maintenance, care, compatibility
Many people who decide to start an aquarium want to know all the details about keeping fish, choosing plants and caring for water. But the first dilemma faced by an inexperienced aquarist is how much water should be poured into the aquarium?
There are a number of requirements for water quality and several ways to clean it, which will help to achieve the desired consistency.
Little just prepare the water and pour it into the aquarium. Her follow-up care is required. which involves filtering and ozonation. The most common filter types are:
- Internal. The most budget, and therefore a common option. It is a pump that distills the liquid through a foam sponge filtering composition.
- External. They are often bought for large volumes. They do not take up extra space inside the aquarium and have large volumes of filter materials. Sterilizers are also installed on the external filter.
As you can see, collecting water for the aquarium and its further control is a simple process.
What kind of water to pour into the aquarium. What water is needed for an aquarium
Water is a living space for aquarium plants and fish. And besides taking care of the presence of the necessary bacteria, the level of ammonia and other substances in it, we must also think about the various properties of water.
After all, they contribute to the development or inhibition of the life processes of the inhabitants of the aquarium. Let’s find out what water is needed for an aquarium
Novice aquarists do not always understand what kind of water to pour into the aquarium. Let’s understand the composition of the water.
Water varies in acid content in it. PH is an indicator of the level of acid. Acidity has a significant effect on biological processes in the aquarium.
Water consists of acid and alkaline ions, the number of which determines the measure of acidity. If they are in equal shares, then the water is considered neutral.
In this case, the pH equals 7. If the figure is lower, this is evidence of acidic water, if higher – alkaline. For the successful development of fish and plants in the aquarium should be normal water.
One of the parameters of water is its hardness, which affects the possibility of keeping fish in water and depending on the amount of calcium in it. Stiffness can be temporary and permanent. Constant hardness is observed in water after boiling.
The rigidity value for aquatic inhabitants may differ from the value in natural water bodies.
For the maintenance of fish, it is important to maintain a certain rigidity in the aquarium and take into account the fact that calcium is gradually absorbed by plants and fish, while the rigidity decreases. You can increase it by adding chalk, shells, limestone, as well as soda and magnesium chloride to the aquarium.
In the development of fish plays no small role light exposure. Duration of daylight hours is necessary for them from 8 to 10 hours a day.
Light can be natural, artificial and mixed. Near the window the aquarium will receive natural light. In the fall and winter, it is desirable to use mixed lighting.
Artificial lighting is used to a greater extent when breeding fish.
Also on the body of aquatic inhabitants affects the water temperature. Moreover, each type of fish requires a certain temperature limit for normal life.
Therefore, acquiring this or that fish, it is necessary to find out at what temperature it lived in the same place.
Inexperienced aquarium owners usually completely change the water once a month, which has a very negative effect on fish. Late replacement is also not very useful for both fish and filtration systems.
Experts advise to change the water in the aquarium often, but in small quantities. You can do this twice a week for 10% of the total amount of water.
It should be remembered that new water requires preparation. It is necessary to monitor the level of chlorine, defending water for about a day.
It is also required to level the temperature and salinity of the new water with the parameters of the one in the aquarium.
And remember, before you begin the procedure of replacing water, you must disconnect the aquarium from the electricity and thoroughly wash your hands from contaminants that can harm the fish.
Normal tap water for aquarium is not suitable. It needs to be prepared.
Thus, the preparation of water begins with a banal sedimentation. To begin with, it is necessary to pour water into any container with the help of a shower.
In this case, the shower will help get rid of a certain amount of harmful substances that are contained in tap water, and may not have the best effect on the health of the fish. Using a shower also makes it possible to understand whether it is worthwhile to use tap water on a certain day to fill the aquarium, or it is better to postpone this event to another time. The fact is that with the use of the shower, it is possible to determine whether the chlorine content in the water is exceeded on any given day.
It is no secret that every day in tap water contains a completely different amount of impurities. As a rule, it depends on the season, weather conditions, etc.
If you feel a strong smell of chlorine, then this water for the aquarium is better not to use or use after treatment with special dechlorinating agents. AQUAYER AntiToxin Vita makes water safe for fish by eliminating chlorine even in high concentrations.
The use of tap water to fill the aquarium is also due to the fact that it has the acidity necessary for the normal development of fish and plants (PH = 7). This is an active reaction characterizing the alkaline and acidic environment of water.
This reaction is determined using paper indicators that can be purchased at any pet store.
If the PH level is lowered, you can use regular soda to increase it. To lower the PH used peat, not collected on a hill.
Distilled water can be used to fill the aquarium. You can buy it in an ordinary pharmacy.
However, this method of filling the aquarium is suitable only if the aquarium is small. Many experts still do not recommend the use of distilled water, because it lacks minerals that are useful for the abodes of the aquarium.
There is also an option to use water from another aquarium (if there is one), in which biological balance has already been established for the favorable living of the fish.
Water temperature for the aquarium plays a crucial role. It depends on the health and ability of fish to breed. For each species of fish, a completely different water temperature is suitable.
Conventionally, all the inhabitants of the aquarium can be divided into heat-loving and cold-loving.
By heat-loving include fish living in the water, the temperature of which is not below 18 degrees. Cold fishes are individuals that easily adapt to low temperatures.
They can safely live in the aquarium, the temperature in which, will not exceed 14 degrees. The maintenance of cold-loving fish is possible only in large and spacious aquariums.
It is noteworthy that if the heat-loving fish are planted in cold water, then they practically stop swimming. This suggests that significant damage has been done to their health.
Preparing water for the aquarium, you should use the tips for beginners, which can be found in the special literature. So, it is possible to choose the optimum temperature for water only after it becomes known exactly which species of fish will live in it.
The thing is that in the literature for each type of fish is given the permissible threshold of the highest and lowest temperatures at which the fish will feel comfortable. In accordance with these parameters, you can choose the future inhabitants of the aquarium so that they all feel comfortable in the same temperature conditions.
This will avoid a huge number of problems associated with the maintenance and care of the fish.
Aquarium water that has a certain temperature can stimulate spawning. This applies to elevated water temperatures.
However, this is not always useful for fish. So, the fish that spawn, you should not constantly keep in such conditions.
Otherwise, to get offspring from them in the future will be simply impossible. Thus, when harvesting water for an aquarium, it is better to ensure that it is one degree below the norm.
How to make the water prepared for the aquarium was not too hard?
When preparing the water for the aquarium, you need to ensure that it is not too hard. There are various ways to reduce stiffness.
So, before you prepare the water, it can be filtered, and only then can it be defended. Defend water for about two days.
Also, the settled tap water can be mixed with distilled before adding to the aquarium. Sometimes it is recommended to add thawed or rainwater to the aquarium.
Stiffness can be reduced with the help of plants. For example, this effect has a rodent leaf and elagia.
Reduce stiffness can be using the procedure of freezing. So, preparing the water for the aquarium, you first need to freeze it, and then thawed and settled can be poured into the tank.
Make water softer can be using ordinary boiling. For an aquarium, water is boiled only in an enamel pot.
After boiling, you need to pour out the top layer of water (1/3).
Some aquarists are interested in the question of how to prepare the water, which, on the contrary, is too soft. In this case, water can be mixed with tougher.
In this case, suitable ordinary water from the tap. You can also add a few pieces of chalk or limestone to the aquarium.
If rapans are added to the aquarium, the rigidity will also increase. You can also use coral chips for this purpose.
However, it must be boiled beforehand (the cooking time is at least 2 hours).
After the water has passed all the stages of preparation, it can be poured into the aquarium. However, the fish can run into it only the next day.
The temperature of the water in the aquarium and the vessel in which the fish stayed, should be the same.
Preparation of water for the aquarium is an important step in creating comfortable conditions for the life and reproduction of fish. Therefore, to neglect this stage is not worth it.
Otherwise, the fish simply will not take root and will die in the first few days after settling in the aquarium.
When the aquarium is already installed, it is filled with water and fish are running into it, it is very difficult and problematic to rearrange it. Therefore, it must be properly installed from the start. Make sure that the place and stand where you are going to put it – will hold the weight of the aquarium, do not forget, the mass can reach large values.
Be sure to check the distortions using the level, even if you think that everything is smooth. Do not place the aquarium so that the edges hang from the stand. It is fraught with the fact that it just crumbles.
The aquarium should stand on a stand all the bottom surface.
Glue the background before installing the aquarium; the easiest way to do this is to put a thin layer of glycerin on the background. Glycerin is sold in a pharmacy.
Do not forget that the aquarium should be free space for maintenance and pipe filter. Finally, when the place is chosen and it is reliable, do not forget the substrate under the aquarium, which will smooth out the irregularities and help to more evenly distribute the load on the bottom of the aquarium.
As a rule, it comes complete with an aquarium, do not forget to check with the seller.
Running aquarium – a detailed video in several parts:
All soils, except the original in the package, must be thoroughly cleaned before they sleep in the aquarium. A large amount of fine dirt and debris is present in all soils, and if you do not rinse it, you will seriously clog the water. The process of washing the soil is long and dirty, but extremely necessary.
The easiest method is to wash a small amount of soil under running water. Strong water pressure will wash all the light elements and leave the ground almost intact. You can also just pour a small amount of soil into a bucket and put it under the tap, while forgetting about it for a while.
When you return it will be clean.
Laying the soil can be uneven, it is best to place the soil at an angle. The front window has a smaller layer, the rear one has a larger one.
This creates a better look at the review and makes it easier to clean up the garbage that accumulates near the front glass.
Soil thickness is important if you are going to plant live plants, and should be at least 5-8 cm.
Before pouring water in, check if the aquarium is level. This can be done with a building level.
Distortion can increase the wrong load on the walls, and it just does not look aesthetically pleasing
The second part of the launch:
Then it’s time to fill the jar, usually with tap water. Just let it drip slightly to avoid debris and stagnant water. If possible, fill slowly, trying not to blur the soil, it is better to use a hose for this.
Even well washed soil will give dregs the first time. You can simply put a plate on the bottom and direct the flow of water to it, the water will not erode the soil and the turbidity will be minimal.
Filling the aquarium should be to the top, but leave a few centimeters underfilling. Do not forget, the plants and scenery will take the same place.
After the aquarium is filled, add a special conditioner to the water, it will help to quickly remove chlorine and other elements from the water.
You can add water from the old aquarium (if you already have one), but only after the fresh water in the aquarium warms up. You can also put a filter from the old aquarium.
The third video about the launch:
After the aquarium is full, you can proceed to the installation and testing of equipment. The heater should be installed in a place with a good flow, for example, near the filter.
So the water will warm up more evenly. Do not forget that the heater must be completely submerged under water! Modern heaters are sealed, they work completely under water.
Do not try to bury it in the ground, or the heater will break or the bottom of the aquarium will crack! Set the temperature to about 24-25 ° C, as it warms up, check with a thermometer. Unfortunately, heaters can give a difference of 2-3 degrees.
Most of them have a light bulb that lights up in the process of work, you can understand from it when it is on.
Internal filter – if the filter does not need aeration (for example, there is a compressor), then it should be placed on the very bottom, since all the dirt accumulates there. If you sculpt it in 10-20 cm above the ground, then there will be no sense from it, and the whole bottom will be littered with garbage. The closer to the surface, the better the aeration, if needed.
So the filter mounting is the choice of the optimal depth – it is necessary that it be as low as possible, but at the same time, aeration works … And this is already determined by experience. But it is better to read the instructions for the model that you purchased.
When you turn on the filter for the first time, air will come out of it, perhaps even more than once. Do not worry, it will take several hours before all the air is cleaned with water.
External filter is a little more difficult to connect, but again – read the instructions. Be sure to place the pipes for intake and discharge of water in different ends of the aquarium. This will eliminate dead spots, places where the water in the aquarium stagnates.
It is better to place water intake near the bottom, and do not forget to put a protection on it – a prefilter, so that fish or large debris do not accidentally suck in. External filter must be filled before work.
That is, before being included in the network, it is filled with water using a manual pump. I’ll tell you that on some models it is not so easy, I had to suffer.
As in the internal filter, in the external one there is air that will be released with time. But at first, the filter can work quite loudly, do not be afraid.
If you want to speed up the process, gently tilt the filter at different angles or shake slightly.
Driftwood must be thoroughly rinsed and then boiled. This applies to both branded and those that you have found or bought on the market. Sometimes snags are dry and float, in which case they need to be soaked in water.
The process is not fast, so do not forget to change the water in the tank with the wet rod. How, where and how many elements to put this business of your taste and not for me to advise. The only thing – make sure that everything is firmly installed, and the glass will not break if you break it.
In the case of installation in the aquarium of large stones – 5 or more kg, does not interfere with the ground, put foam under it. This will ensure that such a large cobblestone does not break the bottom.
When can I run the fish in a new aquarium? After the water is filled, the décor is installed, and the equipment is connected, wait 2-3 days (4-5 is even better) before planting the fish. During this time, the water warms up, cleared.
You make sure that the equipment works as it should, the temperature is stable and what you need, the dangerous elements (chlorine) have evaporated.
AquaSafe for water.
At this time, it is good to add special preparations to facilitate the establishment of balance in the aquarium. These are liquids or powders that contain beneficial bacteria that live in the soil and filter, and purify water from harmful substances.
Plants can be planted a little faster, before planting the fish, but not before the water warms up to 24 C. Plant the plants, wait a couple of days until the raised dregs settle and launch your new pets.