maintenance, care, compatibility
Water is required for marine and freshwater fish. Under natural conditions, the main requirement is purity, because harmful impurities do not allow the inhabitants to successfully multiply and develop. However, how is the situation at home?
In fact, the question “what kind of water to pour into the aquarium” is really important, because you need to remember the quality of aquarium water. For example, if you use untreated water taken from the tap, pets will have to face serious harm.
For this reason, you need to remember useful recommendations.
In the aquarium is best to pour, trying to achieve certain indicators.
- Room temperature is the best option for aquarium residents. For this reason, a decent indicator is from +23 to +26 degrees. For this reason, in the cold season it is undesirable to take the aquarium to the balcony or put a house for fish next to a heater or a radiator.
- Water hardness largely determines the life expectancy of aquarium dwellers. Taking into account this nuance, it is desirable to control the composition of the water used. Calcium, magnesium always lead to increased rigidity. The range of hardness pleases with its variety. Fish can live in water of any hardness, but at the same time magnesium and calcium become useful only with certain quantitative indicators. In the aquarium, you can allow the fact that the hardness will change on an ongoing basis, because the inhabitants will absorb the salt. Taking into account the regular changes of an important indicator, it is recommended to update the water in the aquarium.
- Water purification involves a complete change of water in the aquarium. However, this task is not always necessary. Modern technologies allow the use of special filters for cleaning, operating on activated carbon.
This parameter depends on the temperature, plants and fish. Aeration allows you to control oxygen in the house of marine or freshwater inhabitants who fall into the conditions of the apartment.
Manufacturers offer special devices, pleasing efficiency with respect to the flow of oxygen into the aquarium.
In addition, cleaning filters with pre-installed compressors can be used. Being engaged in the full control of water, there is an opportunity to guarantee the successful livelihoods of fish.
Without fail, any indicator related to water should change gradually and without abrupt changes. Responsible approach and taking into account the numerous nuances allows you to bring the conditions in the aquarium to the natural environment.
Is it possible to use ordinary tap water? What water should be used for the aquarium, taking care of the fish?
- It is best to use soft water with neutral indicators. Such water flows in water pipes, but it should not be connected to artesian wells. To mitigate it is recommended to use distilled or rainy water, as well as melt water.
- Plain tap water cannot be used. It is imperative to defend typed liquid, eliminating it from excess gases.
- Chlorine treatment in the aquarium is a mandatory requirement. If the chlorine index exceeds 0.1 milligram, the larvae and young fish will die in a couple of hours, 0.05 milligram will be dangerous for fish eggs.
- The pH level should be monitored with increased responsibility. To achieve optimal performance, air blowing and batch delivery of the liquid to the house for fish is recommended. The minimum pH should be 7 units.
Each owner of the aquarium understands the need to change the water in the house for fish.
Old water should be drained from the aquarium using a hose. It is recommended to use a tank located below the main aquarium.
It is best to place the fish and snails in the bottle for a while, where the separated water will be.
During the event it is advisable to wash the aquarium algae using cold water. Some plants will have to throw out, causing such an act adverse changes in the state.
Decorative details, including pebbles and shells, aquarium sculptures, you need to rinse with hot water from a tap, but the cleaning products can not be used. If necessary, pebbles are allowed to process boiled water.
To remove dirt from aquarium glasses, a special brush is traditionally used.
After a similar procedure, shells and stones can be placed in the aquarium. The next step is to plant algae.
After this, you can fill the aquarium with water, but you should not overdo it with the thickness of the stream. After the new water is added, it is recommended to install aquarium equipment to monitor the life of the inhabitants.
It is recommended to run the fish only after all the procedures have been successfully carried out.
How often should water be replaced? Partial volume is recommended for weekly execution, because the water can evaporate.
For this reason, once a week it is best to add water to the aquarium. Full cleaning should be done once a month.
If the fish died due to substandard water from the tap or other adverse factors, it is advisable to replace the aquarium water, thereby protecting other marine or freshwater inhabitants.
Full control over the living conditions of the aquarium dwellers guarantees the opportunity to enjoy beautiful and healthy fish.
What kind of water to pour into the aquarium. What water is needed for an aquarium
Water is a living space for aquarium plants and fish. And besides taking care of the presence of the necessary bacteria, the level of ammonia and other substances in it, we must also think about the various properties of water.
After all, they contribute to the development or inhibition of the life processes of the inhabitants of the aquarium. Let’s find out what water is needed for an aquarium
Novice aquarists do not always understand what kind of water to pour into the aquarium. Let’s understand the composition of the water.
Water varies in acid content in it. PH is an indicator of the level of acid. Acidity has a significant effect on biological processes in the aquarium.
Water consists of acid and alkaline ions, the number of which determines the measure of acidity. If they are in equal shares, then the water is considered neutral. In this case, the pH equals 7. If the figure is lower, this is evidence of acidic water, if higher – alkaline.
For the successful development of fish and plants in the aquarium should be normal water.
One of the parameters of water is its hardness, which affects the possibility of keeping fish in water and depending on the amount of calcium in it. Stiffness can be temporary and permanent. Constant hardness is observed in water after boiling.
The rigidity value for aquatic inhabitants may differ from the value in natural water bodies.
For the maintenance of fish, it is important to maintain a certain rigidity in the aquarium and take into account the fact that calcium is gradually absorbed by plants and fish, while the rigidity decreases. You can increase it by adding chalk, shells, limestone, as well as soda and magnesium chloride to the aquarium.
In the development of fish plays no small role light exposure. Duration of daylight hours is necessary for them from 8 to 10 hours a day. Light can be natural, artificial and mixed.
Near the window the aquarium will receive natural light. In the fall and winter, it is desirable to use mixed lighting.
Artificial lighting is used to a greater extent when breeding fish.
Also on the body of aquatic inhabitants affects the water temperature. Moreover, each type of fish requires a certain temperature limit for normal life.
Therefore, acquiring this or that fish, it is necessary to find out at what temperature it lived in the same place.
Water is the source of life and habitat of all marine and freshwater creatures. Under natural conditions, animals feel comfortable mostly in clean water. In such water, they can grow and multiply.
At home, everything is different. Many people prefer to start aquarium fish, but not all care about the proper quality of water for the aquarium. The use of ordinary tap water can be detrimental to its inhabitants.
Therefore, there are several simple rules for preparing water for an aquarium.
What kind of water to pour into the aquarium?
Fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium should not be run in fresh water. It is fraught with diseases in animals. Various chemical compounds that are in the usual for us water, are detrimental to the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Chlorine is especially dangerous. Water, without fail, must be separated.
How much to defend the water for the aquarium?
To finally get rid of all the harmful substances contained in the water, it must be defended for 1-2 weeks. For the backlog of water is better to use a large bucket or basin.
Also, when buying a new aquarium, leave water in it and drain it at least once. At the same time, this way you can check if the aquarium is leaking.
Some pet stores sell special products that neutralize chemical compounds in water. But experts recommend not to neglect the settling of water, even using these drugs.
Aquarium water temperature
The most suitable temperature for aquarium water is room – 23-26 degrees. In winter, the aquarium should not be carried out on the balcony, nor is it recommended to place it near the radiator or heater.
Water hardness in the aquarium
Stiffness is an important parameter of water in an aquarium. This parameter is determined by the total amount of calcium and magnesium salts that are dissolved in water.
The range of water hardness is very wide. Under natural conditions, this indicator depends on climate, soil and season.
Fish can live in water of different hardness, but they are extremely necessary for magnesium and calcium salts – they play an important role in the growth and reproduction of animals.
In an aquarium, the hardness of the water is constantly changing, it becomes softer – the fish digest the salts that are in the water. Therefore, the water in the aquarium should be periodically changed.
Aquarium water purification
The easiest way to clean is a complete change of water in the aquarium. But in some cases this task is difficult and unnecessary. Water is much easier to clean.
As a rule, simple filters based on activated carbon are used to purify turbid water in an aquarium. Water filters in the aquarium can be made independently or purchased at a pet store.
Aeration of water in the aquarium
This parameter is regulated by temperature, plants and the presence of living things in the aquarium. By aeration, oxygen is monitored in the aquarium.
Aeration can be performed using special devices – compressors that saturate water with oxygen. Also, there are filters for water treatment with built-in compressors.
Water parameters in the aquarium play an important role in the normal functioning of fish. It is important that any of the parameters be changed very smoothly, excluding sudden temperature fluctuations.
By following these simple rules, each owner of the aquarium provides fish with conditions as close as possible to the natural ones. And this, in turn, is the key to the health and long life of pets.