maintenance, care, compatibility
The first thing you need to do is add a substrate to the tank or box. For adults with large snails, the Akhatin base must be deep: about 7-10 cm. You can buy in the horticultural center without any impurities or loose sand.
Tip: it is better to check the pH level of the substrate (which is usually written in small print on the back of the package). Suitable soil with a pH of 7.0.
A soil with a lower pH acidity in the long term can cause damage to the thin skin of the snail and its shell.
If you decide to use the soil from your own garden, be prepared to bring worms, bugs, flies and invisible parasites to the aquarium. For this reason, it is recommended to “sterilize” the soil by placing it in a hot oven or in a refrigerator before pouring it into a terrarium.
But buying an already treated and clean substrate will prevent the risk of infection. In addition to sand and earth, you can use the coconut substrate, it is soft and harmless.
See how you can use forest moss as a substrate in a terrarium.
Achatina snails are usually twilight or nocturnal creatures, and often spend daytime in hiding places. Therefore, for snails you need to arrange a house with your own hands, where they would be comfortable.
Broken or whole clay flower pots provide a hidden place for snails. Some specimens prefer to hide among the stones, while others will burrow into the soil. Watch the behavior of Achatina to accurately determine how best to equip an aquarium for her.
Place a small saucer with water, but for small bowls it does not have to be deep so that the pet does not drown.
Even in a small terrarium, you can save some live plants. Ivy, ferns and mosses are good choices for an aquarium where the humidity is high and sunlight is low.
Ivy, in particular, is very flexible and is suitable even for small tanks.
How to choose a primer for the snail. Achatina: home improvement and care rules
Achatina is the largest land mollusk, individual specimens of which can reach 30 cm. It is widespread in countries with a tropical and subtropical climate and is capable of causing significant damage to agricultural plants, in particular, sugar cane.
Due to the lack of calcium, the clam can scrape the lime plaster from the walls of buildings with a sink, causing serious damage to the light shelters in the tropics.
In Europe, including Russia, Achatina can not survive in the natural environment, and quite often they are kept in terrariums, because they are unpretentious in the care and easily reproduce. Of course, this is not a cat and not a dog, able to caress its owner. Nevertheless, Achatina is good in its own way.
She is quiet and does not need regular walks. In addition, the cost of maintaining it is minimal. This mollusk is active in the dark, although in wet weather it can creep out during the day.
In the daytime, he hides in some secluded place, buried in the soil, and only after a couple of hours after sunset begins to activate. When the ambient temperature is below 9 ° C, the cochlea hibernates.
Due to the high reproduction rate and growth, Achatina in large quantities are imported to France and used along with snails for food.
How to grow giant Achatina at home
Feeding should occur once a day for young snails, and once a few days for mature ones. African snails eat plant food.
They love lettuce, dandelion, grapes, cucumbers, apples. Also eat at home spinach, corn, zucchini, mango, avocado, bananas, melon.
However, the snail may eat some of the listed products, and some may refuse at all. You can not often give oranges or grapes, watermelon with stones. Some pets eat carrots and cabbage.
A useful carbohydrate food for shellfish will be oatmeal flakes, bran.
The first years of life snails grow quickly. To keep their shell in strength, food supplement is necessary. Calcium carbonate is favorable for strengthening and growth of shell.
Pounded eggshell or a piece of chalk must be present in the aquarium. Vitamin and mineral complexes for mollusks can be purchased in stores.
Do snails need water? Despite the constant moistening of the soil, a separate container with water should be in the aquarium.
While the snail is small, the tank should not be deep so that the pet does not drown. Water is useful for normalizing mucus production.
Some snails allow you to pull yourself together and bathe in a bath with warm water. They love water and are not afraid of it.
In captivity, Achatina easily reproduces from the age of 6 months. Some copies come to play later. Incubation lasts 1-2 months.
If the soil thickness is low, then they will refuse to breed. For laying, a ground depth of 7 cm is needed, where the snail could lay eggs.
Do not be surprised if your pet breeds throughout the year. From the age of one year, spermatozoa form in the mollusk, later – the egg cells. The African snail is a hermaphrodite, although two snails can also interbreed among themselves.
If you have several pets, it is better to plant them in different aquariums.
See how Achatina breed.
It happens that the snail brings a “surprise”: more than 100 eggs, which have nowhere to go. Compromise and humane decision – to give the fry for free. There were cases of deliverance from the masonry, when the owner attributed it to nature or to the street in winter.
But a backlash can occur – in nature Achatina are pests. In some countries it is forbidden to maintain them at home, and even less diluted.
A few decades ago, the phrase My pet – land snail could cause a real stir. And today this phenomenon has ceased to be nonsense.
Achatina – the most popular among domestic snails. They give the owners a great pleasure from communication and aesthetic pleasure.
Those who were lucky enough to get acquainted with these mollusks, certainly did not remain indifferent to them.
Of course, houses contain other breeds of snails. But most of them live in aquariums, most often with fish.
A terrarium arrangement has a completely different specifics. About this and talk.
The terrarium for the Achatina snail is not just a pet’s house. If properly equip it, taking into account the needs of the animal, and the aesthetic side of the issue, it will become a wonderful interior decoration.
Let’s try to understand all the intricacies.
Always remember that Achatines are land creatures. There is no need to water them daily with a hose. But too dry climate does not suit them.
If you decide to provide a golden pet with maximum comfort, equip a snail terrarium with a humidity sensor and a thermometer. Watch the instrument readings, maintain the required indicators.
Remember: the humidity level should vary between 75-90%, and the optimum temperature for Achatine is +25. +27 оС.
Take care and the flow of fresh air. To do this, cover the terrarium mesh stretched over the frame.
Ideally, the grid should be fixed with the help of latches, otherwise curious snails will get out and find themselves some troubles.
Not only pet comfort is important. An interesting terrarium for Achatina snails (the photos are presented in the article) looks more like a tropical garden, and therefore is a wonderful decoration of your home.
Therefore, think carefully about how you arrange it. Just remember a few taboos:
- ceramic cups;
- clay locks and snags;
- pots for plants;
- any decor made of solid material;
- metal objects.
In no event it is impossible to put all listed in a terrarium! Snails will definitely figure out how to wrap all this beauty is not good.
At best, they get hurt and get scars. In the worst case, they will break the shells, which will lead to death.
The thing is that Achatines are very active, mobile and curious. They like to crawl on the walls and sometimes break down.
Falling on a stone even from a small height will inevitably lead to injury. But soft surfaces are safe for them.
Unlike rodents and fish, snails do not need any shelter at all, because each of them has its own house curled on the back. Therefore, cluttering up the terrarium simply makes no sense.
What then decorate it? The answer is simple: land the plants.
Succulents (for example, a money tree) will live happily ever after, while such plantations look very beautiful. Yes, and to break his snail is not easy due to the durable stem and thick leaves. A great idea is to plant leaf lettuce or sprouted wheat in the ground.
Of course, sooner or later it will all be eaten. But for some time, it will still please the eye with the color of ripe greens.
Admire how beautiful the plant-occupied snail terrarium is! Photos give an idea of the aesthetic side of the issue, but live it looks even more impressive.
Yes, and for the health of kids plants are useful.
Achatinaes are clean creatures, however, by negligence they can make a terrible mess. Therefore, everything that you install in the terrarium for the cochlea must be securely fastened.
For food, a small bowl is sufficiently dug deep into the ground. And in the huge water tanks, like, for example, a turtle, this animal does not need.
For a terrarium with a family of snails, there will be enough small capacity from which they will be able to drink and where their horns will wet.
Swimming, by the way, is a great pleasure for Akhatins. Take a pet in hand and substitute under a stream of warm water (about 30 degrees).
It will liven up, will begin to actively move and substitute a head under the stream. But he himself should not trust such a thing, so he doesn’t need any pools in the terrarium.
Sometimes there is no way or sense to acquire an expensive terrarium. For example, if the owners of snails live in a rented apartment or a student dormitory. In such cases, you can make a terrarium for snails with your own hands from plastic.
This will significantly save the budget.
We need a purchased container of the desired volume. It is great if it is also with a lid.
It remains to simply drill holes in the lid and add soil.
Independently, you can make a terrarium from an aquarium that has failed. Water will not be poured into it, so tightness does not play a special role.
The most suitable aquarium has a rectangular shape, a relatively spacious bottom and a small height.
How to equip a dwelling for Achatina snail :: Achatina snail aquarium :: Other pets
Achatina – this is truly unique creatures. This type of snail is considered to be one of the largest among land mollusks.
With proper maintenance at home, it can reach a length of 20 cm. Many owners of these snails are interested in the question of how to arrange a home for the Achatina snail.
Question “Snowy turtles.” – 3 answers
The shell of Achatina snails is conical, in adults with 7–9 turns. The color of the shell depends on what you feed them, hereditary traits and other living conditions of the mollusk.
This type of snail does not require a special terrarium, you can even take an old, flowing, aquarium that you were going to throw away, because you will not need to pour water into it. Volume choose at the rate of 10 liters per mollusk.
Also think about how you close the house snails, because without a cover on the aquarium, they will go on a trip to your apartment. And do not forget that the snails also breathe, if you close them tightly, they will suffocate.
Soil for the bottom is better to buy at the pet store, for example, suitable for snails, coconut substrate. We fall asleep with its layer, about 7-10 cm thick.
Peat, which is sold in flower shops, is not suitable as soil, as it contains a lot of fertilizers harmful to Achatina. Sawdust snails, too, do not fall in favor. But the forest floor, without conifer needles, what you need.
Just do not forget to boil it and wet it a little before laying in the terrarium, because it is the soil that will create the necessary moisture. Also, the softness of the litter will save the shell, and, perhaps, the animal itself, with an accidental fall from the wall of the aquarium.
In addition, it would be nice to place a saucer with water in the terrarium, as snails like to swim very much.
Follow all the rules of keeping pets, and they will grow to your joy!
Arrangement of a terrarium (aquarium) for land snails
Land snails or Ahatins are from Africa and reach quite impressive sizes – up to thirty centimeters. These snails are considered an ideal pet – they live seven to ten years, they do not smell, they do not make any sounds and at the same time they are trusting and inquisitive.
Ahatins eat everything, any products – vegetables (especially cucumbers), cereals, fruits. Individuals have their own taste preferences, but not a single snail will eat food, which she could poison.
Because of this voracity in the United States of America, the cultivation of Achatine is punished with a term of imprisonment. This is due to the fact that at one time in the southern states the very real disaster arose – the snails multiplied so much that they ate even the bark of trees and whitewashing on the houses.
The aquarium for land snails is necessarily plastic, as the glass can injure its shell during the fall of Achatina, and the pet may die. You also need a lid, which is equipped with a mesh window for access to fresh air. The coconut substrate is poured down to the bottom – so thick that the snail can dig into it.
The substrate should always be slightly moist.
The drinking bowl and the feeder should also be made of soft plastic: such caution is necessary because during the intensive growth the shell of Achatina is very fragile, and at the slightest injury can crack, and this is fraught with the death of the cochlea. The same caution must be observed when removing the cochlea from the walls of the aquarium: in no case should you pull the shell, you must wet your hand and push it under its leg.
Arranging a terrarium for land snails is a fairly simple thing, as Achatina usually leads nocturnal life and doesn’t need additional lighting, and the heaters must be placed outside so that the snail does not get burned.
Achatina love to swim; water for this should be a temperature of about twenty-five degrees, and you can bathe your pets right in the sink, letting the water flow in a thin stream. The shell should be washed every day with a soft brush, being careful not to damage the growth zone, which is very fragile.
Sometimes it starts to crack and peel off – at the same time lubricating the shell with fish oil helps.
Achatina, who lives in the family for a long time, gets used to her owners, does not hide in the shell and likes to be in her arms. But after talking with her hands should be thoroughly washed, as the snails are carriers of various diseases.
Achatina, these are amazing creatures. It is worth noting for those who do not know that this is a snail. Moreover, they are not just ordinary snails, but rather unique representatives of this family.
First of all, their life expectancy is quite an impressive time period and the strongest and healthiest live to nine years of age.
You can keep Achatina either singly or in pairs or even in small families. In order for the snail to feel comfortable, it must be kept in a specially acquired for these purposes terrarium.
If you still have an aquarium from keeping fish, then it is quite possible to re-equip it and make housing for snails without spending money on acquiring a terrarium. The main thing from which it is worth repelling, constructing housing is the size of the aquarium.
As a rule, the smaller the area occupied by the snail, the slower it grows and reaches, respectively, the surrounding space of not large size.
The design of the terrarium for Akhatin is carried out according to the proportion at which for one individual it is recommended to use a volume of ten liters minimum. The larger the area occupied by one snail, the larger the size it reaches over the course of life. The terrarium must be closed with a tight lid to prevent the inhabitants from escaping from it.
In order for the Akhatins to receive enough oxygen in the lid, it is necessary to make a sufficiently large number of air holes.
If this possibility does not exist, then leave a small gap of a smaller size compared to the size of the cochlea. It will ensure the flow of air and prevent the occupants from escaping.
Making a terrarium with your own hands is made lining the bottom surface with natural material that provides comfort for the life of the inhabitants.
This material can be sawdust softwood or crushed bark, sand is also perfect for these tasks. You can combine the above materials and thereby diversify the terrarium relief. Keep in mind that snails are not indifferent to water and therefore it will not be superfluous to put a container with clean water in a terrarium so that snails can take a bath at any time convenient for them.
Do not over moisten the ground on which the snails crawl, otherwise you risk seeing all the inhabitants of the terrarium on its walls but not on the litter.
Excessive dryness can lead to blockage of snails. It is not scary because with the normalization of humidity by wetting its shell and the surrounding relief, Achatine will open and live as before.
As a base for a terrarium for snails, Akhatin is a well-known aquarium that closes from above with a net, since ventilation is of key importance to snails. Also, the snails need heat, and in this case, a heating mat or a light will help well.
Plus, you will need two feeding containers and a humidifier. In domestic conditions, a spray bottle can be used as a humidifier, and separate feeding bowls are needed so that food does not lie on the terrarium floor, because it will eventually rot.
After you have learned the general recommendations on how to make a terrarium for Achatine yourself, let’s proceed directly to implementation.
Since humidity is also very important for snails, maintaining it falls on your shoulders (or rather, your arms and spray gun). And Akhatin snails themselves act as an indicator.
After all, if you do not moisten the terrarium for Achatin snails, then they will start to hurt. Every day you have to spray the snails and the walls of the terrarium with an atomizer. Why walls, not soil?
Because if you moisten the soil, you can pour the snails sleeping in it, and they will die.
It is also good for Achatin snails if there is mangrove feed in the terrarium: the bark of this tree is not subject to rotting and softens the fall due to its elasticity.
Using these tips, you can make a pretty good home for your Achatin snails. The main thing – remember: care always brings results.
The main factor that has a strong influence on the lifespan of these snails is keeping conditions. What you need to do to Achatina lived as long as possible?
- Choose an aquarium or terrarium of a suitable size.
For one snail you need at least 10 liters of volume. For two individuals will need at least 20 liters.
Capacity can be bought or made independently, it does not matter much. It must be with a lid so that the snail does not crawl out and is not damaged.
It is imperative that its texture is loose and soft, so that Achatina can dig into it completely. The soil layer can vary from five to ten centimeters.
Land for flowers, which is sold in stores, can not be taken! It contains various chemicals that are dangerous to the snail.
You can take the coconut substrate in briquettes (found in pet or flower shops), scald with boiling water, cool, rinse in gauze or sieve and put in an aquarium. Neutralized moor peat is also suitable.
But sawdust and pebbles are categorically impossible, since the snail can damage its body or shell about them.
- Regularly moisten the soil.
Optimum moisture is easy to determine. In this case, the snail actively crawls along the ground and periodically digs into it. If it is too dry, it will sit inside the shell with the lid closed.
And if it is too wet, climb onto the walls of the aquarium and constantly sit on them.
- Set the temperature within 25-28 degrees.
When excessively high or low temperatures Achatina hibernates. For lighting and heating will suffice ordinary incandescent bulbs.
Additional equipment is not needed.
In the dwelling of a snail at least once a week, it is necessary to restore order: to remove the remnants of food and vital activity, to wipe the glass with a sponge without detergent. Annually do general cleaning and replace the soil with a new one.