Главная 7 Aquarium 7 The main functions of thermostats and heaters in akvas

The main functions of thermostats and heaters in akvas

The maintenance of tropical fish in an aquarium without heating the water is simply unthinkable. The only exception is cold-blooded fish, which do not need heating at all. Without heating equipment in an aquarium, life cannot last for long.

Heating equipment includes heaters, thermostat and thermometer. But let’s understand in order.

You can buy the above items separately and in a set. When buying a kit, the heater and thermostat will be enclosed in a general case.

If you have these two devices independent, then you need to first connect them to each other. With paired devices less hassle, just insert the plug into the socket and voila.

But such a device has one major drawback. When a heater fails, an aquarist will have to pay more for repairs than if they were two separate devices.

The approximate power of the heater is calculated based on the proportion: 1 W of power is needed for 1 liter of water. Of course, for various cases there is no one general requirement, so when buying a heater, it is better to consult with the seller. Also recommendations from the manufacturer, which are indicated on the package with the device, will help you a lot.

They have the form of schematic drawings. The heater must be installed in the aquarium so that the water temperature in it is the same at all levels. Thus you can not harm the fish and plants.

Measure the temperature needed at the ground and near the surface. The maximum allowable temperature difference should not exceed 2 degrees.

You can equalize the temperature index by layers using filtration of aquarium water.

To date, you can purchase the following types of heaters for the aquarium:

  • Spiral Heaters. They have the appearance of a glass flask sealed with a rubber stopper. Through this tube passes the wire to the ceramic core, which is wound wire. Such heaters perfectly move around the aquarium without causing inconvenience to the population of the reservoir;
  • Heating mats. Such heaters are placed under the aquarium and heating takes place through the bottom of the tank. Some experts believe that heating the soil has a beneficial effect on the roots of aquarium plants, because you will not find such a method of heating in nature. The only and significant drawback of heating mats is that when they fail, you will have to raise the aquarium, which is not very convenient, especially if its volume is from 100 liters;
  • Heating cables. In their functionality, they are similar to heating mats, they only fit into the aquarium soil. Such cables are used in wet greenhouses. These cables are laid straight into the ground. The usefulness of the cables is the same as the heating mats. Fortunately, removing a bad cable is much easier than getting a rug out from under the aquarium. The only drawback of the cables is that, when removed, the aquarium interior can be seriously disturbed. Also be careful with heavy decorations, such as stones, because they can seriously damage the cable.
  • Twin heaters with thermostat. As a rule, the design of such a device is quite simple: a heater in the form of a spiral is enclosed in a single glass flask with a bimetallic thermostat. These two devices are already connected to the same circuit, so the aquarist does not need to connect anything, just plug in the socket. This device must be fixed strictly in an upright position, otherwise the thermostat will turn off prematurely.

As a rule, thermostats for an aquarium have a strictly limited range of work, as it must be appropriate for keeping tropical fish. The working temperature can be set by turning the adjusting screw.

Some types of thermostats have a temperature scale with varying degrees of accuracy. If the scale you did not see on your device, you will have to put the regulator “by eye”. Virtually all modern temperature controllers with heaters have an indicator light that signals that the device is connected to the network.

It does not matter whether the device is working now or not.

Today, only a couple of types of thermostats are widely found: electronic and electromechanical. Not long ago, electromechanical submersible thermostats were widely used.

The main device that combines the thermostat and the heater is a bimetallic plate. But more reliable are electronic thermostats.

Only in the beginning, they can show off and fail after installation in the aquarium.

Thermal filter is a device that simultaneously performs the functions of water heating and filtration. If you think that such a tandem is very convenient, then I will hasten to precipitate a little, because such devices are very expensive and in case of deterioration of the water flow the aquarium will freeze at you.

In addition, both devices cannot operate on the same fuse.

How to fix the heaters

Basically, the heaters are attached to the walls of the aquarium with the help of special suckers, which stubbornly do not want to stay at a given place. Over time, the rubber on the suction cups will begin to crack and they will cease to carry out their primary functions. In this case, they can be attached to the wall of the aquarium with silicone sealant.

However, then you will not be able to rearrange the heater to another place, as the suction cups stick tightly. Therefore, it is better to leave your choice on silicone suction cups, which serve for years.

О admin

x

Check Also

Design elements of the aquarium – Stones, Shells, Snags

In most cases, the general aquarium contains fish originating from the natural environment, where rocks ...

Dry feed for aquarium fish

It is difficult and dangerous to feed aquarium fish with natural live food. The ecology ...

Dutch aquarium – creation and content

The aquarium, in the landscape of which the focus is on lush and dense thickets ...

Timer for aquarium

Caring for an aquarium is a constant and rather monotonous action, but the clearer their ...

Aquarium water filtration

The density of fish in home aquariums is usually higher than in natural waters. The ...

Fish diseases – diagnosis and definition

The articles describe the following diseases, their signs and methods of treatment: alkalosis (alkaline disease), ...

Aquaria yesterday and today

Aquaria – what exact and at the same time capacious word! Aqua – water;Riu – ...

Equipment for the aquarium – part 2

Aquarium water treatment equipment This equipment is used to pump air through the water of ...

Aquarium fish food – 1 part

Pisces, like all other animals, need food to live, grow and reproduce. Food provides the ...

Algae in the aquarium

Algae in the aquarium – This is probably one of the main problems aquarist. There ...

Aquarium decoration in natural style – Aquascape Style

Aquarium decoration in a natural style or Aquascape / Aquascape Style. Aquascaping is an art ...

Natural composition in an aquarium

Natural composition in an aquarium Using plants, stones, gravel, snags and background in a single ...

Nano-aquarium – arrangement, launch, maintenance

Fashionable now the prefix “nano” is now used in aquarism. And not just used, but ...

Amphibians, just the opposite

Hello dear readers! I continue a series of articles about karzubykh therefore for your studying ...

Psevdomorskogo aquarium: rules design and care for him

If the interior design of your home is based on unusual and non-standard lines, what ...

My first acquaintance with the company DIAMIX and its product for aquariums

Good day, dear colleagues. In today’s article I would like to tell you how I ...

Diagnosing Aquarium Fish Disease – A Short Guide

Good day, dear colleagues. We continue to study the most common questions on aquarism, in ...

Handbook aquarist – Sergey Ermolaev

Good afternoon, dear readers! Today I decided to distract from writing articles about aquarium fish ...

Unforgettable Aquarium Design for Maze Fish

Labyrinth, or as they are called – Anabasovye, can breathe not only oxygen like other ...

Spawning behavior of cichlids: facts and assumptions

Quite often, one can hear from aquarists of various stripes that all cichlids, without exception, ...

Unusual design catfish aquarium – everyone will do it!

Hello, friends! Somiki are an indispensable attribute of almost any aquarium. Quite often, you can ...

Create an aquarium design for cichlids in the home pond

Hello, dear colleagues. I am glad to welcome you again on my blog and today ...

Aquaria in Brazil – Fisheries

Dear colleagues! Today I will not talk about aquarium fish or plants. This post will ...

How important is oxygen in an aquarium and how to ensure it biotope

Good day, dear colleagues. glad to welcome you again on my blog. Today I want ...