Hello everyone!) I am glad to welcome you again on the pages of this blog and I have another publication for you. If you remember, the last time would determine the importance of oxygen in the aquarium.
Who has not read this post, be sure to read. Today I will talk about what the ground is for in the aquarium. The topic is quite painful for beginners, as many do not even think about what processes take place in the aquarium soil.
But nevertheless, let’s understand one after another.
Soil is one of the most important components of any aquarium. When choosing aquarium soil, take this task seriously.
It is safe to say that in the home aquarium soil is simply necessary, in contrast to quarantine and nursery cans. When you create an underwater landscape, the ground is not a pure element of the decor.
The substrate plays a key role in the creation and maintenance of biological equilibrium, plus to all this, the aquarium soil builds up the biological regeneration system of the entire aquarium system.
Let’s start with the fact that the roots of aquarium plants develop in the ground. Hydrophytes draw from the ground all the necessary nutrients, minerals, micro-and macronutrients.
In addition to plants, aquarium fish also need aquarium soil, as fish spawn on it or are constantly looking for something tasty. There are some representatives of fish that constantly crawl around in the ground, for example, mastacimbelus.
Another useful property of the soil – it is both a biological and mechanical filter. During mechanical cleaning, large particles floating in the water column gradually precipitate on the upper layer of the substrate. With biological treatment, colonies of nitrifying bacteria develop in the soil.
We will discuss this in the next article, which will be devoted to the nitrate cycle in the aquarium. Some soils also perform the conditioning role.
Depending on which soil you choose, the pH level in the aquarium may change, the carbonate hardness of the water may increase or decrease and mineralization may occur.
So what is the ground for? In general, the value of the soil is wider than we imagine. The aquarium substrate develops the simplest microorganisms, various bacteria that ensure the flow of all vital processes.
Over time, organic matter will accumulate in the soil, microorganism colonies will form, which will lead to the transformation of the substrate into a biologically active medium, where waste (organic matter) will begin to be processed and, over time, the soil will turn into a nutrient soil, which will promote the normal growth of aquarium plants, thanks to which you will create an unforgettable design of your bank.
Colonies of beneficial bacteria neutralize nitrites and ammonium as a result of the splitting of organic matter, which gradually accumulates aqua: fish excrement, remnants of undernourished food, dead leaves of plants, etc. The surface layers of the soil are densely populated by bacteria that process harmful organic matter that accumulates in the water for a long period.
All these soil properties listed above, and many others, make the substrate in the aquarium an indispensable thing that ensures the flow of the most important complex chemical processes in the aquarium. There will be more articles on this topic, and today I have everything.
Waiting for you again on the pages of the blog and subscribe to updates to keep up to date on the appearance of new materials. See you soon!