It not only looks great, but also stimulates and maintains a healthy ecosystem inside the aquarium. Just like the soil and the contents of the filters, the snag serves as a medium for the development of beneficial bacteria.
These bacteria are very important for balance in an aquarium, they help decompose harmful substances into safe ingredients.
Snags help to strengthen the immunity of your fish. Submerged snags slowly excrete tannins, which create a weakly acidic environment in which harmful bacteria and viruses develop much worse.
Fallen leaves act in the same way, they are often added to the bottom of the aquarium, and which make the water in natural ponds the color of strong brewed tea.
If you have alkaline water, the addition of driftwood helps lower the pH. Most of the fish in nature live just in the water slightly acidic, and driftwood with fallen leaves in the aquarium, perfectly help to recreate such an environment.
Snags recreate the natural conditions for fish. Practically in any reservoir, as if a lake or river, you can always find a sunken snag.
Fish use them as shelters, for spawning or even for feeding. For example, antsistrusam, it is necessary for normal digestion, scraping layers from it, they stimulate the work of your stomach.
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A snag in an aquarium is also a place where certain species of fish lay their eggs, where later a snag will become a house and shelter for fry. This is explained by the natural instinct, because for some species of fish living in marshy reservoirs, the snags take on the role of spawning grounds, therefore the established snag in the aquarium can stimulate the fish to reproduce.
Of course, any fish will be more fun, and the owner is more interesting to watch pets if the snag becomes part of the interior of the aquarium. But there are certain types of fish that snag just needed.
Thus, various types of catfish use scurf, which forms on the surface of the snag, as an additional feed, and the thinnest upper layers of wood – as a source of dietary fiber. These are such fish as Panak, Orinok catfish, catfish Ancistrus, cuckoo catfish.
Many fish that in natural conditions prefer to spawn in the roots of fallen trees in the water, old snags, gladly do the same in artificial environment. This is a large group of fish of the perch family (gourami, glass perch).
Long and narrow fish of the order of moray eels and eels will also be grateful to you for a labyrinth of roots or small spreading snags and for safe shelter.
It is necessary to observe special care when choosing the size of koryag if you keep very active or aggressive fish (some types of cichlids, for example), because such pets prefer rocky, stone bodies of water and can cause themselves harm, injuring themselves with vigorous movement and fights on protruding edges.
How to prepare a snag for an aquarium? Very simple, if you find exactly the one that would be most suited to the size of the tank. In the forest areas, near the shores of water bodies, large specimens are often found.
Snag for aquariums can be bought at the pet store or on the market. Wood from pine needles (spruce, pine, cedar) is not suitable for an aquarium.
It can be processed, but the process will be long. Resins that produce coniferous trees can be detrimental to the health of fish.
How long do I need to process the needles? More than 10-12 hours.
It is recommended to install a snag in an aquarium of deciduous trees: beech, oak, willow, apple, pear, maple, alder, plum, vine. A snag for hardwood aquariums (willow and oak) would be the most suitable option.
Soft wood will quickly fester and decay, and only spoil the water.
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You can buy a snag for aquariums from foreign tree species – mangroves, mopani, ironwood. Mopani has a significant drawback – it paints water strongly, but it is hard and long stored.
It is undesirable to use live branches of trees, only dry wood is useful. It is possible to dry a felled twig in the sun, if the air temperature and lighting allow.
In the near forest or near your villa you can find broken or fallen trees with torn roots. And in the reservoirs there is probably a snag – once a sunken tree, a bush.
Using an ax or saw, separate the fragment you like. Not necessarily in place to customize it to the size of the aquarium.
At home, this will be much more comfortable.
The principle of operation is the same as tap water treatment. An already cleaned snag is again placed in a container, but this time chlorinated water is poured.
As bleach, use the usual 4% Whiteness in a ratio of 1.5 ml. on 20 liters. The procedure lasts three to four days.
In high concentrations, salt is deadly to many organisms, especially from freshwater bodies. Purified snag is immersed in a container with salt water. The minimum salt concentration is four teaspoons per liter of water.
The procedure lasts about a week.
The best option if snags are small and do not mind any pots. Boil can be minutes from 15-30 minutes.
Next snag leave in the same water to cool.
When the driftwood is cleaned and decontaminated, the longest process begins – getting rid of buoyancy. As you know, the tree does not sink. However, when staying in water for a long time, the wood fibers swell and it begins to sink.
Depending on the size and type of the tree, this process can take up to a month.
The snag is placed in water and waiting for it to sink. At the same time, the water should be updated daily to a new one.
During this time, the remnants of chlorine evaporate from the snag if a similar method of disinfection is used. Organic tanning agents, such as tannins that dye water in a brownish tint, are also washed out.
For example, a lot of tannins are found in oak.
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Preparing snags is a long process..
- The selected tree is stripped and sanded so that there is no bark left. If the tree is not hard enough, then it is calcined in the oven for 6-12 hours at 200+ degrees. This procedure will expel juices, esters and gums.
- Then the snag is soaked in full immersion for 2-3 weeks. If the water is painted – it should be changed.
- Following the snag boil, if possible completely immersed. If this is not possible, then the tree is lowered first with one end into the container, then with the other.
Fruit and conifer trees are boiled in well-salted water. This procedure lasts about 6 hours.
- The next step, the snag is again placed on a soak for 2-3 weeks with frequent water changes.
Steps 3-4 are repeated until the tree ceases to release substances into the water and does not completely sink.
Thus, a maximum of resins and ethers are removed from the product, the tree loses its buoyancy and acquires very beautiful shades.
Quite porous and floating forms (for example, you drown aspen) should be drilled from below and screwed into the tree a few heavy bolts. Or screw the snag on a plastic platform, for example from an org. glass, and press the platform with stones.
If your snag was already in the aquarium, but spent a long time on land, then it is enough to just soak it for several days so that all the air comes out of the tree structure and it loses its buoyancy.
A well-prepared snag will last for 2 years or more, it all depends on the type of wood.
You can decorate snag with moss, bucephals, anubis and other plants that tend to grow to their base. Initially, the plants are attached with fishing line or even super glue.
How to make a snag for an aquarium a real piece of art? It is necessary to give preference to branched or textured pieces of wood.
If possible, put it in several different positions and see how it will look better. There is no one piece of advice on how to place a snag in an aquarium.
It happens that even carefully boiled tree still pops up. Most often, increased buoyancy is associated with large sizes of snags for the aquarium. The easiest way to keep it in place is to tie the lines to the two stones at the beginning and end.
On the one hand it is better to prikopat so that it does not look artificially placed. In no case do not allow the snag to rest against the two ends on the glass, since, by swelling, it can squeeze the wall.
It is not advised to use suckers for this, as they quickly come off, and the emerging snag can cause injury to the fish.
- Raid On a fresh surface, the formation of plaque will not cause much harm. Soma happy to eat it. If there are no catfish, then rinse the tree under running water. In the event that the raid was formed on the old bale, then it is necessary to immediately get rid of it.
- Darkening of the water. Such a phenomenon means that the snag was not completely finished. It is necessary to remove it from the house for fish and send it to the board.
- Darkening. The loss of color is a natural process, therefore no special measures are required.
- Greening snags. Green indicates that snags are covered with algae, just like rocks and walls. To reverse the process, reduce the length of daylight and the amount of lighting, remove the greens from the tree.
You can decorate snags with Yavonian moss, which looks amazing on branchy snags. To fix it on a tree, you can use one of three methods:
- Wind up the thread;
- Secure the line;
- Stick on the glue.
The first method is considered the most humane in relation to mosses and fish. Over time, the thread will rot, but the moss will have time to attach to the tree.
You can glue if you are not afraid for the toxicity of water.
Is it necessary to boil the snag in salt?
The whole Internet talks about what is needed. The explanations are different.
And salt de disinfects, and the snag-de sinks faster, and emits less. I do not consider it necessary to boil in salt. Disinfection sufficiently high temperature.
I have never noted the acceleration of cooking, with the discharge, too, everything is absolutely the same. But the fact that salt and then still need to be thoroughly washed, boiling it many times, because not all fish need it, it is a fact. Short, zabobon yakіs.
Refused salt many years ago.
And, nevertheless, if we put a freshly sawn tree in the aquarium, what will happen?
Put-learn. At a minimum, a flash with long-lasting water staining.
How to reduce the color of water, if any
Substitution Partially color reduces coagulant.
Good color removes activated carbon.
What to do if the snag does not get into the pan / oven?
The snag should be cut (here it is just better with a straight saw). And then collect ready. For assembly, you can use wooden dowels, studs made of stainless steel or aluminum.
Steel, brass, bronze is not worth it. The junction can always be decorated later.
Is it necessary to prepare purchased snags for placing in an aquarium?
Purchased snags are different. If this is not sinking wood, then all as stated above.
If drowning, then formally you can immediately into the aquarium. But … Do you know where she was, what happened to her and so on? I usually cook just like the local ones.
At the same time, water is less colored.
Can I use a snag?
Natural snags, snag, for some reason are surprisingly beautiful, yes. Immediately sink, do not paint the water.
But I would never put them from a natural reservoir into an aquarium without sterilization.
How long does a snag live in an aquarium?
From tree species and sizes of snags. The general rule is that hard rocks last longer than soft ones. Mostly thin twigs are not stretched for more than a year.
Massive snags lie for years without visible changes.
Is it possible not to dry the snag, but immediately boil the freshly sawn?
In principle, it is possible. But be prepared for the fact that organic matter from it will come out more and longer than from dried.
Is the snag in the aquarium green or green?
Most likely the case in algae, which covered its surface. They cover the glass in the aquarium and the stones look like green dots on the glass.
You can get rid of them simply by reducing the length of daylight and the power of lighting. Excessive light in the aquarium is the cause.
Well, just clean the snag by removing the top layer from it.
How to attach the moss to the snag?
Very often moss is attached to a log in an aquarium, for example, Javanese or other plants on snags in an aquarium. It looks amazingly beautiful.
But many do not know how to properly attach the moss. There are several options: a cotton thread, after a while it will rot, but the moss has time to attach to the bark with the help of rhizoids.
If you need a more reliable option, you can use a fishing line, it is generally forever. Some moss just … stick with superglue.
However, this method is much more convenient, but there is a risk of poisoning the water with the toxins contained in the glue.