maintenance, care, compatibility
In our time, man brought out a large number of varieties of fish, snails, all kinds of mollusks and other living creatures that inhabit the aquarium. Ampulyaria is one of the most popular types of snails that are aquarium inhabitants in our time.
But many lovers of aquatic living creatures have the first and main question – what is to feed these snails?
Most of the snails (including ampullaries) are unpretentious in eating and eat almost everything that their small organism can swallow and digest. That’s about this ration adheres to the majority of holders of this type of snail:
vegetables – cucumbers, spinach, carrots and lettuce, fish food, dead fish, snails and their caviar. But there are some types of snails, which need a special approach in terms of food.
Pomacea bridgesi can be attributed to such snails, – and do they eat such snails in an aquarium? This type of snail is able to digest only very soft food, so the best option for feeding them is a tableted feed for fish, boiled vegetables, as well as canned spinach.
But you should always be alert, because the quality of the water in which these snails live can deteriorate from such food. In simple terms, giving these snails needs food no more than they do.
You do not need to be afraid that the snail will be overfed, but you also don’t need to bring the fact that food remains will rot at the bottom of the aquarium.
But there is a type of snail that feeds on the same food as the fish that inhabit the aquarium. In principle, these snails, which are called acrolucks, appear in an aquarium only if the aquarium is full of food that the fish do not have time to eat.
In general, the answer to the question of what snails eat in an aquarium is very simple, because most snails are so unpretentious in terms of food, living things that they can even eat with bloom, which covers the walls of the aquarium, stones and algae that are in it.
Of course, in the natural world there are such species that are very difficult to adapt to the conditions surrounding them, but they are, as a rule, artificially created by man sorts of living creatures (in particular, snails). Such snails live in an aquarium as just a beautiful object, but caring for them can be much more difficult than caring for the fish itself, so before you get these or other snails, you need to know as much as possible about their life in aquarium conditions.
This yellow snail ampoule is well known to any aquarist. Perhaps, only a beginner lover of the aquarium world, entering the pet shop wonders about this yellow, creeping inhabitant of the aquarium.
This article will help expand information about this yellow snail – “aquarium nurse”. In it you will find answers to many of your questions.
Briefly about the most interesting about ampoules:
– The concept of ampulyaria – includes a whole family of freshwater snails, dividing into clan and living all over the world.
– Ampularia sizes from 5 to 15 cm.
– Yellow snails live 1-4 years (depending on water temperature and other conditions).
– Comfortable water temperature for ampoules 22-24C and above. By the way, this temperature of aquarium water is comfort and for many aquarium fish, so there are simply no difficulties in their joint maintenance.
On the contrary, from such a symbiosis there are only pluses.
– Snails breathe atmospheric air through a siphon tube, but they also have gills.
– Snails ampullaria different-sex.
– The snail has a cover of the mouth of the shell, which is necessary to protect against aggressors and to wait out adverse conditions.
– If there is little calcium in the aquarium water, the yellow shell of the ampoule will collapse.
– When buying snails, it is better to take small ampoules. First of all, the bigger the snail is, the older it is, which means you will have less life, and secondly, small snails are much quicker than adults.
Description of the yellow snail – Ampularia:
Ampulyary to keep in a normal aquarium with fish. The snail is compatible with many species of fish, but it should be borne in mind that some fish strive to pinch their mustache, some fish eat molluscs. In view of what, I recommend keeping ampulyarii with peaceful and non-aggressive fish, and if in doubt, consult the sellers of the pet shop.
Personal experience suggests that ampulyaria does not live for a long time with gouras and some cichlids (as the latter simply do not give the snails food to go). Sometimes, Yellow snails bite even seemingly innocuous Goldfish. What to do with it?
You have two choices: either ampulyarii can be planted, or you can leave them to feed the fish. If you notice that snails are being harassed by ampulyaries and don’t do anything – you know, there are only 1 week left for live yellow clams.
The aquarium can be the minimum size, as long as it is with a lid. Otherwise, one night while walking into the kitchen, you can hear the characteristic crunch under your feet.
You should also take care of the airspace under the hood. First, snails breathe atmospheric air.
And secondly, ampulyarias, as a rule, lay their eggs in the airspace (for this, the distance between the lid and the water should be at least 10 cm.).
Unlike many fish, ampullar is not whimsical in content. And the water parameters do not matter.
Containing the fish, you install them, in any case, the filter and, as a rule, if you are not lazy, regularly replace some of the water with fresh water – this is ample enough for an ampoule. What should be paid attention to is the calcium content in the aquarium water; if it is low, then the ampulian sink will collapse.
In my aquarium, I scattered small seashells, which contributes to the saturation of water with calcium and increases its rigidity. It is also recommended to add marble chips, limestone chips, in addition to pet stores there are special preparations for increasing the hardness of the water.
Concerning nutrition, I personally don’t feed my ampullaries, since they are in fact omnivorous and are content with the remains of fish feed, plants, etc. By the way, ampulyarias are excellent orderlies of an aquarium, they do not disdain to “stick” to dead fish and other dead organics.
They like rotten banana peel.
Regarding breeding. The stimulus for mating is an increase in temperature in the aquarium and good nutrition.
As a rule, for this they start a “flock” of yellow snails, since it is virtually impossible to distinguish between the sex of a snail.
Well, then. One fine morning on the wall of the aquarium or the lid you will find a laying of caviar, which the female postponed at night.
About three weeks later, the first baby snails appear from the roe, which, by eating the clutch, provide their way into the wild.
It is desirable to set off babies from the general aquarium, as some fish are not averse to try them for dinner. In order not to catch the newly emerged, some aquarists transfer the masonry to a separate aquarium in advance (moisten the masonry, gently shift and transfer).
Well, after that, small ampouleries are completely independent. Particularly caring owners first feed them with pounded fish food.
Photo-review of beautiful photos with yellow snail ampoule
If kept alone, a very small aquarium, about 40 liters, is enough for them. Since snails eat aquarium ampoules, they are very much, as well as a lot of waste after them, it will be right to allocate at least 10-12 liters of volume to one.
Considering that they multiply rather cheerfully, it is not worth keeping them much.
But, since amphulyaries themselves are rarely contained in an aquarium, it is better to rely on a larger volume of the aquarium. So, for 3-4 snails + fish, you need about 100 liters. Of course, much depends on your conditions and details.
But usually, 10 liters per ampoule will not let you down.
Yellow ampouleries are completely peaceful, never touching fish or invertebrates. There is a misconception that they attack fishes.
But, this is due to the fact that snails are scavengers and eat up the dead fish, and it seems that they killed the fish. No snail is able to catch up, catch and kill healthy and active fish.
But fish ampulyarius is even worried. They can tear off their mustaches, such as Sumatran barbs, or even completely destroy them, like a dwarf tetradon, fahak, a green tetradon, a clown combat or large cichlids. Some will not be able to eat large snails, but small ones will be brought under the net.
And large ones will be nibbled at any opportunity, which will not add to their health either. Also invertebrates can become a problem – shrimps and crayfish, they skillfully pick out snails from shells and eat.
Vision and respiratory organs
Aquarium ampoule looks very attractive, perhaps that’s why it has become very popular. When buying tiny two-centimeter ampoules, keep in mind that they are impressive in size, from 5 to 15 centimeters.
Life expectancy depends on the conditions in which it lives. The figure can vary from year to four years.
Externally, aquarium ampulyaria is somewhat similar to a pond snail. In nature, their shell is painted in light brown colors. In the aquarium world, snails with yellow color are most often observed.
In addition to these colors, there are also white, brown, almost black and even blue ampouleries.
The coloring of the snails does not affect the characteristics of their content and feeding. Moreover, the content of several ampoules of different colors in one aquarium looks very advantageous from a decorative point of view.
Interesting respiratory system ampulyary. The mollusk spends most of its life under water, like a fish – aquarium water gives it the necessary oxygen.
But sometimes you can see how ampulyaria, rising to the surface, pulls out his breathing tube and breathes. The thing is that in addition to the gill slits, it has lungs, and it periodically needs atmospheric oxygen.
Reproduction ampoules does not require special conditions or stimulation. They multiply fairly quickly, but if the aquarium conditions deteriorate, the activity decreases.
Sensing danger, the ampoule closes the lid of the mouth of the shell. This device allows the cochlea not only to protect itself from predators.
She also has to do this during periods of drought. Maintaining optimal conditions in the aquarium will prevent the cochlea from hibernating, and it will stay awake all year round.
Snail ampouleries are very unpretentious creations. The amount of water is calculated according to the scheme of 10 liters per snail.
If you plan to contain only ampoule, a small aquarium capacity of 40 liters is quite suitable for them. But still some snails are rarely contained, so if you decide to populate 3-4 ampulyary with your fish, select an aquarium with a capacity of at least 100 liters.
When pouring water into a container, be sure to leave an air gap of 10 centimeters. It needs ampulyaria for breathing.
No matter how long the snail is under water, it will die without oxygen on the surface. The aquarium cover must be closed, otherwise the clam may get out of its house and die.
The aquarium water parameters are generally the same as when the fish are kept – filtration, aeration, regular water changes.
- Temperature. From 18 to 30 degrees. But it should be borne in mind that these snails are of tropical origin and live in heat. The optimum temperature is about 24 degrees.
- Calcium content. If the aquarium water is very soft, the snail shell will begin to collapse. Over time, holes and holes will appear. To change the level of hardness, a couple of shells, crushed marble or special preparations are added to the aquarium.
Peculiar relations in ampoules with algae. Aquarium plants with soft and thin leaves are likely to become a victim of voracious snails. Often, even in case of sufficient feeding, the plants may suffer.
That is why it is better to plant hard algae in the ampulyary aquarium, which will be too tough for the clam.
Ampulyaria, like all aquarium snails, have an excellent appetite. They eat almost all types of food. They can be fed with vegetables (carrots, cabbage, lettuce, zucchini and cucumbers), after dabbing them with boiling water for softness.
Do not disdain ampulyaria live food – pipemaker, bloodworm.
Many novice aquarists get scared by noticing how a clam eats a dead fish. But do not worry: the living inhabitants of the aquarium ampulyary not attack.
But they will calmly eat the dead snails, fish, as well as their eggs.
Feed the ampoule is not worth much. They, of course, do not hurt much satiety, but how much rotting remnants of food will hurt the entire aquarium!
Snails ampulyariya peaceful and calm inhabitants of the aquarium. Their behavior does not disturb the neighbors, but, alas, it is not mutual. Many aquarium fish can tweak snails and even tear off their antennae.
Larger fish — the fahak, the green tetradon, and the large cichlids — will purposefully attack the snail, seeing food in it. Usually they eat the young, but large individuals, too, do not be good.
Fish will nibble them all the time.
If shrimps and crayfish live in your tank, snails will have to be abandoned. With great delight, these aquarium dwellers gobble up ampulyaria, skillfully picking out a snail from the shell.
It is worth knowing that if necessary, treatment of the aquarium snails need to be transplanted, as they do not tolerate many drugs. No matter how many snails live in an aquarium, they should not be left in case of use:
- formaldehydes and pesticides, which are used to exterminate parasites;
- copper-containing drugs used to treat fungal infections;
- malachite green (for the treatment of ichthyophthiriasis and fungal diseases).
By the way, if the snail has surfaced, it does not mean that she died. Do not be afraid of this behavior.
Maybe she just breathes. It is possible to determine whether the ampoule is alive, just as in the case of any other snail – to smell.
If the smell is unpleasant, the clam is dead and must be removed from the aquarium immediately.
It has already been mentioned above that multi-colored and undoubtedly cute creatures are an excellent decoration of an aquarium. They will help create a unique interior in your underwater garden.
Like other snails, ampulyarias are wonderful aquarium attendants. They do an excellent job with the coating on the walls and the film on the surface of the water.
She collects the remaining feed after feeding, no matter how much it is left, not allowing it to rot and pollute the soil and water.
Snails in the aquarium – this is to some extent a classic. And ampulyaria, perhaps, have become one of the most worthy representatives.
It is interesting to watch them, and a variety of colors is pleasing to the eye. Efforts to maintain ampoules are minimal, and you do not have to do much, and the results fully justify the expectations.
A snail of 40 liters in volume is enough for the maintenance of the snail ampoule, but for several snails a large nursery is needed; for each individual, 10 liters should be allocated for each individual. Rapidly multiply – you will be very surprised when you notice a huge amount of caviar.
Before breeding ampoule, think about how caviar will settle down, and how many fry it will turn out.
Many aquarists buy a pair of snails so that they do not get bored. You have to get a large aquarium so that each ampulyary feels comfortable.
If both fish and snails live in a water container, then count on a volume of at least 100 liters. Let better a lot of space than closely.
A yellow snail ampulyary is a peaceful creature that does not disturb other inhabitants of the reservoir. Someone spread rumors that they eat fish, but this is not true.
Like most snails, ampouleries are scavengers, eating only dead fish while cleansing the water. Of course, the slow clam is hardly able to catch up with the fish, and grab it, which would be noticeable.
Another thing is when the fish can disturb the ampoule, cutting off their antennae, piercing the shell. If someone has torn off a part of the body, then it will quickly recover.
The ability to regenerate – the best than awarded their nature. Ampularia restores all parts of the body, even the eyes.
Incompatible with Sumatran barbs, green tetradon, fighting clown, fakaka, large tsikhlovymi. Shrimps and crayfish also bring trouble to snails – they are able to pick out the snail’s body from the shell and eat it.
See how catfish antsitrus is fighting with ampulyaria.
Mollusks tolerate parasites, however, compared with other snails, much more enduring. They transfer nematodes, and if a person eats a raw snail, it can become infected. Sources of infection are rodents (rats) from polluted rivers.
In the home, this is rare, because at home the snail lives clean. Moreover, they do not come into contact with rodents in an aquarium.
When infecting fish with parasites, you need to be careful with the use of drugs – which is useful for fish, it is deadly for the mollusk, since aquarium species are biologically closer to parasites than to fish. When treating fish, temporarily remove the snails from the aquarium. Settle them in a glass jar of 5 liters or more, covering it with glass.
Between the glass and the jar should be a hole for air access.
Snail lovers have always noted their omnivorous, therefore, to contain these mollusks is not a particular problem. In their natural environment, they eat mostly plant foods.
To create comfortable conditions for them, give them live food. From such a delicacy, not only snails, but also aquarium fish will delight.
Care for amplaria should be done very carefully, because the snail is not able to swim, you have to collect food from the bottom. If you put it in an aquarium with nimble gluttonous fish, the snail will experience a constant feeling of hunger.
In this case, contain snails with valuable species of plants is not worth it.
Snails are considered the main threat to plants, this happens for the following reasons:
- Plants are an ideal food for the mollusk, so young shoots are eaten almost instantly.
- Snails are too heavy and break plants with their own weight.
- Hungry ampouleries can dig up the soil, damaging the root system of plants.
The most successful variant to contain several representatives of this species in a hotel large aquarium with large-leaved plants. If you still want to create a reservoir, where they will have to coexist with fish, then arrange them to regularly feed vegetable food that is not eaten by neighboring fish. To do this, you can use:
- Salad and cabbage,
- A bit of white bread.
This will protect the plant from damage and leave all aquamir in its original form.
Snails breed without too much difficulty. The big problem is determining the sex of an ampoule. If you are planning to get offspring, the content of 5-6 individuals in one aquarium will be the only solution.
Such a number of snails will allow you to create 1-2 pairs and maintain cleanliness in aquariums.
Ampularia in the aquarium is not whimsical to the water. Care of them does not imply the determination of water hardness and its composition.
However, in too soft water small grooves appear on the shell. True, they do not affect the behavior or reproduction of the mollusk.
The optimum temperature is around 20 degrees, but they can go down to 20 and rising to 33.
With proper care, the snail can live up to 2-3 years, depending on the water temperature. The higher the indicator of the thermometer, the faster the metabolic processes occur, and, therefore, reduced life expectancy.
In cold water, ampoules are much slower and do not multiply.
Neighborhood with fish does not give the mollusk any discomfort. They easily get along with any kinds of medium-sized fish. The only inconvenience that a snail can experience is attacks on its whiskers.
In this case, she adapts to keep them closer to the calf and anticipating the threat presses them to him. It is better not to combine them with large fish. In this case, death is possible.
For breeding requires a separate aquarium, as the young is a delicacy for any fish.
Ampulyaria are heterosexual snails, but it is not possible for humans to distinguish between males and females for humans. For confidence, get at least 4 pieces in one aquarium. In that case, if you notice who exactly lays caviar – mark it or remember, so that next time you probably know the female.
Some snail lovers are able to distinguish between sex, looking under the lid, but this method is not rarely fails and is not one hundred percent.
Surprisingly, the female lays eggs on the surface of the water. The finished female crawls to the surface and examines possible egg-laying sites.
At such moments, you need to cover the aquarium glass, to eliminate the possibility of escape. Take into account that even the smallest ampouleries can lift light glasses, so put a load.
Usually the snail tries to put off caviar only in the evening, so pay attention to the aquarium in the late hours in order not to lose the snail. The female chooses the perfect place by herself.
Touch the spawn is not worth it. The only case if it is in close proximity to the lighting device and can die from high temperature.
Gently pick it up and put it on a piece of foam or a chip on the surface of the water.
The female lays large eggs, the diameter of each of them reaches 2 mm. After the caviar passes through the genital crease of the leg, it begins to harden.
This process takes about a day. Now, deferred caviar looks like a pink bunch of grapes. After this laying begins to change color.
Track metamorphosis can be on the photo. The darker the clutch, the closer the appearance of the young. On ripening takes about 3 weeks.
If the clutch is in the general aquarium, then only a few mollusks have a chance to survive.
To control the population of aquarium coils, ampoules, neretins, melania, tilomeleaniya, fizy, mariza and other species, you need to apply measures according to their physiological characteristics. When you control the population of mollusks, the aquarium is not harmed. They do an excellent job with algae, mix the soil, do not allow it to rot.
In fizy and coils high reproduction rate, as a result of which the aquarium is very quickly populated. They do not give passage, clogging up all the scenery and arrangements.
Snails get into the aquarium, if you buy them, or bring them together with plants, snags. If you do not want to see such a cohabitation with fish, before planting in the tank of a new decoration or plant, treat them with Hydra-Tox solution. Rapid reproduction means that something is wrong with the bio-balance or water parameters.
In a balanced environment, these mollusks are absolutely harmless, they can even be useful.
Also, they become a lot because of the overfeeding of fish. Mollusks eat the remnants of food, and the more of it, the more it becomes this living creatures.
Waste accumulated in the ground encourages reproduction, so in time to siphon it and remove food debris.
- The chemical method – you buy in the pet store special drugs, because of which these animals die. Is it worth it to do? This method is best used as a last resort, as the rapid death of animals will disturb the aquatic ecosystem. Chemicals have side effects – a bacterial outbreak, diseases of fish and plants, changes in water parameters. Drugs can be toxic to all living things. Do not use drugs that are not intended to fight snails. Means to help remove snails: Tropical Hydra-Tox, ZMF Limnacid, Sera Snailpur, Sera snail-Ex, JBL Schnecktol, Aquacon against snails, Dajana Molucid.
- Set traps for mollusks – you can buy traps in the pet store, and do it yourself. Prepare a leaf of cabbage, scald it. Put the bottom of the aquarium on a plate. In the morning the cabbage leaf and the plate will be in snails, which are easy to clean. A regular procedure will reduce their population. If herbivorous fish do not allow cabbage to “live” until the morning, you can improve the way. Take a plastic bottle, make small holes in it, in which the fish will not fit, and the snails will easily crawl through them. Place scalded cabbage, lettuce leaves in a bottle, and flood it at the bottom of the tank. In the morning there will be a lot of these animals in the bottle.
See how to catch snails from the aquarium.
Fish – many fish love snails as a treat. However, well-fed fish will not eat mollusks.
We’ll have to underfed the fish, or plant them on a fasting day. Eat well snails tetradons, clown fights, macropods, gourami, catfish (eating their eggs).