maintenance, care, compatibility
Beautiful and harmoniously located in the room aquarium can be a decoration for any interior. Aquarium – a great way to relax and achieve internal balance.
However, the fish themselves and their house need constant and competent care. Beginners and even experienced aquarists often encounter undesirable and unpleasant situations that are the result of improper or inadequate care.
One of these situations is when the water in the aquarium smells unpleasant.
Let’s try to find out why aquarium water smells, and what actions you can take to eliminate unwanted odors from the aquarium.
How to get rid of the smell in the aquarium :: should the aquarium smell like :: Apartment and cottage :: Other
Some novice aquarists are faced with this situation: recently changed water suddenly begins to emit a whole bunch of unpleasant odors. The solution to this problem depends on the cause of the stench, and there may be several ways out.
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1. The first thing that can be done is to thoroughly clean the aquarium and everything that is in it (stones, shells, decorative castles, houses, etc.). Rinse the inside of the glass well, as even if at first glance they seem to be clean, they may still have a slippery water stain on them.
If a few days later from the aquarium again smells unpleasant, you need to look for more reasons in more detail.
2. First, determine which smell comes from your tank. If it smells a bit of mud or swamp, you can calm down. This fragrance means only that everything is in order with him and his inhabitants.
This aquarium should smell like a river.
3. If you feel completely different unpleasant odors – rotten eggs, onions or garlic, you must take decisive action. The smell of onions can produce some aquatic plants.
For example, if in your aquarium cryptocarins live, there may be such a smell. In this case, add to them a pair of ambulium bushes, a little hornpole, and a few hemianthus bushes.
Unpleasant aroma should disappear.
4. The cause of the unpleasant the smell there may be impurities that accumulate at the bottom of the “pond” – these are both waste products of fish, and remnants of food. If the aquarium is too large and there is no possibility to wash it completely, just draw a primer siphon.
For this purpose, a special device is used in the form of a hose with a tip through which water passes, taking with it all the accumulated dirt.
5. Together with the ground siphon it is necessary to carry out the process of partial replacement of water. This will also help to heal the atmosphere and remove substances harmful to fish.
This should be done twice a week, at the same time it is necessary to replace from 20 to 30% of the water in the aquarium. You can use ordinary tap water, but it must be defended during the day.
6. Determine if the fish have enough oxygen. To do this, see if they float close to the surface, gasping for air.
In this case, you need to buy a good air compressor, which must constantly work, providing good aeration.
Muddy water in an aquarium with fish is perhaps the most common problem that concerns both beginners and experienced aquarists. Through trial and error, we have to figure out why muddy water appeared so quickly.
The causes of this phenomenon can be different, ranging from a bacterial outbreak, improper feeding and irregular water renewal. A number of factors may also be the source of this problem.
When the elimination or elimination of the causative agent of water turbidity in an aquarium occurs quickly, then the biological balance in the water is fully restored.
Sometimes this trouble provokes the death of fish, plants and invisible microorganisms. The first thing to do is to find out why the water becomes cloudy quickly.
The second is to gradually eliminate the shortcomings.
Why is the aquarium water quickly dimmed if the tank is equipped with a filter? The main problem is that on the very first day of the launch of the aquarium there is no holistic and permanent biological environment. The so-called “bacterial explosion” is caused by an active increase in the number of unicellular microorganisms, which are constantly multiplying.
In this case, the fish should not be settled, it is better to do it on another day. When microflora equilibrates in the tank, then the water will become crystal clear.
Nothing serious needs to be done – this sediment will pass by itself. If you decide to change the water – it will again become muddy and unfit for life.
For 4-7 days the aquatic environment is fully restored, you can run plants and fish into it. To speed up the process, you can add water after the old aquarium with “residential” water.
Another common problem with the rapid turbidity of water in an aquarium is poor filtration of the reservoir. It should be well thought out system of purification, and this should be done quickly, until the young fish and did not have time to get used to a new house.
A bad filter does not allow bits of dirt, feces, food debris, provoking the formation of decomposition products. Such rotten water constantly stinks and can cause diseases.
Watch a video about filtering water in an aquarium.
Why still water quickly becomes cloudy? If it has become an unpleasant green color, dimmed in a short time – it means that microscopic blue-green algae develop in it, which lead to the flowering of the reservoir. With good development of organic and strong light, they make themselves felt on the fifth day.
When the light is not enough, cyanobacteria will acquire a brown color and begin to rot. Green color of the liquid with muddy, unpleasant smell – signs of growth of blue-green algae.
If frequent water changes, the growth of bacteria and algae provoked the appearance of muddy water in the aquarium, some steps should be taken to eliminate the problem.
- If your aquarium is overpopulated, place the fish in different tanks, where they would be comfortable and spacious.
- If there is an excess of light, shade the aquarium by setting it in a secluded corner where strong lighting does not go.
- If the water becomes cloudy the next day after the first feeding, make a bottom siphon and feed the fish in small portions.
- Settle snails and fish in an aquarium that eat leftover food, clean glass and water in a tank. After a few days, the water will become free of dirt, and will not require additional replacement.
Wrong settlement of fish as a reason for the rapid turbidity of water
Why 2-3 days after the settlement of fish water became muddy? The fact is that for every one liter of water in the tank it is required to settle only one medium fish.
If you run more pets, there will be problems with the pollution of the “house”. Some fish plow the ground, and if there are many such individuals, it will turn into an underwater hurricane. Immediately move the fish in different aquariums, provide enough space for them.
It is also important that they have enough oxygen, shelters and plants. In poor water oxygen to the fish can get sick.
In the aquarium with proper care and the right equipment, the water on the second day will not deteriorate. After running the fish, make sure that it adapts to the new environment.
For 3 liters of water it is necessary to settle the fish size of 3-5 cm.
If the water is cloudy, you can use drugs that purify water from turbidity and dirt. After using them, water changes in the aquarium are not required for a few more days. They connect all the small particles that spoil the water until they fall into the filter.
The next day, the entire bacterial cloud, small algae settle on the filter sponge, after which they can be removed.
These are the drugs: JBL Clearol, JBL Clynol, Seachem Clarity, Sera Aquaria Clear.
Watch a video about water changes.
Full replacement of water is required only in the rarest cases, for example, with general quarantine or water poisoning. Why not do this procedure often?
Because the day after the complete substitution, you will notice how the water turned cloudy again. A significant loss of its volume is stress for all inhabitants of the reservoir. Even during the death of some fish do not replace the water.
But there are a number of recommendations, after studying which it is possible to understand why substitutions are necessary.
- Substitutions are necessary after the introduction of pathogenic microorganisms;
- Replacements are required after visible flowering of the reservoir;
- Urgent water changes are necessary when a fungal mucus is detected;
- Refresh water is required due to severe soil contamination.
You can add water to the tank as it evaporates, but not more than 20-30% of the total volume. It is best to update 1/5 of the aquarium once a week.
After the procedure, the biocenosis will recover in 2 days. With the replacement of water cleaned the glass from plaque, remove debris from the bottom, clean snags and decorations.
It is better to plan a water change for both small and large reservoirs in advance. Type in a glass tank water from the tap, and leave it for a few days, covered with gauze.
Chlorine and gas will evaporate, the liquid will be safe for fish. And it should be remembered that in the first week of operation of the aquarium the water is not changed until an ecosystem is formed in it.
The clouding of an aquarium is one of the most common problems that even the most avid and experienced aquarists face. Only a few know why the water in the aquarium becomes cloudy. The reasons for this trouble can be several.
This is a bacterial outbreak, and a rare replacement of water, and improper feeding of the inhabitants of this home “reservoir”. There may be other causes.
In some cases, it is enough to eliminate or eliminate the causes of turbidity in the aquarium so that the balance is fully restored. However, often this phenomenon leads to the fact that fish and plants are dying in muddy water. First of all, the “decorative fish farmer” needs to find out the cause of flowering or turbidity of water.
Any action should be taken only after this.
Water in an aquarium quickly becomes turbid: what reasons can?
Turbid water in an aquarium is not uncommon when starting a home pond. This is due to the fact that a bacterial outbreak occurs, which is caused by the active reproduction of single-celled organisms in water.
That is why the settlement of fish is better to postpone for a while. You need to wait some time to establish a balance in the water, and it will become transparent.
If you change the water, then again there will be a blurred water in the aquarium.
If the water in the new aquarium dims, it should take at least 5-7 days. Only after that you can safely run the fish. During this time, biological balance will be restored.
To speed up this process, you can add some water from the old aquarium.
Often, the aquarium becomes turbid due to overfeeding the fish. Water spoils quite quickly if food is not completely eaten by the inhabitants of the mini-reservoir.
It settles at the bottom of the tank and can spoil the life-giving moisture. This is another common cause of this problem.
Water turbidity in the aquarium can be expected as a result of poor filtration of water. The cleaning system must be well thought out.
This is especially important when there are many inhabitants in an aquarium. If the problem is not resolved in time, it can cause the fish to become poisoned with decay products. “Residents of the reservoir” of this relationship may not survive.
The problem of green and muddy water in an aquarium can be hidden in a microscopic alga, or more precisely in its rapid growth. If organic matter accumulates at the bottom or too much light is directed to the reservoir, then microscopic algae can actively grow. But when the lighting is not enough, the algae will turn brown and begin to rot.
If the water in the aquarium quickly becomes cloudy and smells unpleasant, the root of the problem may lie in the growth of blue-green algae.