maintenance, care, compatibility
This article will be devoted to the consideration of problems related to the water in the aquarium. Turbid water spoils aesthetics, negatively affects the living conditions of the inhabitants. Its appearance can be not only a prerequisite for flowering, but also be a signal of a number of problems with the soil, with plants, with the composition, talking about the disease of fish and other pets.
The fight against it is solved, but it requires attention, observation and care of the owner.
Aquarium is a special natural-territorial complex with individual properties. Changing one part may entail a change in the whole. So, consider the main causes of turbidity:
- improperly selected soil;
- improper feeding of the inhabitants;
- frequent or abnormal water changes;
- missing or malfunctioning filter;
- the presence of large fish;
- small size aquarium.
All these factors lead either to mechanical pollution of the water, or, worse, to bacterial.
Consider the cases of mechanical pollution. These include the small size of the aquarium, the presence of large fish, the wrong ground.
The small size of the aquarium leads to frequent biochemical flashes, especially if the inhabitants are chosen incorrectly. Thus, the smallest containers are usually allocated for shrimps, snails, and other relatively neutral residents.
When dregs appear, it is necessary to reconsider and, if possible, change the population of the aquarium, settle the filtration. Perhaps the problem is in the wrong type of filter.
Tips for eliminating:
- Change the location of the filter (from horizontal to vertical or vice versa), as the landscape can interfere with the flow of water.
- Replace the filter itself. A stronger filter or another type of filter (bottom, internal, external) can help.
- Change the filter filler.
- Follow the lighting in the day, if necessary, reduce it.
- Change the population from too large fish to small ones or reduce the number of small fish, but increase the number of biological cleaners.
The reason for the turbidity of water may be excessive feeding of fish. It should be at least a few days deliberately underfed pets, make sure that the food has been eaten completely. How to determine whether ate fish? After 15 minutes from the start of feeding you need to remove all the remnants of food, preventing rotting residues at the bottom and the subsequent deterioration of water.
The soil must be properly selected, pet shop consultants will always help. And it also needs to be poured competently, not evenly horizontally, but with a slope to the back wall in order to make it easier to clean.
The color of the water in the aquarium is determined by various factors. Among them are the presence of living plants or slugs, feed properties, low oxygen saturation, reproduction of bacteria and, as a result, the growth of algae that settle on the ground, glass, and everything that is in the water.
Reproduction of microscopic green euglenic algae leads to the staining of the aquatic environment in a yellow-green or bright green unnatural color. A small amount of these plants is always available in any aquarium. They get with food, imperceptibly contained even in clear water.
And active reproduction leads to greening, which can be caused by improperly organized, excessive lighting of the aquarium. Trying to keep the fish in sight, you still need to protect them from direct sunlight, as well as from enhanced artificial lighting.
In winter, lighting should be switched on for no more than 10 hours, and on a summer day – for 12 hours. Otherwise, euglena can cover both walls and decor items; it will not be so easy to clean them in the future.
To combat single-celled algae, you can place a horn plant in the aquarium, which will release water from excess nitrogen, and the growth of microalgae will be stopped. If possible, add tadpoles or daphnias, and after a day remove them from purified water.
An increased level of phosphate in the water also leads to its fast greening. These salts may be contained in large quantities in fish feed and into the water with excrement.
The source of phosphate can serve as tap water. To combat excess phosphate, you can plant special plants.
Chemical methods are used for cleaning. There are special powders for sale that are harmless to fish and plants.
When buying fish to novice aquarists, it is recommended to always consult with experts working in the store. They will help not only to choose the ground, filter, food, but also explain what kind of fish can be planted in one aquarium.
Muddy water in the aquarium: what to do -description of problems photo video.
For 4-7 days the aquatic environment is fully restored, you can run plants and fish into it. To speed up the process, you can add water after the old aquarium with “residential” water.
Another common problem with the rapid turbidity of water in an aquarium is poor filtration of the reservoir. It should be well thought out system of purification, and this should be done quickly, until the young fish and did not have time to get used to a new house.
A bad filter does not allow bits of dirt, feces, food debris, provoking the formation of decomposition products. Such rotten water constantly stinks and can cause diseases.
Watch a video about filtering water in an aquarium.
Why still water quickly becomes cloudy? If it has become an unpleasant green color, dimmed in a short time – it means that microscopic blue-green algae develop in it, which lead to the flowering of the reservoir. With good development of organic and strong light, they make themselves felt on the fifth day.
When the light is not enough, cyanobacteria will acquire a brown color and begin to rot. Green color of the liquid with muddy, unpleasant smell – signs of growth of blue-green algae.
Wrong settlement of fish as a reason for the rapid turbidity of water
Many newcomers to breeding aquarium fish, having first encountered the problem, are perplexed: what to do if there is muddy water in the aquarium. In fact, the causes of clouding can be several and need to act consistently, eliminating them one by one.
How to get rid of dregs in an aquarium :: how to clean white dregs in an aquarium :: Fish aquarium
Many aquarists are faced with the problem of turbidity in aquariums. There are several reasons for this phenomenon – algae bloom, biological surge, high levels of organic carbon.
How to get rid of dregs at aquarium?
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
1. Appearance white or gray dregs in new aquarium can be connected in the ground bookmark. Rinse the soil thoroughly before placing it in the aquarium.
As a rule, 1-2 days after the water has been laid, aquarium becomes transparent. The presence of turbid water for three or more days after placing the soil may indicate insufficient thorough washing.
2. If after filling the soil in the new aquarium, the water became transparent, and then the turbidity reappeared – this indicates the establishment of the biological equilibrium of the system. Such dregs are called bacterial. After the formation of a sufficient number of beneficial bacteria, it usually disappears on its own.
In order to make life easier for the fish during this period, it is recommended to replace 1/4 of the aquarium’s water daily. Try to feed the fish as little as possible.
In the first month of use of the aquarium do not run there too many inhabitants.
3. The cause of the appearance of green dregs at aquarium is usually algae bloom. To remove green dregs It is necessary to change 1/4 of water daily.
Remove and rinse the filter media of the aquarium filter thoroughly. Reduce the amount of feed.
Turn off the light and do not turn it on until the green dregs disappear. If possible, purchase a special UV sterilizer or use algae remedies sold in pet stores. To avoid the appearance of green dregs, It is recommended to place the aquarium in such a way that it does not fall into direct sunlight. It is strictly forbidden to place aquariums on the windows on the south side.
4. The appearance of yellow dregs can be triggered by several factors. Such an effect may occur from an excess of fish waste products. In this case, you need to purchase a more powerful aquarium filter. If you recently placed a snag in the aquarium – most likely the reason for the appearance of yellow dregs in this one.
You should know that the process of leaching the wood pigment lasts from 2 to 6 months. After that, the water will again become transparent.
During this period it is recommended to change the water in aquarium a little more often than usual. Another cause of the appearance of yellow dregs there may be rotting plants. Remove dead and diseased algae from the aquarium.
Conduct water purification with activated carbon. However, you should know that it absorbs from the water not only harmful, but also useful substances.
Therefore, the maximum use of the carbon filter is one week. After applying this filter, you need to make sure that all other indicators of water remained normal.