maintenance, care, compatibility
Everyone should know that before you buy a living creature in a house, you need to know as much as possible about it. Learn about the conditions in which it should be maintained and what is preferable to feed.
Aquarium fishes are not an exception to the rules at all, but rather the opposite – you just need to know about them to the maximum, because fishes are very demanding and sensitive creatures. If something is wrong, then they can react extremely badly – even die, and you will not understand what’s the matter, and why the fish died.
It even goes so far as to strictly observe a certain temperature in the aquarium. And moreover, for different types of fish, the required temperature can also be different.
Therefore, it is worth considering this aspect before keeping two species in one aquarium.
In general, the temperature in the aquarium for barbs should be warm enough. These are very thermophilic aquarium fishes, and they endure a rather low temperature drop. This temperature in the aquarium should range from 20 to 28 degrees.
With all this, it would be best if the range of heating water will be around 23-25 degrees. In this situation, the barbs feel just fine (if, of course, also take care of them correctly).
To overheat the water is just as fraught with consequences as to let the fish into a cold aquarium. Be sure that the barb will react very badly to this, except, of course, in some cases.
But exceptions basically confirm the rule. Therefore, be careful and cautious in this matter.
Again, the optimum temperature for barbs is 23-25 degrees of heat, not otherwise.
However, some types of barbs may also like a higher temperature (note that there is no decrease in her speech). For example, Sumatran barb.
These fish love the temperature of the water in which they splash, even reached 30 degrees, and its minimum threshold was 25 degrees.
It is very good if there is a thermometer in the aquarium. But rather – this is a mandatory measure, because some fluctuations in water temperature can easily go unnoticed by man.
And maybe they will notice them, but too late. So, since you decided to start yourself aquarium fish, do not be lazy and do not spare money to purchase a thermometer.
In the future, it may be very useful to you.
Aquarium. This active fish swims in all layers of water, but prefers the average.
For the well-being of the Sumatrans it is simply necessary to have space for swimming, so the aquarium is better to choose an elongated one.
In addition, it would be optimal to put a couple of kagag and plant a couple of plots thickly with plants. This way you can perfectly simulate their natural habitat.
Sumatran barb is a schooling fish and in solitude it will simply torment the neighbors in living space with its aggressive nature.
Water parameters. The temperature range for the Sumatrans is quite large – 23-26 ° C, they prefer soft and very clean water.
A good filter is a guarantee of the health of your pets.
Lighting. This fish has no special requirements for lighting, the Sumatran barbus is generally distinguished by its rare unpretentiousness (what other underwater inhabitants are easy to maintain in the article “Unpretentious aquarium fish”).
Aeration. The sensitivity to the oxygen content in water of the Sumatran barb is extremely low.
However, it is not necessary to bring the matter to the point when the fish will float on the surface head up, it is better to periodically replace some of the water if there is no forced aeration in the aquarium.
Compatibility. As neighbors, it is better to choose equally active fish: danios-rerio, ternets, speckled catfish.
Diamond tetras are also suitable. Slow and dignified fish (angelfish, gourami, gold) simply risk being left with fins bitten off.
Just so as not to relax.
Parent choice. For the first experience of breeding fawns, Sumatran barb is ideal. With a sufficiently diverse feeding, not only with dry feed, fish will definitely show a desire to spawn.
Already at the age of 5-9 months, Sumatrans become sexually mature and ready to reproduce offspring.
For Sumatran barbs, preliminary seating of males and females in separate aquariums is not a prerequisite for spawning. But traditionally the fish are settled so that the females in a relaxed atmosphere could gain caviar.
The temperature of the water must be maintained at 22-24 ° C. For a better development of caviar, it is necessary to provide the fish during this period with a varied menu rich in proteins (tubule, bloodworm, corelet).
Spawning. By the time of spawning should be prepared spawning – an aquarium of not less than 10 liters, without soil. The separator grid laid on the bottom will save caviar from eating by parents.
Snails in spawning should not be. As a substrate, both Javanese moss and synthetic fiber are suitable.
To stimulate spawning, producers are placed in spawning beds usually in the evening and raise the temperature to 25-26 ° С. Feed manufacturers is not recommended.
The first morning rays of the sun are for them a signal to spawn. Its duration is 2-3 hours.
During this time, the female throws up to 600 eggs.
After spawning Sumatran parents are removed from the aquarium and partially replaced with fresh water. To prevent the development of the fungus in the eggs, methylene blue is used (added to water to obtain a light blue tint).
After 12 hours, white unfertilized eggs are removed.
Fry care. Caviar development occurs within a couple of days, and after this period, fish larvae swim up.
For 3-4 days they develop to fry and begin to actively swim and feed on living dust and infusoria. From this point on, the main care for fry consists in regular feeding (every 3-4 hours) and periodic replacement of part of the water.
Feeding fry it must be varied and live feed should prevail, otherwise the young growth is weakened, underdeveloped and sometimes unsuitable for further reproduction. In the first week, the lighting in the aquarium should be done around the clock.
By the end of the first month, the fry will acquire all the outward signs of an adult.
If you think that the aquarium lacks movement, life and turbulent events, start a Sumatran barb. Unpretentious to the living conditions of the fish instantly create an active social life in your reservoir.
You just have to watch and admire the energetic handsome!
Video on how to care for a barbar sumarian:
Barbus-care breeding description photo compatibility video
This fish does not have a reputation for threatening an aquarium, however, short-term flashes of aggression still occur both in a flock of barbs and in bar’s relations with neighbors of other breeds. You must be prepared for the fact that quarrels between these creatures sometimes become so acute that the fish begin to destroy each other!
Veiltails, guppies, cockerels, scalars and telescopes are best to stay away from the barb in a bad mood, otherwise they may lose their voile tails and fins.
Do not expect anything good from the neighborhood brisk barbs and fearful passive lyalius. And the bullying astronotus bar is not a couple, because the fish will certainly want to measure themselves.
Of course, the barbs would not have refused to become the sole and full owners of the underwater territory, but if you plan to breed several types of fish in one aquarium, the World of Soviets recommends to add barley, parrots or mollies to barbs. Fish with a similar disposition and lifestyle will surely get along.
Rod barbus (Puntius) – one of the most common genera of aquarium fish. It is remarkable that its representatives are not capricious, have a bright and varied color, are very active and mobile.
Unpretentiousness attract the attention of novice aquarists.
Hailing barbs from the reservoirs of China, Africa, Southeast Asia. In the wild, fish of the genus Barbus live in flocks, and moreover very large ones.
The maintenance of barbs does not represent special difficulties. Chemical parameters of water (hardness, acidity) do not play a special role. Water barbs prefer the old, with the traditional replacement of 1/3.
Temperature range from 20 grams. Up to 26.
But the temperature is still desirable 23-26 gr.
The shape of the aquarium is chosen taking into account the fact that the barbs are very fast and fast-moving fish. Aquariums for barbs usually have an elongated, elongated shape, so that the frisky fish have a place to “gain acceleration”. The ground in such aquariums is usually dark, and the lighting is bright.
Such a contrast favorably emphasizes the coloring of barbs. Floating plants create extra space for fish “maneuver.”
Two mandatory conditions for the breeding and maintenance of barbs – powerful filtration and aeration of water. Also for the barbs you need to purchase a pump.
The pump is needed to create a flow imitation. Underwater currents are peculiar “toys” for barbs, fish love to frolic in the jets created by additional equipment.
In the aquarium barbs live in flocks (5-7 pcs.). They will please you with good care for 3-4 years. For all their friendliness and livability, the barbs are sometimes snooty.
They are particularly addicted to sluggish guppies with flowing tails.
The favorite occupation of the barbs is to sneak up on the tails of the tails and bite their fins. Magnificent fins annoy the barbs: occupy a lot of space in the already limited water space.
It is possible that the modestly decorated barbs of nature are slightly envious of their overdressed counterparts. Undemanding barbs are undemanding in everything, including food: they are omnivorous.
With a food deficiency, barbs are happily reinforced by leaves of aquarium plants.
Caring for the barbs is quite simple. They are not too demanding on the purity of water and to feed.
But for normal maintenance, good filtration and regular water changes are necessary. It is desirable to change weekly about a quarter of the volume of the aquarium. The most favorable water temperature for barbs is 21-23 ° C.
Fish like thickets, especially they prefer small-leaved plants, such as cabomba or myriophyllum. Although almost all types of barbs, ranging from gold and ending with such a curious representative of these fish, like the mutant barb, are not too sensitive to the composition of the water and the presence of oxygen in it, if you notice that the fish swim at the very surface upside down, this should be for you a signal for urgent water changes.
Do aquarists never have problems than to feed the barbs. All representatives are distinguished by a rare gluttony, and any kind of them – red barb, flaky and all other species – are happy to eat any live or artificial food. But for their benefit, vegetable foods must be included in the diet – lettuce leaves or dried seaweed.
The usual behavior of the barbs is very lively, they swim briskly, holding onto the flock. Sometimes one of the fish can be huddled in the corner of the aquarium and hang there upside down for a long time.
Do not be afraid of this, this behavior is absolutely normal for this type of fish.
At a temperature of 25-26 ° C, 24 hours after the laying of eggs, the first larvae appear, which begin to swim after 3-5 days. The youngsters actively begin to eat on the sixth day.
Feeding begins with rotifers, ciliates, egg yolk, artemia, or fry feed (feed containing vitamin E). In the first three days after the beginning of the meal, the larvae are fed in the spawn 4-5 times a day.
At twilight time, washed nematodes are added to the diet.
After another three days, the youngsters are transferred to a container (50-60 l) with a bottom size of 500 mm by 500 mm and a water level as in a spawning chamber. After 15-20 days, the fish are moved to a large capacity (150-200 l) at the rate of no more than 10 fry per 1 liter of water.
When growing young, the water temperature should be from 24 to 26 ° C, filtration and aeration is obligatory.
To conduct hardening of young individuals in an aquarium, lower the temperature by 2-3 ° C, withstand the day and return to its original state. Hardening is carried out 1-2 times a week.
Feeding can be varied moths, pipemaker, cereals, green brain peas, and the fractional component should correspond to the mouth opening.
Albinos grow slightly faster than standard barbs, and mossy ones grow slower (about one and a half times). Full color fish manifested at the age of three months.
A fish is considered grown when it is 2.5 cm in size, brightly colored and can be fed with uncut moths of medium size.
Barbus Oligolepis: Content, Compatibility, Photo-Video Review
Barbus oligolepis, puntius oligolepis
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 24 – 26 ° С.
Aggressiveness: moderately aggressive 50%.
Compatible barbus oligolepis: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.
Personal experience and useful tips: If you decide to start a barbus, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, “barbusyatnik.
Lives in the waters of Southeast Asia.
In oligolepis barbus, the body is elongated and compressed on each side, covered with large scales. The eyes are big.
Mouth final with 1 pair of antennae. The tail fin is two-bladed. Painted fish in yellowish-brown color.
The scales on the body of pearl fish with black edging. Color barbus may vary depending on the conditions of detention or when frightened (painted gray). Gender differences: male – dorsal and caudal fins reddish, with dark edging along the edge; the female is smaller and paler than the male; her fins are transparent and without edging.
The length of the barb oligolepis grows to 5 cm. Life expectancy at home is about 5 years.
Barbus oligolepis is a peace-loving and somewhat shy fish. It is desirable to contain a group of 5-10 individuals.
Different types of fish can be neighbors, except fish with wide and long fins. He likes to hide in dark corners and rarely goes to brightly lit places. Keeps barbus oligolepis in the middle and lower layers of water.
It is necessary to contain oligolepis barbs in an aquarium with a volume of 50 liters and with dark ground and dimmed lighting. In the aquarium should be overgrown plants (at the edges and at the back wall), various shelters (stones, snags) and free space for swimming. Barbus oligolepis prefers old, well-settled water: hardness up to 200, pH 6.8-7.2, temperature 24-26 ° C.
Requires powerful filtering, aeration and replacement of up to 30% of the volume of water 1 time in 2 weeks.
Barbus oligolepis reaches sexual maturity at the age of 7-9 months. During the summer, the female oligolepis barbus spawn 5-6 times at intervals of 5-10 days.
It feeds live (bloodworm, daphnia, coretr, occasionally tubule), vegetable and dry flaky feed. Feed Barbus oligolepis best often and in small portions. Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied.
This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
Photo Barbus Oligolepis
Video about barbus oligolepis
General information about the barbs
Carp family (Cyprinidae).
Barbusses (genus Barbus) – killing fish. In nature, there are several dozen varieties.
Distributed in Africa, South and Southeast Asia. Most of them are small, moving, small fish, 4-6 cm in size.
Small fish barbs are considered to be peaceful inhabitants of aquariums, but their aggressiveness is possible, to the extent that they destroy other fish in the aquarium. In general, these are fast and nimble fishes that are constantly in motion, they are looking for something and are catching up with each other.
Suitable for aquarists who prefer active fish. Keep them with inactive neighbors is not worth it, because they will constantly bother, twitch, create a stressful situation.
Large barbs can compete even aggressive inhabitants of aquariums. Most of these species can be contained in aquariums from 50 liters. Barbs fish feel good at a fairly low temperature of 20-24C.
The composition of water does not play a significant role, these fish are accustomed to live in running water. Therefore, it is desirable to create a current in an aquarium with the help of aeration.
Small species contain flocks of 5-7 pieces. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years. Large fish, such as shark barbs, often contain singly or in pairs, they live in captivity much longer.
The ground color should be dark, in this case the fish look brighter. Planting plants for these restless fish should not be very dense, with swimming space, because it is in the open areas that the fish show their active character.
For them, the optimal presence of floating plants. There should be separate, densely overgrown places that serve as shelter for them. Practically any can be used as food for most aquarium barbs: live – bloodworm, tubule, daphnia, cyclops, frozen daphnia and bloodworms; various dry mixes based on dried daphnia; granulated industrial feed.
For adult fish, the addition of plant components is desirable, otherwise, these inhabitants of aquariums can damage young shoots in plants.
Breeding of most species of aquarium fish barbs is not difficult. As a breeding ground, you can use a frame or all-glass aquarium from 10 liters.
The water is old, with the addition of 30% fresh, settled. No soil required. The bottom must be covered with plants as a substrate for spawning and to prevent manufacturers from eating the eggs.
You can also use the grid, separating the producers from the bottom, in this case they can not get to the caviar. Sometimes the producers have to keep separate before spawning, sometimes the fish spawn and so, even in the general aquarium.
Usually, if females have a clearly visible full belly, they are ready to spawn. A couple or group of producers is planted to spawn in the evening.
Spawning usually begins the next morning, with the first rays of the sun falling. The female for one spawning sweeps up to several hundred eggs. After spawning, producers need to be removed, otherwise they will try to get to the caviar and may destroy it.
Larvae hatch in a day. At first they are hiding so much that they can be overlooked and decided that they all died. After four days, the fry begin to swim and eat.
At the initial stage of feeding, infusoria or rotifers should be used as feed. This is due to the insignificant size of the fry.
When fry barbs grow up – small crustaceans. Juveniles grow fast.
Periodically, it must be sorted by size in order to avoid cannibalism. With abundant feeding, most species reach sexual maturity by 8–10 months.
When keeping barbs you need to take into account the peculiarities of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.
Barbs, like any other movable pets domestic water bodies, like spacious large aquariums with many rationally planted plants.
To keep them you need a few flocks of up to ten individuals in a capacity of 50 liters. Dark soil is preferred, as the light background does not provide contrast for the bright color of the barb.
Water parameters in the aquarium should be close to the following characteristics:
- temperature – 22-24 ° C;
- stiffness close to neutral – 8-12 ph;
- aeration and weak filtration are required;
- water change in the tank at 10-20% weekly required.
Feeding these carp representatives is not particularly difficult. They are unpretentious in food, with the same pleasure they absorb both dry and live food:
- a pipemaker;
- all sorts of granulated and flocculated mixtures.
With proper care, the barbs live up to five years, and their maturity occurs at the age of 6-7 months. However, males are distinguishable from females as early as 3-4 months – they have bright fins.
In order to get healthy offspring from their pets, it is necessary first and foremost a separate aquarium for 10-20 liters, where about a month before the reproduction process, young and active producers are removed.
This is especially true for females, because mature individuals either spawn badly or do not spawn at all. The temperature in this tank is kept moderate, and they are especially careful that the fish do not overeat.
Feed the fish during this period should be a one-time low-fat feed. Will fit:
A female prepared for spawning acquires a visible swelling behind the abdomen.
Considering the somewhat snooty nature of barbs having fun pulling off the tails and fins of other species of fish, it is contraindicated to settle with them in one reservoir voyalehvosty, cockerels, telescopes and slow, graceful scalar.
Barbs are absolutely incompatible with guppies and goldfish, especially since the latter are not representatives of tropical species, and therefore they need water at a completely different temperature.
It is not recommended to settle these small fishes with predators, for example, with cichlids, as in this case they will already be attacked.
The best neighborhood option for these representatives of carps is the confreres of other species, say, a five-lane barb with a ruby or fiery one.
Good in this quality for barbs botsii and swordsmen.
In conclusion, I would like to note that when setting up semi-predatory and very mobile fish in a domestic pond, one should always keep in mind their temperament and select neighbors for them that they cannot harm and which are safe for them at the same time. Barbus just such fish.
They are mobile lives, but you should find the right approach to them.
Video about barbs, which tells about the rules of maintenance, care for fish and the most popular types: