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The smallest aquarium in the world

maintenance, care, compatibility

Small consider aquariums less than 30-40 liters, usually from 5 to 20 liters. Often they are called nano aquariums (from the Greek nano – “small, tiny, dwarf”), emphasizing with this term not only size, but also their modernity and manufacturability. There are also microaquariums, their capacity is 1-2 liters, and animals do not lodge in them, with the exception of some species of snails. The world’s smallest aquarium with fish was created by Omsk miniaturist Anatoly Konenko and his son Stanislav.

They placed in 10 ml of water a primer, a specially designed mini-compressor, small cladofor bushes and a few danio fry.

We will immediately agree that we will not call a round ten-liter jar with a goldfish a nano-aquarium because it is not an aquarium, but a mockery of fish and all the principles of aquarism.

An aquarium, no matter how large, is an equilibrium biological system whose inhabitants feel comfortable.

To achieve this in a small amount is a whole science. But, if this is possible, the results can be simply amazing.

Such aquariums, where a living biotope is reproduced in a tiny volume, resemble Japanese bonsai art or large-scale models of luxury cars: small ones, but everything is real.

Of course, not all small aquariums are worthy of aquascaping competitions or books of records, but each of them should please the eye of its owner and create a comfortable environment for its inhabitants.

Care of a mini aquarium

As for the maintenance of the aquarium of small size, here you can get under the influence of stereotypes. Often, parents buy aquariums for their children, considering that a small aquarium is easier to clean than a large one.

Rather, the “underwater world” of small size is subject to temperature changes and requires frequent water changes.

If water is rarely changed, the waste products of fish begin to accumulate on the walls and it will be rather difficult to clean the container with your hands. In addition, the slightest excess feed, stale at the bottom of such an aquarium, instantly spoils the water and shifts the biological equilibrium.

But if you decide to start a small aquarium, get it “fully loaded.” Specialists will select all the necessary equipment for lighting, water filtration and water heating.

And, despite the equipment, place the aquarium in a room whose temperature is constant.

With such a small amount of water, a drop of even 1-2 degrees negatively affects the fish. When feeding fish, give off a small amount of food so that after feeding there will be no leftovers.

Remove excess feed immediately. When caring for an aquarium, you will have to carry out frequent water changes, until the bacteria stabilize their numbers in the filter.

Bacteria convert waste decomposition products into safe substances. A stock of settled water should always be at your disposal.

Water in the aquarium should be changed every three to four days, replacing at least a quarter of the volume of water in a small aquarium.

To prevent algae, an aquarium should not be placed close to the window. Direct sunlight should not fall on it, and the duration of the active daylight should be smoothly increased from six hours immediately after the arrangement of the aquarium to ten hours by the time the biological equilibrium is stabilized.

In aquariums it is not customary to start small. Small volumes create big problems, as the miniature system is devoid of inertia, and its biological equilibrium is unstable. Nevertheless, aquariums of small sizes are now becoming increasingly popular.

They are less expensive, compact, and with proper design and care amazingly beautiful. But to make it so that a small aquarium brings great pleasure is not easy.

Small consider aquariums less than 30-40 liters, usually from 5 to 20 liters. Often they are called nano aquariums (from the Greek nano – “small, tiny, dwarf”), emphasizing with this term not only size, but also their modernity and adaptability. There are also microaquariums, their capacity is 1-2 liters, and animals do not lodge in them, with the exception of some species of snails. The world’s smallest aquarium with fish was created by Omsk miniaturist Anatoly Konenko and his son Stanislav.

They placed in 10 ml of water a primer, a specially designed mini-compressor, small cladofor bushes and a few danio fry.

We will immediately agree that we will not call a round ten-liter jar with a goldfish a nano-aquarium because it is not an aquarium, but a mockery of fish and all the principles of aquarism.

An aquarium, no matter how large, is an equilibrium biological system whose inhabitants feel comfortable. To achieve this in a small amount is a whole science.

But, if this is possible, the results can be simply amazing. Such aquariums, where a living biotope is reproduced in a tiny volume, resemble Japanese bonsai art or large-scale models of luxury cars: small ones, but everything is real.

Of course, not all small aquariums are worthy of aquascaping competitions or books of records, but each of them should please the eye of its owner and create a comfortable environment for its inhabitants.

Nano aquariums are rectangular, cubic or close to it. Cover usually with a transparent coverslip. glass that allows you to admire them from above.

Keep them away from drafts and direct sunlight and closer to the outlet that you need to connect equipment.

Equipment for nano aquariums is generally the same as for large ones, that is, a filter (in some cases it is enough to have a pump with an aerator), lighting devices, a heater if necessary, better complete with a thermostat, and a carbon dioxide supply system.

For those who do not have the experience and time to select aquarium technology, fully equipped nano aquariums are on sale. The best in terms of price and quality are the complexes of the Aqua El Shrim Set and Dennerle Nano Cube series.

And if you want to save money or it is interesting to choose all the stuffing for your nanocube yourself, there is plenty to choose from.

Choose plants in the nano aquarium should be depending on the power of lighting and whether the supply of carbon dioxide is organized. If the light is bright, the soil is specialized, containing organic matter and CO2, then you can plant any medium-sized plants, here only the preferences of the owner play a role.

In a more modestly equipped aquarium, plants are limited to unpretentious and slow-growing plants.

Lileopsis is a Brazilian cube, hemianthus of cube, and marcilia are used as ground cover. Japanese Blix, which is considered a groundcover in large aquariums, looks like a bush in small volumes.

In addition, different types of Anubias, cryptocoryne, Pogostemons, Rotal, ferns are grown. For decorating snags, stones and items of equipment use mosses. Often you can meet the cladofor balls.

In short, there is room for creativity almost like in a large aquarium.

When choosing inhabitants for a small aquarium, first of all, of course, one should pay attention to their size. Fish should not be more than 3-4 cm long, and if the aquarium is completely “nano”, up to 15 liters more than 2-3 cm. In addition, the fish need peaceful, not too voracious, not territorial and rather unpretentious, at least if this is your first experience in nano aquariums.

Well and, of course, they must be brightly and diversely colored and active, so that it would be interesting to watch them.

Under these conditions is quite a large number of fish. The most honorable place in nano aquariums is occupied by carp representatives – zebrafish, micro-assemblies, boraras.

The micro-collection of the galaxy with its amazing color is truly the queen of small volumes.

It is possible to lodge neon and tetra amanda from charicine fishes in such an aquarium, from guppies and petillia from viviparous. In addition, you can make small catfish, for example, the corridor-pygmy or otozinclus.

Feel good in a small volume of the cockerel.

Fish is better to take flocks of 3-4 pieces (of course, except for pugnacious cockerels), so they will feel more comfortable. The density of planting small fish should be about 1 individual per 2 liters of water.

In addition to fish, different types of shrimp live in a nano aquarium, dwarf crayfish (they are incompatible with shrimps), frogs hymeno-viruses.

You can decorate a nano aquarium in a different style. Iwagumi styles are popular among aqua-designers – different types of stone decoration forms, ryubekuka – decoration with snags, wabikusa – in the form of a hummock with plants. But here the taste and preferences of the owner are crucial.

For example, if an aquarium is in a child’s room, it is appropriate to place a mermaid’s castle or a sunken ship and toy scuba divers into it. The main thing is that the scenery should not take up too much space (as a general rule, not more than a quarter of the bottom surface and half the height), hide the aquarium equipment and leave room for plants and fish.

In addition, if there are shrimps in the aquarium, it must be borne in mind that any objects protruding from the water may contribute to their escape from the aquarium.

Soil in small aquariums usually use a two-layer one: the bottom layer is a nutrient substrate, the top one is gravel, the total thickness of the layer should be 3-4 cm.

Caring for a small aquarium is not too time consuming, as long as it is permanent. If you can forget about a successful two-hundred-liter jar for a month (do not carry out cleaning and water changes in it, but only feed the fish), and nothing bad will happen, well, except that there will be a little less beauty, then this number will not work with the nano aquarium.

It is impossible to linger for one day with cleaning or slightly overfeeding the fish, this can lead to irreversible consequences. Depending on the size and population of the aquarium, a schedule should be drawn up for switching on and off lighting, feeding animals, changing water (usually they are held weekly at 1 / 3-1 / 2), cleaning the bottom.

This schedule must be strictly followed. Most importantly, a small aquarium requires close monitoring, and immediate action is taken with the slightest sign of imbalance.

It is highly recommended to use water quality tests at first after launch to track at least ammonia and nitrite.

Of course, a small aquarium in an apartment or office is not just a piece of furniture, it requires care and attention, but with the proper selection of equipment and inhabitants and following simple rules, it is quite affordable even for an unskilled person in aquariums.

Nano aquariums are rectangular, cubic or close to it. They are usually covered with a transparent cover glass that allows you to admire them from above.

Keep them away from drafts and direct sunlight and closer to the outlet that you need to connect equipment.

Equipment for nano aquariums is generally the same as for large ones, that is, a filter (in some cases it is enough to have a pump with an aerator), lighting devices, a heater if necessary, better complete with a thermostat, and a carbon dioxide supply system.

For those who do not have the experience and time to select aquarium technology, fully equipped nano aquariums are on sale. The best in terms of price and quality are the complexes of the Aqua El Shrim Set and Dennerle Nano Cube series.

And if you want to save money or it is interesting to choose all the stuffing for your nanocube yourself, there is plenty to choose from.

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