maintenance, care, compatibility
When installing the aquarium, you need to follow some rules. If you are new to the aquarium business, it is necessary to study in detail all the features of the correct settlement of fish. It is important to understand what size of the aquarium is needed, what plants will harmoniously look in the aquascape, and what parameters of the aquatic environment are suitable for all residents of the reservoir.
A full life of the fish and plants will also ensure proper care and compatibility.
❶ What you need for an aquarium :: an aquarium that you need :: Aquarium fish
Have you purchased an aquarium and are in a hurry to choose fish for it? However, before populating the underwater world, provide future tenants with everything you need.
Make a list of what you need to buy, and go to a large pet store, where you will be helped to equip the aquarium in full accordance with your wishes.
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
Home aquarium can be freshwater or saltwater, landscape or recreating the fauna of a particular region, very large and very compact. The content of the future home water reservoir and the choice of its inhabitants depend on the general idea. Beginners easier to start with a freshwater landscape aquarium with several types of ornamental fish.
The most convenient rectangular shape mounted on a special cabinet. They are stable and roomy enough.
Artificial reservoir needs a filtration system and aeration of water. Capacity of the compressor depends on the volume of the aquarium and the number of its inhabitants.
A consultant in a specialized pet store can help with the choice of a particular model – he will select the best option for each specific aquarium. There are also models with built-in life support systems.
The next important point is the acquisition of soil and plants. They can be natural or artificial. Living algae eat fish and quickly lose their decorative effect.
In addition, they decompose and spoil the water. Choosing live plants, be prepared to monitor their condition, and, if necessary, transplant or replace. Artificial flora looks natural, beautiful and safe for fish.
From time to time it will have to be cleaned of debris and sediment – that’s all the trouble with plastic algae ends.
No aquarium can do without decorative elements – caves, grottoes, picturesque ruins. They serve as natural shelters for fish and enliven the underwater landscape. You should not buy anything you like – choose castles, figurines and shells that correspond to the general idea of design and leave enough space for the fish.
Before buying, study the future scenery – they should be non-toxic, not have too narrow cracks, which can get the inhabitants of the aquarium and sharp elements, which they can hurt.
Buy useful companions – snails, ensuring the cleanliness of the aquarium in a natural way. They will clean the glass, plants and soil from the plaque, remove the traces of fish and the remnants of their food. Besides, these creatures look very cute.
If you purchased live plants, check if your chosen snails are feeding on them.
Get an arsenal of small items to maintain the aquarium. You will need rubber hoses for changing water, a glass tube for removing debris from the bottom, a scraper for cleaning the glass, nets for catching fish and a tank for transplanting them. Do not forget about food for future inhabitants.
The most practical is to purchase ready-made fortified universal mix – it is suitable for most breeds.
And finally, the most interesting is the choice of fish. Do not buy all the copies you like – the number of future residents depends on the volume of the aquarium. Note that some breeds are incompatible with each other.
Before going to the store, study the specialized literature, make a tentative list of future tenants, and in the pet store, make adjustments to it with the help of a sales assistant.
Before you buy an aquarium, you should find out what you need to have for a comfortable keeping of fish in it. To do this, first of all, decide on the location and size of the aquarium.
Equipping a new aquarium with fish, you need to buy immediately the necessary minimum of what is needed for the livelihoods of living organisms.
Equipment for aquarium
Initially, equipment, soil and live, possibly artificial, plants are acquired in an aquarium. A necessary item in an aquarium is filter pump, it not only removes dirt from water, but also provides oxygen to it.
Also immediately need to install in the aquarium heater, equipped with a thermostat in it. It sets the optimum temperature for water, it is 24 degrees, the heater will maintain it automatically.
Very often, aquariums are sold with fluorescent lamps already built into their covers, but if they are not there, you should also purchase light source, it is not as important for fish as it is for photosynthesis of plants, and this process contributes to the release of oxygen for fish.
These items – that’s all you need to keep a small aquarium with fish.
After all the necessary conditions for the minimum arrangement of the aquarium and the initial ecosystem are created, you can run the fish into it.
Small consider aquariums less than 30-40 liters, usually from 5 to 20 liters. Often they are called nano aquariums (from the Greek nano – “small, tiny, dwarf”), emphasizing with this term not only size, but also their modernity and manufacturability. There are also microaquariums, their capacity is 1-2 liters, and animals do not lodge in them, with the exception of some species of snails.
The world’s smallest aquarium with fish was created by Omsk miniaturist Anatoly Konenko and his son Stanislav. They placed in 10 ml of water a primer, a specially designed mini-compressor, small cladofor bushes and a few danio fry.
We will immediately agree that we will not call a round ten-liter jar with a goldfish a nano-aquarium because it is not an aquarium, but a mockery of fish and all the principles of aquarism.
An aquarium, no matter how large, is an equilibrium biological system whose inhabitants feel comfortable.
To achieve this in a small amount is a whole science. But, if this is possible, the results can be simply amazing.
Such aquariums, where a living biotope is reproduced in a tiny volume, resemble Japanese bonsai art or large-scale models of luxury cars: small ones, but everything is real.
Of course, not all small aquariums are worthy of aquascaping competitions or books of records, but each of them should please the eye of its owner and create a comfortable environment for its inhabitants.
Care of a mini aquarium
As for the maintenance of the aquarium of small size, here you can get under the influence of stereotypes. Often, parents buy aquariums for their children, considering that a small aquarium is easier to clean than a large one.
Rather, the “underwater world” of small size is subject to temperature changes and requires frequent water changes.
If water is rarely changed, the waste products of fish begin to accumulate on the walls and it will be rather difficult to clean the container with your hands. In addition, the slightest excess feed, stale at the bottom of such an aquarium, instantly spoils the water and shifts the biological equilibrium.
But if you decide to start a small aquarium, get it “fully loaded.” Specialists will select all the necessary equipment for lighting, water filtration and water heating.
And, despite the equipment, place the aquarium in a room whose temperature is constant.
With such a small amount of water, a drop of even 1-2 degrees negatively affects the fish. When feeding fish, give off a small amount of food so that after feeding there will be no leftovers. Remove excess feed immediately.
When caring for an aquarium, you will have to carry out frequent water changes, until the bacteria stabilize their numbers in the filter.
Bacteria convert waste decomposition products into safe substances. A stock of settled water should always be at your disposal.
Water in the aquarium should be changed every three to four days, replacing at least a quarter of the volume of water in a small aquarium.
To prevent algae, an aquarium should not be placed close to the window. Direct sunlight should not fall on it, and the duration of the active daylight should be smoothly increased from six hours immediately after the arrangement of the aquarium to ten hours by the time the biological equilibrium is stabilized.
Metal halide luminaire with integrated blue lamps
Many sources point out that the best option is to use fluorescent lights. They shine well, quite economical.
They are connected via an electronic ballast, as well as a special device – a choke.
Nowadays, most lovers prefer special fluorescent lamps in combination with metal halides. At the same time they are placed on the front wall of the reservoir.
In addition, special fluorescent aquarium lamps of different power with warm or daylight white light are also used. Installation is carried out complete with special reflectors.
With properly tuned lighting, the fish will demonstrate the diversity of all their color, while corals will develop excellently.
Fluorescent lamps are economical, provide excellent lighting, last long enough. As a disadvantage, it can be noted that they must be connected using a special device – electronic ballast or choke.
Fluorescent lamps – the most popular type of lamps used in aquarium today.
These are low-pressure discharge lamps. Inside they are a mixture of inert gas and mercury vapor, which gives off ultraviolet light during electrical discharge.
This glow is transformed into visible radiation, due to the phosphor layer deposited on the inner side of the bulb. It is the various compositions of phosphors that give a different spectral range.
And, for example, a three-layer phosphor and an ultraviolet protection film on a fluorescent lamp do not transmit the ultraviolet spectrum at all (anything that has a wavelength of less than 400 nm).
Fluorescent lamps are durable enough, but they need to be replaced in the biotope with the same exact lamp (so that there are no abrupt changes in the spectrum and power of illumination) before their expiration date. It is recommended to replace such lamps at least once a year.
And the average life of this lamp in the aquarium is 6-7 months. But it is impossible to change all the lamps at once: abrupt changes in the power of lighting can adversely affect hydrophytes.
The power of fluorescent lamps varies from 8 to 56 watts. A certain power of the lamp usually corresponds to a certain power: on average, 20 to 120 cm.
The color of the lamp is indicated by two or three numbers: / 43 or / CW.
LIGHTING FOR AQUARIUM PLANTS, LEDS AND LED MASSIFES.
INSTALLATION AND STARTING OF THE AQUARIUM CARE CONTENTS CLEANING REGISTRATION.
SOIL FOR AQUARIUM- SPECIES NATURAL NEUTRAL ARTIFICIAL
External filter for the aquarium and everything you need to know about it.
pump for aquarium photo
Efficiency is traditionally measured in l / h, and properly selected equipment is required to pump 3-5 sizes of aquarium water per hour. Pumps are available for outdoor and indoor use. Which pump to buy decides any user for himself.
Almost everyone thinks that only an external pump for an aquarium does not darken the view of the internal arrangement of the aquarium, and choose to install them specifically, for example, these, like the pumps of the brand Hailea and Aquarium systems. There are pumps that are designed for use in freshwater and marine aquaria, thanks to the supplied rotor clay axis.
The aquarium pump with a metal axis is suitable for use only in freshwater aquariums. Therefore, when purchasing a pump, it is necessary to clarify its appearance, for which aquarium it is needed, and also for the manufacturer of the pump.
To choose the right pump, you must first know the volume of the aquarium, and also decide what the pump will be used for. If it is used to supply water to an aquarium and to create a flow in a small tank, then a low-power pump will be sufficient.
But for an aquarium with a volume of more than 250 liters you need a more powerful pump. There are pumps that are designed for both freshwater and marine aquariums.
And there are some pumps that are used only in one specific type of aquarium. Therefore, when buying a pump, you should clarify its type, for which aquarium it is needed, as well as the manufacturer of the pump. Some Russian pumps are not inferior in terms of workmanship and durability of foreign ones.
Buying a pump for the aquarium should not be saved, because the pump is one of the main life support systems for aquarium inhabitants.
In today’s market, buyers often come across devices from manufacturers such as Eheim, Aquael, Aquarium, etc. At Eheim, a water pump for an aquarium successfully copes with increased circulation of water, while the slider allows you to control the intensity of the generated water flow.
The main line produced by the company – This is Eheim Universal, Eheim Compact and Eheim Compact +. Most Eheim models are attached using suction cups and are considered versatile, as they can be attached both in the aquarium and on its outer wall. Their capacity is from 270 to 2280 l / h.
It will be possible to buy a submersible pump for an aquarium both for 1000 rubles (which capacity is 120-380 l / hour) and for 14,000 rubles with a capacity (2400 l / hour). The features of Eheim pumps can be considered: Small size; Suction mount; The possibility of complete immersion in water; Adjustment of pump power; Possibility of use in both salty and fresh water;
Protection of the inhabitants of the aquarium with a tread (intake grille); Stylish appearance; Built-in multifunctional filters. It is with such powerful systems that talented designers create a huge underwater realm, where air bubbles “draw” intricate shapes.
For small aquariums, where there is no need for expensive and powerful pumps, you can use cheaper pumps.
Everywhere common device under the brand name Hailea. Each pump for the aquarium of this brand is equipped with a water flow regulator, an innovative sump valve and a rubber suction cup.
Compared with expensive models from Eheim, they are less attractive in appearance, but at the same time, pumps of this brand successfully cope with their work, and therefore are actively bought up by people.
You can buy a water pump for an aquarium from this manufacturer already for 400-500 rubles, with a capacity of 180 l / hour. If you need the most powerful device – for 6000 rubles you can buy a device with a capacity of 7800 l / h.
Also known model brand Aquael. This is another representative of the budget class – prices for devices start at around 300 rubles.
For this amount you can buy a model Aquael Circulator 350, capable of pumping up to 350 liters per hour, with a power of only 4.5 watts. This is the “weakest” model – there are devices in the assortment of the manufacturer, marked as Aquael Circulator 500, 650, 1000, 1500, 2000 and 2600.
The number in the label, of course, indicates the performance.
The price of the most powerful device is within 4500 rubles. Another well-known representative is Resun. Models of this brand also belong to the budget – it is often chosen by amateurs who have small aquariums at home.
The manufacturer has a huge range of devices – in the presence of more than two dozen items. The weakest and cheapest is the Resun SP 500.
It can pump up to 200 liters per hour, at a power of 5 watts.
Such a device costs only 300 rubles – one of the minimum indicators in its segment. Already for 600 rubles, this brand offers to buy a device with a capacity of 1380 liters.
The most powerful option – 12000 l / h: Resun Eco-Power EP-12000. There is such a device in the region of 6000 rubles.
Among the obvious shortcomings of the equipment of this brand should be the absence of a regulator – which is not very convenient.
The main care of the pump consists of timely washing and changing the filter element. There is a trick that can facilitate the care of the device, while feeding the fish, turn off the filter. So the food will not fall directly on the sponge, which means that they will stay clean longer.
The pump for aquariums can start working again an hour after the fish have eaten. Aquarium pump has a great advantage in front of the compressor. Many aquarists are forced to abandon the compressor due to the noisy operation of the pump.
Most manufacturers are aimed at reducing the emitted sounds.
On the shelves of zoo and aqua stores you can find products of domestic and import manufacturers. They all differ in characteristics and cost. In order to choose the right pump you need to know:
- The volume of the aquarium in which the water pump will be installed;
- Purpose of use;
- For devices capable of filling the aquarium, take into account the level of water rise;
- Required performance (aquarium volume multiplied by 3-5 times / hour);
Experienced aquarists allocate devices of foreign companies, assuring the duration of work and compliance with the necessary requirements. However, high-quality aquarium pump is not cheap.
Popular manufacturers of water pumps:
Do not sacrifice aesthetics for the functional part. Even the smallest water pumps can do the following:
- Create currents that in some cases are necessary for the physiological needs of the inhabitants. Its use is mandatory in aquariums with corals that live only in strong currents. Thanks to him, the polyp receives nutrients.
- Circulate water (aquarium pump with a current or a circular pump). This action purifies water, saturates it with oxygen and mixes with aquarium water, keeping the microclimate created by the inhabitants.
- Assist in the work of filters, aerators and other devices and units. To do this, you need to install water in a way that water from the aquarium does not fall on the body.
CO2 FOR THE AQUARIUM WITH OWN HANDS PHOTO VIDEO DESCRIPTION.
REAR BACKGROUND FOR AQUARIUM PHOTO VIDEO DETAILED DESCRIPTION.
Help Urgent What is needed for an aquarium; List and order of prices
For an aquarium, at a minimum, an aquarium is necessary, preferably with a lid, preferably not less than 50 liters, a filter (an internal one, for example aquael, is suitable for a start) – ask the seller to explain to you how the filter works, show how the built-in aerator works
If you are warm in winter (ca. +20), then a heating pad (thermostat) is not needed, if it is cold – you will also have to purchase it.
Still need a primer, better natural (not painted – it gradually allocates the paint in the water, but it is not good) Soil should be at the rate of at least 2-3 cm to the bottom.
Then come the scenery – choose the taste and color for yourself, the only thing is that it is better to live plants, not plastic ones.
And the little things – a thermometer, a net.
The most important thing is that you don’t want to buy fish with the aquarium right away, first start the aquarium and only then (not earlier than 5 days later) buy fish, and then not all of them at once, but little by little, two or three fishes.
And yes! Go to specialized sites on aquarism and read everything thoroughly, especially about launching a new aquasa, otherwise you might succeed like most – and why I have dirty water, fish die and how to fix it
An aquarium is not a piece of furniture. Instead of a list and order prices, for a start, you need to read the relevant literature.
Start with the Aquarium for beginners. When you start to imagine what and how it should be, the question will disappear by itself.
I recently bought a Polish aquarium of 102 liters with lighting, a filter and heater and a bedside table at a cost of 12 thousand. 250 rubles. plus soil 750 rubles. plus nutrient primer and water supplements for another 1 thousand rubles. I will soon go for plants, etc.
An aquarium of at least 100 liters because of moderate appetites and you will have large)))))) Heater with a thermostat, pump filter at 4-6 volume per hour, compressor, soil, thermometer, interior decor: artificial or natural grottoes, volumetric background or a simple film, a magnetic scraper, a siphon for cleaning aquas; an aqua cap and plastic is desirable; lamps are desirable for lighting just for aquarium lighting with a specific spectrum! You can also stock up on water tests are especially useful on nitrite nitrates acidity alkalinity softness and hardness of this very water in aqua!
Sachek preferably not quite small! And the rest as the operation and solidarity with Tetra fish in the last turn after the full launch of water and this is about a week or two after pouring water.
0. Aquarium, for example, 50 liters -500 rubles.
1. a filter that filters the water in the aquarium, where all the dirt is collected in the lower compartment in the sponge, which, as it is contaminated, is washed in the aquarium water in order not to wash off those bacteria that form in the pores of the sponge; from 250-300 to 500-700 rubles
2.Avariant heater with temperature control, at the top of it is the temperature scale, which must be set by the regulator, the average temperature in the aquarium is about + 24 *, it is not hot cold-loving and not cold heat-loving; from 500 to 700 rubles
3. A micro-compressor, which pushes air through the tube to the sprayer with a membrane; 150-250 rubles
4. chambered sprays, which spray the air pumped from the compressor (the smaller the bubbles, the better the enrichment of the aquarium water with air, the easier it is for the fish to breathe); rubles 20-30
5. chemical thermometer, pasted on the glass (it is beautiful, but better than alcohol); 50-100 rubles
6. luminescent lamps attached to the lamp, which is worn on top of the aquarium; the light turns on for 8-10-12-14-16 hours, depending on the plants, etc. (cover with lamps about 1000 rubles)
General, prices are not Moscow.
Living plants are needed in small aquariums, as they help remove hazardous substances from the water – nitrites, nitrates and ammonia. Plants in a mini-aquarium create additional insurance and reduce stress in fish.
They are also very convenient for growing some small species of plants, because in a mini-aquarium it is easier to create good lighting, and in large light simply does not reach the bottom level in necessary quantities.
To choose the right plants for your aquarium – read the materials on the Internet and talk with experienced vendors, they will always help.
You can decorate a nano aquarium in a different style. Among aqua-designers, the Iwagumi styles are popular – they are decorated with stones of various shapes, the dressage is decorated with snags, and the wabicusa is in the form of a bump with plants.
But here the taste and preferences of the owner are crucial. For example, if an aquarium is in a child’s room, it is appropriate to place a mermaid’s castle or a sunken ship and toy scuba divers into it. The main thing is that the scenery should not take up too much space (as a general rule, not more than a quarter of the bottom surface and half the height), hide the aquarium equipment and leave room for plants and fish.
In addition, if there are shrimps in the aquarium, it must be borne in mind that any objects protruding from the water may contribute to their escape from the aquarium.
Soil in small aquariums usually use a two-layer one: the bottom layer is a nutrient substrate, the top one is gravel, the total thickness of the layer should be 3-4 cm.