maintenance, care, compatibility
Water temperature for the aquarium plays a crucial role. It depends on the health and ability of fish to breed.
For each species of fish, a completely different water temperature is suitable. Conventionally, all the inhabitants of the aquarium can be divided into heat-loving and cold-loving.
By heat-loving include fish living in the water, the temperature of which is not below 18 degrees. Cold fishes are individuals that easily adapt to low temperatures.
They can safely live in the aquarium, the temperature in which, will not exceed 14 degrees. The maintenance of cold-loving fish is possible only in large and spacious aquariums.
It is noteworthy that if the heat-loving fish are planted in cold water, then they practically stop swimming. This suggests that significant damage has been done to their health.
Preparing water for the aquarium, you should use the tips for beginners, which can be found in the special literature. So, it is possible to choose the optimum temperature for water only after it becomes known exactly which species of fish will live in it. The thing is that in the literature for each type of fish is given the permissible threshold of the highest and lowest temperatures at which the fish will feel comfortable.
In accordance with these parameters, you can choose the future inhabitants of the aquarium so that they all feel comfortable in the same temperature conditions. This will avoid a huge number of problems associated with the maintenance and care of the fish.
How to make the water prepared for the aquarium was not too hard?
Water is the source of life and habitat of all marine and freshwater creatures. Under natural conditions, animals feel comfortable mostly in clean water.
In such water, they can grow and multiply. At home, everything is different. Many people prefer to start aquarium fish, but not all care about the proper quality of water for the aquarium.
The use of ordinary tap water can be detrimental to its inhabitants. Therefore, there are several simple rules for preparing water for an aquarium.
What kind of water to pour into the aquarium?
Fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium should not be run in fresh water. It is fraught with diseases in animals. Various chemical compounds that are in the usual for us water, are detrimental to the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Chlorine is especially dangerous. Water, without fail, must be separated.
How much to defend the water for the aquarium?
To finally get rid of all the harmful substances contained in the water, it must be defended for 1-2 weeks. For the backlog of water is better to use a large bucket or basin.
Also, when buying a new aquarium, leave water in it and drain it at least once. At the same time, this way you can check if the aquarium is leaking. Some pet stores sell special products that neutralize chemical compounds in water.
But experts recommend not to neglect the settling of water, even using these drugs.
Aquarium water temperature
The most suitable temperature for aquarium water is room – 23-26 degrees. In winter, the aquarium should not be carried out on the balcony, nor is it recommended to place it near the radiator or heater.
Water hardness in the aquarium
Stiffness is an important parameter of water in an aquarium. This parameter is determined by the total amount of calcium and magnesium salts that are dissolved in water.
The range of water hardness is very wide. Under natural conditions, this indicator depends on climate, soil and season.
Fish can live in water of different hardness, but they are extremely necessary for magnesium and calcium salts – they play an important role in the growth and reproduction of animals.
In an aquarium, the hardness of the water is constantly changing, it becomes softer – the fish digest the salts that are in the water. Therefore, the water in the aquarium should be periodically changed.
Aquarium water purification
The easiest way to clean is a complete change of water in the aquarium. But in some cases this task is difficult and unnecessary. Water is much easier to clean.
As a rule, simple filters based on activated carbon are used to purify turbid water in an aquarium. Water filters in the aquarium can be made independently or purchased at a pet store.
Aeration of water in the aquarium
This parameter is regulated by temperature, plants and the presence of living things in the aquarium. By aeration, oxygen is monitored in the aquarium.
Aeration can be performed using special devices – compressors that saturate water with oxygen. Also, there are filters for water treatment with built-in compressors. Water parameters in the aquarium play an important role in the normal functioning of fish.
It is important that any of the parameters be changed very smoothly, excluding sudden temperature fluctuations.
By following these simple rules, each owner of the aquarium provides fish with conditions as close as possible to the natural ones. And this, in turn, is the key to the health and long life of pets.
Since the springs have increased hardness, can it be better to pour soft water into the tank – rainwater or distilled water? Again, not always – just mixing it with the plumbing. There are fish that love the environment with softened water, but many freshwater species still prefer medium, neutral water.
Such water flows in domestic rivers and lakes – you can pour it purified into the aquarium, filling it with not all the space.
Watch the video on how to change the water in the aquarium.
What habitat most love aquarium fish
The water into which you can run your pets should have a number of beneficial microbacteria with a “friendly” environment for them. This environment is created by the inhabitants of the aquarium.
For a start, it is recommended to settle a small number (2-4) of unpretentious fish species such as swordtails and a couple of tarakatums, golden or speckled catfish, which will become indispensable helpers in caring for the bottom of the aquarium. It is the first tenants that will begin to form the necessary conditions for the harmonious life of the whole aquarium.
When purchasing new fish, make sure that they wait for some time in quarantine, as even one sick fish can destroy the entire aquarium. Also, when purchasing new species, make sure they are compatible with those inhabitants of the aquarium who already live in it. For example, guppies live in the reservoir.
Neon get along well with them, but sharing them with larger species will require more careful consideration. The size of the acquired fish should match the size of the water pets you already have.
Do not forget to arrange a water change every fifteen weeks, this has a beneficial effect on the environment of the aquarium and its inhabitants. Water for substitution should be prepared as thoroughly as when starting the aquarium.
Leave the filter on so that residual debris and dregs are absorbed in a timely manner. Turn on the compressor in time, which will supply oxygen to the water.
It should be remembered that lighting plays an equally important role in the proper functioning of the aquarium. Fishes also need rest from the daytime so that they do not have a stressful state.
The optimal amount of daylight hours is 10-12 hours per day. Light affects not only the fish, but also the plants in the aquarium.
Keeping them in the right light helps them both in growth and in phytochemical reactions that maintain the necessary balance for life.
See what kind of aquarium lamps are.
After the full start and operation of the home pond, do not forget about the feed. In stores it is sold in a large assortment, both in dry and in frozen form. You can catch live food in nature, but it can be dangerous.
Feeding pets should, depending on their number in the aquarium, no more than 2 times a day in small portions. Also, it would not be superfluous to arrange “fasting” days.
Is it possible to keep fish in salted water? Opinions on this score are different, but it is generally recognized that in small quantities it helps to improve the well-being of fish, and also fights against parasites. However, the total addition of salt to a freshwater aquarium depends on its inhabitants.
Some fish do not tolerate salt, others, for example, viviparous, love it. In the tank, which contains such fish as cockerels, goldfish, danios and others, you can add 1 tbsp. l salt to 25 liters of water.
Tetras do not prefer to live in too salty water, so for their comfortable well-being 1 tbsp is enough. spoons per 50 liters of water. The main thing – do not overdo it with the proportions.
For all species of viviparous fish the proportion of 1 tbsp is optimal. spoon for 25 liters of water. If you want to keep in the general tank fish that love salted water with those who can not stand it, draw conclusions based on the arithmetic mean.
A small amount of salt will be useful for many fish, but if you live catfish corridor, then salt will adversely affect their health.
To choose the right aquarium for fish, consider the following recommendations:
- In a spacious tank, fish care will be easier. The products of their vital activity in a close aquarium quickly decompose, poisoning the water. In a spacious tank more water that will be mixed. Cleaning can be done less frequently.
- The size of the tank depends on the type of fish and their size. Before buying an aquarium, you should know which pets will be settled there. Large and gregarious fish require a large amount of swimming space. At 5-centimeter fish need 10 liters of water.
- Attention should be paid to aquascape. This shelter in the form of caves, moles, clay pots, pipes, rocks, snags and plants. Fish with bulging eyes do not need a lot of scenery due to the threat of injury.
See how to lay the soil in the aquarium.