maintenance, care, compatibility
How to clean the aquarium
General cleaning in the aquarium need to do depending on the type of fish. For some, the best option is a one-time monthly cleaning, for others – weekly. Remember that fish do not like to be disturbed, changing their habitat, even for a short time.
General cleaning is always a stress for any kind of fish. That is why during cleaning do not frighten your fish with sharp movements.
Planning to make changes in the aquarium, replace the plants? Then it is better to combine this procedure with cleaning and cleaning. Remember: the use of all sorts of chemical cleaners in the aquarium is strictly prohibited!
In specialty stores you can buy a special siphon for cleaning the aquarium. You can also use the materials available at home.
The walls of the aquarium should be cleaned with a scraper, washcloth, kitchen sponge. After all, they are constantly settled by microorganisms that impede visibility and create an untidy, sloppy look to the aquarium.
After cleaning the glasses, you can proceed to cleaning the bottom of your aquarium. The soil must be cleaned from the remnants of food and fish excrement. All this accumulates below.
But how do you know that you need such a cleaning? Take a stick and shake the soil, stir it. If bubbles begin to rise from the bottom, then cleaning is necessary.
This procedure will facilitate your special soil cleaner. This is a flexible hose with a glass or metal tip, which should be led along the bottom, pressing it deep into.
Through the tip will drain water with dirt. It is important to control the amount of drained water. The volume of this water should not exceed one fifth of the total water volume of the aquarium.
This amount of water you need then add to the tank. It should be carefully with the roots of plants when cleaning, do not damage them. After all, the main thing in cleaning is the preservation of all life and the support of the natural habitat.
Water purification helps to refresh the aquarium and remove accumulated harmful substances. In order to alleviate the stress of the fish due to the replacement of water, it is necessary to replace it partially. This should be done once every 2 weeks.
Water for this purpose should be defended within a few days. Is your tank not covered on top?
Then a film may appear on the surface of the water. You can fix it with a sheet of paper, the size of which is equal to the size of the aquarium.
This sheet must be held by the edges, dipped in water and slowly lifted along with a harmful film. If necessary, the procedure is done several times. When general cleaning of the aquarium should not forget about the filter for cleaning.
Usually its elements are made of foam rubber. Therefore, for their thorough cleaning you just need to rinse them under a strong stream of water. The filter mechanism is usually cleaned with a simple toothbrush.
General cleaning of the aquarium, its competent cleaning will prolong the life of your floating pets, will support the normal level of the aquatic environment. After all, cleanliness, order are necessary for all living beings. Support them, monitor, watch for changes.
And then your healthy pets will delight the eye with their active movements!
Step-by-step cleaning of the aquarium at home: instructions
1. Clean the aquarium siphon.
Properly cleaning the aquarium with a siphon is not so difficult, it is enough to do it once, and then you can do it with your eyes closed. Aquarium siphons are of different designs, but regardless of them, the siphon of the bottom of the aquarium will always be built on the same principles.
With this procedure, you must begin the procedure of cleaning any aquarium with fish. You should siphon both the surface of the soil and a little bit from the bottom. As a rule, the main waste is accumulated on the surface.
It is necessary to remove the volume that you are going to fill back in the form of separated water. Calculate this amount is not difficult, the main thing is not to forget to do it, but if you have water with a reserve, then you have nothing to worry about.
2. Clean the glass.
In fact, we want to say from our own experience – there are most problems with glasses, simply because cleaning them is too lazy … This is the hardest work – you have to work with a scraper, go through all the growths. If you do not do this when the first growths appear, then in the future it will be very difficult to cope with them, and even more so, not a single cleaner fish can cope with months-long growths.
3. Cleaning the filter.
Cleaning the filter is third on the list, because for this we need water from the aquarium so that we can wash the filter parts and rinse the sponges in it. It is better if it is the water that you drain off last, so that it contains as little turbidity and sediment as possible.
After washing the filter in this water, you collect it and put it back.
4. Fill the separated water in the aquarium.
When all the so-called dirty work on the proper cleaning of the aquarium with fish is done, we have only a little left – to fill in clean water. This should be the water that you defended during the week in a special container.
Only after the water is poured, you can turn on the filter, as well as lighting.
5. Add vitamins.
Also, if required, you can add any vitamins for fish to the aquarium. It can also be a means for water, as well as algae control.
In general, such means are better to be poured, either with the new separated water, so that they immediately spread throughout the entire volume, or to fill them in the area of water release from the filter.
- Be sure to schedule time in advance when cleaning is needed. Do it the day before, so as not to postpone for the last moment. We advise for the sake of such a thing to tune in a little bit for a small half-hour work with an aquarium in advance – it will be easier to do everything without being lazy.
- If you suddenly forgot to defend the water (and this happens with busy people who have large aquariums), then it is better to skip the cleaning than siphonit and pour the unprepared (not settled) water.
- If it is completely lazy, then in small aquariums it can be cleaned less often, for example, once every 2 weeks (for aquariums up to 30-40 liters). But it all depends on the pollution of the aquarium, filter power, etc.
- Try to move the siphon in the aquarium without sudden movements. This should be done in order not to frighten the fish once again, especially if these fish are large and shy.
- Do not siphon deep soil, which is located close to large plants. This soil contains plant nutrients (of course, if dirt comes through the stones, then you need to siphon even there, in the depths). In addition, once again you should not disturb the root system of plants, because for them it is stressful – the plants do not like transplants and movements in the aquarium.
How to clean the aquarium – the secrets and tricks
How many articles have been written about this, how much has been said … but still people are interested in this question. Our site also has a fairly comprehensive article that HOW TO WASH THE AQUARIUM.
In this article I would like to pay attention to the ways and means of cleaning the aquarium.
So, first of all the walls (glass) of the aquarium are cleaned. This action should be carried out in the event that the walls of the aquarium rummaged, for example, green dots or brown patina.
To do this, you can use special magnetic scrubs or brushes for aquariums. Like these ones:
Such magnetic brushes for an aquarium, very well cope with their task –
in just a few seconds, all algal green and brown fouling are scrubbed off the aquarium glass
However, it is worth noting that they need to work very carefully. Alas, if even a small grain of sand gets under the magnetic scraper, they can seriously scratch the glass of the aquarium.
If you do not notice it in time, then you can end up with the Aquarium Kruger Aquarium – all scratched and splashed.
Such a careless or inattentive cleaning can lead not only to a violation of the aesthetic appearance of the aquarium, but also to the overgrowth of scratches into cracks, and these are already serious things, threatening with flood.
Therefore, if your aquarium is not very deep and there is no need to rub it to insanity, I recommend using softer and more elastic materials. For example, here are such a sponge for washing dishes:
Such a sponge has a soft and hard side, which is very convenient – it is possible to carry out a general rubbing with the soft side, and more polluted places to rub hard. With this method of cleaning the aquarium the risk of making a scratch is minimal. Firstly, because you carry out all the manipulations with your hand and feel all your actions are tactile.
Secondly, even if the grain of sand falls under the sponge, it is unlikely to scratch the glass.
After using the sponge in the aquarium, rinse it under the tap and let it dry until the next time.
There is one more “miracle thing”, invented by mankind and which is widely used for cleaning an aquarium, its name is TOOTHBRUSH!
Toothbrush, an indispensable thing for cleaning the walls and green aquarium decor. It is especially useful in nano (small) aquariums and Amanovsky herbalists, where you need to work with small objects and carefully.
IT SHOULD BE NOTED, that all aquariums are different, and each have different aquatic organisms, but the excessive appearance of green and brown spots or plaque in the aquarium is a signal not very good condition of the aquarium, namely, poor water quality. Green and brown patches are algae, lower plant organisms that appear at the first opportunity: mud, overpopulation of the aquarium, high concentrations of ammonia, nitrites and nitrates, lack of sufficient living plant biomass, lack of proper water changes … these are just some common causes greening the aquarium.
What to do in such cases? First, take advantage of algaecide preparations from algae, sold in all pet stores. For example, the widely used Tetra Aqua Algo Stop depot or, for example, Ermolaeva Algitsid + CO2 parole.
Secondly, all the green decorations (stones, grottoes, plastic) can be removed from the aquarium and soaked in whiteness (bleach), then carefully rub them and after . very, very carefully. Rinse in clean, running water several times.
Thirdly, it is necessary to eliminate the cause of the excessive appearance of algae: settle the fish, increase the frequency and volume of water changes, reduce the light day, and so on.
By cleaning the aquarium, you can also include cleaning the filter and siphon aquarium bottom.
It is not difficult to wash the filter – it is necessary to carry out this manipulation as necessary, i.e. when the filter starts to work poorly. At the same time, it is desirable to wash sponges or other filtering materials in a basin with aquarium water. Thereby, you will cause less damage to the beneficial colony of bacteria that has formed in the filter.
For an example of filter cleaning, see this ARTICLE.
As for the siphon of the aquarium bottom, such a manipulation should also be carried out as far as the aquarium floor is contaminated, “silted”. It is performed using an aquarium siphon, which can also be purchased at any pet store.
See – The best siphons for aquarium – Forum aquarists.
After you have cleaned the walls and aquarium decorations, siphoned off the soil, washed and installed the filter and other equipment, replace or refill fresh, separated water and even after, wipe the aquarium from the outside with a dry cloth, while you can use a glass cleaner. Cleaning aquarium over.
The cleaning algorithm is usually the following:
- we clean the walls from algal plaque;
- if necessary, we clean the scenery: stones, grottoes;
- if there are plants in the aquarium, we will weed and trim them;
- ground siphon (this procedure is not always performed);
- pour out of the aquarium of the water – this can be done during the siphon or on purpose;
- if necessary, wash the filter equipment;
- Pour clean water.
Before you start cleaning the aquarium, you must turn off all electrical equipment, except for external filters.
And now about everything in more detail.
Even in the most prosperous aquarium, an algal bloom forms on the walls, which makes the glass dull and untidy. Therefore, algae must be regularly removed. This can be done with:
- scraper with a metal blade (it can be replaced with a stationery knife blade);
- magnetic scraper;
- economic washcloths.
First option – long handle scraper or, to a lesser extent, the stationery knife is convenient and well removes algae and other contaminants, but is not suitable for Plexiglas aquariums, since it can leave scratches on their walls.
Magnetic scraper indispensable for deep tanks, as well as aquariums, which are restricted from above, or plexiglas tanks. It does not scratch the walls (with the exception of those cases when a grain of sand or a small fragment of soil falls between its parts) and makes it possible not to put your hands in the water.
Minus – it is difficult for them to clean the corners of the aquarium and the lower edge of the glass near the ground.
The economic washcloth option is the most economical, but it is not suitable for plexiglass and is the least convenient, since you have to get it everywhere with your hand.
The algal bloom taken off with a scraper or washcloth is not necessary to specifically catch and clean – that if you do not have time to eat fish, we will remove it when water is drained.