maintenance, care, compatibility
What feed aquarium snails? Although the type of food depends on the specific type of snail, most of them are omnivores, they eat everything they can find. Usually snails eat rotting plants, dead fish, food debris and various algae.
In this way, they serve the aquarist – cleaning the aquarium from excess food residue, thereby maintaining cleanliness and lowering the level of toxins in the water.
Of course, different types of snails have disadvantages. The most common problem is that some species can spoil and even eat plants to the ground.
In addition, all the snails will eat fish eggs, if they can get to it and should not keep them in spawning.
The most frequent problem is that there are too many of them. We have already discussed this question in detail in the article – how to get rid of snails in an aquarium.
There are listed both the ways and causes of violent reproduction.
So, most often contain:
The coil is generally a classic snail, it can be found in almost any aquarium. It does not have any particular features, its small size, ease of reproduction and an interesting appearance have made it quite popular.
It is useful in moderation, does not cause excessive harm, only it spoils the appearance of the aquarium.
Ampulyaria is also quite common, but unlike coils, it is already quite demanding on the content. Since ampoules are one of the largest species of aquarium snails, they have a corresponding appetite.
Can damage young and delicate plants with a lack of food. The rest is beautiful, big, interesting.
Tilomelania – rapidly growing popularity of aquarium snails. But, besides the fact that tilomeleanii very beautiful, they are also very demanding on the conditions of detention.
They can rather be attributed to the exotic, which must be kept separately, and well cared for, than to simple species.
Melania – are common as coils, but differ from them not only in appearance, but also in lifestyle. Melania live in the ground, breed in the same place, which is beneficial to the aquarium, as they mix it.
But, they are prone to rapid growth, and getting rid of them is not so easy.
Neretina is a beautiful and very useful snail. Quite small, about 2 cm, neretina perfectly clean the aquarium from algae.
I advise you to follow the link and watch the video as it happens. Among the shortcomings – the price and a short lifespan, about a year.
Three types of neretin
Marisa is a real monster that can grow up to 6 cm or more. Large and very voracious, the marisa is not very suitable for general aquariums, as it eats away the plants at the root.
Helena is one of the most unusual species. The fact is that they eat … other snails.
If you have a lot of snails, then Helena is one of the ways to get rid of them. Details about the content of Helen on the link.
Fiza is also a very common snail. Small, easily propagated, lives in very harsh conditions. Among the shortcomings, it can gnaw through holes in the leaves of rather hard plants, such as echinodorus.
What spoils their appearance, so if you are a fan of plants, then it is better to get rid of nat.
This type is quite often seen in aquarium lovers, this snail is very beautiful, reaches the size of 15 cm, quite unpretentious. Ampullary yellow color with wide dark stripes on the sink. Keep an ampullary when the aquarium is closed, as they can crawl out of it, and when they are out of the water they die.
Another condition – in the aquarium should remain airspace. These aquarium snails breathe atmospheric air and oxygen dissolved in water. Ampullaria live up to 4 years while creating good conditions for existence.
The temperature of the water should be 17-30 degrees, and its rigidity and acidity for it are not of fundamental importance. They feed on leftover fish food or algae.
Get on with life-giving small fish and catfish. You should not settle with predatory fish, as predators will easily destroy them.
In general, their content is not that difficult anymore.
Reproduction. The female lays eggs on the walls of the aquarium, and after about 3 weeks babies come out of them, who, under good conditions, are growing rapidly.
Ampullary multiply all year round.
Benefit. Needed in large aquariums, because, eating the remnants of excess food, clean it.
The small aquarium snails are yellow or brown in color with a pointed shell. They multiply very actively, in a short time they are able to completely inhabit the aquarium. Water temperature is required not lower than 20 degrees, rigidity 8-18, otherwise the shell will begin to collapse.
Caring for them requires much better than for more unpretentious types.
Look at how fast the crawling fiz is on the stone.
Benefit. Snails of the genus Fiz are very useful for an aquarium: they absorb bacterial films, green deposits on the walls of the aquarium, as well as food residues.
It has a brown shell, rounded in a spiral. Its dimensions are about 3 cm.
This species reproduces incredibly fast, can be for a long time without food, die hard even in polluted water. Eat leftover food or aquatic plants.
Like many species, belong to the category whose content does not cause trouble.
Reproduction. Are hermaphrodites – the presence of cells of both sexes in one cochlea.
The life cycle of 3-4 years.
Benefit. Very useful for an aquarium, as they eat bacterial films that form on the surface of the water.
Very beautiful aquarium snails, shell color can vary from black to olive. Often with dark or gold stripes, for example, like a tiger snail.
This makes it a noticeable decoration in an aquarium.
Reproduction. To ripen the eggs, the water must be salty. In fresh water, although they lay their eggs, but the kids are not derived from it.
The temperature of the water should not be below 24 degrees and medium hardness to keep the sink. Water needs to be changed regularly.
Hard to bear the lack of food. Caring for them in the breeding process is not at all simple, but the result is worth the effort.
Benefit. They feed on algae algae and are able to destroy a fairly decent number of plants.
These snails are very useful in overgrown aquariums, where it is necessary to reduce the number of plants.
Look at the neritin in the aquarium.
Widespread among aquarists. They have a cone-shaped sink of gray or green color, along the shell there are strips of a darker color.
Their sizes are only 3-3.5 cm. They are practically not visible in the aquarium, since they mostly live on the bottom, buried in the ground, so their content is so simple, although there are many benefits from them.
Reproduction. Treat to viviparous individuals, have the big speed of reproduction.
You should be attentive to them, in the absence of control they will become an incredible lot. Like many species, in the presence of food and the absence of predators are not able to stop the reproduction process.
Benefit. Remove food debris from the soil and drain it.
These aquarium snails amaze with their beauty and singularity. The shell has a fancy shape, a lot of color options, and the body of the snail can have different shades and even have some kind of colored inclusions. Tilomeleanii quite capricious content.
They do not tolerate finding other types of mollusks alongside. Comfortable water temperature – 20-32 degrees, with high acidity.
This species has a very good appetite, they eat a lot, and in the absence of a sufficient amount of food, aquarium plants will begin to eat. Since the tilomelki sufficiently large size, then it needs more space for life.
The aquarium should be spacious and with the presence of secluded places – representatives of this type are hiding from the bright light.
Reproduction. Tilomelaniya refers to the dioecious and viviparous.
But it bears only one egg and only one snail is born.
Aquarium snails, though unpretentious, but the minimum requirements to ensure they are worthy of care, should still be done:
- Purchase snails should be only in pet stores. In no case do not catch in reservoirs and do not cheat in the aquarium. So you can make an infection that will destroy all the inhabitants of the aquarium.
- The aquarium should be equipped with a lid, as many snails are able to crawl out of it, and during long periods of exposure to air, they die.
- It is necessary to maintain temperature conditions, hardness and acidity of water in accordance with the requirements for each type of snail. Many species with a decrease in water hardness are subject to shell destruction.
- Feed the snails regularly need enough food, otherwise they will start to eat the plants, and spoil their appearance.
- You should also carefully observe the reproduction. Some species multiply quickly enough, are able to overpopulate the aquarium, spoiling this aesthetic appearance.
- Check newly purchased plants for the presence of eggs or small individuals to prevent unwanted breeding of snails in their aquarium. When choosing such pets for your aquarium, pay attention not only to the appearance, but also to the requirements for the content, and also you need to weigh how much they will be useful for your aquarium, whether it will not cause unnecessary trouble.
Many aquarists are quite skeptical of creatures that can already be said to have become an integral part of aquarium life – snails. But this small-looking creature can not only spoil the life of the inhabitants of the aquarium, as many believe, but also bring great benefits.
So what kind of positive qualities can be found in simple snails that live in our aquariums?
First, no matter how strange and funny it may sound, the snail is a real aquarium vacuum cleaner, in the literal sense of the word. The snail perfectly cleans the walls of the aquarium from the mucus that has accumulated on it, and also eats all those remnants of food that have not been eaten.
This fact is very important, because the remains that rot at the bottom of the aquarium, become a real “paradise” for parasites: this is how snails clean the aquarium from unnecessary substances.
In general, snails are unpretentious living creatures that live in an aquarium (of course, if we are not talking about decorative snails, which require special conditions for normal life activity). Simple snails do not need a place under the sun – they cost quite small.
But one question arises: how many snails should there be in an aquarium? It is very difficult to answer this question unequivocally, since it all depends on what kind of fish lives in the aquarium, and what sizes the aquarium itself has; In addition, there are fish that like to eat snails as a main course.
But, on average, for an aquarium whose total volume is 30 liters, 10 snails will be enough. However, everything depends not only on the size of the so-called water space, but also on the size of the snails themselves.
For example, the general equivalent would be: 5 small snails are equal to one big; based on this, you decide how many snails you need.
Any snails in the aquarium are very prolific, so you should strictly monitor their numbers. As soon as you caught the moment and realized that their number reached an extreme point, you can simply catch and put them in a jar of water and algae, then donate this animal to the pet store, or donate to the same aquarium owners as you – in general, you will understand.
As soon as a snail dies in the aquarium, it must be caught and thrown out, because any process of decomposition of microorganisms in the aquarium will lead to an epidemic among fish, which can cause a massive death of the inhabitants of the aquarium.
It happens that the snails in the aquarium appeared suddenly, when you absolutely did not plan to start them. A snail could get in with ground or plants. If you did not boil the soil before pouring it into the aquarium, then there might well have been a shell with a snail.
Often in the aquarium snails appear in the form of eggs on the leaves of algae.
This is another headache for those who are just starting their journey in the field of aquarism. We have already partially announced the answer, but this is not enough.
Therefore, let’s talk about what snails eat in the aquarium in more detail.
So, what do aquarium snails eat? And all. These creatures are so unpretentious that they can eat everything that is bad.
For them, food will be a raid on the aquarium walls, and stray pieces of fish food, and rotting plant debris, and the deceased inhabitant of the aquarium. The exception will be only artificially derived species of snails. Caring for them is quite laborious, and they can only eat very soft foods.
If you have just started to engage in an aquarium, then you should not start such sissies.