maintenance, care, compatibility
What should be the temperature of the water in the home aquarium
Aquarium water temperature
Water temperature for aquarium fish
One of the most important parameters of aquarium water is its temperature. Most aquarium fish feel comfortable at a temperature of 22-26 ° C.
But there are fish that prefer a lower or higher temperature.
For example, discus is a heat-loving fish, a comfortable temperature for their maintenance is 28-31 ° C. But the Goldfish family, on the contrary, prefers cooler water at 18-23 ° C.
Thus, speaking of the temperature regime in an aquarium, one should take into account the comfortable temperature parameters for a specific fish. It should also be noted that the temperature of aquarium water directly affects the lifespan of some species of fish.
For example, neons at a temperature of 18 ° C live 4 years, at 22 ° C – 3 years, 27 ° C – 1.5 years.
Perhaps the most important rule for an aquarist is to prevent sudden changes in temperature (2-4 degrees). Such vibrations are extremely harmful.
Today, there are virtually no problems with maintaining the temperature regime in an aquarium. Therefore, when on the Internet you come across articles about the Soviet methods of “boiling with a kettle” involuntarily you are touched.
Only one thing is frustrating – after all, articles on this topic are usually looked for and viewed by novices or young aquarists who are so easily confused with unnecessary, unnecessary information.
The nuances covered in this article for an experienced aquarist will not inspire innovation, but beginners will be noticed.
So, to maintain the required temperature regime of aquarium water, you need to buy two things at the pet shop:
1. Thermostat heater.
2. Thermometer with suction cups.
Regarding the temperature control of the heater for the aquarium – it is chosen based on the volume of the aquarium (its power must be appropriate). They fix it, as a rule, on the back wall of the aquarium, near the filter with aeration, so that it is completely immersed in the input. IMPORTANT: when setting the desired temperature on the scale of the thermostat, the first time (6-12 hours) watch the level of heating of the aquarium water.
This is due to the fact that often the scale of the thermostat does not always correspond to the actual temperature of water heating (especially in Chinese thermostats) or the thermostat does not quite fit the volume of the aquarium. Failure to comply with this rule may lead to the fact that in the morning your aquarium may turn into “a pot with a good, elite ear.”
Well, the second thing to which you should pay attention – the heater for the aquarium should be completely immersed in water. Do not allow it to be in the on state in air (in whole or in part).
This will lead to its rapid overheating.
Regarding thermometers for aquarium – here everything is simple! They are:
in the form of a self-adhesive strip thermometers for the aquarium
(I do not recommend. creatively — yes, it is practical — no, especially since this strip “fades” over time);
and electronic thermometers for aquarium $ 12;
When buying a thermometer should pay attention to the quality of suckers. If they are weak – the thermometer will often fall to the ground.
In addition, there are fish that pathologically may not like the thermometer and they will deliberately drop it (I have suffered from these gays blue).
I think that with the heating of aquarium water everything is clear: – set, adjusted and forgot.
Let’s now talk about what to do if the temperature goes over the top (from overheating or “summer in August”). Nowadays, this is also not a problem – the air conditioner will not only cool the room, but also lower the temperature of the water in the aquarium.
Another question is what to do if it is not? Or if you need to urgently lower the temperature?
Ice from the refrigerator will come to the rescue. At one time, I poured water into plastic 2-liter bottles (carefully removing the bottle from the label and glue beforehand) and frozen them in the refrigerator.
After lowering them into the aquarium and thereby lowered the temperature of the water to the desired.
This method of lowering the temperature has two minuses: firstly, the frozen bottles and ice heat up quite quickly – they often need to be frozen, and secondly: sudden, frequent temperature drops are poorly tolerated by aquarium fish. If the temperature is “tolerable” it is better not to add an ice bottle.
REMEMBER: PROVIDING A COMFORTABLE AND CONSTANT TEMPERATURE OF AQUARIUM WATER IS THE KEY TO THE HEALTH OF YOUR AQUARIUM FISH.
Video about the temperature and care of the aquarium
The life of all living organisms, including humans, is determined by a number of environmental factors. Among physical factors, temperature plays the greatest role, affecting the flow of all metabolic processes within an object.
That is why the observance of the correct temperature regime will provide your pet with comfort and long life.
The optimum temperature in an aquarium can vary within very wide limits for different organisms of even one family, therefore we cannot separate each one individually. But to discuss the temperature optimum for the most common inhabitants of aquariums, we are quite capable.
Temperature in a guppy aquarium
Guppies are not demanding fish and can easily live in a regular can, but for nurturing beautiful and healthy pets it is necessary to provide them with space and regular aeration of water. Regarding temperature, guppies are also labile, the range from 18 to 30 degrees is suitable for vital activity, but the optimum is 24-25 degrees.
The temperature of the water in the aquarium for the angelfish
Angelfish are warm-water fish, so the fact that for guppies is considered an extreme temperature for existence, for scalar still quite a pleasant atmosphere. Anyway, these cold-blooded fish are most active at 28 degrees, while at 24-25 their growth and development begins to slow.
Temperature in a cichlid aquarium
Cichlids are very sensitive to temperature fluctuations. As a result of hypothermia or overheating, they not only stop the development, but also lose the opportunity to develop their remarkable color, which is why the temperature in the aquarium for such fish should be a constantly adjustable parameter.
The optimum is 25-27 degrees, but for Tanganyik cichlids, this temperature should not exceed 26.
The temperature in the aquarium for barbs
Barbus – fish is simple to keep. Barbs are easy to feed, breed and maintain conditions optimal for their existence.
The optimum can be considered the temperature in the range from 21 to 26 degrees, while it is desirable that the water is well aerated and there was a slight flow.
Temperature in a catfish aquarium
More than 1000 species of fish from different families are called somami, therefore it is not easy to determine a single temperature range. Usually, catfish love temperatures closer to room temperature. in the range of 22-25 degrees.
For stimulation of reproduction, the temperature is usually increased by 2-3 degrees.
What temperature should be in the aquarium and how to maintain it :: Care and nurture
What temperature should be in the aquarium and how to maintain it
In order to provide aquarium inhabitants with comfortable conditions, it is necessary to strictly observe the temperature conditions that will be optimal for them. For each type of fish has its own comfortable temperature habitat.
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Some fish need relatively cool water, others are more thermophilic. This must be taken into account when purchasing an aquarium, as well as when selecting different types of fish.
Beforehand, one should make sure that they can coexist at the same temperature.
Optimum temperature for different types of aquarium fish
For the vast majority of ornamental fish, the optimum water temperature in an aquarium is from 22 to 26 degrees. The first is to focus on this temperature.
However, there are exceptions. Some fish species prefer warmer water in the aquarium.
These, above all, include some species of labyrinth fish and all discus.
For goldfish, lower water temperatures are more comfortable. The ideal temperature for them is from 18 to 23 degrees.
These fish for quite a long time can live at a higher temperature, but later it causes them to develop various skin diseases.
Sharp temperature fluctuations of more than 3-4 degrees should be avoided. A smooth change is quite acceptable, but jumps that occur within one day, or even several hours, are very undesirable.
This often happens in small aquariums – less than 50 liters. Such small volumes are very sensitive to changes in ambient temperature, they cool down quickly and heat up quickly.
A pane open for several hours during the cold season can cause a change in temperature in the aquarium by several degrees. In this case, the fish can catch a cold. After which they will need special treatment.
In the natural habitat of such temperature fluctuations do not exist, since large masses of water rather slowly cooled and heated. Therefore, fish are not adapted to extreme temperature fluctuations, and apart from diseases, this can cause them stress.
To maintain a constant water temperature in the aquarium, heaters of various types are used. Temperature control is controlled by thermometers.
If the temperature fluctuations in the room exceed 4-5 degrees, it is advisable to use heaters with automatic temperature control, which allows you to maintain a constant preset temperature.
It is important to evenly distribute the heat from the heater to the aquarium. To do this, the heater must be washed with water or air bubbles coming from the filter and compressor, so that the heated water spreads throughout the tank.