maintenance, care, compatibility
Domestic turtle at home: content from A to Z
For almost everyone who wants to have a turtle, the first problem is to find an adequate capacity and purchase equipment. And then they begin to understand that the content is more complex than they imagined.
And very often the owners simply do not buy what they need, and then the animal suffers and dies.
There is even such a simple thing, how to put a terrarium on can cause problems. Aquarium for a red-eared turtle from 150 liters, plus water, equipment, shore.
The output will be more than three hundred pounds, and not just a table stand it.
A more spacious aquarium will allow your aquatic turtle to remain more active and healthy. Attention! Remember – if you keep the tortoise in crush, it will not remain small!
This is a common misconception that also applies to aquarium fish and other animals. She will be sick, twisted, but not small!
Since the red-eared turtle is a water species, it spends most of its time in water, so monitoring its quality is very important. Turtles eat, sleep and empty into the water, so filter, change it often.
Dirty water is one of the sources of discomfort, disease and infection.
The minimum water level in the aquarium is such that the tortoise could roll over if it suddenly finds itself on its back. That is not less than the width of its shell.
However, if possible, you need to keep it higher, because the more water, the more stable it is and the cleaner it remains. When this access to the shore of a turtle should be free, it should be able at any time to climb on it and warm up.
The water must be set aside for at least 24 hours, so that chlorine leaves it and it acquires room temperature. Attention! The temperature of the water in the aquarium with a red-eared turtle should be 22-28 ° C and not fall below 20, if you have this possible, then it should be heated with a heater.
Be sure to use a thermometer, do not trust your feelings! The cleanliness of the water is very important, as the turtles eat and empty in it.
Very quickly accumulate harmful substances, ammonia and nitrates, the water begins to stink. To avoid this, the water in the aquarium with a red-ear turtle is replaced once or twice a week. You can also use an internal or external filter, however, this does not cancel the water change.
For a turtle, internal filters are too thin, and external filters are good, but are quite expensive.
How long can a turtle live without water? For a long time, it happens that they run away from the aquarium and the owners find them only after a few days, sluggish, but alive.
In general, a day or two she will live in peace, but will suffer from drying out.
Omnivorous, feeding on various types of food. Diversity is important because it supports the health of the turtle. What to feed the red-eared tortoise?
You can feed: artificial feed, feed for aquarium fish, vegetables, aquarium plants, insects, fish, invertebrates. In addition to diversity, it is important to give a balanced diet high in calcium.
Like all wild animals that live at home, there is a tendency to overeating.
Young turtles are mostly omnivores. But as they grow and mature, they become more and more herbivorous.
Omnivorous means that in the diet a large amount of protein, but in adult turtles, it is much less. Turtles of any age will prefer live prey or carrion, but it is necessary to feed it only occasionally.
You also need to additionally give calcium for the normal formation and growth of the shell in the turtle.
They eat almost everything, but the main food may well be artificial feed for aquatic turtles, the benefit of their many options and species. Their composition is specially selected to provide all the necessary substances for turtles.
High protein content in commercial feeds allows you to give them in small portions.
To make feeding more balanced, add calcium and vegetable feed and your turtle will be quite happy. Consider that calcium supplements most often go in commercial feeds, read the inscriptions on the packaging.
Red-skinned turtles need water for swallowing, as they do not produce saliva. They can take food on land, but will drag it into the water to eat.
You can use it for your own benefit and feed them in a separate tank, so the water in the aquarium will remain clean for a longer time.
Feeding artificial feed
Feeding the red-eared turtle with vegetable feed
Omnivores, they gladly eat everything they can reach. Insects, snails, small fish and worms, crickets, etc. will become victims of the red-eared turtle.
So the question is whether guppies and red-eared turtles will get along in one aquarium at all. The same can be said about any aquarium fish, even large, they can bite. Despite the attractiveness and availability of such feed, they should be given moderately.
It is better to feed with special feed for turtles, as they are balanced and do not tolerate disease and parasites.
Poor goldfish (slow talk?)
An adult turtle depends on its size or not. Approximately: 2-4 years for a male and a carapace more than 10 cm and 2-5 years for a female and 12-13 cm. A sexually mature male starts the mating game (although the young can also try) with a kind of courtship.
During which he swims in front of the female, the muzzle to her and waves very quickly with his paws in front of her eyes. In nature, reproduction occurs in March and June, but domestic turtles can mate throughout the year.
When a turtle is pregnant, that is, it bears eggs, you need to prepare a special place for it where it will lay these eggs. A female red-eared turtle can carry eggs without a male, but they will not be fertilized!
You can gently grope the eggs between the carapace and its hind legs, but be careful, they are very fragile. The female will instinctively look for a place to nest and lay eggs.
Masonry can contain up to 20 eggs for a large female. If the conditions are suitable, then for the season the female lays up to 3-4 clutches.
In the home aquaterrarium, the female red-eared tortoise signals preparation for breeding by changing its behavior. She becomes very restless, imitates digging movements with the help of her hind legs and tries to get out of the aquarium.
Also during this time, she spends more on land and needs calcium and UV rays. The place where she can lay eggs is very important, if she is not there she will put them in water or even carry them further, which will cause them to harden. If you see that the turtle has laid one or two eggs, try to make her a nest.
Most likely, the rest of the clutch has not yet come out and she is still pregnant.
Attention! If the female does not lay eggs, then they will harden, they can cause infection and death of the animal. Even a properly prepared nest is not a guarantee that everything will go well, as the tortoise can be old, drawn out, sick.
If she tries to postpone the clutch but fails, it is better to take her to the vet. Possible signs of problems: decreased activity, heavy breathing, cavities or swelling near the cloaca. If an unpleasant liquid comes out of it or there is a smell, then the eggs inside may have broken.
For any health problems with the red-eared turtle, immediately contact your veterinarian!
After you hold the tortoise in your hands, wash them with soap! This is especially important for children, because despite the fact that the red-eared turtle is domestic, it lives in a different environment and there are other bacteria.
It is especially important to monitor the cleanliness of the aquarium and the freshness of the feed, since the red-eared turtles can tolerate salmonellosis.
Ideally, any animal in the house should not have access to the kitchen and to the places where food is prepared. Avoid washing the turtle in the kitchen sink, and do not wash the aquarium and accessories there.
If we consider the aquarium as a small pond, then red-eared turtles will show dominant behavior in relation to others. They can easily hurt others with claws or biting.
Males can stalk females, and often this results in serious aggression with bites, severed tails or death. Adding a new individual can trigger fights, especially if the turtles are already mature.
If this happens, a significant increase in space can help, although it does not guarantee success. Also reduces aggression feeding one by one (one outside the aquarium).
Barriers, plastic plants or walls can be added so that the animals can see each other.
In general, this is a wild animal by nature, and this behavior is more than normal for the American Red-Eared Turtle. If you do not want problems, you need to keep them alone.Attention!
Red-skinned turtles feel great living without a pair. Adult turtle and toddlers – fight for food:
Content of the red-eared turtle and care at home
What you need to buy for the content?
You understand that prices can vary greatly, so just list the necessary things:
- Aquarium for the Pupillary turtle 200 liters
- 100W water heater
- Filter (can be internal, but better than external)
- Ultraviolet lamp for water turtles with UVB 10%
- Heating lamp
- Land / shore / island
As you can see, the list is quite serious and the most important – all this is really necessary. Now you understand why so many domestic turtles die?
Aquaterrarium for these creatures can be made of glass or plastic, and it should consist of 30% of the land. The remaining 70% is a body of water.
The size of the aquarium for small turtles should be selected taking into account the fact that they can reach a size of 30 centimeters in a few years.
The size of the aquarium based on the size of the turtle:
- the smallest 3-10 cm – up to 50 l;
- medium size 10-16 cm – up to 80 liters;
- large up to 25 cm – up to 150 liters;
- for adults – 120 – 170 l.
Registration of an aquarium for the puppy can be started from the ground. Different glass pebbles do not fit, because the pet can simply bite them.
Sand and small pebbles can enter the intestines. It is best to collect large shells, which will make your aquarium beautiful and at the same time a little saturate the water with calcium. Also suitable and a variety of special blocks of minerals.
From the equipment it is necessary to purchase an incandescent lamp to maintain the temperature, which is located above the shore and include it for 10-12 hours. The temperature in this zone should be about 20 degrees. The temperature of the water is maintained with a standard aquarium heater.
You need to add a water filter and a compressor to it to saturate it with oxygen. Still acquire ultraviolet lamps.
Their light contributes to the production of vitamins D3 and the normal growth of the shell.
The shore in the aquarium for the red-eared turtle is made inclined with a small ramp. It can be made of plastic, plastered with stones or pebbles.
It is possible to use various branches for decoration. Here your pet will sunbathe under the lamp, which we have at a height of 30 cm from the coast.
If young individuals are predators, then adults belong to omnivorous animals, eating and vegetable food. Low-fat small fish suit for this completely, the turtle will eat it entirely. It is good to take hake, perch, cod or crucian, but it is better not to use capelin, sprat or sprat for frequent feeding.
They are very fond of fish roe. Adults eat fish with their heads, and young people need to cut it into pieces. If young turtles need to be fed every day, then large animals – only 2-3 times a week.
Fish can be alternated with seafood: crabs, shrimp, octopus, squid. But they need to be heated to room temperature.
Additional food may be insects: locust, grasshoppers, mealworms, snails, washed earthworms, bloodworms. Be careful with the tracks, they can cause poisoning.
Dry food can be included, but fish and seafood should be required. In the second year of life, the turtle can also be fed meat.
Fatty varieties are better to exclude, but poultry and beef are sometimes suitable. But in meat there is a lot of protein and not enough calcium and vitamins. It is better to give it a little, just once a week.
Useful for turtles chicken or beef liver, rich in vitamin A. Vegetable food is best given to grown turtles, who have already gained a little weight, throwing it in thin pieces directly into the water. But not all turtles love it. Leaves of lettuce, cabbage, dandelion or dried sea kale will do.
You can cut into thin slices vegetables and fruits, but spicy herbs (dill or parsley) are preferred by only a few specimens.
It is quite simple to equip an aquarium for a red-eared turtle, and the maintenance of such a pet will not bring much trouble. Only for more than an hour without water, do not hold them so that the skin does not dry out.
If you start taking them from your very young age, they will get used to the person and do not bite. You can even get a couple of turtles at home so that they have more fun.
Red-eared aquarium turtle: features and conditions of detention
The first thing you need is an aquarium for a red-eared turtle. For young individuals of small size, you can choose aquariums in the pet store, and you can also buy a terrarium.
However, in such a “pond” fit only small turtles. For adults, the habitat will have to be made to order.
When ordering an aquarium you need to consider that it should be quite roomy – at least 200 liters. Only a spacious “abode” will allow the tortoise to feel comfortable. Do not, however, forget to close the aquarium lids.
Otherwise, she can escape.
Most of the time animals spend in water. But when arranging the reservoir, you need to take care that in the aquarium for turtles was a small island.
Animals will have to climb it effortlessly. The surface of the water should warm up well.
For this, a lamp is placed directly above the island, which will warm the air to 28-30 degrees.
A large aquarium for a water turtle must be equipped with a special filter for water purification. Change the water in a large aquarium should be as it is polluted, in the small – no more than once a month.
Feed the red-eared tortoise should be plant and animal food, but the diet should be varied so that the animal does not get sick. Young individuals feed on a daily basis, but after three years of age it is enough to feed them three times a week.
The maintenance of turtles, especially red-eared, requires special attention. So, animals tolerate very cold.
In the winter, in order to warm the turtles use a special ultraviolet lamp. Warmed up the turtle in the winter you need 3 times a week.
In the summer, everything is much simpler, it is enough to provide natural light, for which aquariums are placed in fresh air, but do not allow direct sunlight.
The time has come when you won’t surprise anyone with such a filling of an aquarium like fish. Therefore, some aquarists have decided to settle various kinds of reptiles in their homes.
For example, one of the most common species of reptiles living in a home aquarium – a terrarium is a red-eared turtle.
In order to keep the red-eared turtle at home, it is necessary, first of all, to create a cozy habitat for it, to understand what the arrangement of the aquarium for the red-eared turtle should be.
The aquarium terrarium for the red-eared turtle must contain both a water base and a land one, because red-eared turtles like to be not only under water, but also on its surface and on land, which allows them to receive oxygen and enjoy the full ultraviolet rays.
To gain access to oxygen in an aquarium – terrarium for a red-eared turtle, you must make an island or a small rock on which your reptile can fit and will be above the water surface.
The size of the surface of the island should correspond to the size of the shell of your red-eared turtle, this is necessary in order to make it comfortable to be on such an island.
At the same time, it should be noted that the access of your turtle to the island should be gentle and create such conditions that the reptile could get there without interference and carefully descend from there, without receiving any injuries and injuries.
Aquarium lighting – a terrarium for a reptile should be of two types, namely: a conventional incandescent lamp (popularly called “Ilyich lamp”) and an ultraviolet lamp that will create a so-called “sun” to get ultraviolet.
All equipment and lamps for the aquarium – terrarium for the red-eared turtle can be picked up at a regular or specialized pet water turtles pet store. You can also find on sale ready-made equipped aquariums – terrariums for red-eared turtles, in which you already have everything you need for a comfortable living at home for your reptile.
The device of an aquarium for turtles does not differ in particular complexity, therefore, to save your money, an aquarium – a terrarium for a red-eared turtle can be equipped independently.
Aquariums for eared turtles: design rules
Keeping a red-eared turtle in an aquarium is one of the most common occupations among reptile lovers. In order to keep the red-eared turtle at home, it is necessary, first of all, to create a cozy habitat for it, to understand what the arrangement of the aquarium for the red-eared turtle should be.
An aquarium for a red-eared turtle must contain both a water base and a land base, because the red-eared turtles like to be not only under water, but also on its surface and on land, which allows them to receive oxygen and fully enjoy the ultraviolet rays. To gain access to oxygen in an aquarium – terrarium for a red-eared turtle, you must make an island or a small rock on which your reptile can fit, and will still be above the surface of the water.
The size of the surface of the island should correspond to the size of the shell of your red-eared turtle, this is necessary in order to make it comfortable to be on such an island. At the same time, it should be noted that the access of your turtle to the island should be gentle and create such conditions that the reptile could get there without interference and carefully descend from there, without receiving any injuries and injuries.
This type of reptile is a predator and lives exclusively in freshwater bodies of water that are flowing. Therefore, the freshwater aquarium for the aquatic turtle is a habitat habitat. The aquatic red-eared turtle looks very unusual and attracts the attention of even those people who are not addicted to daily aquarism.
Aquariums for red-eared turtles are currently represented in large quantities in pet stores.
In order to keep the red-eared turtle at home, it is necessary to create in its aquarium conditions that will maximally compensate the turtle for the lack of the natural environment. Therefore, it is better to cover the bottom of the aquarium with large pebbles, and you can also use river sludge or sand with clay.
It is necessary to install a filter in the aquarium, you can even one that is not functionally designed to supply air, the red-eared turtle will not die from lack of oxygen, as it, if necessary, oxygen floats to the surface of the aquarium and collects there a certain amount of air a sufficiently long period of time under water.
Plants in the aquarium are very important for the maintenance of the red-eared turtle, so you should use any aquarium plants that will comfortably grow in fresh water.
Due to the fact that red-eared turtles are poikilothermic animals, their state of health is determined mainly by environmental conditions. One of its most important components is good lighting.
For these purposes, UV lamps are most often used in aquariums, as well as incandescent lamps and some others.
In order to create lighting for a red-eared turtle in an aquarium, it is permissible to use several types of lamps.
For small and medium aquariums, you can use a standard incandescent lamp that has become familiar to many. However, keep in mind that this lamp will burn at least 12 hours a day.
Therefore, pay maximum attention to its quality and durability.
An alternative to incandescent lamp can serve as a mirror lamp. Having a mirror coating, it allows you to create a directional stream of light.
The power of a mirror lamp should be less than that of an incandescent lamp. The highest power of the lamps used for daylight, have gas-discharge mercury lamps.
For the dark, the best option is an infrared lamp: not giving visible light, it can simultaneously perform the function of a heating element. A ceramic lamp can also be a good option for night lighting: it should be placed at least 50 centimeters from the animal.
A special role in the aquarium is played by the UV lamp, which also creates lighting for the turtle.
Vitamin D3 is needed to keep a turtle healthy. Despite the fact that a considerable amount of this substance enters the body of an animal with food, the need for it does not diminish at all.
To solve this problem allows the presence in the aquarium a reliable source of ultraviolet radiation.
It is necessary to place UV lamps in an aquarium so that they are at a distance of about 50 centimeters from the animal and they are not separated by obstacles in the form of a curtain or glass. It is necessary to change ultraviolet lamps every six months due to the fact that over time they significantly lose power.
Proper lighting of the aquarium will allow you not only to improve its visibility, but also to solve an equally important problem of thermoregulation and maintain the constancy of the internal environment of the room in which the turtle is located.
Red-skinned turtles are popular pets and belong to aquatic turtles. Care and maintenance of the red-eared turtles at home – this is a simple and extremely exciting process.
And subject to the recommendations of experts to conditions of keeping red-eared turtles, This animal will feel very comfortable walls of your home.
The best solution is to keep red-eared turtles in a spacious aquarium. Most of the time these animals spend in water, but occasionally they need dry land and fresh air. To do this, you need to organize a special island in the aquarium, and install a bright lamp above it.
The water in the aquarium should be changed once a month. For the maintenance of the aquatic turtle is better to use separated water.
An important role in the health status of the red-eared turtle is proper feeding. These animals need protein and calcium every day. In pet stores you can buy a special mixture for feeding the turtle, but experts recommend giving your pet a variety of food in addition to food.
In order to bring the conditions of keeping red-eared turtles at home to natural conditions, they should be regularly fed with fish. For feeding turtles suitable small lean fish, it can be fed to pets along with bones. For large fish, hard bones should be separated.
Oily fish can also be given turtles, boiling it until half ready. As a dietary supplement, red-eared turtles are advised to give squid meat, raw liver, aquarium snails.
Young red-eared turtles should be fed every day, individuals older than 2 years old should be fed 2-3 times a week.
Rules that should be followed in the care and maintenance of red-eared turtles:
- the tortoise should not be allowed to walk on the floor. She can easily catch a cold in a draft, eat small things lying on the floor, get hurt by any sharp object;
- the tortoise should not be given too often meat – this product is heavy for her and badly affects her health;
- the turtle can not be brushed, even if it is overgrown with small algae. Brush can injure the skin and damage the shell of the animal;
- red-eared turtle needs air. In an aquarium without sushi, it can die;
- In the care of the red-turtle, various vitamin supplements must not be abused. They should never be given to the animal “by eye”.
Care and maintenance of red-eared turtles is not only to create favorable conditions for them. Contact with the host is extremely important for these animals.
Only caring attitude turns a pet into a true friend for many years.