maintenance, care, compatibility
Over the past 20 years, mail soms have acquired the greatest popularity in aquarism, and it is supported by new imported species of previously unexplored species. To eliminate confusion and convenience, the differences in their species began to be numbered in the order of appearance with the index L (from lat.
Loricariidae – chain catfish).
Previously, the universal favorites were small, armored (from the Latin. Callichthyidae) soma, distinguished by their peaceful nature and diverse colors.
This squad of soobraznyh must be kept in groups.
Many types of shellfish (catfish, catfish, shellfish), are amenable to simple in comparison with the chain mail breeding in the aquarium. Crabfish often lay their eggs on plants and other structures, after which they stop caring for them. The female mail catfish lays eggs in the grottoes, snags, pipes, burrows, hollows, where the clutch protects the male.
In some species of mail catfish, until the appearance of fry, males wear spawn behind an enlarged lower lip.
Life expectancy in aquarium catfish of some species reaches 15 years. Depending on the conditions of maintenance and care, catfish in an aquarium live on average from 5 to 10 years.
For novice aquarists, the main thing to remember is that catfish are not eaters of garbage and waste, they are not scavengers. They, like other aquarium dwellers, need care.
Special food, soft soil in the aquarium, places where you can hide from the bright light, the necessary water parameters will provide aquarium catfish comfortable living and breeding conditions.
For breeding catfish suitable aquarium from 30 to 70 liters – spawning. If a specific aquarium, then catfish can be bred right in it.
Spawning equipped snags and plants. Lighting should be muted, twilight.
Enhanced aquarium aeration is also provided.
Spawning can be generally without soil and plants, with natural light.
It is necessary to maintain the water temperature from 17 to 25 ° C, and it should be not acidic and clean. Two to three males are recommended per female, with several females in the tank for spawning, males should be 1.3–1.8 times larger.
To stimulate spawning produce:
- changing the temperature regime in the aquarium, increasing or decreasing the temperature by 2-3 ° С per day, in the range from 17 to 25 ° С;
- water change up to 50% of the total spawning volume within 2-3 days (once a day);
- increase the aeration and perform air purging with air.
The composition of water in spawning is not much different from the main composition for permanent residence. The main thing is that the acidity is neutral. The most favorable for reproduction is water with a temperature of 18 to 20 ° C.
For new spawning, the female becomes suitable in 7-10 days.
Aquarium catfish maintenance care compatibility feeding description of the photo video.
Preparing for the purchase of aquarium catfish
KALLIHTIS OR AQUARIUM SOM KALIHT CONTENTS BREEDING PHOTOS.
DIANEMA LONGIBARBIS CONTENTS DIVISION COMPATIBILITY PHOTO DESCRIPTION.
BROCHIS OR GREEN SOMIK CONTENT REPRODUCTION DESCRIPTION PHOTOS.
AMBLIDORAS OF HANKOK OR BEDROOM SOMIK-AQUORIUM FISH.
Ancistrus: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review of catfish suckers, adhesives
Antsistrusy – this is the most popular catfish of the aquarium world! They are known and contain everything, both beginners and pros.
The ancistrus deserved such attention due to its qualities: they are referred to as “aquarium attendants”, they are unpretentious in content, are uncommon in behavior, and, of course, the structure of the mouth-sucker markedly distinguishes them among many other som-like fish.
At the same time, these fish can hardly be called handsome! A strange mouth, some warty growths on the face, dark coloring, and, as a rule, they often hide in snags and grottoes … like twilight! What is so attracted to aquariums around the world to these fish?
I think the answer will give a full story about them! So, the Latin name: Ancistrus dolichopterus (Ancistrus ordinary); Russian name: Ancistrus, catfish stuck, catfish sucker, catfish cleaner, antsitrus;
Order, suborder, family: capes, cat-shaped, chain-mail or Loricariid catfish (Cypriniformes, Siluroidei, Loricariidae). Given the fact that many are confused in the classification of fish, and on the Internet you can often find unreliable information, it should be said that Loricaria and Mail – It is the same.
The family of Mail Som in Latin will be Loricariidae – these are antsistrusy, pterigoplichty, loricaria, sturisomes, farlovellas, hypoptomes, ototsinklyusy and others. It is often written that the ancistrus is an armored soma, but this is not true.
Crabfish Callichthyidae are corridors, dinemas, brochises, thoracatums, etc.
Comfortable water temperature: 20-28 ° С (for manufacturers 20-26 ° С);
Ph acidity: 6-7,5 (for manufacturers up to 10 °, KN up to 2 °);
Stiffness dH: up to 20 ° (for manufacturers 6-7,3);
Aggressiveness: relatively non-aggressive (20%);
The complexity of the content of antsistrusov: easy;
Antsistrus compatibility: These catfish can be maintained with virtually all types of aquarium fish, in fact they are peaceful inhabitants of the aquarium bottom. However, to say that antsistrus absolutely harmless fish can not be!
Yes, everywhere – in the articles of the Runet they write that these somas behave like “God’s dandelions”, but on aqua. The forums can often find information that antsistrusy chase fish, stick to them and even spoil the skin … And it’s true! Therefore, it is undesirable to keep them with slow and cumbersome fish, for example, with the family of Goldfish. Also, from personal experience, I can say that it is impossible to keep them with scaleless fish, for example, with bag-tailed catfish, such fish, antsistrusy can inflict serious wounds with their “passionate kisses”.
Not compatible with: large, aggressive and territorial cichlids, especially during the spawning period. Read more about fish compatibility. HERE!
How many live: with proper maintenance can live more than 7 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!
The minimum volume of aquarium for antsistrusov: 80l is considered a normal aquarium for a pair of antsistrus, but many keep them in 50, and 30, and even 20l. aquariums. It is not correct, alas, in such conditions the fish will not live for a long time, will “drain” and die. About how much you can keep fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
Requirements for care and maintenance: Antsistrusy unpretentious fish. Elementary adherence to the recommended parameters of water – the key to success in their content and even dilution.
These catfish suckers do not need personal and excessive attention, the only desirable element in the aquarium should be shelters: grottoes, caves, and especially snags or hemp. Aeration, filtration, weekly water change for fresh – are required.
In addition, in the aquarium it is desirable to set up correctly and sufficiently active flow of water, which will mimic the natural habitat of catfish.
Feeding and diet: Antsistrtsov, however, as well as other representatives of Loricaria are referred to phytophages, that is, to fish that feed on plant food. It is this feature of the catfish sucker that makes it an indispensable aquarium actor in the fight against algal fouling of the walls of the aquarium and decor.
Due to its unique structure of the mouth, ancistrus scrape / scrape off any small plant formations. Thus, we can say that antsistrusy are unpretentious in the diet and can get food on their own.
However, this does not mean that an aquarist should not feed them. The diet of antsistrus should be 70-80% vegetable feed and 20-30% protein foods. For complete feeding of catfish cleaners, you can buy special branded feed for loricarine catfish, as a rule, these are green tablets falling to the bottom.
Also, many weekly feed their suckers with scalded fresh cucumber, lettuce, spinach, green peas, pumpkin and cabbage leaves. Some aquarists, especially for Ancistrus, richly decorate the aquarium with snags and stumps, the Ancistrus gladly “gnaw” the slugs and constantly hang on them.
And in the stumps, with good conditions of detention, they can even spontaneously and independently multiply.
Photo feeding antsistrusov
Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
In nature, live: Ancistrus habitat is the central and northern part of South America. Their biotope – rivers and streams with a fast current, lakes of tropical forests, swamps and ditches, some species inhabit mountain streams.
Description of Ancistrus:
Soma body elongated, head and front of the body flattened. From the dorsal fin the body is covered with bone plates, except the abdomen.
Ancistrus mouth – These are suckers with horny scrapers, with which they scrape food from the surface.
Dorsal large, flag-shaped, often pressed fish to the body. Thoracic, ventral and dorsal fin wide.
Cultivation and reproduction of acystrus
Antsitrus, male and female in the photo and their laying in coconut shell It is not any difficulty. Often it, under optimal conditions, can occur independently in the general aquarium.
For purposeful breeding of steam, the producers will be deposited in a shallow spawning aquarium – 40 l., Or if the spawning is a large 100-150 l. You can plant one male and two females. The spawning incentive is frequent water changes, abundant feeding, an increase in the amount of protein, live food, and an increase in water temperature.
To distinguish a male from a female is easy! Males on the head and along the edges have branched, developed leathery processes – tentacles, in the people they are called “antennae”.
In females, the antennae are located only at the edges of the head, poorly developed or not at all.
Producers must be the same size or the female must be larger than the male. Cases of killing of smaller females by male are noted.
The aquarium is equipped with pipes or long stumps, only in them the female will lay eggs. However, there have been cases when caviar is deposited in pots and just on a snag.
Nevertheless, plastic pipes are considered to be the best spawning substrate.
Spawning aquarium is filtered and aerated.
After the female has laid a laying of 30-100 eggs in the tube, the male takes all the care of the offspring. He expels the female and during the entire incubation period of ripening caviar fanning her with fins, creating a stream of water and oxygen access to the clutch, besides the male removes dead eggs.
It is not worth disturbing the male during this period, otherwise he may eat caviar in a “panic”. photo laying antsistrusov caviar
After about five days, little larvae emerge, which the caring male protects for a couple of days.
The hatched larvae hang and the actual does not move. They feed independently during this period – with the reserves of the yolk bladder, due to the exhaustion of which the larvae become fry and from this period they must be fed. The aquarists feed the fry differently, who gives spirulina, who pushes the branded loricarium tablets, who immediately begins to give crushed cucumbers.
The main thing in this matter is the small fraction of feed (dust) and the access of fry to it. see also Antsistrus breeding – Forum aquarists.
Interesting about antsistrusah:
– it is completely unknown why male suckers need “whiskers” on the face. Ichthyologists suggested that the mustache is an imitation of larvae and juveniles.
Thus, the male shows the female, they say, see what kind of “I’m a good dad.” It is noticed that females prefer males with large whiskers)))
– when launching antsistrus into a good herbalist, you should always remember that when there is a lack of vegetable food, catfish can begin to feed on the leaves of plants and damage them. For prof.travnika better to use otsinklyusov and Siamese algae.
– There are an insane number of species of ancistrus, their classification is rather confused and complicated by the presence of breeding breeding forms. The most popular types of antsistrus are considered to be: gold, voilean (voilean leopard and other subspecies), red, dark, brown, pink, star-shaped, albino.
But what only cost numbered L-catfish, their number is simply amazing.
There are a lot of varieties of antsistrusov! Below is a description of the most popular species of this loricaric catfish.
Basically, somas are peaceful, do not climb into a fight with other aquarium fish, sometimes there are conflicts among themselves.
It happens that even a stronger catfish starts to drive the weak, and, alas, kills him.
But this is extremely rare. Compatibility of catfish with other fish depends on the type of catfish.
By peace-loving, herbivorous need to pick up non-aggressive neighbors. And to predators – larger fish that can stand up for themselves.
The process of breeding in catfish is quite simple, and if you only live in the aquarium of the fish of this species, you can not even put them in a separate aquarium. Otherwise, for spawning somikov better to allocate a container of clean water with a capacity of 30 to 50 liters. Usually 3-4 males are left for one female.
It is very desirable that in the place where the spawning takes place, there is a lot of algae and soft soil.
If you want to push your pets to breeding, you need to change the water temperature within 17-25 ° C for several days and aerate the aquarium. Spawning usually occurs early in the morning. When caviar is already set aside, you can leave the natural light or darken a little.
One week after spawning, the female will be ready for a new spawning. The fry develop quite quickly and almost immediately they can be fed with finely chopped bloodworms or “dust”.
Feeding catfish is very easy. They eat fish food, which lies at the bottom, thereby cleaning the bottom of the aquarium.
They eat almost everything: fish pieces, shrimp, pills, frozen food, flakes Well, since most catfishes are predators, they can eat small fish in the aquarium and take them as food.
Making a conclusion, we can say that catfish in an aquarium is a necessary fish. Unpretentious and does not require additional care, resistant to various diseases, and, well, very original and beautiful.
Having a catfish, your aquarium will always look unique, and you can always enjoy and enjoy the beauty of your pet.
In subsequent articles you can find the most necessary information about the maintenance of aquarium catfish, the types that interest you, a variety of aquarium catfish, feeding, care, as well as tables of compatibility of catfish with other inhabitants of the aquarium.
One can often hear from sellers of pet stores that small and large catfish purify the water in the aquarium and this is not necessary for the owner to do. Som-like, combing the soil at the bottom, really pick up all edible, partially cleaning the pollution.
By the way, this does not mean that the power of your pet should be allowed to drift.
It is also important to note that silted water is the habitat of these fish. But this also does not mean that it is possible not to clean the aquarium at all and only occasionally change the water.
Reinforced aeration of water is really not needed, and clean water and an aquarium are a guarantee of the health of your fish. If other fish also live in your house, they simply need cleanliness, and catfish will quickly get used to it and will not experience any inconvenience.
General information about catfish
All types of aquarium catfish, of which there are a huge number in nature, are surprisingly similar to each other in appearance. In aquariums alone, more than 1,200 thousand different waterfowl variations of this species live.
Otherwise, these fish are called sweepers, because they eat the remnants of half-eaten rotting food lying on the bottom.
And many amateurs acquire such “orderlies” precisely because of their accuracy. You can buy such curious items at any pet store.
These aquarium fish instead of scales have a plate cover consisting of bone tissue. This feature distinguishes them from other waterfowl.
Somics mostly live at the bottom of glass reservoirs and actively behave only at night. They feed on plant food, but sometimes they do not disdain to feast on the remnants “from the master’s bottom table.”
Catfish are very popular among aquarists, so the demand for them is very large. They buy shellflies for the reason that they: are peaceful enough; Feel great in water at a temperature of 18 ° + 25 ° C; adapted to hard water; feel confident with its average acidity with plus / minus deviations in different directions.
Nature has somik intestinal breathing. Looking out of the aquarium, they swallow air with their mouths, which are then processed into pure oxygen.
If the catfish often lingers at the surface of the water, then it is difficult for him to breathe. Medics of aquariums