maintenance, care, compatibility
In any aquarium it is necessary to create a unique atmosphere. After all, this is not just a tank with fish, but a real underwater area with its own environment and features.
Starting its design, it is necessary to think over everything: technical devices, such as lighting and filters, plants and, of course, design.
They decorate aquariums with different elements: snags, shells, shards. It is important to calculate how many decorations you will need in order not to overload the aquarium and vice versa, not to leave it empty. One of the most popular decoration elements are stones for an aquarium.
They are natural and artificial, round and with jagged edges. Whole decorative compositions or a grotto are made of stones for shelter.
For different aquariums selected certain stones. They can be collected by hand or purchased at the store, most importantly, do not forget about the preparation of stones for a long stay in the aquarium.
A pond is the best option where you can collect stones with your own hands, and as many as necessary. The water in them smoothes out all sharp corners and irregularities, which may cause injury to the inhabitants of the aquarium.
But you need to choose the reservoir carefully: do not take the stones from those that are located near the quarries and mines for the extraction of minerals and metal ores.
If there are no suitable natural places, or the stones are not suitable for them, you can contact the pet shop. Usually there they are presented in different versions: large and small, dark and light, of unusual shape and even glowing stones for an aquarium.
There you will find exactly the options that will help create the necessary design and design.
What are decorative stones for an aquarium? In fact, you can use a wide range of breeds.
Some are suitable for all containers, others only for certain types. Among the most popular are granite, gneiss, sandstone, Kenyan stone.
- Granite. This breed has a volcanic origin, is environmentally friendly. The colors of granite are gray, black or white. Sometimes you can find orange copies. The advantage of granite is its neutrality. It does not change the hardness and acidity of water. The disadvantages include weight – small pieces weigh a lot, therefore, stopping your choice on granite, carefully study the strength of the glass aquarium.
- Gneiss. This stone also belongs to volcanic rocks, similar in composition to granite. It is neutral and safe for fish and plants. The main advantage of gneiss and its difference from granite is coloring. It is characterized by the presence of light and dark horizontal stripes, which makes it an ideal material for decorating an aquarium with which you can come up with the most intricate design.
- Sandstone. Sandstone is a common sedimentary rock, characterized by a characteristic layered structure. Sandstone is formed by mixing clay and sand. The stone may have a different chemical composition depending on the sand. It should be used carefully: sandstone can increase the hardness of the water and affect its composition. Sometimes the stones are crumbly and fragile, and are not suitable for aquariums.
Sandstone has different colors, can be found as white or light gray, and cream, brown, red and even green and blue, allowing you to develop a unique design. The shape of the stone can vary, for example, cavernous sandstone is a rough or smooth stone with numerous holes.
All stones must be prepared before putting them in the aquarium. This is especially true of those that you collect with your own hands.
- You need to start with flushing. This will take a long time, but in the future you will avoid many difficulties. If the stones are washed out insufficiently, the water in the aquarium will become cloudy from the remaining dust on them. No matter how much they praise the filters, they will not master such a volume.
- It is better to take a stiff brush in order to clean the stones from dirt as much as possible. After cleaning, they need to be cleaned with boiling water; some instances have to boil.
- Pay attention to the cracks, especially when you collected stones in a natural pond with your own hands. They can remain dirt, and with it – the eggs of insects and parasites, which will settle in the aquarium and deliver a lot of trouble. Such stones should be boiled, about 25-30 minutes.
- Some specimens may crack if they are put in boiling water, so chemical treatment will come to the rescue. Stones should be soaked for 1-2 hours in a 10% solution of normal household chlorine. However, after that it is necessary to rinse them thoroughly and for a long time in order to wash all the substance.
The appearance of greenery in the aquarium becomes a real disaster for beginning aquarists. When the stones and walls turn green, it’s time to sound the alarm: you are not paying enough attention to care!
Rare water changes and imbalances lead to the fact that the aquarium is literally full of greenery, a patina appears everywhere, starting from stones and ending with the surface of the water.
First of all, pay attention to the light. Often, aquariums turn green due to an irregular spectrum of light: insufficient light, as well as too bright, will sooner or later lead to the appearance of green.
Watch for the light mode, the constant violation of which will soon cause a raid.
Another reason why the walls in the tank are turning green is pollution of the water by food. Do not overfeed the fish, try to give them so much food that they eat it all, and the particles do not sink to the bottom.
Also, do not be amiss to clean the stones and other surfaces from plaque with your own hands.
Making out the aquarium with the help of stones, you can create the most unique and incredible design. Using natural and artificial stones, you can design a whole grotto with your own hands and decorate individual islets and structures.
That is why most aquarists prefer this type of decor. The main thing is to correctly calculate how many stones you need, and what type is better to use to create the perfect aquarium.
Making your own aquarium: ground, snags, accents
The sequence of actions in the design of the aquarium
- Preparation of stones and snags.
- Set the background.
- Equipment installation.
- Placement of stones, snags and grottoes in the tank.
- Sleeping ground.
- Planting plants. Sometimes this is done with a small amount of water (according to the rules for launching, plants are planted several days after pouring water, but if there are many of them and among them there are small and ground covers, it is very difficult to plant them in an aquarium full of water).
- Pouring water.
These are the basic principles of design aquarium. Of course, independently making your aquarium a masterpiece of aqua design is not easy, but this is not the main thing.
It is important that you like him and you enjoy looking at him.
Granite, quartz, gneiss, sandstone and many other stones are used in aquariums. Before being placed in the tank, they are cleaned with a brush and then scalded with boiling water.
Usually a group of stones looks more natural than one large cobblestone.
Large pieces of sandstone with a multitude of small caves are most popular in shrimps, and flat stones are often used in tsikhlides, which are laid on each other, building grottoes and caves.
It is better to tie the stones together or glue them with silicone, since large cichlids may knock them over.
If the aquarium is designed more for beauty, you can arrange it in Japanese Iwagumi style by creating a garden of an odd number of stones of different sizes standing or lying on the bottom.