maintenance, care, compatibility
If white worms appeared on the walls in the aquarium
Have you noticed that small white worms appeared in the aquarium? Some worms are barely noticeable and do not damage the ecosystem.
But there are also parasitic types of white worms that cause a lot of harm.
Planaria is a flatworm that can appear in a freshwater aquarium. Planaria fall into the water with untreated soil, plants, decorations, and live food.
Bringing out these worms is quite difficult, as they can recover quickly. There are mechanical ways of destroying worms — a trap is set in the tank, and in the morning it is taken along with the worms.
After that, worms are thrown into boiling water, and boiled for 30 minutes to complete destruction. The problem is that this method is not always effective.
These worms are dangerous for snails, crayfish and shrimps.
Planaria worms have hair on their bodies, or the so-called cilia. There are many types of planarians. In home ponds worms are usually infused the following groups:
- Dendrocoelum lacteum, or milky white worms. They are considered safer, do not cause severe harm to the inhabitants of the aquarium. They are easy to see in glass containers, especially on the walls and dark decorations.
- Planaria torva, or brown planaria – they are harder to notice because of the dark color, are active at night.
Watch the video about planaria and how to deal with it.
All planarian species of this species feed on protein products, including: shrimp eggs, small invertebrates, crayfish and shrimp feeds. Unfortunately, brown planaria can destroy the shrimps themselves from the inside, settling under their armor.
How can you destroy these worms in a home aquarium? The first and most important way is to clean the stones and scenery.
From worms they can be washed off with water and treated with boiling water. This also applies to the soil that needs to be removed from the tank and boiled.
Use special traps that you can cook with your own hands. Take a cheesecloth, make a small bag out of it, into which you should put small pieces of meat. In the morning you will notice that the entire bag is filled with worms.
He, along with the planarians need to extract from the aquarium, and destroy. Traps do not give a full guarantee of the destruction of these organisms, only reduce their numbers.
There may still be many worms under stones, snags and decorations.
You can also pass an electric current through the aquarium water with a charge of 12 volts. In such actions, you must comply with security measures, and before the procedure, remove all pets from the tank, their eggs, fry, and plants.
Warm water with a temperature of 27-29 ° C can quickly destroy unwanted “guests”. But not all fish tolerate this temperature.
Worms can be destroyed with the help of special preparations. They are very afraid of the means that include fenbendazole, they are: Fluendazole, Panacur, Fluvermal, Fliubenol. Before use, carefully read the instructions.
Usually the main dose is 0.2-0.4 grams per 100 liters of water. The preparation needs to be diluted in water, and then brought into the aquarium. Nowadays fenbendazole is sold as a suspension.
In a few days you will see the dead worms, and the only thing that remains for you is to cleanse your body of water from them.
Quite often, even with proper care of the fish, there is a raid on the walls of the aquarium. There are various reasons causing this phenomenon. In addition to the fact that the aquarium itself will have to be washed, it will be necessary to try to get rid of the problem causing the plaque itself.
Much can be determined by the color of the plaque itself, as well as by the place of its localization.
Important! The appearance of plaque on plants and the walls of the aquarium always indicates a clear disruption of the natural balance in an artificial ecosystem.
To eliminate any type of plaque, it is necessary to return the balance of the aquarium environment.
The raid in the aquarium, on the walls and stones: green, brown, brown, white, mucus in the aquarium!
All types of aquarium plaque.
Green scurf in aquarium,
white bloom in the aquarium
mucus in the aquarium.
This article is devoted to such a problem of “aquarium hygiene,” as plaque on the walls of the aquarium. So:
First of all, Plaque on the aquarium walls or glass is not formed from the good life of the aquarium world – in other words, in your aquarium, something is wrong. And to eliminate any plaque on the walls of the aquarium, you first need to restore balance of aquarium environment.
This is achieved by proper and regular cleaning of the aquarium, as well as the use of necessary drugs in case of deviation from the norm. It should be noted that excessive care: cleaning and changing aquarium water can also lead to adverse consequences.
Accurate recommendations regarding this issue are difficult to give, because it all depends on: the volume of your aquarium, the types of fish, plants, the location of the aquarium, etc. In general, you should follow general recommendations – i.e. recommendations on weekly cleaning of the aquarium and cleaning equipment. I would also recommend you to remember that old aquarium water is always better than fresh water – do not overdo it with cleaning and changing water.
Remember the balance of plants and fish, never overload the aquarium, do not make him a hostel. In your arsenal should always be the primary means of response: aquarium coal, methylene blue or malachite green.
Secondly, all types of raids – “clouding of the aquarium walls”, are caused by various factors or pests. Actually, therefore, all the attacks can be divided into color: on green raids in an aquarium (green-brown), white raids in an aquarium (whitish) or aquarium mucus.
How to deal with them. Simple enough!
Relative to green scale on the walls of the aquarium, which can also be formed and the decorations of the aquarium (artificial plants, stone). This plaque is caused by excessive “water blooming” – the formation of an uncontrolled amount of algae.
This plaque is caused by the lack of care for the aquarium and as a result of an excess of organic matter (ammonia decomposition products).
Remedy: clean the aquarium, replace the aquarium water with fresh water, turn off (do not turn on the backlight), increase the filtration and aeration of the aquarium; in the pet store you can buy tablets from flowering – from algae. I will cite as an example, one of them – TETRA tablets for algae control.
TetraAqua AlgoStop depo – These are soluble pills for controlling algae development. Effectively destroys various algae in freshwater aquariums, including black beard ” and blue-green algae, and also prevents their further growth.
Mode of application: Tablets are placed on the ground in the free flow area. The drug lasts for 6 weeks, after which the tablets are removed from the water. Tablets contain a complex of substances that are gradually released into the water.
The tablet does not dissolve completely, but retains its original shape. After 6 weeks, it ceases to release the active substances and must be removed from the water.
The slow dissolution of the drug in water allows you to use the active substances AlgoStop depot, for a long period of time. With proper use of the drug does not harm aquarium fish and plants.
Dosage:For prevention: 1 tab. on 50 l. water. For the destruction of filamentous algae: 1 tablet per 25 liters of water.
The article on other Tetra algae tablets is here!
The above preparations also cope with other types of algae with brown patina (diatoms), filament (green threads), black villi (black beard).
Aquarium: walls, decorations or equipment covered with white bloom – whitish mucus, what to do?
The appearance of whitish mucus is a frequent problem in new aquariums. It occurs because of the excessive content of organic substances in water (PJ, dead organic matter).
White scurf consists of numerous colonies of saprophytic bacteria, which actually feed on excess organic matter. These bacteria and mucus are harmless, they do not harm hydrobionts.
But their presence is unpleasant to the eye and speaks of the delicate biological balance in the aquarium. As a rule, mucus envelops natural snags (the place of the highest concentration of organic matter).
Often, abundant colonies are observed on the walls of the aquarium in the place where the flow from the filter is directed – the bacteria “catch the sweets with the wind” that are delivered to them by the flow of water.
This slime is removed simply – mechanically. Some aquarists are advised to have antsistrusov or others fishermen, which will clean up the mucus.
But even without this, the raid will disappear as soon as the biological balance is tuned. To make this happen faster, it is recommended to enhance filtration, reduce the amount of feed, that is, in every possible way contribute to the reduction and rapid oxidation of PJ.
From aquarium preparations can be proposed to apply Tetra Bactizim and Tetra SafeStart, which will promote the growth of colonies of beneficial nitrifying bacteria and, therefore, reduce the concentration of poisons.
Dear reader! On our site another, more complete article on this issue has been published – Algae in an aquarium.
Be sure to read it!