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Vallisneria in the aquarium

maintenance, care, compatibility

Wallisneria maintenance and care in the aquarium, species, breeding, photo-video review

Vallisneria

maintenance and care, species, reproduction, photo-video review

Wallisneria is one of the most unpretentious aquarium plants. If you have never had an aquarium, you do not have experience in growing aquarium plants, start with Vallisneria. She does not need any special care.

There are no stringent requirements for lighting, water or soil parameters. Vallisneria goes well with other aquarium plants, grows quickly and looks good on the side and background of the aquarium.

Family: Water colors (Hydrocharitaceae)
Rod:
Vallisneria

Vallisneria nana

Growing area: Northern Australia.

This wallisneria has a short rhizome, forms lateral shoots. In an aquarium it reaches sizes up to 30-60 cm, which depends on the power of lighting and the nutritional value of the medium.

The plant has dark green narrow leaves. The leaves in the socket, much narrower than those of other members of the genus Vallisneria, and not very long.

It has small teeth on the edge on the top of the sheet. Wallisneria nana has two forms: either the leaves are hard and up to 15 cm long, or thin, ribbon-like, drooping, surprisingly narrow, smooth, up to 60 cm long.

It is unassuming, like all Wallisnerias, a fast-growing aquarium plant. It is recommended for decorating the middle and background in small aquariums.

It has a longer growth phase and is more light-loving than other Wallisnerias, otherwise unpretentious. Wallisneria nana well develops in alkaline water of medium hardness at a temperature of 25-29 ° С, tolerates deviations from the specified parameters. It forms many lateral processes and develops well under good conditions.

The dwarf Wallisneria has a longer period of adaptation than the other Wallisnerias. If the plant is well taken, it will continuously give daughters.

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Comfortable temperature: from 18 to 32 ° C. If the water is cooled for a long time to 15 ° C and tends to decrease, the plant may die.

Ph acidity: weak or neutral.

Stiffness dH: average.

Salinity of water: from 0 to 20 ppm.

If you have a frame aquarium or bad tap water, watch the rust concentration in it, the plant does not like it. An excess of copper in water also affects the development of Vallisneria.

This metal can get into the aquarium together with preparations against snails and algae, as well as with medicines for the treatment of fish.

It is better to plant vallisneria along the back and side walls in a group of several plants and quite tightly. It forms a beautiful green wall and is the perfect backdrop for all types of ornamental fish.

To make it easier for you to take care of the aquarium garden in the future, you should purchase Vallisneria from a group of mother and daughter plants.

It is convenient to plant the valisneria next to the filter, in the place of water discharge. Due to the flow of water, the plant will be evenly distributed over the surface.

Vallisneria can also be used as a restriction on the spread of free-floating plants by placing its leaves in the form of small islets. To fix the position of the vallisneria afloat, you can use snags or strong leaves of other plants (for example, Echinodorus).

Vallisneria americana var. americana

The plant is unpretentious, does not require much attention. American valisneria has many forms that vary in width and length of leaves.

Growing area: Eastern North America.
Forms and appearance: leaves are collected, in the form of rosettes, ribbon-shaped, brittle and soft, sometimes at the edges with the teeth. Representatives of the American Vallisneria subspecies may differ in the structure of the sheet plate and its color (from various shades of green to many shades of red).

Leafy handicaps: leaf width is about 10 mm, with several veins and distinct horizontal strokes.

Broadleaf forms: sheet width up to 25 mm, the vein can be from 5 to 9 pieces. Priming: loose, rich in nutrients, up to 7 cm thick, in tandem with liquid and horse fertilizers, which include iron, is the best option for the full development of the plant.

Lighting: bright, 12-hour light day.

Water parameters:

Comfortable temperature: 20-28 ° C.

Ph acidity: 6.5-8.

Stiffness dH: 5-15 °.

Accommodation in the aquarium: When planting a vallisneria in your aquarium, it should be remembered that the plant grows up to 1 m in height, therefore it can significantly impair the coverage of the underwater world of your pond. If you nevertheless decided to acquire such water weed, then pick up the inhabitants of the aquarium, which is acceptable muffled light.

It is worth noting that Vallisneria americana is most attractive in very large aquariums. A good planting option is about 4 plants per 20 cm2.

American Wallisneria is a background plant, so they are planted along the back and side walls of the aquarium.

The complexity of care: low.

Trimming: you can cut the leaves, but not necessary. After pruning, the plant’s appearance deteriorates and its growth weakens.

Reproduction: vegetative, uniform.

Vallisneria is a perennial aquatic plant of the Vodokrasov family. Gradually, the plant spread from tropical reservoirs to a zone with a temperate climate.

Wallisneria is very popular in aquariums due to its resilience, simplicity and external decorative appeal. By planting an aquarium with a long-vallisneria, sagittarium, myriophyllum, you can achieve an interesting solution in the design of a long tank, which will be especially comfortable for zebrafish.

There are many varieties of Vallisneria, the most popular are Vallisneria spiral, giant Vallisneria, tiger and nano.

Wallisneria is prone to rapid reproduction, so it is recommended to thrive it in a timely manner, otherwise it will grow into too thick undergrowth. Usually, the edges of the old leaves of a plant are rather hard; this is due to the fact that the valisneria accumulates calcium salts on its leaves.

Regarding leaf clipping at Vallisneria, opinion was divided. According to one version, the old leaves with yellowed tips need to be cut, which will be useful both for the plant and for the general appearance in the aquarium.

But according to a more modern method, it is recommended to thin out the plantings, reducing the number of bushes, since the leaves of the cut plant will be doomed to death. At first the leaf turns yellow, then rots and eventually dies.

  • One of the important conditions for the maintenance of a plant is that rust, copper and iron salts, which stand out from the ordinary iron frame of the tank, do not fall into the aquarium.
  • If the vallisneria does not grow, then apply periodic CO2 fertilizing.
  • Care should be taken when caring for some varieties with pointed ends that may injure human skin.

All types of plant Vallisneria extraordinarily beautiful and have very useful properties. This plant is perfect for beginner aquarists because of its undemanding and easy care, and the species of spiral wallisneria can easily be found in pet stores, as it is widespread in the local region.

The water in the aquarium, which will have a lot of vallisnerium, will always be clear and clean thanks to these plants, which absorb harmful components like a filter and release oxygen.

The plant owes its name to the Italian botanist Antonio Vallisneri. And his type of spiral vallyseeria is named so not for the shape of its leaves, but for its peculiarity that the naturalist Linnaeus has noticed.

Helix vallisneria has a spiral that appears due to the flower-bearing stem of a female flower curling after pollination. Spiral vallisneria is considered the most common type of plant; it has corkscrew twisted or linear leaves of bright green color up to 20 cm long.

In the most favorable conditions, spiral Wallisneria grows up to 80 cm.

Spiral Wallisneria is a very useful plant, as it effectively releases a large amount of oxygen, which is so necessary for many inhabitants of the aquarium.

Helix Vallisneria is able to grow in an aquarium all year round and multiplies rapidly. Spiral Wallisneria looks perfect at the side and rear aquarium walls, planted in small groups, which turns its walls into a favorable green background for all its inhabitants.

Vallisneria giant endowed with attractive leaves of dark green color. In size, this plant can be up to almost 2 meters in length and 4 cm in width and is well suited for a front corner in a large aquarium.

Its bushes can be a great haven for small species of fish. Vallisneria giant rarely grown in domestic aquariums because of its impressive size.

The maintenance of vallisneria is not a problem and is suitable for all lovers of aquariums. A moderately warm and tropical aquarium with a temperature regime of water of 20-28 ° C is suitable for the plant of vallisneria, and at a lower temperature the growth will obviously slow down.

The hardness of the water must be up to 8 °, otherwise the leaves will be ground and the growth of the plant will deteriorate. Acidity may be in the range of 5-7 with a neutral or slightly acidic aqueous reaction.

Water replacement is recommended to be done regularly, although Vallisneria can tolerate old, long-replaceable water. But in the aquarium must have a quality filter.

The soil is chosen well silted and nutritious, when planting in a sufficiently silted soil does not need additional feeding. Due to the gentle root structure of the plant, medium or large river sand 3-4 cm thick is used as a substrate. Spiral Wallisneria is a rosette plant rooting in the ground.

Its whitish roots spiral valisneria firmly strengthens in the ground, so that it will not break away from the bottom and float. For the type of nano fine gravel or sand with a layer of 4 cm.

The plant is undemanding to the brightness of the light, just with a lack of light, it turns yellow and will stretch. Useful natural light, you can use artificial light sources, the power of which must be selected individually, given the presence of other plants in the aquarium.

Duration of daylight hours within 8-16 hours.

Vallisneria spiral-content, species, description, breeding.

Preferably bright illumination, but vallisneria develops well with more muted light. The light spectrum does not matter.

It is better to plant vallisneria along the back and side walls in a group of several plants and quite tightly. It forms a beautiful green wall and is the perfect backdrop for all types of ornamental fish.

To make it easier for you to take care of the aquarium garden in the future, you should purchase Vallisneria from a group of mother and daughter plants.

It is convenient to plant the valisneria next to the filter, in the place of water discharge. Due to the flow of water, the plant will be evenly distributed over the surface.

Vallisneria can also be used as a restriction on the spread of free-floating plants by placing its leaves in the form of small islets. To fix the position of the vallisneria afloat, you can use snags or strong leaves of other plants (for example, Echinodorus).

Vallisneria americana var. americana

The plant is unpretentious, does not require much attention. American valisneria has many forms that vary in width and length of leaves.

Growing area: Eastern North America.
Forms and appearance: leaves are collected, in the form of rosettes, ribbon-shaped, brittle and soft, sometimes at the edges with the teeth. Representatives of the American Vallisneria subspecies may differ in the structure of the sheet plate and its color (from various shades of green to many shades of red).

Leafy handicaps: leaf width is about 10 mm, with several veins and distinct horizontal strokes.

Broadleaf forms: sheet width up to 25 mm, the vein can be from 5 to 9 pieces. Priming: loose, rich in nutrients, up to 7 cm thick, in tandem with liquid and horse fertilizers, which include iron, is the best option for the full development of the plant.

Lighting: bright, 12-hour light day.

Water parameters:

Comfortable temperature: 20-28 ° C.

Ph acidity: 6.5-8.

Stiffness dH: 5-15 °.

Accommodation in the aquarium: When planting a vallisneria in your aquarium, it should be remembered that the plant grows up to 1 m in height, therefore it can significantly impair the coverage of the underwater world of your pond. If you nevertheless decided to acquire such water weed, then pick up the inhabitants of the aquarium, which is acceptable muffled light.

It is worth noting that Vallisneria americana is most attractive in very large aquariums. A good planting option is about 4 plants per 20 cm2.

American Wallisneria is a background plant, so they are planted along the back and side walls of the aquarium.

The complexity of care: low.

Trimming: you can cut the leaves, but not necessary. After pruning, the plant’s appearance deteriorates and its growth weakens.

Reproduction: vegetative, uniform.

TYPES OF MALLSNERIA SPIRAL

Vallisneria americana var. biwaensis

Growing area: southern usa.
Appearance:
spiral leaves, twisted into a corkscrew, up to 5 cm in width and about 50 cm in length.
Root system:
gentle, white color.
Priming:
should consist of fine fractions (up to 2-3 mm). In the place of landing the layer is not less than 4 cm thick.
Lighting:
medium or bright, desirable natural light.
Water parameters:

Comfortable temperature: 20 – 25 ° C.
Ph acidity:
neutral or slightly acidic.
Stiffness dH:
not higher than 8 °.
Regular water changes.
Accommodation in the aquarium:
Looks good in the center or in the foreground of a large aquarium.
Reproduction: vegetative, layering.

Unpretentious aquarium plant. Due to the large size it needs an aquarium of solid parameters. For this reason, giant gallium is not popular among aquarists.

It grows with proper lighting evenly throughout the year.

Growing area: Southeast Asia.
Appearance:
large bushes straight stiff leaves up to 1 m in length, different shades of green.
Root system:
Priming:
coarse (pebbles or sand with a grain of 3-4 mm), nutritious. The plant feels good from old aquariums, where there is a large amount of organic matter. Soil thickness – not less than 8 cm.
Lighting:
bright, 12 hour light day. If the aquarium is low, lateral lighting is desirable, as an addition to the upper one.

Water parameters:

Comfortable temperature: 22-26 ° С, it should not be allowed to fall below 20 ° С. Ph acidity: mild, weakly acidic medium.
Stiffness dH:
less than 8 °.
Regular water changes are not critical.
Accommodation in the aquarium:
can only be grown in a large aquarium.

Reproduction: vegetative, layering.

Vallisneria nana

Growing area: Northern Australia.

This wallisneria has a short rhizome, forms lateral shoots. In an aquarium it reaches sizes up to 30-60 cm, which depends on the power of lighting and the nutritional value of the medium. The plant has dark green narrow leaves.

The leaves in the socket, much narrower than those of other members of the genus Vallisneria, and not very long. It has small teeth on the edge on the top of the sheet.

Wallisneria nana has two forms: either the leaves are hard and up to 15 cm long, or thin, ribbon-like, drooping, surprisingly narrow, smooth, up to 60 cm long.

It is unassuming, like all Wallisnerias, a fast-growing aquarium plant. It is recommended for decorating the middle and background in small aquariums.

It has a longer growth phase and is more light-loving than other Wallisnerias, otherwise unpretentious. Wallisneria nana well develops in alkaline water of medium hardness at a temperature of 25-29 ° С, tolerates deviations from the specified parameters. It forms many lateral processes and develops well under good conditions.

The dwarf Wallisneria has a longer period of adaptation than the other Wallisnerias. If the plant is well taken, it will continuously give daughters.

Aquarium plant Vallisneria spiral: description, reproduction, maintenance and care

Spiral leaf underwater plant description

Significance of Vallisneria in an aquarium or pond

The supply of oxygen is the merit of the plant in the exchange processes of the aquarium. Taking useful organic matter from the soil, it creates all the conditions for the full existence of living organisms in the water of vallisneria. Maintenance and care (plant species are numerous, but several of them are primarily in demand), performed in accordance with the requirements of cultivation, will allow the bushes to multiply at an unprecedented pace.

In this connection, the valisneria needs regular thinning of densely growing thickets.

It is extremely important to remember that sometimes in shallow ponds or aquariums of insufficient height, the leaves of the plant create an almost impassable green veil, which prevents natural light passage. The solution to this problem is one thing – reducing the bushes of growing vallisneria.

Peculiarities of care and maintenance of spiral vallisneria

A frequent guest in aquariums is a spiral valisneria brought from far abroad. The main supplier of underwater species of plants are the southern states of North America.

Its characteristic difference can be called the wider leaves, twisted as if in a tailspin.

The ideal water temperature for this type of plant is considered to be approximately +20. +25 degrees. In a colder reservoir, its condition does not deteriorate, but there is a clear slowdown in growth.

Periodic or partial change of water in the aquarium also has a positive effect on the plant.

To create the most favorable conditions for living in the artificial environment of valisneria, the acidity and hardness of the water should ideally be neutral.

The lack of daylight contributes to excessive stretching of the leaves, after which they begin to brighten and turn yellow. Indoors, an aquarium with bushes of such a plant should be lit for at least 12 hours.

If spiral vallisneria does not grow, the problem may be hidden in the ground or in the state of the root system. The white roots are quite gentle rooting and consist of small veins, which means that it is convenient for them to grow in well-washed river sand. When creating the soil in an aquarium with your own hands, it is necessary to remember its preferred thickness – at least 5 cm.

In addition, it is important to feed the underwater soil at least for the first time after planting, although if there is a standard density of fish in the aquarium, there is no need for additional fertilizers.

In home care special difficulties does not cause spiral vallyseneria. Diseases of plants can be caused by a single reason – the low quality of tap water.

When filling the aquarium, it is necessary to take into account this fact, as the owners often miss such an important detail and begin to look for problems of plant growth in lighting, water temperature and fish feed.

If you want to grow a real healthy vallisneria, which will become an element of decor not only for an aquarium vessel, but for the whole house, you do not have to buy new soil. When replacing an aquarium, the old soil from the previous vessel will come in handy: at the bottom there is usually a lot of organic matter useful for plants.

Vallisneria is a famous aquarium plant that adapts well in captivity. Its leaves can grow up to 70 cm in higher, and look spectacular in spacious tanks. It is better to plant the plant in small groups at the back or middle plan of the aquascap, or in the corners.

He likes nutritious soil, fine gravel or sand will be suitable as a soil.

The roots of Vallisneria are moderately developed, white in color, flexible, their length reaches 7-10 cm. Plant can be planted in a prepared planting hole.

It is possible to dig deep by opening the root neck. The thickness of the soil is recommended 3-4 cm.

Admire the aquarium with Vallisneria americana.

When Wallisneria reaches the surface of the water, its leaves line out along it, and cover the water surface, shading the aquarium from above. If the leaves grow moderately, they will not have to be cut, otherwise, the falling shadow will limit the access of light to other plants. When an overly large bush, it is better to remove them completely, without pruning.

Clipped plants will only deteriorate and rot.

Periodically, the plant can be fed fertilizer. All types of vallisneria can receive complex types of fertilizers.

Choose fertilizers in the form of tablets or special pastes. Vallisneria spiral loves clean water, so once a week, update 30% of the water to a new one.

Additionally, making clay or peat is optional.

Vallisneria spiral and nana have excellent decorative properties. Their wide leaves will form a thick aquascape in which the fish will hide.

Durable leaves of the plant are unlikely to become the food of fish in the aquarium. Large cichlids and catfish Loricaria do not bother their Vallisneria.

Bottom, digging fish can tear the roots out of the ground, therefore in the aquarium with such fish the maintenance of the plant is hardly possible.

Spiral Vallisneria is a beautiful and popular aquarium plant. It is characterized by long ribbon-like leaves of bright green color.

They are twisted in the form of a “corkscrew”, and form a dense bush that can reach the surface of the water even in a shallow aquarium. The leaves can grow up to 80 centimeters long, but more often their length is 45-50 cm.

Looks great at the rear and side walls of the tank. Due to the simplicity of the content and high reproduction rate, it can be bred even for beginners.

Grows in captivity year-round.

Watch a video about spiral vallisneria.

Vallisneria spiral is not sensitive to the amount of light in the tank. For her suitable moderate lighting, which can be issued using fluorescent lamps. The recommended duration of daylight hours is from 10 to 12 hours.

It grows well and develops in water soft or medium hard. Acidity pH 6.0-7.5 pH.

Allowable water temperature for content: 22-27 ° C. Replacement of aquarium water – once a week, filtration is required, especially in the presence of fish in the pond.

In the wild, it propagates vegetatively, or with the help of seeds. Under conditions of captivity and limited space, spiral valysennium is difficult to propagate with the help of seeds. All the year round she lets out escapes on which child sprouts are formed.

During the year, the mother bush can bring more than 200 shoots. He lets out a mustache, and at a certain distance the daughter bush will grow. It may happen that it fills the entire space of the aquascap.

Periodically, it is necessary to weed, removing unnecessary bushes.

Most often for these purposes take the plant valisneria – a representative of the genus of perennial plants of the family Vodokrasovy. In the wild, Vallisneria is common in areas with a tropical and subtropical climate, but it is also found in Russia, growing in the Lower Volga region and in the Far East. As an aquarium plant, it is very popular and known even to novice aquarists.

It’s all about its unpretentiousness and the ability to reproduce quickly. So, one bush of valisneria is able to give up to fifty new ones in a year.

Leaves Vallisneria reach a length of fifty centimeters. The only drawback is the fact that in closed conditions of the aquarium, this plant does not bloom.

Otherwise, it is well suited for aquarium culture: vallisneria in an aquarium withstands fluctuations in water temperature, lives in both natural and artificial lighting.

Vallisneria gigantic (lat. Vallisnéria gigantea) is an aquatic plant, belongs to the family Vodokrasovye, division of Angiosperms. The natural environment of distribution is the islands in South-East Asia.

Today, the maintenance of the plant is possible in home aquariums.

Vallisneria giant has a large size. The leaves are linear, painted in dark green color, their length is 10-20 cm. Rhizome creeping.

Dominous plant species. On one bush only homosexual flowers are formed.

The main advantage of Vallisneria is unpretentious content. It grows well at water temperatures above 20 ° C. Lowering the temperature stimulates her to gain strength and do everything to survive in such conditions.

However, it does not lose its decorative properties, however, a long period of such conditions is fraught with the death of the plant.

Look at the Dutch aquarium with a giant valisneria.

The long leaves look magnificent and impressive, decorating the underwater aquascape. The aquarium should be spacious and rectangular in shape – in such capacity it is easier to care for the plant.

The height of the tank is recommended 60 cm. At the bottom you need to lay a layer of soil.

If the aquarium has a volume of more than 600 liters, then the leaves of the giant Wallisneria will grow to the surface of the water and occupy a large area. Not everyone can take care of such an aquarium.

Have to hire cleaners, or swim there yourself. In any case, the plant will have to be cut so that its shadow does not affect other types of plants.

It grows all year round.

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