maintenance, care, compatibility
❶ Why do we need aquarium snails :: types of aquarium snails melania :: Other pets
This yellow snail ampoule is well known to any aquarist. Perhaps, only a beginner lover of the aquarium world, entering the pet shop wonders about this yellow, creeping inhabitant of the aquarium.
This article will help expand information about this yellow snail – “aquarium nurse”. In it you will find answers to many of your questions.
Briefly about the most interesting about ampoules:
– The concept of ampulyaria – includes a whole family of freshwater snails, dividing into clan and living all over the world.
– Ampularia sizes from 5 to 15 cm.
– Yellow snails live 1-4 years (depending on water temperature and other conditions).
– Comfortable water temperature for ampoules 22-24C and above. By the way, this temperature of aquarium water is comfort and for many aquarium fish, so there are simply no difficulties in their joint maintenance.
On the contrary, from such a symbiosis there are only pluses.
– Snails breathe atmospheric air through a siphon tube, but they also have gills.
– Snails ampullaria different-sex.
– The snail has a cover of the mouth of the shell, which is necessary to protect against aggressors and to wait out adverse conditions.
– If there is little calcium in the aquarium water, the yellow shell of the ampoule will collapse.
– When buying snails, it is better to take small ampoules. First of all, the bigger the snail is, the older it is, which means you will have less life, and secondly, small snails are much quicker than adults.
Description of the yellow snail – Ampularia:
Ampulyary to keep in a normal aquarium with fish. The snail is compatible with many species of fish, but it should be borne in mind that some fish strive to pinch their mustache, some fish eat molluscs. In view of what, I recommend keeping ampulyarii with peaceful and non-aggressive fish, and if in doubt, consult the sellers of the pet shop.
Personal experience suggests that ampulyaria does not live for a long time with gouras and some cichlids (as the latter simply do not give the snails food to go). Sometimes, Yellow snails bite even seemingly innocuous Goldfish. What to do with it?
You have two choices: either ampulyarii can be planted, or you can leave them to feed the fish. If you notice that snails are being harassed by ampulyaries and don’t do anything – you know, there are only 1 week left for live yellow clams.
The aquarium can be the minimum size, as long as it is with a lid. Otherwise, one night while walking into the kitchen, you can hear the characteristic crunch under your feet.
You should also take care of the airspace under the hood. First, snails breathe atmospheric air. And secondly, ampulyarias usually lay eggs in the airspace (for this, the distance between the lid and the water should be min.
Unlike many fish, ampullar is not whimsical in content. And the water parameters do not matter.
Containing the fish, you install them, in any case, the filter and, as a rule, if you are not lazy, regularly replace some of the water with fresh water – this is ample enough for an ampoule. What should be paid attention to is the calcium content in the aquarium water; if it is low, then the ampulian sink will collapse.
In my aquarium, I scattered small seashells, which contributes to the saturation of water with calcium and increases its rigidity. It is also recommended to add marble chips, limestone chips, in addition to pet stores there are special preparations for increasing the hardness of the water.
Concerning nutrition, I personally don’t feed my ampullaries, since they are in fact omnivorous and are content with the remains of fish feed, plants, etc. By the way, ampulyarias are excellent orderlies of an aquarium, they do not disdain to “stick” to dead fish and other dead organics.
They like rotten banana peel.
Regarding breeding. The stimulus for mating is an increase in temperature in the aquarium and good nutrition.
As a rule, for this they start a “flock” of yellow snails, since it is virtually impossible to distinguish between the sex of a snail.
Well, then. One fine morning on the wall of the aquarium or the lid you will find a laying of caviar, which the female postponed at night.
About three weeks later, the first baby snails appear from the roe, which, by eating the clutch, provide their way into the wild.
It is desirable to set off babies from the general aquarium, as some fish are not averse to try them for dinner. In order not to catch the newly emerged, some aquarists transfer the masonry to a separate aquarium in advance (moisten the masonry, gently shift and transfer).
Well, after that, small ampouleries are completely independent. Particularly caring owners first feed them with pounded fish food.
Photo-review of beautiful photos with yellow snail ampoule
What is the role of snails. It is rare to find an aquarium in which aquarium snails would not live.
Slowly moving gastropods can decorate the underwater garden and bring him a lot of benefits. But, in some circumstances, they become a shaped disaster.
The useful qualities of these creatures include loosening the soil, the destruction of unwanted algae on the walls of the aquarium and the bacterial film on the surface of the water, as well as eating food that was not eaten by fish. At the same time, some species of snails can damage aquatic plants and even cause fish to die.
If suddenly snails appeared in the aquarium, and this happened “not according to plan”, then, most likely, their caviar was originally introduced into the aquarium. She could get with live food or with new plants transplanted into an aquarium. And how many snails live, hitting the aquarium?
Depending on the type and conditions, from 1 year to 4 years.
So are snails needed in an aquarium? Provided they have the right choice and content, this question can be safely answered in the affirmative.
How do snails breed in an aquarium? Reproduction of snails in an aquarium often does not represent any difficulties.
Most of them are hermaphrodites, and even a couple of small snails that came to be in the underwater garden are able to initiate a population. But there are exceptions. Such snails as ampoules are dioecious, and for their reproduction the presence of a male and a female is necessary.
Soil melania are viviparous and able, after a single fertilization, to produce offspring several times.
The unique process of breeding aquarium snails – toothless. Females literally shoot the larvae – glochidia – on the bodies of fish swimming by.
This almost always leads to the death of the carrier fish.
If you have a desire to contribute to the reproduction of aquarium snails (most often artificially reproduce ampoule), then, having noticed that the eggs appeared in the aquarium (on the walls, stones or cover glass), you should carefully cut it with a razor and place it into a small one (up to 10 cm deep ) tank filled with warm (26-28 degrees) water. In 15-45 days the young of aquarium snails will appear.
What do snails eat right after birth? Juveniles of your aquarium slug should be fed with small-fraction fish food with the addition of scalded lettuce leaves or cucumber slices. The nursery capacity for young snails should be well lit.
Light contributes to the formation of algae, which must necessarily be included in the diet of young individuals.
What is the use of a snail aquarium? To answer this question, you first need to answer the question of what do snails eat?
First, aquarium snails successfully eat food that was not eaten by fish and hit the bottom of the aquarium. Thus, they prevent its rotting and the ingress of toxic substances into the aquarium water (aquarium catfish perform similar functions).
Secondly, the snails clean the aquarium from algae. Especially in this work, horn coils and young ampoules are zealous.
It should be noted that the snails eat algae haphazardly. If the aquarium is markedly overgrown with algae, the result of the activity of the snails will be the emergence of a kind of “tracks” on the walls.
Melanias lead a secretive lifestyle. They spend the day light digging in the ground and draining it.
Thus, melania improve gas exchange at the bottom of the aquarium. These snails do not damage the roots of plants, feeding only on organic remains. Melania breathe gills.
If the aquarium begins to lack oxygen, then first of all it is felt in the ground. In such a case, melania begin to creep into the walls of the aquarium during the day.
This behavior serves as a signal for the aquarist that it is necessary to increase the aeration and filtration of the aquarium water, and to clean the bottom.
By the way, snails – a good indicator of the status of the aquarium. If you notice that your aquarium slug-shooters are increasingly found to be out of the water on the walls or cover glass of the aquarium, then you should wonder why they crawl out of the aquarium. The reasons for this behavior of aquarium snails can be several.
Perhaps your pets are starving, and you need to decide what to feed the snails in the aquarium. It may also indicate excessive water contamination.
And for individuals with pulmonary respiration, this behavior is absolutely normal, they crawl out to ventilate the lungs.
If a massive death of snails has begun in your aquarium, it is imperative to understand why the snails die. The most common reason for this is the pollution of the aquarium with nitrates or excessive accumulation of CO gas in the water (it destroys the shell).
It happens that the death of snails is due to the fact that the distance between the surface of the water and the cover glass is too small. Many snails are not able to breathe and reproduce normally.
Snails such as perloves may also be useful. In fact, they are live filters for aquariums.
Along with ampoules and tiger snails, pearls have aesthetic value.
Than aquarium snails threaten underwater garden? As we have already indicated, the breeding of perlitsy can cause the death of fish.
Species such as pond fish, perlovitsy and fizy damage aquarium plants and are not suitable for maintenance in “green” aquariums.
In addition, under favorable conditions, the population may exceed reasonable limits. If there are a lot of snails in an aquarium, then even coils, ampoules and melania can also begin to harm the plants.
In this case, it is necessary to solve the problem of how to remove the snails from the aquarium or control their numbers.
In the least severe cases, it can be done mechanically. Melania will be very convenient to remove at night.
It was at this time that these snails crawl out onto the walls of the aquarium.
Well help to restrain the growth of snails, many species of catfish. Eating fouling, they destroy the snail caviar.
The same eggs, which were deposited in inaccessible for somik places, allow you to maintain the population.
If before you there was a question how to remove snails from an aquarium completely, then it is worth resorting to the help of macropods. A pair of macropods will successfully cope with this task in 2-3 weeks, having rid the snails of a 200-300 liter aquarium.
Snails are their favorite food. But the complete removal of snails should be carried out only when gastropods multiplied in the aquarium, causing harm to other inhabitants of the underwater garden.
Remember that they make biological balance in the aquarium more stable and contribute to the harmonious development of your aquarium.
Cleaners and orderlies of the aquarium – wholesome fish, shrimps, snails relieving algae
Snail helena. Predatory snail-eating snail.
Thunderstorm all snails.
Next, I would like to elaborate on some snails.
Snail Nritin “Zebra” “Neritina natalensis sp” Zebra “
Some aquarists call it a tiger snail. They say that you can not find two snails with the same ornamentation of the shell.
The homeland of these snails is hot Africa.
Content temperature – 25-27 degrees Celsius, PH of 7.
The cover of the aquarium should be tightly closed, because there are shoots of snails from the aquarium. For a short time this snail can live on land.
Frequent attempts to leave the territory of the aquarium may indicate that the parameters of the water do not like the zebras. Zebras live in an aquarium for about 4-5 years, the size of the shell grows to 2-2.5 cm.
In the aquarium, this snail does not breed.
Snail Neretina “Hedgehog” “Neritina juttingae”
The shell of this snail is decorated with spiral ribs and spikes. The size of the snail is 2-2.5 cm. Life expectancy in an aquarium is about 4 years.
The optimum water temperature is 25-28 degrees, the pH is above 6.5.
Snail Neretina “Black Ear”
Conditions of detention, dimensions are similar to the previous instance, the lower threshold of temperature may be 22 degrees.
All neretina excellent cleaners aquariums, tirelessly clean stele, large-leaved plants, stones, snags and decor from algal fouling. Moreover, the aquarium plants do not damage at all.
The only disadvantage of these snails – laying eggs on the glass aquarium.
Separately, I want to stay on a tiny snail –
Horned snail Neritina Clithon
These snails have a fairly wide range of habitats Japan, Thailand, the Philippines, China, Indonesia.
The photo shows that there are many options for coloring horned snails. A common feature – the presence of small horns on the shell of snails.
Life expectancy in an aquarium is up to 5 years. The size of the snail is only 1-1.5 cm.
But its capabilities have earned the love of aquarists: snails can crawl through even the most hard-to-reach places, cleaning them to shine.
According to reviews of aquarists: the horned snail perfectly cleans diamond algae from Anubias leaves, glass, stones, decorations.
Water temperature should not be below 24 ° C, PH 7-8. Recommended for 100 liters of 10-15 stuff.
Like all neretina, horned snail does not breed in fresh water.
This video, in accelerated playback, shows how successfully a tiny horned snail copes with algae.
Porcelain Septaria (Septaria porcellana)
This extremely slow snail is also called the snail-turtle. It belongs to the family Neritidae.
Related Names Septaria porcellana – Green Turtle Snail, Cellana toreuma, Neritia Crepidularia, Bourbon Nerite.
Dimensions septaria forforova from 1.5 to 3 cm. Conditions: temperature 22-26, PH from 6 to 7.5.
Filtration, aeration, water changes are required. The life of the aquarium in the presence of food (algal fouling) is about 2 years.
This remarkable snail was first discovered in 1758. The homeland of the snail is Indonesia and the Philippines.
In addition to its slowness, this snail is distinguished by its unusual form of carapace – a flat form. Snails are of different genders, but breed only in brackish water, therefore reproduction of porcelain Septaria in a fresh-water aquarium is not possible.
The snail firmly sticks its foot to the surfaces. In no case can not try to tear it off, thus you can snatch the snail’s leg, which will lead to its death.
Rotational movements, very carefully, you can try to peel the snail from the glass.
Like the previous types of neretin, Septarium porcelain, is also an aquarium nurse, and feeds on algal fouling. Excellent cleans the aquarium from algae, including from the Vietnamese. Does not damage plants.
Gets along with all the peaceful fish and shrimps. Be careful with tetradonts, crayfish and other predators.
I saw these snails in a cichlid. Feel great, and the glass already glistened with cleanliness.
– without algae the snail can die from hunger!
– snail is not able to move on sandy ground!
Here are the rave reviews of the happy owners of these snails:
“This crumb in an hour has already collected two bunches of Vietnamese, and is clearly not going to stop,” “Not able to move on the sand. Excellent crawling on the ground 1-2mm!
Trying to climb on some plants with low and wide leaves. From the glass easily climbs on leaning snags. Still – along the glass it is buried in the sand, where algae sit between the sand and the glass, and joyfully eats them out.
I need another septar, ”“ a week a quarantine of 30 l was cleaned out of the greenery in quarantine, the glass was already shiny, and they were awaited by excellent water-lined ulitos overgrown.
Septaria also hangs its eggs on the scenery
And these mollusks very interested me !!
And it all started, here with this photo:
In two aquariums, water is poured from the same reservoir, but freshwater mussels, which are live filters, were placed in the second aquarium!
The same function they perform in aquariums.
Corbicula javan snail (Corbicula javanicus)
or sharovka yellow javanese or gold bivalve
The homeland of these mollusks: China, Indonesia, Vietnam and other Asian countries.
The optimal parameters for the content: temperature 15-30 ° C, PH 6.4-8.5, gH 10-24.
Not demanding on the quality of water in the aquarium, but there must be a good saturation of water with oxygen, which means aeration in the aquarium is obligatory. Water changes and filtration in the aquarium are also needed.
Corbicula grow up to 3 cm in size. Life expectancy: 4 – 7 years
The recommended soil is sand of a fraction of 1–3 mm, and the corticles are almost completely buried in it. The soil layer should be at least 2-3 cm.
Corbicula are excellent helpers in the aquarium against cloudiness of the water, as they are filter feeders.
Passing water through them, they feed on the microorganisms contained in it.
According to different sources: Someone recommends keeping one tank per 100 liter aquarium. There is information about the content in 20 liters of two or even three individuals.
Such mollusks are recommended to be contained in spawners, where the need for clean water is especially important. Corbicula lets through 5 liters of aquarium water per hour!
In aquariums where these mollusks live, the water is always crystal clear, it does not bloom and does not have suspension and turbidity!
An interesting fact is that in aquariums where corbicules are kept, ichthyophorosis diseases do not occur, in the opinion of aquarists, corbicules retain ichthyophthirius cysts that swim in free flight.
You can keep a corbicul with all peaceful fish and shrimps.
Corbicula are hermaphroditic, reproduction problems in the aquarium there. Viviparous corbicula reproduce tiny snails, barely visible in the unaided eye.
In an aquarium, newborn corbicules look like a muddy cloud, then sink to the bottom, where they continue to grow and develop.
If plants grow in your tank with a weak root system, then corbicules, plowing up the ground, can easily dig them up.
The author of the article is Esta (Natalia Polskaya),
for the provided material and cooperation!