maintenance, care, compatibility
Causes of aquarium blooming and problem solving methods
Probably there is not a single person who would not be fascinated by the amazing view of a well-kept aquarium. The unique game of colors of fish and aquatic plants, neatly and at the same time, chaotically composed design create the most real separate world in a glass vessel. And yet absolutely any aquarium can bloom, it affects not only the appearance, but also can adversely affect the health of fish.
In order to avoid such a problem as blooming water should be understood for what reason it happens. This article tells about the causes of flowering, its effect on fish, as well as how to clean aquarium water and prevent further flowering.
So, before you fix the problem, you need to figure out why the aquarium is blooming? First, it should be understood that all biological processes in an aquarium are very closely related: microorganisms, which develop in water in one way or another, contribute to stable biological equilibrium, they process the remains of feed and natural excretions of aquarium fish, thereby preventing the process of rotting in the soil .
When biological balance is in good shape, the aquarium can remain clean for a long time.
However, everything is not so simple and requires periodic intervention of human hands. Over time, a rather impressive amount of fish waste products accumulates in the ground and the process of decay begins, which, in turn, increases the acid balance of water.
In an aquarium, a favorable environment is formed for the rapid growth of filamentous algae, which spread over all surfaces inside the vessel.
If you are inactive in this situation, then soon the whole aquarium will be covered with a green coating, and the water will become greenish due to an excessive number of microorganisms in it. All this is the flowering of water.
In nature, this is typical of swamps and bodies of water with stagnant water. Such a problem can occur at any time of the year, but is most likely in the summer when exposed to direct sunlight.
Speaking about the duration of the flowering aquarium, it should be understood that this process will continue until favorable conditions for it are violated. In addition to increased contamination of the aquarium soil, which subsequently violates the acidic balance of water, excess lighting from the lamp or direct sunlight also causes the aquarium to bloom.
It is also worth noting that the process of flowering of water will not continue forever and if not enough attention is given, in the end, the aquarium will die.
When the water in the aquarium begins to bloom the behavior of the fish may change. During the process of rotting in the ground and with the deterioration of water quality, the inhabitants of the aquarium may begin to refuse feed.
Some inexperienced aquarists do not always pay attention to a change in the appetite of fish and constant feeding of food, which is practically not eaten, only aggravate the situation.
Naturally, as mentioned earlier, the aquarium may also bloom due to an excess of light, but this does not mean that the fish in such water feel more comfortable. Microorganisms, the number of which in such a situation is many times higher than the norm contaminate water with the products of its vital activity, thereby deteriorating the quality of water.
In this case, the risk of fish disease at the bacterial level is quite high, mucous membranes are particularly susceptible to damage, as well as any damage to the fish’s body on the aquarium decor or left by a violent cohabitant can be fatal in dirty water.
The presence of diseases in fish in the dirty water will sooner or later make themselves known. One of the few is fin rot, it manifests itself at a critical decrease in water quality, although it may appear before water blooming, as a symptom of rotting processes in an aquarium.
The external differences of the sick fish differ sharply from the healthy counterparts: the fins are frayed, and in more complicated cases, when the situation is started to a critical point, the rot goes to the body of the fish, hitting the scales, eyes, and mouth.
In the case of fin rot, an urgent and complete replacement of the water in the aquarium with the addition of Antipar liquid antibacterial preparation is required. It is recommended that if the disease of a small fish or small fish is too complicated, temporarily place them in a separate vessel with water and the preparation Antibac.
To avoid flowering every two weeks, you should replace 1/5 of the water in the aquarium with a fresh one. It should be noted that depending on the volume of the aquarium, the frequency of water changes may be different; Aquariums with a capacity of less than 100 liters require replacement once a week, and large vessels of 200 or more liters are not so whimsical and they need only once every two weeks or less.
Water change is performed using a special aquarium siphon for cleaning the soil. And yet it does not help get rid of the appearance of a raid on the glass, although it will significantly reduce it. To clean the walls of the aquarium, use one of the following methods:
- With the help of a special magnetic brush that will clean both the outer and inner wall, or another device from the pet shop.
- You can make a catfish constantly cleaning the walls and bottom of the aquarium.
- The most effective way to get rid of filamentous algae is to add special preparations to the water that prevent them from spreading, but remember that in this case, aquatic plants will not be able to grow.
In the case when the water has bloomed from an oversupply of light, then it should be completely replaced at a time, otherwise the flowering can not be stopped. When water blooms due to rotting in the ground, thorough washing of the entire aquarium with the addition of an antibacterial agent is necessary.
In conclusion, it is worth noting that it is much better not to allow such situations than to eliminate them, and when deciding to start an aquarium, you should take into account the fact that this is not an easy hobby, but taking responsibility.
Almost all aquarium lovers ask the same question: why is the water in the aquarium turning green? And although this phenomenon does not harm the inhabitants of the small underwater world, from the point of view of aesthetics, the aquarium view is spoiled.
In addition, the green water in the aquarium will be disastrous dangerous for fish running directly from a clean pond.
We will try to figure out why water is blooming, and what to do about it.
Water blooms for various reasons, and therefore you need to have a general idea of all of them. So:
- First of all, improper lighting can spoil the water in the aquarium. This is due to the fact that the aquarist simply does not know the simplest rules of lighting. Water may bloom due to excessive lighting in the aquarium or due to improperly selected light mode for the season;
- also, the water in the aquarium may bloom due to pollution;
- finally, another reason for the bloom of water is improper feeding.
Often, beginning aquarists, because of ignorance of the key feeding rules, themselves provoke the fact that the water is green. This may be caused by a large amount of feed.
Since the fish do not eat much at once, the remains of food settle to the bottom of the aquarium and begin to rot.
That is why the flowering of water in the aquarium. Accordingly, in order to prevent this, it is necessary not to make the listed errors.
But what if the water in the aquarium has already become green?
In this case, you need to quickly and efficiently clean the water. In this issue you can take into account several useful recommendations.
- So, you can run more daphnids alive. A little more means as much as your fish cannot eat at a time. The fact is that daphnias effectively deal with algae that fill the space under water;
- You can also purchase special drugs that are designed specifically for cases with green water. Such drugs are sold in almost all pet stores;
- An effective way would be to settle into the aquarium of such creatures who love to eat algae and, therefore, help in matters of water clarification. Such creatures include mollies, snails, shrimps, catfish;
- If soil contamination is observed, it should be thoroughly cleaned. At this time, the inhabitants of the aquarium should be transplanted into a different container;
- It is possible that the pollution is due to equipment malfunction, so it is worth checking its condition;
- They also recommend using a chemical cleaning method. Its essence lies in the fact that streptomycin powder dissolves in water, and the resulting solution is added to the aquarium. Do not be afraid, because this method is absolutely safe for fish;
- In addition, there are specially designed filters to eliminate green water. For example, there is a sterilizer that destroys algae with ultraviolet rays.
If contamination is caused by improper feeding
All the reasons why greens appear on the walls of the aquarium
Aquarium fish – the choice of many people. They are quiet, do not litter, do not ask to walk at six in the morning and do not make races on sleeping owners at three in the morning.
In addition, the aquarium is very lively interior, for its inhabitants is very interesting to watch, and care for all this good is relatively uncomplicated.
However, often “water house” begins to upset his owner. The water becomes cloudy, the walls begin to overgrow, an unpleasant smell can appear.
There is a strong concern: whether these unpleasant manifestations will harm the residents of the glass house.
The most common reason why greens appear on the walls of an aquarium is an excess of light. It may be too bright or too long. Direct rays of our Sun also have a negative effect on the state of water.
The light favors the active reproduction of the simplest (single-celled) algae, which first “plant” the liquid medium and then begin to grow on the inner surfaces of the aquarium.
To deal with this is very simple. Shade a fish house. If the greens on the walls of the aquarium have not yet fully tightened them, the breeding process will at least stop.
Snails and daphnids can destroy the attack. The latter must be run into the “pool” in such an amount that the fish do not have time to eat them.
And if you want to diversify the population of the aquarium, buy catfish – they do an excellent job with thickets on the walls.
Some aquarists believe that partial landscaping gives good results during landscaping – naturally, with filtration. This is not true.
On the contrary, such actions will lead to even greater growth of the green colony.
In the first two cases described, a circumstance explaining why greens appear on the walls of the aquarium is excessive lighting: in the first one, in the second – indirectly, stimulating the rotting of the underwater garbage. And with such a problem is not difficult to cope.
However, the so-called diatoms, which like a lack of light, can cause plaque on the walls of the aquarium. For many “fish farmers,” they appear in the winter if there is no additional lighting, and with increasing daylight they disappear by themselves.
Such algae are unpleasant because they cling to the surface almost tightly. If you can tear them away from the glass, it is still possible, albeit with the risk of scratching, then there is no way from the plants.
Diatoms look like yellow or brown flat formations. The first step will naturally be an increase in light.
However, if this did not help, then the reason is the presence in the aquarium water of a significant concentration of silicates. Accordingly, you will have to go to the pet store for the filter, absorbing them.
So far, they have been talking about unicellular unwanted “neighbors”. However, the most terrible enemy are multicellular – cyanophytes.
They are the reason why greens appear on the walls of the aquarium, with a bluish or brownish tinge. They begin to spread from the bottom, then they crawl along the walls and plants with unpleasant thick mucus.
They can also form floating islands, making it difficult for oxygen to enter the aquarium.
The nitrogen-containing compounds are to blame for cyanophytes, and again, an excess of light contributes to rapid reproduction. It is very difficult to remove these algae, it is better to prevent their generation.
First of all, it is necessary to plant many plants at once in a new aquarium, combining them with floating species that grow quickly (fit the elodea, nyas or pemphigus), it is better to lower the pH of the water to the mark 6. Algae-eating fish will also be very helpful in the difficult struggle. The smallest colonies of blue-green pests must be immediately cleaned.
If you are lucky and if the process is not too running, you will win them. If not, you will have to re-equip the aquarium.
The good news is that blue-green algae in a healthy glass house does not survive, so this attack happens quite rarely.