often moss is attached to a log in an aquarium, for example, Javanese or other plants on snags in an aquarium. It looks amazingly beautiful. But many do not know how to properly attach the moss.
There are several options: a cotton thread, after a while it will rot, but the moss has time to attach to the bark with the help of rhizoids. If you need a more reliable option, you can use a fishing line, it is generally forever. Some moss just … stick with superglue.
However, this method is much more convenient, but there is a risk of poisoning the water with the toxins contained in the glue.
This is a natural process, even the snags of light tones darken with time. You can peel off the top layer, but this will only help for a while.
Simply leave it as it is.
Most likely the case in algae, which covered its surface. They cover the glass in the aquarium and the stones look like green dots on the glass. You can get rid of them simply by reducing the length of daylight and the power of lighting.
Excessive light in the aquarium is the cause. Well, just clean the snag by removing the top layer from it.
Which snags can be used? What are suitable for an aquarium?
The first thing you need to know: snags of conifers (snags of pine, if cedar) is highly undesirable to use in an aquarium. Yes, they can be processed, but it will take 3-4 times longer and the risk remains that they are not fully processed.
Second, you need to choose deciduous trees, preferably solid: beech, oak, willow, grapevine and grape roots, apple, pear, maple, alder, plum. The most popular and strong will be the willow and oak snags. If you stop on softer rocks, they will quickly fall apart and in a few years you will need a new one.
You can buy natural driftwood from outside our countries: mopani, mangrove and ironwood, the blessing is their choice in stores now. They are quite solid and well preserved, but there are also drawbacks that the mopani, that mangrove snags can paint water very much, so that no soaking helps.
It’s all up to your taste. As a rule, large, textured snags are noticeable. World-class aqua-designers most often use tree roots, since they have a rich texture and there is a single point of growth from which roots come out.
Often, when the first time you take a snag in your hands, then simply twisting it, you lose where it will look more beautiful. But you can still use stones, bamboo, plants.
If you have no experience in this matter, you can simply try to reproduce what you see in nature, or repeat the work of some other aquarist.
How to cook a snag for an aquarium? How to prepare it?
Aquarium is a very sensitive to the environment environment, the slightest changes in which affect all its inhabitants. That is why it is necessary to properly treat the snag before putting it into the aquarium.
In our case, in addition to cleaning bark and dust, natural snag is also boiled. What for? Thus you kill all the bacteria, germs, insects, spores that live on the log, and during the process of cooking various substances are released.
The second reason is that dry snags do not sink in water, and they either need to be fixed, or boiled in water with salt, then they begin to sink.
So, if the snag is in the tank, then just take the salt, about 300 grams per liter, pour it into the water and boil the snag for 6-10 hours. Do not forget to add water to replace evaporated. Check whether it sinks, and if not, then we continue the process.
By the way, the snags that you found in the river are already drowning, and you do not need to boil them with salt, it is enough to boil for 6 hours. And yes, if you bought a snag at a pet store, if you still need to cook.
By the way, do not take snags for reptiles, they are often treated with fungicides, and your fish will not like them.
Natural perfection, a cozy shelter … What else can please aquarium lovers a simple snag? And how to prepare it so that everyone gets only positive emotions?
About this next article.
An aquarium today is not just a glass jar with a pair of stones and a goldfish. In the hands of a careful and responsible connoisseur of the beauty of underwater life, the aquarium becomes a truly unique, beautiful corner of wildlife, a full-fledged ecosystem in miniature.
In it, both the design and the biological parameters are in a delicate, but strong balance, and the inhabitants feel excellent due to the carefully thought out and safe environment.
The design of the aquarium, like everything else in life, originates in the minds of people. That is why the trends that exist in the world in relation to the design of premises, as well as the fashion for certain materials and their location are reflected almost immediately and on the arrangement of aquariums.
Fortunately, the popularity of plastic accessories, artificial grass and huge incongruous locks are already behind. The modern world rushed to the naturalness and naturalness literally in everything.
And what can emphasize the naturalness and natural component of your home pond more than a piece of nature itself – a bizarre form of a real snag?
However, in order to decorate an aquarium with a tree does not result in fatal consequences for its entire flora and fauna, it is necessary to know many important nuances. We will talk about them further.
- Complete look and unique design of the aquarium.
- Additional places for recreation, games, hide your pets, and in some cases and for spawning.
- Soften water by increasing its acidity naturally. Most fish, especially freshwater, live in nature in open reservoirs with trees growing along the shores. The branches and leaves fall into the water and lie there for years and decades, creating the optimal composition of water and the conditions for the life of its inhabitants.
- Prevention of diseases of the digestive tract in some species of fish (for example, catfish) due to their eating of wood fibers.
- The possibility of increasing the ornamental aquatic plants and moss.
- Creating an environment unfavorable to harmful bacteria and microorganisms (treated wood emits small amounts of tannins and tannins, which disinfect water, but are safe for fish) and lightly dye the water in pleasant brownish-golden hues (if you don’t want it, you can choose a wood species which will leave the water clear).
We make out the “bank” with AquariumGuide.ru
How to decorate the aquarium, read here.
Decorative stones in the aquarium, which is better?
No sane person will put in his first stick in the aquarium. This will instantly destroy the eco-balance and destroy all living things.
The choice of snags is one of the key stages, if not the most important, and a number of conditions must be taken into account.
Snag can be bought at the pet store. It is the easiest, but sometimes demanding considerable financial expenses.
The most commonly sold snags of overseas wood species: mangrove, mopani.
However, such snags strongly shade the water, sometimes giving it the color of rich tea leaves. When transporting, they catch a lot of harm to the fish, so even the purchased snag will need to be treated and soaked to eliminate these problems.
And if you are not a wood connoisseur, be careful: unscrupulous vendors may offer you the usual local sludge under the guise of an overseas tree, especially in bird markets.
Therefore, it is safer and cheaper to make such a useful decor by yourself.
For an aquarium, the branches and the roots of hardwood trees, willow, apple, and pear, which have lain for a long time in water, are ideal. It is categorically not recommended to use coniferous species – spruce, pine, juniper.
A copy you like you need to carefully examine: too rotten and rotten snags, which simply crumble from the slightest pressure, do not fit. The wood must be hard, preferably already with beetle and worm grooves – they destroy biological components that can harm the fish.
Live branches can not be used.
With a suitable snag, you need to immediately remove all rotted parts, moss, algae and bark.
At home, the snag must be thoroughly cleaned, remove the remnants of the bark, so that it remains completely naked. No matter how beautiful the bark looks by itself, in the aquarium it will surely start to rot, and the fish may get hurt on the pop-up pieces.
Then wash the snag under running water and place for some time (30-60 minutes) in a strong brine. Salt strewed until it ceases to dissolve.
In this solution, you will then cook it.
Boil snags on low heat, in an enamel or stainless cookware (aluminum is not suitable) for two or three days. The minimum is considered a period of 12 hours, but in this case more is better than less.
Duration also depends on the thickness and size of the snags: some simply do not fit in the pan, so they have to be turned every few hours for steaming all areas, a priori, you need to cook longer. During cooking, add water as needed, as it will evaporate.
For additional disinfection you can add a little potassium permanganate, it will also give the wood a noble dark color.
After boiling the snag is left under running water (from under the tap) with water or placed in a basin or bath with frequent water changes for another week. This is done to remove any salt residues that the snag managed to absorb during cooking.
In addition, as a snag is saturated with liquid and in most cases begins to sink.
Before diving into the aquarium, be sure to check if it comes to the surface. After that the snag is thoroughly dried and again checked for buoyancy. Some instances still retain the stubborn ability to float.
In this case, the snag will have to be fixed at the bottom of the aquarium.
Also pay attention to the degree of staining of water: a light brownish tint is likely to go away in a few days or water changes in the aquarium. Strongly painting snag needs to be soaked again until it stops toning the water.
A considerable number of aquarists today prefers aquarium kryagam. With their help, the aquarium becomes a particularly cozy one: plants are planted on them, they are used especially for small fish (as a shelter), etc.
Some buy snags in stores, and some decide to create them with their own hands. With the purchase, everything is quite clear, though, then you need to properly prepare the purchased snags.
Therefore, in this article we will talk about these issues in more detail.
To begin, consider the process of self-manufacturing snags.
Before you start creating an aquarium snag with your own hands, you need to find out what tree species you can use to decorate your aquarium.
Note that the most popular among all the trees are mangrove and mopani. However, these trees have one peculiarity: when they are placed in an aquarium, a slight tinting of the water in amber color is possible.
To prevent this, you will need to pre-wash the stump with ordinary running water (about ten minutes will be enough).
But it is not at all necessary to select only the named two tree species. Other options are possible, with the exception of coniferous trees.
We recommend that you choose an apple, pear or nut. But the most ideal option is a willow. As is known, a significant part of these trees grows on the banks of reservoirs.
From this it follows that the wood of willow is maximally adapted to its content in water. Aquarium snag from willow will look very organic.
Having decided on the type of wood, you need to find a suitable snag. Searches can be carried out in the river, for example, or in a swamp.
If you did not manage to find the snag in any reservoir, then you can easily cut it with your own hands. For cutting, you need to find a suitable part of the tree: it should be interesting, have a large number of twigs. In doing so, you must, of course, take into account the size of your aquarium.
When searching, we advise you to pay attention to the most dry trees, from the bottom of which you can cut down snags.
Since we are talking about making aquarium snags with our own hands, its preparation is of great importance. In the event that you use the snag found in the pond, the preparation will be as simple as possible. The fact is that a snag that has been in water for a long time is, say, “tempered” and may be contained in water.
Consequently, it only needs to be cleaned from dirt and foul places. After cleaning the snag will need to boil. For this purpose, it is necessary to prepare a special solution of saturated salt: pour water to the log completely and sprinkle salt without sparing.
Salt should be a lot, then you get an extremely concentrated solution.
Once the salt is completely dissolved, boiling should begin. It should last about 3-5 hours. At the same time, it is important that the dishes, in which a piece of wood is boiled, should be either enamelled or made of stainless steel.
At the end of boiling, the snag will firstly become dark, and secondly, it will be completely disinfected.
But the aquarium decorations in question after boiling are not quite ready. They will need to be placed in clean water, and on top of them it is desirable to put some heavy object (to drown the snag).
Finally, a snag will be ready in about two or three days. Thus, we see that preparing aquarium accessories such as snags is quite simple.
To do this, do not need special skills, knowledge, skills. Just need diligence and time.
But then the decoration you have prepared will be a great place where you can place plants, for example. By the way, it has become fashionable to plant the plants on a bark just recently.
But we’ll talk about this below.
If you just need to put the snag on the bottom of the aquarium, then lightly dig it in the ground. But if there is a need to put a snag or firmly fasten in one particular place, then attention should be paid to the method of fixing.
There are three main ways:
- With stainless steel screws;
- Through the suction cup;
- With the help of fishing line.
The choice of a particular method is a matter of taste. It is only important that:
- The mount was extremely durable. A large snag that has broken loose from the mount can break aquarium glass, light bulbs or a cover;
- also mount should not be a danger to fish.
The easiest way is to buy the one you like at the pet store. Do not buy stones intended for marine aquariums, if you have freshwater.
They can significantly affect the pH of the water, so the package indicates that the purpose is only marine aquariums.
You also can not use – chalk, limestone, marble (or rather, use in ordinary aquariums, they make water hard, and are used by Malawians, for example) neutral – basalt, granite, quartz, slate, sandstone and other rocks that do not emit substances into the water. You can check the stone with vinegar – drop it with any vinegar on the stone and if it starts to sizzle and bubble, then the stone is not neutral.
Be careful when using large stones, they may fall loose.
If you are interested in the topic about driftwood in an aquarium with your own hands, then you will find a great article on the link. Korjagi is a popular form of decoration in an aquarium, they create an amazingly natural look for an aqua-landscape. Especially good are driftwood from stained wood, that is, a tree that has spent many years in the water, has acquired the hardness of the stone does not float up and no longer rot.
These snags are now available in stores, but you can find them yourself. To do this, carefully inspect the nearest reservoir for the forms you need.
But remember that the snag brought from local water bodies must be processed for a long time in order not to bring anything into the aquarium.
Snags may eventually produce tannins, but they are not dangerous for fish. Water rich in tannins changes color and becomes the color of tea.
A simple way to handle this is regular water changes.