maintenance, care, compatibility
Ampulyaria (Latin Pomacea bridgesii) is a large, bright and popular aquarium snail.
Keep it easy, but there are important details in feeding. It comes from the Amazon, where it lives throughout its length, over time it spread to Hawaii, Southeast Asia and even Florida.
In nature, ampouleries spend most of their life in the water, getting out only by chance and during reproduction, put off the eggs. And yet, although they spend most of their life under water, they need atmospheric oxygen for breathing, after which they rise to the surface.
You can often observe how in an aquarium the ampoule rises to the surface, pulls out the breathing tube and starts pumping oxygen into it. Her respiratory system is comparable to the lungs in fish; she has gills (on the right side of her body) and lungs on the left side.
Aquarium snails ampularia very well adapted to life in the tropics, where dry periods alternate rainy season. This was reflected in their body, they developed a muscular leg with a protective flap attached to it.
With this sash, they close their sink to survive in the remnants of water and dirt during the dry season.
They live in all types of reservoirs, in ponds, lakes, rivers, canals. Despite the fact that many snails are hermaphroditic, ampulyarii are opposite-sex and for reproduction they need a partner.
Although the most common color is yellow, they nevertheless exist in very different colors. In addition to the yellow ampoule, you can find white, brown and even almost black.
Now blue ampoules have become fashionable, but they are not particularly different from yellow ones in keeping and breeding.
When you buy it, it is important to remember that it grows much more than other snails. They are sold quite small, up to 2.5 cm in diameter, but can grow to a size of 8-10 cm.
There are larger ones, which are very well fed, and they become so large that they can compete in size with other giants – snails marizami.
The aquarium contains several different types of ampoule, which differ from each other in shell shape. Life expectancy of an ampoule in an aquarium is 2 years.
If kept alone, a very small aquarium, about 40 liters, is enough for them. Since snails eat aquarium ampoules, they are very much, as well as a lot of waste after them, it will be right to allocate at least 10-12 liters of volume to one.
Considering that they multiply rather cheerfully, it is not worth keeping them much.
But, since amphulyaries themselves are rarely contained in an aquarium, it is better to rely on a larger volume of the aquarium. So, for 3-4 snails + fish, you need about 100 liters.
Of course, much depends on your conditions and details. But usually, 10 liters per ampoule will not let you down.
Yellow ampouleries are completely peaceful, never touching fish or invertebrates. There is a misconception that they attack fishes. But, this is due to the fact that snails are scavengers and eat up the dead fish, and it seems that they killed the fish.
No snail is able to catch up, catch and kill healthy and active fish.
But fish ampulyarius is even worried. They can tear off their mustaches, such as Sumatran barbs, or even completely destroy them, like a dwarf tetradon, fahak, a green tetradon, a clown combat or large cichlids.
Some will not be able to eat large snails, but small ones will be brought under the net. And large ones will be nibbled at any opportunity, which will not add to their health either.
Also invertebrates can become a problem – shrimps and crayfish, they skillfully pick out snails from shells and eat.
Vision and respiratory organs
To the defeat of the external environment, ampulyarii respond with stress, which affects almost all systems of a small organism. This reaction makes it possible to judge at what level the general toxicity of the environment is located.
In this case, a negative impact can be carried out not by any one toxic substance, but by their complex.
Snails have gills and lungs. In that water, the oxidation of which is low, these pets breathe with the help of gills.
At the same time, they float to the surface to air their lungs, about every 10 minutes. Sometimes this period can be quite long.
And it does not violate their activity.
If the ambient conditions are good enough, then ampulyarii are actively moving. But even if the ampoule does not move, then this may be the first sign of poor water quality.
Exactly this behavior can be noticed when detergent enters the aquarium.
At the same time, they begin to swim to the surface more often than usual, and sometimes they sink only for a dozen seconds. Sometimes the mollusks remain on the surface, putting a siphon on the air.
If the toxic effect on the body continues, the metabolism will slow down. In this case, the snail will crawl a little, the body will practically not appear from the shell, and the ventilation of the lungs will occur very rarely.
A sign that the ampoule is dead is an open shell lid, as well as a fixed body that falls out of the shell. Yes, these are signs of death, and so it should not be.
Although some aquarists believe that this is in the order of things, in this case, the body should be immediately removed from the aquarium.
In addition, the specific smell that is observed during the decomposition of the mollusk’s body will help determine whether the creature is alive.
You should not play with the habitat of these creatures, and if the snail lies on the bottom or swims on the surface with the shell lid closed, then you should pay attention to the quality of the water. Also, it is worth worrying if uncharacteristic actions are observed in the behavior of an ampoule, because this is the first sign that something happened to the habitat.
Ampulyaria are heterosexual snails, but it is not possible for humans to distinguish between males and females for humans. For confidence, get at least 4 pieces in one aquarium.
In that case, if you notice who exactly lays caviar – mark it or remember, so that next time you probably know the female. Some snail lovers are able to distinguish between sex, looking under the lid, but this method is not rarely fails and is not one hundred percent.
Surprisingly, the female lays eggs on the surface of the water. The finished female crawls to the surface and examines possible egg-laying sites. At such moments, you need to cover the aquarium glass, to eliminate the possibility of escape.
Take into account that even the smallest ampouleries can lift light glasses, so put a load. Usually the snail tries to put off caviar only in the evening, so pay attention to the aquarium in the late hours in order not to lose the snail. The female chooses the perfect place by herself.
Touch the spawn is not worth it. The only case if it is in close proximity to the lighting device and can die from high temperature.
Gently pick it up and put it on a piece of foam or a chip on the surface of the water.
The female lays large eggs, the diameter of each of them reaches 2 mm. After the caviar passes through the genital crease of the leg, it begins to harden.
This process takes about a day. Now, deferred caviar looks like a pink bunch of grapes. After this laying begins to change color.
Track metamorphosis can be on the photo. The darker the clutch, the closer the appearance of the young.
On ripening takes about 3 weeks. If the clutch is in the general aquarium, then only a few mollusks have a chance to survive.