maintenance, care, compatibility
Aquarium plants are all for beginners with photos and video
And finally, a few words about artificial aquarium plants. Once they are sold, once I buy them, it means they have a place to be in our reservoirs. No trouble with them at all – I buried a plastic bush and admire!
The benefits of such plants are zero, moreover, they grow well harmful algae. And over time, plastic breaks down and becomes brittle! They cost more than living plants.
Nevertheless, such plastic aquarium plants, as an element of decor, look very much even in a pond.
Video – Webinar All the secrets of growing aquarium plants
Start video from 54:43 minutes and further,
Plants are an established aquarium biosystem, no harmful substances in the water, no algae.
Everything is simple! Aquarium plants are the primary indicator of the status of your aquarium.
If the plants “wither”, turn yellow and rot – this is a sure sign of the poor condition of the aquarium and conversely lush, beautiful spreads – this is a 100% indicator of the excellent state of the aquarium world.
Aquarian plants are a natural interior and “maternity hospital” for fish, fry, shrimps, snails, etc.
Plants are an additional food for aquarium inhabitants.
By the way, about the question of the correct planting
The most popular and unpretentious plant for an aquarium is Javanese moss. Outwardly, it resembles ornate, tangled green threads.
Moss tolerates shade and bright light; it is easy to grow. It does not need to be planted in the ground, because there is no root system.
Java moss can grow on the scenery, even independently attached to them. It does not bloom, but reproduces by spores.
You can also plant moss in a different way – by separating a fragment of a plant, and transplanting it to another area (on the ground, snags, stones). To prevent the current from moving it, Javanese moss can be secured to the surface with a fishing line or synthetic thread.
A popular plant species among beginners is the Thai fern. It does not have a root system, it does not need to be planted in the soil.
But thanks to the rhizoids, it is easily fixed on the solid surfaces of the aquarium. With it, you can create unsurpassed aquascape compositions.
Admire the thick Thai fern.
Good plants for beginners – elodey. Elodea of 4 genera are on sale: Egeria, Lagarosifon, Hydrilla, and, actually, Elodea. In an aquarium, elodeas create lush green thickets in which fish and their fry can hide.
These plants were imported from America, and well adapted to our latitudes.
Another useful plant for the aquarium – rogolotniki. They are known to all – grow in freshwater bodies of our latitudes.
The stem is thin, harsh to the touch, whorled leaves. Cormorants can live submerged, and bloom under water.
There are no rhizoids, therefore it is not necessary to plant in the ground. Can be mounted on the decorations of the aquarium, at its walls.
Plants nayas, or naiads – nayas Guadalupe and nayas Indian. A great choice for beginners aquarists.
Grow only under water. Characterized by a dark green shade of leaf plates, small stalks thin and branching, the leaves are covered with small spikes.
Nayas bloom, but in conditions of captivity, this rarely happens. It is recommended to contain in water hard or medium hardness.
In soft water, nayas literally dissolve. The root system is powerful.
You can plant in the ground, and over time you will see how the openwork bush was formed. Nayas can develop if it is let through the water, and not planted in the soil.
Aquarium without green algae looks empty and uninteresting. Everyone knows that aquarium plants require special care and attention. To obtain the desired result, it is necessary to make a lot of effort, devote a lot of time and know a lot of information on crop production.
The main requirements for the growth of greenery in the aquarium: maintaining the desired temperature, hardness and other indicators of water, the selection of nutrient and porous soil without metals, artificial lighting of the reservoir for 3-5 hours a day.
But there is a number of algae, which is not so important all the above conditions. Such unpretentious aquarium plants are content with small and live well and grow in ordinary water, with a simple bedding at the bottom and with moderate lighting. These species will be a boon for beginner flora lovers and will remain favorites for professional aquarists.
Today we will tell you which aquarium plants are the most unpretentious.
- Java moss – the most unpretentious aquarium plant. It looks like a ball of thread and does not need to be planted in the ground, as it does not have roots. Java moss is usually attached to the accessories of the aquarium and it survives well there.
- Hornpaw. It also does not have a root-like system, but, unlike moss, it must be self-fixed with a pebble or other object so that it does not float randomly throughout the space. Hornpaw grows very quickly, and its thick undergrowth will surely please the fish. This type of algae tolerates both cool water in the aquarium and warm water.
- Yarrow (Ekhinodorus Blekhera) – one of the aquarium plants unpretentious to the light. It has a short stem, leaves collected by a bunch. For yarrow fit large aquariums. The plant itself will look better in the background, so it will not close the view on other smaller algae.
- Thai fern. Shade-loving plant. Without having roots, independently fastens to stones. The leaves have a bright green color, their length reaches up to 30 cm.
- Marsilya Hirsut. These algae are excellent foreground decor of the aquarium, their height is only 2-10 cm. Marsilea is usually indifferent to the water temperature, but if you choose it as an unpretentious ground cover aquarian plant, and you want to create a dense carpet, you will need more light and carbonated water gas.
As a rule, thinking about acquiring an aquarium is the first thing that focuses attention on – of course, on the fish. And how could it be otherwise, if, by visiting, for example, visiting a friend or visiting some institution and seeing there these beautiful inhabitants of the water depths swimming in an aquarium, a huge desire settles in the soul to create such beauty at home.
The next desire, appearing after the purchase or installation of an artificial reservoir, is in the design of its bottom with various decorations or even the arrangement of a plastic castle. But behind all these troubles, another important and no less important aspect, which not only aesthetic appearance of the aquarium, but also its microclimate, largely depends on the background.
As you might have guessed, we are talking about plants.
It is also worth emphasizing right away that aquarium plants are not algae, which they are often called by most, both ordinary people and beginner aquarists. Algae are microorganisms that actively multiply in favorable conditions for them, which include, for example, the presence of bright and intense light or irregular care. Multiplying, they are located on the glass and other decorative elements, completely covering them with them.
In addition, algae can cause the death of fish, clogging the filter and consuming oxygen.
Plants, however, require a special approach for their development. They also not only serve as an excellent decoration in an aquarium, but also do no harm to the fish at all.
And this is not to mention their other useful properties. But among all their types, foreground cover plants occupy a special place.
A beautifully designed aquarium always looks impressive. But if the choice of fish and decoration still does not cause difficulties, then the selection of plants for the foreground causes difficulty even among experienced aquarists.
As a rule, for decoration of this part of an artificial vessel, plants whose height does not exceed 100 mm are predominantly used, since the use of higher ones can not only completely hide the view from the fish, but the aquarium itself will become visually smaller. Therefore, an excellent way to use this type of plant, which is also called ground cover.
Consider them in more detail.
These ground cover plants belong to the celery family, or as they were called a few years ago – umbrella. As a rule, in artificial reservoirs you can find 2 types of liliopsis:
- Brazilian growing in South America.
- Caroline, found in both South and North America.
Those who at least once saw these unpretentious plants in the aquarium, involuntarily compared them with a small and neatly trimmed lawn. Liliopsis consists of a bunch of uriciform roots and comprising from 1 to 3 leaflets of lanceolate outline, the width of which is 2-5 mm.
It is worth emphasizing that forming a dense carpet of grass in an aquarium – these plants do not require any personal care at all. It is caused by the fact that, unlike other vegetation, liliopsis grows very slowly, preferring to increase its habitat without layering on top of an already existing green lawn in an artificial pond.
These ground cover plants in the aquarium are of several types, but the most common ones include:
The appearance of these plants is rather peculiar in that they have completely no leaves. Some simple inhabitants even sometimes take thin stems with a bright green color, extending from filamentous horizontal rhizomes.
Also during flowering, spikelets of small sizes appear on the upper part of these stems, which completely convinces doubters that these aquarium plants do not have leaves.
To grow these plants, it is enough to keep the temperature of water in the range of 12-25 degrees, hardness from 1 to 20 dH. In addition, it is worth emphasizing that such plants ideally feel in a small aquarium.
Featuring good stamina, these ground cover unpretentious aquarium plants are highly popular with both novices and experienced aquarists. Occurs Javanese moss from the family of hypnosis and a native of Southeast Asia.
Remarkable is the fact that Javanese moss can grow, it can grow both vertically and horizontally.
In addition, if there is a small support in the vicinity of this plant, for example, a pebble or snag, then you can see the shoots start braiding it, rising higher to the light. If the light intensity is not very high, then this plant can use both aquarium glass and leaflets of other vegetation as a support.
Important! In order for the fascinating green glades to remain in the aquarium, it is necessary to regularly cut the growing shoots upwards and stretch the joined curtains.
It is worth noting that its content causes absolutely no difficulties. So, all you need is to ensure that the water temperature does not leave the limits of 15-28 degrees, and the hardness varies between 5-9 pH.
These aquarium plants are often the first vegetation acquired for placement in an aquarium. And the thing is not only in their unpretentiousness, but also in their rapid reproduction.
As a rule, Richia is located in the upper water layers of the aquarium, close to the surface. Outwardly, this plant consists of dichotomous thalli, which branch out between themselves.
The thickness of one such branch does not exceed 1mm. In the natural environment, Ritchia can be found in stagnant or slow-flowing water bodies in different parts of the world.
As mentioned above, these plants multiply quite quickly, covering the surface of water with a rather dense layer, but not the ground. That is why among scientists until nowadays there are hot debates about the belonging of Riccia to the group of ground cover plants.
Some pundits explain their belonging to this group by the fact that Richii can be wrapped with a line around a pebble or snag and left there until the whole branch of this plant is completely covered with the branches of this plant. Thus, a pebble can eventually turn into an unusually beautiful green mound, which will perfectly fit into the landscape of the whole foreground of the aquarium.
Also not to mention this unpretentious plant, which can be found in almost every aquarium. Low and very unpretentious in the care, the four-leafed Mars will look great in large artificial reservoirs.
Externally, the plant resembles a fern with leaves of the original form, located on a creeping rhizome, which prefers to travel along the entire surface of the soil.
The maximum height of the plant is 100-120 mm. Under normal conditions, the four-leaf Marsilia looks like a green carpet, the height of which does not exceed 30-40 mm.
In addition, it is recommended to mount it with tweezers and individually each root.
The ideal conditions for the cultivation of this plant is the water temperature of 18-22 degrees, but there were cases when Marshilia four-leaf felt pretty good even at tropical temperatures. It is also worth emphasizing that the water change in no way affects its growth rate.
Unpretentious aquarium plants: nayas, elodey, rogolodnik, cabomba
Today, a great variety of aquatic vegetation, which was imported from different countries. Conventionally, they can be divided into two groups:
- Capricious, which will require a special approach and often die due to lack of fertilizers or carbon dioxide, or the aquarium microclimate simply does not suit them.
- Unpretentious aquarium plants – they are ideal for the first experience due to the ability to quickly adapt to any conditions and at the same time to grow rapidly. In addition, these plants are quite inexpensive and will not hit the family budget.
What do simple plants need?
At first, unpretentious aquarium plants just need to shorten, cutting the tops. Usually such manipulations are performed 1-2 times per month.
It all depends on the intensity of growth. Later, special complex feeding is made and lighting is added, because it is often not enough.
Sometimes, in order to speed up and improve the absorption of minerals, it will be necessary to supply carbon dioxide into the water. This whole care and limited.
Ambulia is an aquarium plant that is a type of limnofila. This plant very effectively decorates an aquarium, creating soft fluffy thickets of saturated green color. The plant actively grows at a temperature of water in the range of 26-27 degrees.
If the temperature is below 22 degrees, then the ambulia will slow down its growth. A large amount of light is necessary for a plant, because with its deficiency it will lose its fluffiness.
Regular water changes will also benefit from ambulia.
Often, an aquarium without live vegetation resembles a prison cell for fish, so it should be landscaped. Unpretentious aquarium plants not only decorate an artificial reservoir, but also provide the optimal microclimate for its inhabitants.
And the owner will get rid of the lion’s share of the troubles associated with care.
With a minimum of effort, you can achieve not only the beautiful appearance of the aquarium, but also bring some benefit to the water world.
- Air saturation. During photosynthesis, the task of plants is to consume carbon dioxide from water and release oxygen. Thanks to this, if you follow the correct proportions of the number of fish and plants, you can eliminate the use of an air compressor. As a result, the sound effects are significantly reduced, the number of wires is reduced and the naturality of the reservoir is created.
- Inhibition of algae growth. Fast-growing aquatic plants in the process of their development take nutrients from the algae, as a result of which they lose their growth rates.
- Water purification. In the process of life all the inhabitants of the aquarium pollute the water with nitrates, nitrites and phosphates. And aquatic plants, on the contrary, use these substances for their development. Thus, a certain balance is achieved: the fish are clogged, and the plants are cleaned. In addition, the need for frequent soil cleaning is significantly reduced.
- Alert problems in the aquarium. Reacting sensitively to changes in the aquatic environment, the plants signal the situation in the aquarium. Each plant has its own set of signals, but in general such changes can be observed: growth retardation, yellowing and decay, which indicate clogging of the soil layer, lack of light and unfavorable composition of water.
- Refuge for underwater inhabitants. Plants create some kind of home comfort for fish and other aquatic inhabitants. In addition to providing comfort, the plants create comfortable conditions for laying eggs and breeding offspring.
- The source of additional power. Many fish are not averse to eat plants. Other inhabitants, such as snails and shrimps, eat the fading parts, stimulating the development of plants, and at the same time they are saturated with themselves and increase their numbers. As a result, the walls of the aquarium are more intensively cleaned of plaque.
- Facilitated care. Upon reaching a certain symbiosis in an aquarium, you can safely go on trips, leaving your pets without daily feeding. The fish will be able to feed themselves for 1-2 weeks, and the reservoir microclimate will not suffer.
- Aesthetic satisfaction. Aquarium plants serve as a wonderful background and effectively fill the aquarium. Some do not even have fish, and create water herbalists that can revive any interior.
A beautifully filled aquarium is a piece of living tropical nature in a house, looking at which a person rests with his soul and calms the nervous system.
1. From the plants that float on the water, choose:
- Asolla Caroline.
- Salvinia floating.
- Riccia floating.
2. Of those located in the water column:
- Canadian Elodea.
- Naiad Guadalupe.
- The riggers are immersed.
3. From the plants that form the middle and background of the aquarium, it is recommended:
4. Novice aquarists are advised to choose:
5. For the decoration of pebbles and koryag usually offer:
If the experience of the content of the aquarium is small, it is advised not to acquire plants with small dissected leaves and bright red colors.
Aquarium plants, the description of which will help determine the choice for a particular tank, can revive the reservoir and clearly fit into the interior of the room.
Plants are not only designed to please the eye, decorating an aquarium, but also for the stable formation of the correct chemical balance of the aquatic environment. They give aesthetics, serve as a haven for underwater inhabitants, and are also excellent filters.
Green flora needs personal living conditions, while there are also very unpretentious species that do not need special care. The choice of basic plants depends on which inhabitants settle nearby.
Such indicators as light day, brightness of illumination, hardness and salinity of water, its heating should practically coincide or be approximated by values.
Plants by structure and rooting are divided into
- root and rootless,
- can grow at the bottom
- swim not only on the surface itself, but also in the water column.
- some are mossy, they are excellent fitofilters,
- are herbaceous.
Some of the most common species are vallisneria, javanese moss and pistia.
Ribbon-like leaves of greenish colors sometimes with shades of red appearing in places. Can be very sharp.
Wallisneria does not need a certain light spectrum. Best of all, it develops in bright and mixed lighting.
With a long light day, it may bloom.
There are several types of it. Differences between them only in length, which is from 10 to 80 cm, width also ranges from 3 mm to 2.5 cm.
Well gets on with herbivorous fishes.
If the plant begins to interfere with the lighting, it is not necessary to cut the leaves to him. You just need to thin out a little landing.
Planted vallisneria is in loose soil with an area of about 5 mm along the wall of the aquarium. This will create a winning background that will not interfere with the underwater inhabitants while moving and will brightly highlight them.
The plant dies if the temperature regime in the aquarium keeps below 15 degrees for a long time. Optimally develops at a temperature of 19 to 30 degrees.
The acidity of the water must be necessarily neutral, and the hardness – medium. Care must be taken to ensure that the water is not stagnant, rusty, so that copper does not get into it along with fertilizers or drugs.
Water salad (pistia) is presented in the form of rough green leaves with shades of blue, collected in racemes in several pieces and floating on the surface.
The size of the cluster of leaves can reach a height of 15, and a width of 25 cm. A developed strong root system is about 30 cm in diameter. Pisty roots are excellent filters, as well as a refuge for fish.
Maintain the temperature you need about 25 degrees, and in winter to reduce to 20. In the spring, the piste grows more actively, and it should be thinned out if it darkens the aquarium too much.
As for the state of the water, it is not required with special parameters, but rigidity above 12 is undesirable.
Water salad requires careful bright lighting with powerful fluorescent lamps for more than 12 hours a day. When creating a high humidity in the aquarium, the piste may bloom with whitish or yellowish flowers.
On spring days, it is necessary to add fertilizer with trace elements to the water and make water changes every week.
The wolfium plant in form is an unusually small spherical plate with a diameter of up to 1 mm, freely floating on the surface of the water. They do not have roots, but are used for natural shading of the aquarium space and additional useful feeding of some species of fish.
Comfortably grows in a temperature range from 16 to 26 degrees. It is best for her in soft water of weak acidity.
It is important to monitor the purity of the water in the aquarium: there should be no turbidity in it, a bacterial film, as this can lead to the death of wolfia. To avoid this, a weak current should be created.
In the winter low-light period, Wulfia sinks to the bottom, but re-emerges in May, and in summer it can bloom. Preferably, long-term (more than 12 hours) illumination with combined fluorescent lamps.
Plants can be damaged by inappropriate water composition, lighting, some digging fish, and some herbivores. Observance of elementary rules of hygiene, competent combination of plant species, a sense of proportion will contribute to the creation of a well-groomed, balanced and organic aquarium, which not only will please the eye, but will also become easier to care for.