Dear colleagues. In today’s article, I would like to touch on the topic of vitamin feeding aquarium fish.
After all, whatever one may say, and vitamins are vital for all living organisms, respectively, we and the fish should receive all the necessary nutrients along with food. If the minerals can be contained in sufficient quantity in the aquarium soil and water, then everything else should be given to the fish along with food of various origin.
A key condition for the normal development, reproduction and growth of fish is a balanced and proper diet. The diet should contain food rich in carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals and vitamins. In order for aquarium fish to have a healthy and bright color, minerals and various vitamins must be supplied to the body of aquatic organisms along with food.
Let’s look at what kinds of vitamins exist that should be given to fish along with food.
What are all the vitamins? These are various substances that have a different effect on the body of the fish. In addition, the need for different vitamins can vary greatly.
They are involved in many physiological and biochemical processes, which together form the correct metabolism. According to the classification, vitamins can be divided into two main groups: fat-soluble and water-soluble.
In addition to these two groups, there are also vitamin-like compounds.
- Vitamin A – helps to improve vision and normal development and growth. In addition, it helps protect the skin of the fish and stimulates spawning in fish. If there is a lack of this vitamin, then hemorrhages and eye damage may occur. The main source of vitamin A is the following types of feed: green algae, egg yolk, liver of fish, branchy and copepods.
- Vitamin D3 – necessary to regulate the intake of fish phosphorus and calcium. In addition, it is an essential vitamin for the growth of the skeleton and bones. If there is a shortage of vitamin D3 in the body, this can ultimately lead to spinal curvature, heavy weight loss and rickets. Sources of vitamin D3: egg yolk, earthworm, various mollusks and branchling crustaceans.
- Vitamin E – provokes the formation of reproduction hormones and is vital for the normal development of the reproductive organs of fish. Also, vitamin E stabilizes the concentration of other vitamins in the diet and fatty acids. If the fish suffer from a lack of vitamin E, they will not be able to breed. Vitamin E is found in green algae, egg yolk and salad.
- Vitamin K is needed for proper blood formation and normalizes the function of blood clotting as a result of various injuries. With a lack of vitamin K, the liver may be damaged and the healing process may be impaired if you treated the fish for some disease. Vitamin K is found in nettle and dandelion leaves, beef liver, spinach and crustaceans.
- B1 – helps to obtain carbohydrates from food and transform them into energy. In addition, it provides a normal supply of the nervous system and brain with the right amount of sugar. It is vital for the growth of fry. With a lack of this vitamin can be a violation of motor function, and that ultimately will lead to seizures. Vitamin B1 is found in diatoms, shellfish, egg yolk, raw meat, peas and yeast.
- B2 – contributes to the protection of the skin and mucous membranes of fish, as well as necessary to build muscle tissue. With a lack of vitamin B2, there is a symptom of mineral starvation, which is manifested in the formation of skin hemorrhages and CNS disorder. B2 is found in fish, shellfish, beef heart and liver, peas, lettuce, crustaceans and egg yolk.
- B5 – designed to form hormones in the body and maintain metabolism. It plays a key role in the formation of enzymes or enzymes. With a lack of this vitamin in fish, gill damage of varying severity can be observed. Vitamin B5 is found in beef liver, yeast and vegetables.
- B6 – necessary for normal functioning of the nervous system and metabolism. With a lack of vitamin B6 in the body can disrupt the function of the nervous system, which is manifested in the violation of motor functions. The main sources of this vitamin are various crustaceans, fish, egg yolk, beef heart and liver, bran, milk, lettuce and yeast.
- B12 – serves to normalize the work of the digestive tract and contributes to the normal production of the hormone hemoglobin, which is vital for the transportation of oxygen through the body. With a lack of vitamin B12 anemia may occur, which further leads to a slowdown in growth and apathy. This vitamin is found in shellfish, fish meal, fish, meat, and egg yolk.
- Vitamin C – or ascorbic acid, is intended for the normal flow of energy and carbohydrate metabolism. The key substance in the construction of the skeleton of fish. He also plays a major role in creating the immune system of fish. With a lack of vitamin C, the deformity of the gills can form and immunity is lost, which in the future will cause a general weakening of the body and the fish will become defenseless to various diseases. Vitamin C is found in aquatic plants, fish eggs, beef liver, lettuce and green algae.
- Vitamin H is a key factor in normal growth. With a lack of vitamin H, seizures can occur and appetite is lost. Vitamin H is found in dairy products, egg yolk, fish, beef kidneys and liver.
In view of the fact that the aquarium industry, which produces various feeds, cannot physically physically supply its products with all the necessary nutrients, minerals and vitamins due to the limited shelf life of the feed, aquarists are forced to buy special vitamin mixtures that contain the necessary microorganisms. and macronutrients.
If you purchased a vitamin complex, then it must be stored in a refrigerator in a mandatory manner, as this can prolong their lifespan. When adding vitamin mixtures to water, it is first necessary to turn off the light in the aquarium, as it destroys the vitamins. German aquarists in pet stores buy a concentrate of vitamins, which is made for pets, but it can be easily given to aquarium fish.
In pharmacies, such a concentrate is not so expensive, especially if fish only need a couple of drops of concentrate per couple liters of aquarium water every day. Even if you make a mistake with the dosage and overdo it, the fish will not suffer from it.
When using vitamin supplements, it is better to mix it with various drugs that have no impurities. The ideal option is to dissolve the vitamin supplement in distilled water.
Aquarists add vitamins to food, the best option to add them to live food (bloodworm, tubule). Before feeding, you need to sprinkle the drug on the bloodworm and then you can feed the fish in small portions.
With a lack of vitamins in the body of fish, vitamin deficiency begins to develop. In cichlids, it manifests itself in the form of nibbles of vegetation in an aquarium, which they can turn into flaps in a short period of time. If you do not want or you do not have the opportunity to purchase vitamin complexes for cichlids, you can fill this moment by feeding various greens and vegetables with tsikhlovy: lettuce, zucchini, nettle, pumpkin and dandelions.
Strange as it may sound, vegetation is simply vital in a tsikhlidnik, especially if you don’t supply them with vitamin supplements.