maintenance, care, compatibility
Muddy aquarium: from what and why the water becomes cloudy, what to do
Preparations eliminating mechanical turbidity in an aquarium
Why does the water in the aquarium grow muddy?: Start the aquarium; muddy water :: Aquarium fish.
Muddy water in an aquarium is a common problem that even experienced aquarists sometimes face. It can be fatal for your fish.
To avoid this, you need to understand the causes of this trouble and eliminate them.
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
An aquarium is a microworld where organisms appear and die. It consists of a fine interconnection of fish, plants and bacteria.
When you create a new aquarium in a few days there is a huge number of bacteria, excessively breeding in water. This leads to its turbidity.
This process is quite normal and natural. Before you run the fish in the aquarium with new water, you just need to wait a few days until it clears itself.
Due to lack of food, most bacteria will become extinct, and the biological balance of water will normalize. To change the water in this case is strictly prohibited, because it also becomes cloudy.
It is best to add some water from the old aquarium, where the balance has long been established. If this is not available, nothing terrible, the balance in the water itself is settled, it just takes more time for this.
Another cause of muddy water can be overfeeding fish. Excess feed, which your pets do not have time to eat, sink to the bottom and begin to rot.
As a result, the water begins to deteriorate. In such an environment, the inhabitants of the aquarium can not feel good, and their long stay in bad water will destroy.
When a large number of fish in the aquarium and, at the same time, poor filtration of water, there is its turbidity. The inhabitants of such an environment will certainly begin to poison the body with decay products, which will lead to their death.
The cause of muddy water can be algae. There is a certain species that, if overproduced, leads to a turbid environment in the aquarium and at the same time emits an unpleasant odor.
Another problem may be excessive light or accumulation of excess organic matter at the bottom, which stimulates the rapid growth of microscopic algae, and as a result water will bloom. It becomes opaque with a greenish tinge.
With a lack of light, the plants in the aquarium will turn brown and begin to rot, which will ruin the habitat of the fish and harm their health.
To deal with muddy water is not difficult, the main thing is to understand the causes of turbidity and follow certain rules in the future.
First you need to determine the cause of the turbidity of the water. If it consists in overpopulation of the aquarium, then it is necessary to strengthen the filtering or move some fish to another place.
If the reason is the accumulation of excess feed on the bottom, then you need to reduce the dose of food or purchase bottom fish that will eat up the settled food. If there is a problem with lighting, you need to darken the aquarium or enhance the light.
To prevent the rapid growth of algae, it is recommended to start fish or snails that eat plants. In order to maintain biological balance in an aquarium, it is imperative to have a good filter that matches the size of the water tank. You need to understand that in the aquarium the water is alive, and to maintain balance you need to maintain certain conditions.
It does not recommend the use of chemicals, they can lead to even greater environmental disturbance and will require a longer recovery.
In maintaining balance in water, its change plays an important role. After launching a new aquarium, it is not necessary to change the water for 2-3 months until the balance is improved. In the future, the water should be replaced 1-2 times a month.
At the same time merging only 1/5 of the total volume of the aquarium and adding as many new ones. If you change more than half, then the habitat is disturbed, which will lead to the death of the fish.
In small aquariums, water can be replaced less frequently, provided there is a good filter.
A properly equipped and properly maintained aquarium in which biological balance is maintained may not require changing water for a long time. The problem of water turbidity often occurs in novice aquarists, who believe that caring for fish is only in abundant and timely feeding.
1. The water becomes turbid due to small particles of soil that have been washed out of it, which are washed out during the careless filling of the aquarium with water. After they settle to the bottom, the water will again become clear.
Do not replace water completely when it is not required. Using a rubber or glass tube, periodically remove dirt accumulating on the bottom and add the required amount of fresh water, ensuring that its temperature coincides with the water in the aquarium.
2. Water may also become turbid in a new, newly equipped aquarium, due to the reproduction of single-celled organisms. This phenomenon is called “infusorial turbidity”. Do not rush to settle an aquarium prepared and filled with water, wait a few days.
Another harmless cause of turbidity – loosening of the soil by fish digging in it – is easily eliminated by placing a layer of thoroughly washed sand on the bottom.
3. The turbidity of the water can be caused by the appearance of a large number of putrefactive bacteria that are very harmful to fish and plants due to too high a concentration of fish in the aquarium or improper feeding. Follow one of the basic rules of aquarism: “It is better to underfeed than overfeed.”
4. If you forget to clean up the remnants of food and rotting plants in time, this can also provoke a rapid reproduction of bacteria. In addition, turbidity can be caused by poor filtration and blowing of water, as a result of which accumulation of metabolic products occurs in the aquarium, which serve as an ideal medium for mass reproduction and feeding of bacteria.
To avoid such consequences, squander excess fish and improve the filtration system.
Refuse dry feeds or give them a little and watch them to be eaten as soon as possible. Place in the aquarium snails, which are willing to clean up edible remains.
Causes of turbidity in the aquarium, turbid water in the new aquarium
Water turbidity in an aquarium is one of the most common problems that no one is immune from, because even experienced aquarists may be confronted with this. Turbid water indicates that biological equilibrium is disturbed, and the cause may be a bacterial outbreak, improper replacement of water, inaccurate feeding of fish and many other factors.
Sometimes, once you have eliminated the cause, the water becomes transparent, that is, the balance is restored, but with serious violations it can lead to the death of all living things in the aquarium, including plants.
If such a problem arises, the main thing is to quickly determine the cause of the turbidity of the water. As soon as you start the aquarium for the first time, 2-3 days from the moment it is launched, the area becomes habitable with single-celled organisms.
Thus, all causes of turbidity in the aquarium are based on a bacterial outbreak. That is why experienced aquarists strongly do not recommend immediately after filling the aquarium to populate it with fish.
Wait one week until balance is established. Do not change the water, as over time it will still become muddy.
If the aquarium was acquired long ago, and muddy water has only become lately, the cause will be much more difficult to find. Firstly, this may occur due to improper feeding of the fish, that is, overfeeding them.
The fishes do not have time to eat everything, the remains settle to the bottom of the aquarium and quickly spoil the water. In this case, clean the aquarium, change the water and reduce the amount of food so that it does not remain.
Muddy water in a new aquarium is not a cause for concern, and if it has acquired a muddy look in an aquarium that has been inhabited for a long time, then pay attention to filtering: if you have a lot of fish, water purification may be incomplete, and if you do not correct the situation in time, then the fish will start dying due to decay products.
If the water in the aquarium is not just dimmed, but turned green, then this indicates an active growth of algae, which later on decay and turn brown due to lack of light. The main features of this process are turbid water and a bad smell.
Watch your aquarium carefully, and if you notice that the water has started to darken, then do not delay finding out the reason, otherwise all living things may perish in the future. Try to immediately understand what is happening and change the water.