maintenance, care, compatibility
The content of amphibians and amphibians in aquariums cannot be called completely simple, but with a careful and competent approach, you can avoid a lot of trouble and enjoy watching brisk cold-blooded animals. One of the most popular representatives is tritons in the aquarium.
At home, they have been held for a long time, and they have firmly won their place in the hearts of many aquarists. Caring for them, feeding and breeding them in an aquarium does not require too much effort and expense, and with proper attention, your pet will respond to you with a healthy look and long life.
How to care for triton at home? In general, all parameters are the same for different types, with the exception of some small nuances.
- Aquarium. The content will require a horizontal aquarium shape. The minimum amount of water per representative is 10-20 liters, so if you plan to keep amphibians in a group or populate them with fish in an aquarium, please note that it needs space.
- Temperature. Tritons aquarium, like all amphibians, are cold-blooded animals, and the violation of the temperature regime painfully affects their well-being. The optimal indicator for them is 18–22 ° C, and they live in their natural environment in about the same conditions. High temperatures for tritons are unacceptable.
- Acidity. In nature, newts prefer ponds with an acidity index of 5.5 to 7.8 ph. The same indicators are required and content in captivity.
- Rigidity. The water is soft or medium hard – from 5 to 15 dGH.
- Lighting. For lighting, choose fluorescent lamps, as they do not heat the water.
- Priming. It is necessary to approach the selection of the soil carefully, it is better to choose the soil, the fractions of which are significantly larger than the head of the newt. The fact is that when eating food, a newt can accidentally swallow a stone, which will lead to death, so try to avoid all risks.
- Cooling water. This need arises in the summer, or when the room temperature is much higher than necessary. Special cooling equipment can be purchased; more budget option – cold water bottles, which are placed in an aquarium.
- Registration. Newt needs land areas because he likes to soak up the air. If you decide to share it in the aquarium to the fish, in advance, take care of the presence of islets. This is a rather unsociable water inhabitant, it must be maintained in an aquarium with numerous houses and shelters. You can use shards from broken mugs or pots (be sure to grind the edges), coconut halves.
- Plants. Artificial plants are better to prefer live. Tritons breed in water, and the female, laying eggs, wraps her in leaves.
- Filter. For tritons, you can use a normal internal filter. Aeration is not necessary, as these animals are selected to the surface for air. Tritons are very clean, but about 15-20% of water should be replaced every week.
Those who would like to have a “little salamander” at home should pay attention to the newts. They live in the wild, but perfectly adapt to captivity, if you create the right conditions.
Tritons in the aquarium are able to please their owners for 15 years.
Keeping animals requires an aquarium of not less than 15 liters of water for 1 individual. It is obligatory to arrange land islands made of stones and wooden fixtures.
Climbing on the protrusions protruding from the water, the animals breathe.
The aquarium should have a cover, as amphibians love to “travel”, which can lead to their death. For comfort and safety, stones in a container should be chosen large enough and without sharp edges to avoid swallowing them and injuries.
It is necessary to breed aquarium plants. Tritons, breeding, hiding eggs in the leaves.
Plants in the aquarium need lighting. His choice should be made taking into account the fact that these animals do not tolerate high temperatures.
Therefore, suitable fluorescent lamp with ultraviolet light, which is enough to turn on for 12 hours a day.
The optimum water temperature for an aquarium is 21-22 degrees. Higher values for tritons are a danger of overheating.
A burn can even cause the touch of a hand. So that the animals do not suffer in the heat, the water must be cooled by dropping bottles of ice into the aquarium.
Triton maintenance requires regular fluid replacement. Every week it should be updated by 20%. Better yet, install a special filter.
This will avoid infections.
Animals are able to exist alone, and in the company. If the aquarium is only for tritons, it is better when there are 2-3 females for 1 male.
This will ensure a peaceful existence. Imbalance will lead to fights between males.
Amphibians are predators, so other neighbors should be chosen carefully. Among the fish a good company for them will be guppies, neons or cardinals. They are suitable the same temperature regime as the tritons.
Nevertheless, it is worth preparing for the fact that predators will open a hunt for neighbors. Therefore, it is important to ensure that they are always full.
Goldfish are good neighbors who are not threatened by being eaten by newts. Large size will save them from such a fate, and they themselves will not encroach on amphibians. Can be placed in the aquarium and large snails.
They will not be swallowed by the newt, even if they try.
At present it is difficult to surprise anyone with turtles or fish that live in your home pond. Another thing – the tritons in the aquarium.
We know very little about these creatures, and all because they are nocturnal, and in nature they are very difficult to meet.
Tritons in the aquarium with good care can live up to thirty years. Straight long-livers! These aquatic newts are close relatives of salamanders and are protected.
Their content is limited, but ordinary subspecies (comb, alpine and acicular) are well known to aquarists. In total there are 10 species of such amphibians, which can be kept at home.
These are very slow animals. For them, it is not difficult to hang in one position and be in such a state for several hours, while being held on only one support.
Tritons in the aquarium: content
Many people believe that amphibian maintenance is troublesome, and taking care of them takes a lot of time. But this is not at all the case.
Having certain knowledge, every person can take care of these animals.
Amphibians are cold-blooded animals. The optimum temperature for your aquarium pets – within 15-20 degrees.
Therefore, there can be no talk of heating systems that are used to heat the water in aquariums, and the household pond itself should be located away from heating appliances. It is most difficult to maintain the desired temperature in the summer months when it is hot outside.
Despite the fact that all tritons are amphibians, there are subspecies that live exclusively in water, but many need periodic forays into the land. If you plan to have representatives of both species, it is best to purchase a universal two-sphere aquarium. The original design will create the necessary conditions for animals, and even give the reservoir some exoticism.
You can build a raft, fill an island, etc. There may be several options, it all depends on your imagination and abilities.
Tritons in the aquarium feel good and alone, but can live in groups. If you decide to start a few tritonchiki, keep in mind that each of them need at least 12 liters of water. Therefore, it is necessary to think in advance about a tank of appropriate dimensions.
Animals are characterized by regular molt, after which they immediately eat their old shell.
Awareness of the proper maintenance of their pets should not be limited to the listed tips. It is also necessary to know how to feed a triton in an aquarium so that your pet will delight you for many years.
Amphibians prefer live food: earthworms, slugs, moths, larvae, small shrimps. They also like to eat frozen pieces of fish, lean meat, kidneys, and liver.
We should not forget about vitamins. So that your aquarium tritons do not become fat, you need to arrange a fasting day for them once a month.
Content with fish
Keep tritonchikov with aquarium fish is not worth it because of the requirements for temperature conditions. Too much difference.
In addition, the diseases that fish suffer from are deadly for amphibians, and large fish can even injure animals, so the newts in the aquarium do not get along with other inhabitants.
Increasingly, in artificial reservoirs that have become the decoration of the interior not only of living quarters, but also offices, reception facilities of various institutions, in addition to fish, other unusual inhabitants can be found. Triton Spanish from among them.
It belongs to the family Salamandridae, as common tritons, as well as comb. The natural habitat of this amphibian is silted standing water bodies of Spain, Portugal, Morocco.
How to organize the life of a Spanish triton in an aquarium, let’s look further.
This animal belongs to the caudate amphibians, leading a generally aquatic, less commonly semi-aquatic way of life. Spanish newt (Pleurodeles waltli), otherwise spiny, almost always lives in water.
The length of its rounded body with a slightly oblate head and a rather wide mouth reaches 20-30 cm, while the males are smaller than the females. The skin of a needle-like amphibian is on the back of a gray or greenish color, the belly is yellow, and on both sides with prominent small tubercles resembling prickles (hence the second name is needle-like), as if an orange band is drawn.
In the hot summer, when the reservoirs dry up, amphibians are able to take refuge in the algae. During this period, the body of the Pleurodeles waltli is covered with thickened, coarse skin, which helps to keep the remaining moisture and also to maintain the desired body temperature.
Amphibian lives in natural habitat up to 7 years.
Ensuring the existence of a needle-like newt in the home water is not difficult. Several individuals can be identified in one reservoir, so that there are 15-20 liters of water per Pleurodeles waltli.
The latter should be defended in advance for 2-3 days. Further provide the following conditions:
Water environment. To the aquarium water is not muddy, and remained clean, install the filter.
However, aeration of water in domestic water bodies is not envisaged – tritons do not breathe oxygen dissolved in water, they float to this surface.
Tank bottom can be covered with granite chips, be sure to plant any plants for the aquarium. In addition, various shelters of decorative elements, broken pottery shards, and other improvised material are settling at the bottom.
Amphibians are important to have shelters where she will hide from time to time.
Temperature. However, the most important point in the content is to ensure the optimum temperature in the aquarium.
Here it is necessary to take into account the fact that a triton is a cold-blooded creature, so the temperature for it is not higher than 15–20 ° C. It is rather difficult to provide such conditions for a high ambient temperature. For this purpose, cooling installations are used, fans are used, which are located directly above the water surface, and sometimes aquarium water is cooled with the help of bottles with frozen water dipped in a container.